Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English AR Williams

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English and Hindi Pdf. Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues is written by AR Williams. has provided Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues extra questions and answers pdf, theme, class 11 english Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues summary in hindi, analysis, line by line explanation, note making, ppt, lesson plan, class 11 ncert solutions.

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Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English AR Williams

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Theme

The story deals with the mysteries and various theories regarding the life and death of the youngest ruler of ancient Egypt -Tutankhamun. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by the famous archaeologist Howard Carter and since then his mummy has been subjected to a X-ray and later a CT scan. These investigations have answered a lot of questions and offered new clues on his life and death.

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues About the Characters

King Tut: The last heir of a powerful family that had ruled Egypt and its empire for centuries. His preserved body was the first to be scanned.

Howard Carter: The British archaeologist who in 1922 discovered King Tut’s tomb. His search caused great damage to the King’s preserved body.

Zahi Hawass: The Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities. He scanned King Tut’s mummy for an accurate forensic reconstruction.

Amenhotep III: King Tut’s father or grandfather, was’a powerful ruler who ruled for almost four decades.

Amenhotep IV: He promoted the worship of Aten and changed his name to Akhenaten. He outraged the country by attacking Amun, a major God, by smashing his images and closing his temples.

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English

Death of King Tut
King Tut “was just a teenager when he died. He was the last heir of a powerful family that had ruled Egypt and its empire for centuries. He was buried and forgotten over the years. But after the discovery of his tomb in 1922, the modern world wondered about the cause of his untimely death. He was brought out of his tomb and recently a CT scan was done to ascertain the reason of his death.

The Mummy of King Tut
At 6 pm on 5th January, 2005, the world’s most famous mummy (preserved body) was taken out from its burial tomb. As the mummy of King Tut was being put into the scanner for performing a CT scan, angry winds stirred and dark clouds covered the stars. The weather had been overcast all day and the night sky was hidden by dark-bellied clouds. The CT scan was being done to unearth the remaining medical mysteries that surrounded the untimely death of this young King who died more than 3300 years ago. King Tut’s tomb lies 26 feet underground in the ancient Egyptian cemetery known as the Valley of the Kings. Tourists from around the world came to visit the tomb to pay their respects. They gazed at the murals on the walls of the burial chamber and looked at King Tut’s gilded face on the lid of his outer coffin. The visitors were curious and thoughtful. Some feared the pharaoh’s curse would befell those who disturbed him.

Howard Carter and his Findings
Howard Carter was a British archaeologist who in 1922 discovered King Tut’s tomb after years of futile searching. Its contents remain the richest royal collection ever found. There were dazzling works of art in gold that had caused a sensation then and continue to draw people’s attention even today. King Tut was also buried with everyday things such as board games, a bronze razor, cases of food, clothes, wine etc that he would need in the life after death. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, explained that the mummy was in a very bad condition because of what Howard Carter did to it. Howard Carter found King Tut’s body in three nested coffins. In the first coffin, he found a shroud decorated with garlands of willow and olive leaves, wild celery, lotus petals and cornflowers which indicated that the burial took place in March or April. When he finally reached the mummy, he ran into trouble. The ritual resins had hardened, cementing King Tut to the bottom of the solid gold coffin.

Howard Carter had to Chisel Out King Tut’s Mummy
Howard Carter tried to loosen the resins by putting the mummy outside in the sun that heated it to 149 degrees Fahrenheit. For several hours the mummy was set outside in blazing sunshine but nothing happened. He reported that the tough material had to be cut from under the limbs and trunk to free the King’s remains. The royals in King Tut’s time believed that they could take their fortune with them after death. Hence, King Tut was buried with all his expensive belongings. To separate King Tut from his ornaments, Howard Carter’s men removed the mummy’s head and cut off nearly every major joint; then they reassembled the remains of the body on a layer of sand in a wooden box with padding.

King Tut’s Mummy X-Rayed
Archaeology has changed since then, focusing less on treasures and more on the fascinating details of life and fascinating mysteries of death. It also uses more sophisticated tools. In 1968, more than 40 years after Howard Carter’s discovery, an anatomy professor X-rayed the mummy and revealed an astonishing fact that beneath the resin that caked King Tut’s chest, his breast bone and front ribs were missing. King Tut’s demise was a big event, even by royal standards, as he was the last ruler of his family. His funeral meant the end of a royal dynasty. But the facts of his death and its consequences are unclear.

King Tut and his Ancestors
King Tut’s father or grandfather, Amenhotep III, was a powerful King, who ruled for almost four decades. His son Amenhotep IV succeeded him. He was a very strange King. He promoted the worship of Aten, the sun disk, and changed his name to Akhenaten. He moved the religious capital from Thebes to Akhetaten, now known as Amarna. He shocked the country by attacking a major god ‘Amun’ by breaking his images and closing down his temples.

Ray Johnson, Director of the University of Chicago’s research centre in Luxor, called this King very odd. He said it must have been a terrible time for the people because the family that had ruled for centuries was coming to an end. After Akhenaten’s death, Smenkhkare, a mysterious ruler, ruled for a brief period and departed with hardly any sign. It was then that a very young King Tutankhaten took over the throne. The boy soon changed his name to Tutankhamun, known as King Tut today. He oversaw revival of the old ways. King Tut ruled for nine years and then died unexpectedly.

King Tut’s Mummy and its CT Scan
King Tut is one mummy among many in Egypt. No one knows how many mummies there are in Egypt. The Egyptian Mummy Project has recorded almost six hundred and is still counting. King Tut’s mummy was the first mummy to be CT scanned to ascertain the secret of his death by a portable scanner donated by National Geographic Society and Siemens. King Tut’s entire body was scanned. On the night of the scan, workmen carried him from the tomb and rose it on a hydraulic lift into a trailer that held the scanner.

However, initially the costly scanner could not function properly because of sand in the cooler fan. But soon all the hurdles were crossed and after the scan, the King was returned to his coffin to rest in peace.

The CT scan showed an astonishing image of King Tut and his entire body very clearly. It showed a grey head, neck vertebrae, a hand, several images of the rib cage and a section of the skull. Zahi Hawass was relieved that nothing had seriously gone wrong. As the-technicians left the trailer, they saw the star constellation which the ancient Egyptians knew as the soul of Osiris, the God of the afterlife. They felt as if the God was watching over the boy King.

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Chapter Highlights

  • Tutankhamun or King Tut died as a teenage pharaoh and was buried laden with gold. He was the last king of a powerful family that ruled Egypt for centuries.
  • On 5th January, 2005 his mummy was brought out of his tomb and a CT scan was done to ascertain the reason of his death.
  • Multitudes of tourists from around the world came to visit the tomb to pay their respects.
  • Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, said that the mummy was in a very bad condition because of what Carter did to it.
  • Howard Carter, the British archaeologist, discovered king Tut’s tomb in 1922 and investigated its contents.
  • Carter faced difficulty in extracting the mummy out of the coffin. The ritual resins had hardened, resulting in cementing
  • King Tut’s mummy to the bottom of his gold coffin.
  • Howard Carter tried to loosen the resins using the sun, but in vain. His men thus removed the mummy’s head and cut off nearly every major joint before reassembling it.
  • In 1968, an anatomy professor X-rayed the mummy and revealed a startling fact. He claimed that the breast bone and the front ribs of the mummy were missing.
  • Amenhotep III — King Tut’s father or grandfather – was a powerful king. He was succeeded by Amenhotep IV, who promoted the worship of Aten, the sun disk, and changed his name to Akhenaten. He made some other changes.
  • King Tut’s mummy was one of the first mummies to be scanned. The CT scan showed a grey head, neck vertebrae, a hand, several images of the rib cage and a section of the skull.
  • Zahi Hawass was relieved to find that nothing had gone seriously wrong with the mummy.
    After their observations, when they left, the wind had stopped and there was complete silence. Just above the entrance to
  • King Tut’s tomb stood Orion, the constellation watching over the boy king.

Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Word Meanings

Word – Meaning
saga – long story of a series of happenings
teenager – between 13 and 19 years of age
heir – legal successor
tomb. – a large grave built of stone above or below the ground
forensic – process of reconstruction of the face and
reconstruction – body based on the information in the CT scan
pharaoh – Egyptian king
cemetery – place where dead bodies are buried
mummy – a preserved dead body
murals – paintings on the wall
gilded – thinly covered with gold
coffin – box in which dead body is kept
antiquities – very old objects
archaeologist – a scientist who studies ancient objects dug up from the ground
legend – an old story handed down through generations
artefacts – objects of art made by hands
resurrection – rebirth
board games – games like chess
linen – a fabric cloth made from flax used to make high quality clothes
cases – boxes
treasures – collections of valuable objects
.nested – fitted one inside another.
shroud – cover of the dead body
willow – soft wood
wild celery – a wild plant
cornflowers – bluish-purple flowers of a wild plant
resins – a sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water
chiselled away – separated with a chisel
collars – necklaces
bracelets – ornaments of the wrist
amulets – ornaments worn round the neck or arm or waist (Taaveez) to keep away the evil
sheaths – coverings to keep the sword in
adornments – items used for decoration and make-up
archaeology – science of studying ancient sites / buildings
tomography – a technique for displaying a representation of a cross section using X-Rays or ultrasound
dynasty – family line
cross section – parts seen when an object is cut in the middle
pallbearers – those who carry coffins

What is the meaning of discovering Tut The Saga Continues?

Discovering Tut: the Saga Continues is a chapter that gives us an in-depth insight of Tutankhamun, the last ruler of the powerful Pharaoh Dynasty in Egypt. He was a teenager when he died and his death was a mystery. Some speculated that he was murdered. He ruled in Egypt and its empire for centuries.

What is the theme of the chapter discovering Tut The Saga Continues?

Theme. The story Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues, is a description of the exploration conducted by a team of researchers. It gives the account of struggles the team faces to unravel the mystery of the death of a teenage ruler, King Tut.

Who is the writer of discovering Tut The Saga Continues?

A.R. Williams
Summary of Discovering Tut: the Saga Continues

A.R. Williams is the writer of this chapter. Moreover, this chapter is regarding the last heir of the great Pharaoh Dynasty, Tutankhamun. He died in his teenage after ruling for 9 years. His death gave birth to a mystery.

The Yellow Wallpaper Summary Analysis and Explanation in English

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The Yellow Wallpaper Summary Analysis and Explanation in English

About the Author charlotte Perkins Gilman

charlotte perkins gilman -

Poet Name Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Born 3 July 1860, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died 17 August 1935, Pasadena, California, United States
Education Rhode Island School of Design (RISD)
Spouse Houghton Gilman (m. 1900–1934), Charles Walter Stetson (m. 1884–1894)

Summary of The Yellow Wallpaper in English

Charlotte Perkins The Yellow Wallpaper Book Summary Introduction

The Yellow Wallpaper is a short story or a novella written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The short story starts with the narrator of the tale gushing over a beautiful house and the grounds surrounding. It’s a house that she and her husband are going to stay for the summer.

Her way of describing the large and grand house is different from how you would otherwise describe a home. The first way in which she describes the house is in a very romantic way as she is pleased with the vast choice of residence. The other way that she represents the house is that maybe it’s a haunted house. One question that she continually keeps wondering about is, “How are they able to afford the house?”.

She wonders how they were able to afford the house and why there wasn’t anyone living in the house earlier? As she is pondering, she starts thinking about her sickness, and she is suffering from “Nervous depression” and her marriage. Her husband, John, is treating her for her disease.

She starts complaining about how her husband doesn’t respect her thoughts, opinions, and her sickness. She and her husband have different sets of reflections while she has imaginative and sensitive. John is rational and practical. For her to get well from her condition, she needs to refrain from doing any activities, especially working and writing. However, the narrator feels the opposite and believes that doing things will improve her condition. She starts keeping a “secret journal” where she starts writing about the house and the various elements in the house.

One of the things that disturb her is the yellow wallpaper in her room. She has a weird feeling about the wallpaper as it is old and strange. She describes the wallpaper as a revolting item. While she is writing, she gets interrupted by John, so she stops writing.

The narrator keeps doing this for a while, and with her journals, she hides her thoughts from John. She keeps desiring for the company and chances to do more activities. Then, she starts complaining about the way John has control over her life and the restrictions that he has put on her life. She starts talking about the wallpaper again and starts describing it differently.

In the beginning, she got a weird and revolting feeling from it, but now she finds it intimidating. She starts talking about how John has started thinking that she is fixated on the wallpaper. He refused to change the wallpaper because it may impact her nervous depression. However, the narrator begins thinking about the wallpaper more and more. She starts imagining more and more things as the summer days pass. While thinking about the wallpaper, she starts imagining or picturing people walking around the house. It’s precisely the kind of things that John doesn’t want her to do and keep discouraging her from this kind of activity.

Among the things that the narrator thinks and imagines, she starts thinking about her childhood. When she was a child, the narrator used to believe something that used to result in her having night terrors. She comes back to the wallpaper in the bedroom. While she starts thinking about, she realizes that it must have been a nursery for children. She decides this because the furniture in the room is fixated and heavy. The apartment has scratches and other things that point out that it was a nursery.

As she starts seeing the sub-design of the wallpaper and writing about it, she gets disturbed again. This time, she is not worried about John. Instead, it’s his sister, Jennie, who is living with them. Jennie is the housekeeper while they are staying there, and she’s also the narrator’s nurse.

The narrator records that for the Fourth of July, her family visited them at their beautiful house. Their visit has felt her more tired than she already was before their appointment. This makes John threaten her about sending her off to Gilman, the physician under whom she had a nervous breakdown. The narrator starts talking about how she is alone at home almost all the time, and the only thing that interests her is the wallpaper.

Her obsession keeps growing as the sub-design of the wallpaper of her bedroom keeps becoming clear. She describes it as “a woman who is stopping down and creeping”. This is the sub-pattern of the wallpaper, and the main design is like a cage. As her obsession is growing, she keeps trying to ask John about when they would leave the house. He keeps silencing her, and this makes her stop. With every time he silences her, her fascination and obsession with the wallpaper keep growing.

The wallpaper is the only thing that the narrator thinks about, and it dominates her mind. Along with her journal, she starts hiding her obsession with the wallpaper, too, from John and Jennie. She wants to find the pattern on the wallpaper on her own. She finds Jennie looking at the wallpaper, and Jennie says that she found the yellow stains from the wallpaper on their clothes.

John thinks that the narrator is healing because she is a serine mood around them. However, the opposite is happening with the narrator because she starts sleeping less and less. The narrator begins imaging that can smell the paper everywhere around the house. Soon she sees a smudge mark on the wallpaper, which makes her assume that someone has rubbed it while crawling against the wallpaper. The sub-wallpaper looks like a woman trying to free herself of the main wallpaper.

The narrator starts imagining the woman trying to get out of the cage and she is free in the day. She mentions how she too sometimes creeps around the house. The narrator feels like John and Jennie know about her obsession. As soon as she starts feeling this, she decides that she is going to remove the wallpaper. She starts peeling off the wallpaper in the nights. Finally, as she is removing the wallpaper, she feels alone and also likes the woman finally got freedom who seesaw struggle in the pattern.

At the end of the story, the narrator starts going insane, and she starts imagining more women creeping around her. She feels like she was the woman in the wallpaper and starts feeling trapped. It this feeling that makes her creep around the room endlessly, and she keeps smudging the wallpaper. In the end, John has to break into the room, and the sight in front of him makes him faint. Therefore, the narrator has to creep around him every time.

What is the moral of The Yellow Wallpaper?

The moral of the story “The Yellow Wallpaper” is that lack of activity and mental stimulation worsens, rather than cures, a woman’s depression. The story illustrates that women should be treated as intelligent partners in devising a cure for their own mental illness, not treated as children.

Is The Yellow Wallpaper based on a true story?

Chastity Chapin, M.F.A. Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” draws from experiences that Gilman herself faced, but it is fiction rather than an entirely true story. After having a baby, Gilman suffered from what today would probably be called postpartum depression.

What really happens at the end of The Yellow Wallpaper?

At the end of the story, the narrator believes that the woman has come out of the wallpaper. This indicates that the narrator has finally merged fully into her psychosis, and become one with the house and domesticated discontent…

What does The Yellow Wallpaper symbolize in The Yellow Wallpaper?

The yellow wallpaper symbolizes the oppression that many women of Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s generation felt
under the institution of marriage.

Why does John faint at the end of The Yellow Wallpaper?

The reason for John to faint at the end of the story is his shock provoked by the wife’s mental state. He prescribes the “rest therapy” to eliminate any distressing events that could worsen his wife’s depression.

What was wrong with the woman in The Yellow Wallpaper?

The narrator in “The Yellow Wallpaper” is likely suffering from depression and likely from postpartum psychosis (at least in part) because of the young baby mentioned in the story. She finds that she cannot take care of her baby and has no desire to be near him, as his presence makes her “nervous.”

Weathering the Storm in Ersama Summary

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Weathering the Storm in Ersama Summary

About the Poet of Weathering The Storm In Ersama Summary
Harsh Mander is an activist and author of several books including, Fractured Freedom: Chronicles from India’s Margins. He is the Director of the Centre for Equity Studies, a research organisation based in New Delhi. A social activist who works with survivors of mass violence and hunger, as well as homeless persons and street children.

Harsh Mander - Weathering the Storm in Ersama Summary

Poet Name Harsh Mander
Born 17 April 1955 (age 64 years), Shillong
Profession Author, Columnist, Researcher, Teacher
Education Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, St Stephen’s College

Summary Of Weathering The Storm In Ersama Introduction

Weathering the Storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander is based on a true story of the adventures of a teenager Prashant was marooned on the roof of a house for two nights following the dreadful storm that hit Orissa (now Odisha) on 27th October 1999.

The storm had killed thousands of people and devastated hundreds of villages. Prashant showed extraordinary courage at the face of the great natural calamity. He saved his own life and came in the forefront to lead the disaster management in his village.

Weathering the Storm in Ersama Summary of the Lesson

On 27 October 1999, Prashant, a young boy of nineteen, went to meet his friend in Ersama, a small town in coastal Odisha. Osama was some eighteen kilometres away from his village. In the evening, weather suddenly changed and soon there occurred a strong storm with devastating winds. It was later termed as super cyclone. The wind velocity was 350 km per hour. Prashant had never witnessed such a menacing storm.

The storm was followed by heavy and incessant rain which washed away several houses and people. The angry waters swirled into his friend’s house, neck-deep. So, Prashant and his friend’s family took shelter on the rooftop where they spent two nights in the same position. They froze in the cold and continuous rain. Prashant could see in the grey light of the early morning the destruction caused by the super cyclone.

There was water everywhere in which standing some fractured cement houses in a few places. Bloated animal carcasses and human corpses floated in every direction. Even huge trees had fallen here and there. Prashant was worried about his family. But he was helpless.

Two days later, the rain stopped and the rain waters slowly began to recede. Then Prashant decided to go to his village and see his family. He took a long, sturdy stick, and then started on the difficult journey to his village through the swollen flood waters. At places the water was waist deep which slowed his journey. At several points, he lost the road and had to swim.

On the way, he came across many human bodies and carcasses of dogs, goats and cattle. But he could barely see a house standing while passing through the villages. Eventually Prashant reached his village, Kalikuda. He was depressed to see the widespread destruction everywhere.

He wanted to see his family members but found them nowhere. So, he went to the Red Cross shelter to for them. Fortunately, his family was alive. He thanked God for this.

N. Prashant was upset to see the miserable condition of the cyclone-affected people in the shelter. There was a big crowd there. They had nothing to eat except green coconuts. There was too much filth everywhere. Prashant could not be the silent spectator. He decided to do something for the survivors. First, he made arrangements for their food with the help of some youths and elders.

Then, he organised a team of youth volunteers to clean the shelter of filth, urine, vomit and floating carcasses, and to tend to the wounds and fractures of the many who had been injured.

On the fifth day, a military helicopter dropped some food parcels. But it did not return. Prashant and others devised a plan to attract the attention of the helicopter. They deputed children to lie around the shelter with empty utensils on their stomachs, to communicate to the passing helicopters that they were hungry. The plan was successful and after that the helicopter started dropping food packets and other basic needs.

Prashant’s rehabilitation work went on ceaselessly. He brought the orphaned children together and put up a polythene sheet shelter for them. He mobilised men and women to look after them with food and materials.

He also persuaded the women to start working in the food-for-work program started by an NGO, and for the children he organised sports events. Later orphans were resettled in new foster families made up of childless widows and children without adult care.

Thus, Prashant became the saviour of thousands of cyclone-affected people. His self-less service for the mankind is praiseworthy.

What is the summary of weathering the storm in Ersama?

Summary Of Weathering The Storm In Ersama Introduction

Weathering the Storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander is based on a true story of the adventures of a teenager Prashant was marooned on the roof of a house for two nights following the dreadful storm that hit Orissa (now Odisha) on 27th October 1999.

What is the moral of the story weathering the storm in Ersama?

This lesson conveys the message that when a natural calamity strikes, the members of the community should help themselves. They should not be totally dependent upon the government to provide help. It also gives the message that the youth have a major role to play in organising the community to help themselves.

Is weathering the storm in Ersama a true story?

Weathering the Storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander is based on a true story of the adventures of a teenager Prashant was marooned on the roof of a house for two nights following the dreadful storm that hit Orissa (now Odisha) on 27th October 1999.

How many characters are there in the story weathering the storm in Ersama?

The main character of the ‘weathering the storm in Ersama’ is Prashant. He was the protagonist. Other supporting characters are Prashant’s two uncles, friends, friend’s families, maternal grandmother, brother, sister, aunts and also hungry women, men, children, widows, and orphans.

On what theme is Weathering the storm in Ersama?

In the weathering the storm in Erasma by Harsh Mander, the theme of the story is evoked when the storm takes place and due to which people are in a lot of suffering. It states that the community members should mobilize in order to prevent themselves from suffering apart from the aid provided by the government.

What is the summary of weathering the storm in Ersama?

Summary Of Weathering The Storm In Ersama Introduction

Weathering the Storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander is based on a true story of the adventures of a teenager Prashant was marooned on the roof of a house for two nights following the dreadful storm that hit Orissa (now Odisha) on 27th October 1999.

What is the moral of the story weathering the storm in Ersama?

This lesson conveys the message that when a natural calamity strikes, the members of the community should help themselves. They should not be totally dependent upon the government to provide help. It also gives the message that the youth have a major role to play in organising the community to help themselves.

Is weathering the storm in Ersama a true story?

Weathering the Storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander is based on a true story of the adventures of a teenager Prashant was marooned on the roof of a house for two nights following the dreadful storm that hit Orissa (now Odisha) on 27th October 1999.

What are the characters in weathering the storm in Ersama?

The main character of the ‘weathering the storm in Ersama’ is Prashant. He was the protagonist. Other supporting characters are Prashant’s two uncles, friends, friend’s families, maternal grandmother, brother, sister, aunts and also hungry women, men, children, widows, and orphans.

On what theme is Weathering the storm in Ersama?

In the weathering the storm in Erasma by Harsh Mander, the theme of the story is evoked when the storm takes place and due to which people are in a lot of suffering. It states that the community members should mobilize in order to prevent themselves from suffering apart from the aid provided by the government.

What is the theme of the chapter Weathering the storm in Ersama?

The theme of the chapter ‘Weathering the Storm in Ersma’ is that our courage, fortitude and presence of mind helps us tide over even the worst of hurdles. Prashant faced deep sorrow, yet stepped up to rehabilitating the people affected by the natural disaster.

What lessons did you learn from Weathering the storm in Ersama?

The moral that this story teaches, is of courage, hardwork and a strong will to achieve your goals. It also beautifully explains us the difference between a leader and boss. It takes a lot of strength and determination to lead others and help them out in difficult times.

Packing Summary Analysis and Explanation

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Packing Summary Analysis and Explanation

About the Poet Jerome K. Jerome
Jerome Klapka Jerome was an English writer and humourist, best known for the comic travelogue Three Men in a Boat. Other works include the essay collections Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow and Second Thoughts of an Idle Fellow; Three Men on the Bummel, a sequel to Three Men in a Boat, and several other novels.

Jerome K. Jerome - Packing Summary Analysis and Explanation

Poet Name Jerome K. Jerome
Born 2 May 1859, Caldmore, United Kingdom
Died 14 June 1927, Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, United Kingdom
Full name Jerome Klapka Jerome
Education St Marylebone Grammar School
Books Three Men in a Boat, Three Men on the Bummel, Told After Supper

Packing Introduction

The lesson ‘Packing’ is an extract taken from Jerome K. Jerome’s novel Three Men in a Boat. It describes humorously the incident that takes place when the narrator and his two friends get engaged in packing their things before going on for a boating trip. It focuses on the fact that packing is an art and very few people are gifted with this art.

Packing Summary of the Lesson

Once the narrator and his two friends decided to go on a trip. The narrator felt that he knew packing better than his friends. So he told them to leave the job entirely at him. George and Harris accepted the offer and relaxed while the narrator was busy in packing the bag.

But the narrator was not happy to see both of his friends passing their time leisurely. What he actually intended was that being the best of them he would boss the job and his friends would do some unimportant things under his direction.

The narrator started packing. It took him a longer time than he had expected. He packed the bag but left the boots outside. So, he had to re-open the bag and put the boots in. No sooner had he packed the bag than he forgot whether he had packed his toothbrush.

He again opened the bag and made a frantic search for the toothbrush which he finally found inside a boot. When he had finished, George asked if the soap was in. The narrator got irritated and refused to re-open the bag. However, he had to open the bag once again when he found that he had packed his spectacles.

Now it was the turn of George and Harris to do the rest of the packing. They began in a light-hearted spirit to show the narrator that it was not a very difficult task. But they too proved themselves immature as they made a lot of mistakes while packing.

They started with breaking a cup. Then Harris packed the strawberry jam on top of a tomato and squashed it. And then there was George who trod on the butter. In this way they messed up things and took a long time in packing.

The narrator’s dog Montmorency lingered the task of packing by creating nuisance. He came and sat on things, just when they were wanted to be packed. He put his leg into the jam and disturbed the teaspoons.

He pretended that the lemons were rats and got into the hamper to attack them. The packing was finished at midnight. All the three friends went to sleep as they had got tired. Also they had to wake up early.

What is the summary of packing?

After that, we see that one more query arises for the soap by George. Consequently, this irritates Jerome so much that he does not pay heed to it and packs the bag anyway. However, to his mistake, he has to reopen it again due to his spectacles being locked inside the bag.

What is the moral of the story packing?

Answer: Explanation: the moral of the story is “one should keep his/her patients, to do some work , and one should not get too much over confident of what he is doing.

What is the theme of packing?

“Packing” is based on the theme that routine tasks are not as easy as they seem to be. The humorous account amuses the readers with the chaotic and confusing situations created by the clumsiness of three friends, all of whom consider packing to be child’s play.

What message do you get from packing?

The lesson Packing conveys the message, albeit humorously, that even a task as mundane as packing should not be taken lightly. It requires planning, concentration and deftness otherwise the results are disastrous as well as time-consuming.

The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse Summary in English by William Saroyan

The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse Summary in English and Hindi Pdf. The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse is written by William Saroyan. has provided The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse extra questions and answers pdf, theme, class 11 english The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse summary in hindi, analysis, note making, ppt, lesson plan, class 11 ncert solutions.

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The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse Summary in English by William Saroyan

About the Poet William Saroyan

Poet Name William Saroyan
Born 31 August 1908, Fresno, California, United States
Died 18 May 1981, Fresno, California, United States
Awards Academy Award for Best Story, Pulitzer Prize for Drama, New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award for Best American Play
Movies The Human Comedy, Ithaca, My Heart Is in the Highlands
Nationality American
William Saroyan - the summer of the beautiful white horse summary class 11
William Saroyan

The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse Theme

The story is about two poor Armenian boys who are fond of riding horses. Aram (9 years old) and Mourad (13 years old) belong to the Garoghlanian tribe, whose people were well-known for honesty and trust. Mourad is able to steal a horse and after enjoying riding for one month, he invites his cousin to join him in horse-riding. Finally, they decide to return the horse to its owner as they did not want to bring any shame for their family.

The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse About the Characters

Mourad: He is a 13 year old cousin of the narrator (Aram). He is a lively and crazy person but with love for his cousin Aram, whom he offers the horse to ride for some time. He knows how to handle a horse.

Aram (the narrator): He is a 9 year old boy. He and Mourad belong to the Garoghlanian tribe. He justifies Mourad’s stealing of the horse for the purpose of horse-riding, as they did not intend to sell it off.

John Byro: He is a farmer and owner of the beautiful white horse which was stolen by Mqurad. He is sad over the sudden disappearance of his horse a few weeks ago.

Uncle Khosrove: He is the narrator’s uncle who was considered to be a crazy man. He has been described as a man with a short temper and irritable nature.

The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse Summary in English

Aram’s Recall of an Experience
Aram remembers an experience when he was 9 year old. The world for Aram, at that time, seemed to be delightful and joyous. Mourad, whom everybody considered crazy, came at four in the morning and woke up Aram by tapping on the window of Aram’s room. It was summer, with daybreak just around the corner. Aram jumped out of bed and could not believe his eyes. Mourad was sitting on a beautiful white horse. Mourad asked him to be quick if he wanted to ride. Aram had always longed to ride a horse, but they were poor. They couldn’t afford a horse.

The Garoghlanian Family
The Garoghlanian family was poor as they had no money. Their whole tribe was poverty-stricken. But most important of all was that they were famous for their honesty. From a long time, they had built up a reputation for being proud and honest. They would never even take advantage of anyone.

Aram’s Explanation About the White Horse
Aram asked Mourad if he had stolen the horse. Mourad called him out instead of answering. Aram was sure that the horse was stolen as they were both very crazy about riding horses. To console himself in a childish manner, Aram thought that stealing a horse for a ride was not the same as stealing something like money. It wouldn’t have been stealing until they offered to sell the horse.

Aram could not Resist the Offer
Aram got ready and jumped out of the window. As they lived on the boundary of the town on Walnut Avenue, there was the vast countryside full of orchards, vineyards and irrigation ditches nearby. In a few moments, both Aram and Mourad were having a wonderful time riding the horse. Mourad started singing out of excitement and enjoyment.

The Family’s Crazy Streak
Mourad was considered the natural inheritor of the crazy streak of their tribe. Before Mourad, uncle Khosrove was considered as crazy in the family. Khosrove had a powerful head of black hair and the largest moustache in the San Joaquin valley. Mourad was considered a crazy boy, though his father, Mr Zorab, was a practical man without having any crazy streak.

Aram Rides the Horse Alone
After enjoying the horse ride together, Mourad wanted to ride the horse alone. Mourad kicked the horse and it started running. After five minutes, Mourad stopped. Now, Aram also wanted to ride the horse alone. Mourad was not sure that Aram could ride the horse alone, as he did not know that how to control a horse.

Aram leaped on to the back of the horse and for a moment felt a fear like he had never felt before. He kicked into the muscles of the horse; then it started running. Instead of running across the field, the horse ran to the vineyard and leaped over seven vines before Aram fell. Mourad came running, as he was worried about the horse. He wanted to get hold of the horse and take him back before anyone could see him. The horse got lost. Both of them searched for the horse in different directions. It took half an hour for them to find it.

The Boys Decided to Hide the Horse
It was morning and Mourad was thinking either to take the horse back or hide it until the next morning. Aram concluded that Mourad was going to hide it. Aram again asked Mourad if he had stolen the horse. Mourad avoided answering the question.

He told Aram to tell everyone that they started riding the horse that very morning, if someone found out. They took the horse to the deserted vineyard of a farmer named Fetvajian and hid it in the barn.

John Byro’s Sadness Over his Missing Horse
In the afternoon, uncle Khosrove came to Aram’s house for coffee and cigarettes. Then another visitor arrived, a former named John Byro. He said that his white horse which was stolen the previous month was still missing and untraceable. John Byro also explained that his carriage was no good without a horse and he had to walk ten miles to reach there.

Aram Informed Mourad About John Byro
Aram went to Mourad and informed him about John Byro’s visit. He further informed Mourad that he should not return the horse until Aram had learnt riding. Mourad replied that it would take him a year to learn and they could not keep a horse for one year, as it would amount to stealing.

Finally, they decided to return it after six months to its true owner. Every morning, for two weeks, they rode the horse. Every time the horse threw Aram and ran away. But Aram kept his hope alive and hoped to ride the horse the way Mourad rode. One morning they were on their way to the vineyard when they encountered John Byro. He inquired about the name of the horse with them. Mourad said that its name was ‘My Heart’. John Byro kept observing the horse very keenly.

The Boys Decide to Return the Horse
The farmer looked into the horse’s mouth and found that the teeth matched those of his stolen horse. He said that he could swear that the horse was his, if he didn’t know their parents and the fame of their family for honesty. But the horse appeared to be the twin of his stolen horse.

Early the following morning, the boys took the horse to John Byro’s vineyard and left it there. The dogs followed them silendy. Aram thought they would bark. Mourad said that he had a way with dogs-and that’s why they didn’t bark. That very afternoon, John Byro came to the narrator’s house. He was very happy and thanked God. His horse had become stronger and better tempered. Uncle Khosrove again shouted at him to be quiet, as his horse had been returned.

The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse Chapter Highlights

  • Mourad and Aram were two poor Armenian boys aged 13 year and 9 year respectively. Both belonged to the
  • Garoghlanian tribe which was known for its pride and honesty.
  • The tribe was poverty-stricken, but its people were not dishonest and did not believe in stealing.
  • Mourad and Aram both had intense longing for horse-riding.
  • Going against the family reputation, Mourad stole a white horse of a farmer.
  • Aram was unable to understand how Mourad got that beautiful white horse, when he was so poor that he could not afford to buy a horse.
  • Aram could not resist the temptation of riding the horse, though he could make out that his cousin had stolen the horse.
  • Aram watched Mourad riding the horse and controlling it in an easy manner.
  • Aram rode the horse alone but could not manage to control it.
  • Mourad was considered a crazy person, the descendant of his crazy uncle Khosrove.
  • Uncle Khosrove, a big and powerful man, was a very impatient man. He did not allow anyone to speak and shouted loudly.
  • Mourad and Aram continued horse-riding for some weeks, though Aram was not able to control the horse.
  • One day both the boys came face to face with the horse’s owner John Byro, while they were taking the horse to its hiding place.
  • John Byro examined the horse and studied it tooth by tooth. He mentioned that the horse looked identical to his stolen horse.
  • But he never suspected the boys as he knew their family and parents, well-known for their honesty.
  • The boys returned the horse the next day quietly by taking it to John Byro’s place. Perhaps they felt guilty and they did not want to bring any shame on their family.
  • Next morning, John Byro visited Aram’s parents to tell of a great miracle. His horse, that had disappeared mysteriously, had returned. It was in better health and a better temper.

The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse Word Meanings

hallmarks – typical characteristics or features
magnificence – greatness, excellence
mysterious – strange, not known or understood, full of mystery
crazy – insane
tapping – hitting quickly and lightly with fingers
around the corner of the world – away
stuck – pushed out
longings – strong and continuous desires
poverty-stricken – suffering from extreme poverty
Garoghlanian – an Armenian tribe
comical – silly
bellies – stomachs
take advantage of – deceive, trick
pious stillness and humour – innocence and unconcern
edge – border or boundary
trot – used for horse or similar animal running at its slowest speed
streak – an inherent quality
descendant – someone deriving appearance, function or trait of character from a parent
furious – very angry
irritable – bad tempered
trimmed – made neat or tidy by clipping
roared – shout at a high pitch
capricious – impulsive, unpredictable
vagrant – not fixed
have a way – have success in dealing.
Vazire – a word in Armenian language meaning ‘run’
hind – back legs of an animal
snorted – a noisy sound made by breathing through nostrils
fury – burst
dripping – extremely
imaginable – which could be thought of
reared – raised
dawned on – occurred to
barn – a large building on a farm in which animals and their feed are kept
deserted – abandoned
vineyard – a plantation of grapevines
hearty – substantial
dweller – resident
surrey – a light four wheeled carriage
stalked – marched
slamming – shutting with force
homesick – acutely longing for one’s home
ran into – met accidentally
studied – examined
swear – guarantee
suspicious – full of mistrust
whispered – spoke in a low voice
patted – stroked lightly
better-tempered – well-behaved

What does the white horse symbolize in the summer of beautiful?

The white horse symbolizes the wishes of Aram and Mourad, which they wanted to be they want to be trustworthy and honest, and have beauty, freedom, gland wealth in their lives as well.

What are the themes you can find in William Saroyan The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse?

The story The Summer of The Beautiful White Horse by William Saroyan highlights the virtues of honesty, trust and owing up to one’s mistake. Aram, the narrator of the story, recalls an experience when he was 9 years old.

What moral lesson do you learn from the story the summer of beautiful white horse?

The moral of William Saroyan’s “The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse” is that compassion in the face of conflict yields both room for growth and fair compromise.

What is the main message of the story The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse?

The primary message of the story, The Summer of the Beautiful Horse, is that despite social or economic challenges, there are some truths which are absolute and should be practiced under and all conditioned. It is undeniable that the story is set within a family that is poor.

My Grandmother’s House Poem Summary in English and Hindi by Kamala Das

My Grandmother’s House Poem Summary in English and Hindi Pdf. My Grandmother’s House Poem is written by Kamala Das. has provided My Grandmother’s House Poem Objective Questions and Answers Pdf, Poem Ka Meaning in Hindi, Poem Analysis, Line by Line Explanation, Themes, Figures of Speech, Critical Appreciation, Central Idea, Poetic Devices.

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My Grandmother’s House Poem Summary in English and Hindi by Kamala Das

My Grandmother’s House by Kamala Das About the Poet

Kamala Das born on (March 31, 1934). She was a poet and short story writer. She has earned respectable place in both the English and Malayalam literature. Her autobiography published in 1976, created quite a stir. In 1984, she was shortlisted for the Noble Prize for literature. Her important volumes of verse in English include Summer in Kolkata (1963), Siren (1964), The Descendents (1967), The Old Play House and other poems. Kamala Das’s poetry is primarily autobiographical and her theme is love of a lonely heart love with never ending passion, just, greed and hunger that never satiate. Kamala Das reveals a commendable mastery of phrase and control over rhythm. The words are often painted and the rhythm is marvelously, almost feverously alive.

My Grandmother’s House Written by Kamala Das Introduction to the Poem

The poem “My Grandmother’s House” is a wonderful creation by “Kamala Das”. In this poem, Kamala Das, the speaker explained in her autobiography as to how she lived when she was too young. She has written about the grandmother’s house. She also used to live with her grandmother in that house.

My Grandmother’s House Poem Summary in English

The poem “My Grandmother’s House” is a wonderful creation by “Kamala Das”. She has written about the grandmother’s house. She also used to live with her grandmother in that house. When she was young in the house she was very beautiful. Her grandmother’s house was also very decent and comfortable. There she and her grandmother lived a very happy life.

Everything around that very house was good. But when her grandmother died and the speaker lived in another place, the house became in bad condition. Everywhere that house became in pitiable condition. Bushes grew around when the speaker went there to see the house. When she reached there she was warmly welcomed. She saw her house damaged. A strong feeling caught her mind. Everything was changed when she went there but still she was proud because when she reached there she was received warmly which she got at stranger’s door.

In this poem, Kamala Das, the speaker explained in her autobiography as to how she lived when she was too young.

My Grandmother’s House Poem Summary in Hindi

In this poem ‘My Grandmother’s House Kamala Das ने इसमें अपनी दादी के घर के बारे में लिखा है। वह भी अपनी दादी के साथ उसी घर में रहती थी। जब वह जवान थी तो वह बहुत सुंदर थी, उसका घर भी बहुत सुन्दर था, जहाँ वह अपनी दादी के साथ सुखी जीवन बिता रही थी। घर के चारों तरफ बहुत ही सुन्दर दृश्य था । लेकिन जब उसकी दादी की मृत्यु हुई और जब वह दूसरी जगह रहने लगी तो घर की हालत बहुत ही बुरी हो गयी। घर के चारों तरफ की हालत बहुत ही दयनीय थी। इसके चारों तरफ झाड़ियाँ उग गई थीं।

जब कवयित्री अपना घर देखने गई तथा वह वहाँ पहुँची, उन्हें पुराना प्यार और स्मृतियाँ याद आ गयीं। उसने अपने घर को क्षतिग्रस्त देखा। उसका दिमाग झनझना गया । जब वह वहाँ पहुँची सब कुछ बदल गया था। लेकिन फिर भी वह अपने घर पर घमंड कर रही थी क्योंकि जब वह वहाँ पहुँचती थी उसे हमेशा वे बातें याद आ जाती थीं जो उसे अपनी दादी से मिलती थीं। उसका नवावांतुक के रूप में पराए व्यक्तियों का प्रेम एवं अपूर्व स्वागत भी प्राप्त होता था।

इस कविता में कमला दास अपनी जीवनी के बारे में बता रही थीं कि उन्होंने अपना जीवन कैसे बिताया जब वे छोटी थीं।

What is the central idea of the poem my grandmother’s house?

The basic theme is that of lost love, with the speaker bemoaning the fact that once she lived in a house where she was loved, but now her circumstances mean that she has no love in her life.

What does the grandmother house represent?

The house represents the feeling of love which the speaker could get from her grandmother. But, now the house is silent. The poem moves through the happy past and sad present. The poet uses the image of snakes moving among the books now for which she was too younger in her childhood.

Which type of poem is my grandmother’s house?

The poem, ‘My Grandmother’s House’, first appeared in Kamala Das’s first anthology of verse titled Summer Time in Calcutta (1965). It is also an autobiographical poem in which the poet’s longing for her parental house in Malabar is movingly described.

How does the poem my grandmother’s house End 1 point?

The poet says that one won’t believe that she had some of the best memories of her grandmother’s house and she is quite proud of it. Now that she has lost her grandmother, she begs at strangers’ doors for love. … Hence the poet ends with hope and despair.

Why does the poet want to visit her grandmother’s house?

A1. Why does the poet want to go back to her Grandmother’s house? Kamala Das wants to go back to her grandmother’s house because she received love from that house in the past. She believes that by going back she can revive and relive those happy memories.

America Claude Mckay Analysis | Summary, Structure and Poetic Techniques of America Claude

America Claude Mckay Analysis

America Claude Mckay Analysis: One of the most looked up to writers of the Harlem Renaissance, Festus Claudius “Claude” McKay, was a Jamaican writer. On September 15, 1889, he was born in Sunny Ville, in the Clarendon Hills of Jamaica. In the initial years of the Harlem Renaissance, he published “Spring in New Hampshire” (1920) and “Harlem Shadows” (1922) and consequently, McKay emerged as one of its significant poets.

At age 22, McKay joined the Constabulary Force in Spanish Town, and a year later, he published the “Jamaica Constab Ballads and Songs of Jamaica”. Later that year, McKay migrated to the United States, where he attended Kansas State University.

Students can also check the English Summary to revise with them during exam preparation.

Claude McKay wrote three novels, namely “Home to Harlem” (1929), “Banjo” (1929), and “Banana Bottom” (1932). A collection of short stories titled “Ginger town was published in 1932.

Although an atheist most of his life, McKay joined the Catholic Church in 1944. Claude McKay died four years later in Chicago, on May 22, 1948, at 59.

Summary of America Claude Mckay Analysis

The poem “America” was first published in 1919.

The poem “America” brings forward the merging realizations that the poet had spent living in America. America at that time was not a very good place for Black Americans to reside in. They were oppressed and looked down upon.

The treatment vested upon the Black Americans was unfair and harsh in all terms. This poem embodies the inner thoughts of the poet. The poem bring brings forward the ambitions of the black community who can only dream about an oppression-free future.

The voices of the black Americans were never heard and always suppressed. The poem’s main emphasis is on the black struggle and how the brutalities of oppression had become part and parcel of their lives. It also embarks upon how hard their life is and the strength needed to persevere and survive in the conditions they are forced to reside in.

The poet questions why should black Americans not enjoy the essence of freedom? In the poem’s entire course, the speaker has a love-hate relationship with America; this is similar to many blacks’ position. The poet ultimately loses all hopes for his country and lives on the edge of resignation.

The initial four lines portray the speaker’s “love” for this “cultured hell,” despite the oppression and brutalities America imposes on him. The following six lines continue to develop this relationship based on the very horns of a dilemma, describing how America’s “vigour” enigmatically encourages the poet against America’s “hate.” The speaker equates himself to a rebel facing a king but says that he holds no ill-will towards America.

The poem’s final four lines present a dismal and doleful vision of America’s disintegration in the future, taking on an extramundane perspective that sees this once-powerful empire slowly sinking into the sands under the “unerring” hand of Time.

Structure of America Claude Mckay Analysis

The rhyme pattern followed in this poem is an “ABABABABABABCC”. These patterns are similar to a sonnet rhyme scheme by Shakespeare. This rhyme scheme is present in many of Claude McKay’s poetry. This rhyming scheme acts as a tool to emphasize the meaning and the creativity used by the author.

The sonnet can be divided up in terms of rhyme into one final couplet and three quatrains and. One can also break it syntactically and semantically into two mirroring halves (4+3 and 3+4) that divide and reflect each other after the 7th line.

America Claude Mckay

Poetic Techniques in America Claude Mckay Analysis

There have been nay poetic techniques used in the entire course of the poem.

The most frequently used technique is an oxymoron. An oxymoron is a figure of speech where two words of contradicting meaning and essence are paired. Phrases like” ‘cultured hell” is an example of an oxymoron.

A metaphor is a figure of speech where one refers to one thing by mentioning it to another. For example, “tiger’s tooth”, “bread of bitterness” are metaphors.

A simile is the speech figure where two entities are compared using words such as “like” and “as”. The phrases like “her bigness sweep my being like a flood” and “as a rebel front, a king in the state” are examples of simile.

The poet has used personification. The whole poem is based on the personification of America. The poet has referred to America as “she” in the first line of the poem.

America Claude Mckay Analysis

Lines 1-4

“Although she feeds me bread of bitterness,

And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth,

Stealing my breath of life, I will confess

I love this cultured hell that tests my youth!”


The poet personifies America and refers to her as “she”, which puts forward a motherly interpretation of America’s very feminization. Just like a mother ensures her child’s nourishment, here America feeds her child- but with “bread of bitterness”, which is a strong implication of the harsh treatment that the people of the poet’s community had to go through. The metaphor “tiger’s throat” focuses on the various hardships and oppressions which the black Americans have to face daily.

Despite the ill-treatment and idea of inequality prevalent at that Time, the poet does not hesitate to declare his country’s love. The phrase “I will confess” portrays the declaration of love to be forced and not spontaneous. This love portrays the poet as somewhat of a stoic character who sees the ill-treatment vested on them as a test model.

The extent of this cruelty is brought to light when the poet refers to America as “hell”. Although America exploits the poet, he not only fights back but also draws a sense of inspiration from it.

Lines 5-10

“Her vigour flows like tides into my blood,

Giving me strength erect against her hate.

Her bigness sweeps my being like a flood.

Yet as a rebel fronts a king in state,

I stand within her walls with not a shred

Of terror, malice, not a word of jeer.”


This section brings forward the speaker’s resistance against all the misery and suffering mated on him. Words like “vigour” and “bigness” portray America on a positive note.

Here, the vigour supports her citizens with the zeal to survive even under the harshest circumstances subjected to them by herself. The country’s power has been equated to the power of nature by the use of phrases like “tides”.

Although the poet understands it the worst place to reside for his community’s people, he presents himself as a rebel in front of a king. However, instead of a rebel’s idea, he does not hold a grudge against his antagonist, i.e., America.

Lines 11-14

“Darkly I gaze into the days ahead,

And see her might and granite wonders there,

Beneath the touch of Time’s unerring hand,

Like priceless treasures sinking in the sand.”


The final lines start with the word “Darkly”, which gives insight into the poet’s gloomy and grim prophecy about America’s future state. He suggests that the beautiful things like “might and granite wonders” that are the very essence of America have high possibilities of fading away in the “Time’s unerring hand”.

The poet finds no other alternative to the downfall of the country. He finds it to be the inevitable end to America’s own internal contradictions and the impermanence of worldly “might.”

What is the meaning of the poem America by Claude McKay?

‘America’ by Claude McKay balances ideas of loving and hating the United States. McKay explores the good parts of the country, the strength and vigor it contains as well as the bad. Yet, he also comments on the ‘bitterness’, violence, and corruption the country is known for.

What is Claude McKay’s perspective of America?

While many of the writers of the Harlem Renaissance were born and raised in the U.S., McKay had a different perspective. His poems talk about America with a view that mixed love and hate, pain and pleasure. He was able to see America for all of its qualities, good and bad, because he had chosen America as his home.

How does the speaker feel about America?

The speaker has a love-hate relationship with America, so he chooses to be optimistic, but also realistic about America. The speaker loves America and chooses not to focus on those things that he does not like and cannot change. Read the following lines from the poem.

What is the tone of the poem America by Claude McKay?

The poem stared off as bitter and sad then the tone changed to hope and love that he has for America. He was born in sunny vile, Jamaica and he is known for his novels and poems. He also played a key figure in the Harlem Renaissance.

Where The Sidewalk Ends Summary by Shel Silverstein | Summary, Structure, Literary Devices and Stanzas

Where The Sidewalk Ends Summary

Where The Sidewalk Ends Poems Summary: Sheldon Allan Silverstein was born during the Great Depression into an immigrant Jewish family in Chicago on September 25, 1930. He was popularly known as Shel Silverstein.

He started writing and doodling from a very young age. He was a cartoonist, playwright, poet, performer, and recording artist.

“Giving Tree”, published in 1964, is Silverstein’s first major work and the best-known title. The book describes the relationship between a boy and a tree. It has been translated into various languages. As late as 2013, it ranked third on a Goodreads list of “Best Children’s Books.”

“Where the Sidewalk Ends”, published in 1974, is a collection of poems dealing with many common childhood concerns. The National Education Association added the book in the “Teachers Top 100 Books for Children” after a vote organized in 2007. Its audio version was released in 1983.

Students can also check the English Summary to revise with them during exam preparation.

In 1984, Shel Silverstein won the Grammy Award for Best Recording For Children for the audio version of ‘Where the Sidewalk Ends’. It was released on a cassette version in 1983 and as an LP phonograph record in 1984.

In 1991, Silverstein was nominated for Oscar Award for his song ‘I’m Checkin’ Out’, which he had written for the 1990 film, ‘Postcards from the Edge’.

Shel Silverstein has earned a cult status in terms of children’s poetry. It is not only the children who love Uncle Shel; the adults equally love and admire his work.

Silverstein died of a heart attack either on May 9 or May 10, 1999, in Key West, Florida. His housekeepers found his body on May 10, and he might have died the day before. He is buried in Westlawn Cemetery in Norridge, Illinois.

He illustrated his books. They are characterized by a skilled mixing of the sly and the serious, the macabre and the silly. Readers of all age groups admire his unique imagination and bold brand of humour.

In the year 2002, he was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame and, in 2014, into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.

Where the Sidewalk Ends Summary

The poem is set in two different backdrops. The first part of the poem reflects a place where a sidewalk ends. This place is the embodiment of beauty, untouched by the side effects of human civilization.

The latter part of the poem speaks about a place surrounded by black smoke and pollution harrows. The poet urges us to leave this doomed place and follow the children’s path to find a more peaceful place.

The mention of the angelic children guiding us towards beautiful nature is more inclined towards the notions of spirituality and soulfulness than just the physical phase of life. The poet desires the readers to gain freedom from greed and selfishness, accept innocence, love, and peace towards leading a happy and pure life.

This poem can be perceived as a transition between childhood and adulthood. Adulthood can be held synonymous to the latter place described in the poem- filled with obstacles.

The initial part of the poem is similar to the childhood of a person- sprawling with innocence.

Where the Sidewalk Ends Structure

The poem is written in three stanzas. The first stanza has six lines. The second stanza similarly consists of six lines. The third stanza is comparatively small, with only four lines.

The poem follows a rhymic scheme of the pattern AABCCD, ABCCDB, AABC.

The poet wrote the poem with a dactylic dimeter. A dactylic dimeter means that each line has two feet.

Summary of Where the Sidewalk Ends

Where the Sidewalk Ends Literary Devices

Alliteration is the recurrence of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words close to each other. This repetition of sounds brings attention to the lines in which it is used and creates a more aural beat.

We can see the employment of alliteration in the lines “We shall walk with a walk that is measured and slow” with an emphasis on the letter “w”. The line “Let us leave this place where the smoke blows black” also features alliteration.

Repetition has been used throughout the poem. The phrase “where the sidewalk ends” has been used greatly in the entire poem. The use of repetition highlights the meaning of the poem.

Another literary device he uses is imagery. Imagery engages human senses to deepen the reader’s understanding of the work. It uses the senses to create a vivid image in the reader’s mind.

The description of the grass or the sunlight employs a strong use of imagery. The “peppermint wind” influences our olfactory senses.

Detailed Analysis of Where the Sidewalk Ends

Stanza one

“There is a place where the sidewalk ends

And before the street begins,

And there the grass grows soft and white,

And there the sun burns crimson bright,

And there the moon-bird rests from his flight

To cool in the peppermint wind.”

These lines give an eye-soothing and mesmerizing image of an ideal place. The lines speak of a place surrounded by the beauty of nature and untouched by pollution.

The place is located at the end of a sidewalk and the beginning of a street. It is the meeting grounds of the sidewalk and the street.

The grass that grows there is “soft and white,” which implies its surreal setting. The word “white” has been used to highlight the similarities between this perfectly peaceful place and heaven.

Since normally grasses are not white, this can also be seen as an attempt to create a romantic place in the reader’s mind.

The crimson beams of the sun fall here and make it bright. The moon birds rest here in the cooling surrounding of the peppermint wind.

The place is a fragment of the imagination of the poet and can not be found physically. It is a place which one can resort to escape from the daily mundane life.

Stanza Two

“Let us leave this place where the smoke blows black

And the dark street winds and bends.

Past the pits where the asphalt flowers grow

We shall walk with a walk that is measured and slow,

And watch where the chalk-white arrows go

To the place where the sidewalk ends.”

These lines describe a dark place which is an aftereffect of industrial pollution. This place is filled with black smoke, which makes this place extremely unwelcoming and toxic to live in. It is not filled with youthfulness and is dull and dark.

The place is the exact opposite of the place described earlier. The flowers that grow here are “asphalt”, which indicates the decay taking place here.

The description here points to a more real and practical world. One can use the word “pits” to understand the depths of how bad the situation has grown due to pollution.

The poet asks the audience to leave this doomed place and head towards the sidewalk’s end, which promises a more peaceful life. This place is the embodiment of a ruined and cursed scenario with not even an inch of a place left to breathe fresh air.

The transition between the places can also be seen as a change from childhood and adulthood. Adulthood life is full of hardships, like the place with black smoke.

Childhood life is innocent and more carefree, like the place marked by the end of the sidewalk. It did not have any responsibilities to shoulder.

Hence, the sidewalk represents a mundane life filled with obstacles, and the end of the sidewalk is a place flourishing with nature.

The phrase “walk that is measured and slow” emphasizes that every step in adult life needs to be measured and well thought of. Adult life comes with a lot of responsibilities which demands slow and measured steps throughout.

However, there is always a scope to leave behind this life and follow the “chalk-white arrows” and embark on the different unexplored aspects of life.

Stanza Three

Yes, we’ll walk with a walk that is measured and slow,

And we’ll go where the chalk-white arrows go,

For the children, they mark, and the children, they know

The place where the sidewalk ends.”

The children are the purest souls who are instructed by their innocence and are the only ones aware of the “place where the sidewalk ends.” The poet urges the audience to follow their trail and go to that place.

Children have been referred to hereto as representing the innocence and the essence of good. It is much needed to guide us through our life and help us survive all the difficulties and hardships at every stage of life. The poet believes that we want to be as happy and real as children at the end of the tunnel.

Children are unaware of the serious issues of life and enjoy every little moment of it. They do not have any complexities and have a pure heart.

The poet believes that if we live life through a child’s eyes, we will enjoy the better things life gives us than lament over the small losses we encounter each day. We should, at the time, leave behind the grave issues of life and indulge in some light living.

One can always escape from the brutalities of adult life and plunge into the childlike innocence one has. The escape helps us to forget worldly issues and relish the pleasure of life.

We should always cherish the small bits and flashes of our life and. There is no harm in embracing the inside child, which eventually gets lost under society’s huge pressure.

Although the poem is written for kids, it holds for the adults also.

Why was Where the Sidewalk Ends banned?

Where the Sidewalk Ends was yanked from the shelves of West Allis-West Milwaukee, Wisconsin school libraries in 1986 over fears that it “promotes drug use, the occult, suicide, death, violence, disrespect for truth, disrespect for authority, and rebellion against parents.”

What does past the pits mean in Where the Sidewalk Ends?

This line is telling us exactly how we’re going to get past the asphalt pits and black smoke to the world where the sidewalk ends – by walking slowly.

What exactly does the sidewalk represents?

The poem mentions the children who live their lives on the “sidewalk.” The speaker invites the audience and the children to “walk with a walk that is measured and slow” to the place “where the sidewalk ends.” Knowing these details might lead you to believe that the sidewalk represents a path for escape from the city or

What is the mood of the poem Where the Sidewalk Ends?

In Shel Silverstein’s poem Where the Sidewalk Ends, the tone of the poem encompasses Silverstein’s feelings about life and the choices one makes in life. The tone is depicted in the poem in one way: Silverstein wants readers to simply follow the lines in life.

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis by William Wordsworth | Summary, Analysis, Structure and Literary Devices

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis: On April 7, 1770, William Wordsworth was born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, located in the Lake District of England. This place is connected with much of his work.

Wordsworth’s mother passed away when he was very young, at the age of eight—this experience moulds much of his later work. William Wordsworth was one of the founding fathers of English Romanticism.

Romanticism was the liberation from those rules. It delivered the poets the liberty to write about what they feel, according to their own directions, without influence. Much like impressionism in painting, Romanticism honoured and praised emotions and imagination. It was the free-flowing motion of one’s love towards anything.

Students can also check the English Summary to revise with them during exam preparation.

He is recognized as a spiritual and epistemological speculation poet, focusing on the human relationship with nature. He was an ardent pioneer of using the vocabulary and speech patterns of common people in poetry.

Wordsworth developed a love of nature as a young man, a theme reflected in many of his poems. In 1842, he was granted a government pension, and the following year he became poet laureate.

Wordsworth’s most famous and noteworthy work, “The Prelude” (Edward Moxon, 1850), is considered by many to be perhaps the crowning achievement of English Romanticism.

The poem, revised numerous times, chronicles the poet’s spiritual life and paves the way for the birth of a new poetry genre. Although he worked on the poem for a long time, it was released after his death.

Wordsworth spent the final years of his life in Rydal Mount in England, travelling and continuing his outdoor excursions. He was devastated by his daughter Dora’s death in 1847 and lost his intention to write poems.

William Wordsworth passed away at Rydal Mount on April 23, 1850, leaving his wife Mary to publish The Prelude three months later his death.

Background of Daffodils – I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud Theme

In his collection of poems, the composition Daffodils – I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud was formerly published in “Poems in Two Volumes” in 1807, by the name “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” by William Wordsworth. A revised version was published in 1815.

It is an iconic English poem of the Romantic Genre. Later it was popularly referred to as Daffodils.

Wordsworth penned the poem after he came across a “crowd” of daffodils along the shore of a lake while walking with his sister, Dorothy, near his home in the Lake District of England. William Wordsworth created the poem in 1804, but the circumstantial walk took place on April 15 1802.

Dorothy called that day to be a stormy one, and hence there were a lot of waves in the sea and dancing daffodils. This was the inspiration behind the poem, which we can understand quite well throughout the poem.

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis by William Wordsworth

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Summary

It is one of the most renowned poems by the poet. The poem is about a random encounter the poet has with a valley of daffodils.

The daffodils are mesmerizing and have caught the poet’s attention. The daffodils leave an everlasting impression on the poet.

He is not only startled by them at that moment; he remembers them in his secluded moments of loneliness. It is a quintessentially Romantic poem, bringing together key ideas about imagination and how natural beauty impacts humanity.

Although the poet embarks on the fact that he is lonely, the meeting with the daffodils unites him with nature and creates a feeling of togetherness. The memory of the daffodils is etched deep in the poet’s heart.

Thus we can draw an inference that nature has the ability to influence the mind of a human being deeply. The poem talks about the positive impact nature can have on human lives and how it can be the key to living a happy life.

The rustic beauty throughout the poem has been drawing the attention of all the readers throughout every generation. The lucid language is easy to comprehend, and hence the poem is readily relinquished to all audience.

Structure of I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis

It consists of four stanzas of six lines each which makes the entire poem of 24 lines long.

The rhyming scheme followed for each stanza is the quatrain-couplet rhyme scheme of ABABCC. The first (A) and the second (B) lines rhyme with the third (A) and the fourth (B), respectively, i.e., there is an alternate rhyming pattern. These are succeeded by a rhyming couplet (CC).

Each line is metered in iambic tetrameter, which means there are four feet in each line.

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis Literary Devices

Personification is very evident throughout the entire course of the poem. Personification is enriching an inanimate object with human-like characteristics.

In the lines “Fluttering and dancing in the breeze” and “Tossing their heads in sprightly dance”, the daffodils have been personified where they are dancing like humans.

Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a speech figure to highlight the importance of the situation. The phrase “Ten thousand saw I at a glance” uses hyperbole to point to the daffodils’ vast expansive range.

A simile compares two entities by using words such as “like” and “as”. The line “lonely as a cloud” depicts the similarity between the poet and a floating cloud. The phrase “Continuous as the stars” equates the stars with the daffodils in their numbers.

Assonance is the reiteration of the vowel sound in the same lines of a poem. An example in the poem would be, “They stretched in never-ending.”

Alliteration is the repetition of the consonant sound in a single line of the poem. An example in the poem would be “I gazed and gazed,” with the sound of “G” repeated.

Summary of I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis

Detailed Analysis of I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud Analysis

Stanza one:

I wandered lonely as a cloud —

That floats on high o’er vales and hills,

When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host, of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.”

The poet recollected an instance when he was walking in solitude along a valley. He was in a melancholic mood. He compares himself to a cloud that floats aimlessly.

All of a sudden, he witnessed a long and bustling row of daffodils. The use of words like “crowd” and “host” clarifies that the daffodils were in huge numbers.

He further describes that the daffodils were located beside a lake and below the trees. The soft breeze made them dance and sway in their tune.

The sight of the daffodils had an emotional shift on the poet, and his mood lightened.

Stanza Two:

“Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the Milky Way,

They stretched in never-ending line

Along the margin of a bay:

Ten thousand saw I at a glance,

Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.”

The poet compares the daffodils to the twinkling belt of luminous stars in the night sky. Their enormity and brilliance are synonymous with that of the Milky Way.

The poet perceives how the flowers appear to go on without end, alongside a bay swaying in the breeze.

The speaker believes almost ten thousand or so daffodils dance cheerfully with high energy to the gliding breeze. It is a sight to behold.

Stanza Three:

“The waves beside them danced, but they

Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:

A Poet could not but be gay,

In such a jocund company:

I gazed—and gazed—but little thought

What wealth the show to me had brought:”

The waves in the bay were moving with joy. The beautiful daffodils outshone the dance of the waves. They seemed to be bubbling with happiness, and this delight seemed to reach the poet.

The poet was overjoyed with the company of the daffodils and could not be any happier. He contemplated their beauty for a long time without realizing how fast time was fleeting away. The daffodils’ attractive vision made time stop for the poet as he was lost in their beauty.

Although he did not realize the enriching experience he was gaining at that moment, he cherished it after some time. The visual extravaganza initially does not make him realize its value. However, he does apprehend its significance both as a source of inspiration for his poetry and spiritual well-being.

Stanza Four:

For oft, when on my couch I lie

In vacant or in pensive mood,

They flash upon that inward eye

Which is the bliss of solitude;

And then my heart with pleasure fills,

And dances with the daffodils.”

The poet embarks upon how the daffodils have earned an everlasting place in his mind. Whenever he is lying leisurely on his couch, the thought of the startling image of the daffodils makes him drift from his solitude into a happy mood.

He expressly affirms that his heart fills with satisfaction and pleasure whenever he remembers the daffodils’ amiable, happy-go-lucky dance. Through the powers of his vision, he can join the daffodils as they dance and sway in the tunes of the breeze.

What is the main idea of I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud?

The central theme of ‘I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud’ (Also known as ‘Daffodils’) is Happiness. It is a poem that just makes you feel good about your life. It says that even when you are alone and lonely and missing your friends, you can use your imagination to find new friends in the world.

What do the daffodils symbolize in I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud?

In “I wandered lonely as a Cloud,” the daffodils are like little yellow people who keep the speaker company when he is feeling lonely. The happiness of the daffodils can always cheer him up, and he can tell that they are happy because they dance. … Lines 3-4: The daffodils are personified as a crowd of people.

What is the main message of the poem Daffodils?

Answer. Answer: The theme of the poem is Nature’s Beauty with a mix of Happiness and Loneliness. The Author, Wordsworth is shown to be lonely, but when he thinks back to the Daffodils ‘dancing'(Nature’s beauty) he is happy and content.

What do Daffodils symbolize in the poem Daffodils?

The daffodil symbolizes rebirth and new beginnings. … Some sources say while he was staring at his reflection nymphs transformed him into a narcissus flower to get revenge for how he treated them. Others think he drowned trying to capture his reflection, and the flowers growing along the riverbed were named after him.

William Blake’s Lamb | The Lamb Meaning William Blake, Structure, Themes, Literary Devices

The Lamb Meaning

The Lamb Meaning Poem: ‘The Lamb’ by William Blake has published in his 1789 collection The Songs of Innocence. This poem is considered one of the great lyrics of English Literature. The verse represents the amalgamation of the Christian script and pastoral tradition in the form of a dialogue or conversation between a child and the Lamb.

In this poem, the Lamb has been considered a universal symbol of selfless innocence. It represents Jesus as a gentle image of Divine Humanity. The Lamb associates with Christ to form a Trinity of child, Lamb, and Redeemer.

The poem emphasizes charity’s ideals with a specific justification of Christian compassion and Caritas or caring, the ideals of the Lamb of God. Moreover, the Christian undertone constitutes the philosophies of sacrifice, death and tragedy.

Students can also check the English Summary to revise with them during exam preparation.

This is one of the most straightforward poems of William Blake. It has deep symbolic meaning, which is almost relevant throughout the poem. The purpose of symbolization of child, Lamb and Christ are interconnected and deeply connected with Christian mythology. The poem sets off with a child-like directness and innocence and natural world, which lacks the signs of grown-ups or adulthood and is much simple.

The Lamb Meaning Summary

The poem, ‘The Lamb’ by William Blake is a very heart-warming and inquisitive poem. The poet symbolizes the Lamb as Christ, innocence and also, the nature of God’s creation.

The Lamb is the most representative poem as included in ‘The Songs of Innocence’. This poem’s most important characteristic feature is that it has every substance to represent the symbolization as been attempted by the poet.

The child is a symbol of innocence, a pure soul that has not yet been corrupted or manipulated by the world of conventionalized pretensions, including religion, culture, society and state and other codified systems. This poem subtly approaches the subject of creativity and the creator.

While the speaker speaks about an actual physical lamb, the poem’s subtext has an essence of Christian and classical mythology. The child has been symbolized as Christ, the physical incarnation of the Supreme Being. As the poet describes the actions where it has been sent to feed among the meadow and along the stream, there is a clear indication that it is to live by natural, instinctual means or the Divine law of nature.

The fuzzy softness and the brightness that comes from within support the Lamb’s divine nature as a symbol. The voice of the Lamb is equally relevant in verse. The child, the Lamb and Christ, are interrelated and are all close to the creative being. The poet has said that creativity is a child-like trade as it involves the natural spirit, sense of wonder and pure imagination.

Throughout the poem, the poet speaks to the Lamb, asking whether it knows how it was created. He also refers to the vague details about Christ, his nature while using multiple repetitions to highlight such features.

Summary of The Lamb

The Lamb Themes

Blake has touched on the themes of religion, innocence, and morality in ‘The Lamb’. Throughout the entire verse, he or his speaker has appreciated God and his representation.

The “lamb,” or Christ, should be celebrated by all those who can see or hear him. Its innocence is one of the most striking features. All people should strive for Lamb’s image as it is a symbol of purity and innocence.

The Lamb Structure

‘The Lamb’ has been written in rhymed couplets in a basic trochaic metre, often found in children’s verses. Hence, it amplifies the images of simplicity, purity and perfection. The opening and closing couplets of each stanza change by employing a pentameter ‘made thee’, which makes them more emphatic, grabs the reader’s attention and slows down his speed of proceeding further into the poem.

The use of repetitive pattern, with distinct differences in the opening and closing couplets, frames the questions and answers emphasize the idea that this is a catechism or almost like a child’s riddle.

Literary Devices of The Lamb

Throughout the poem, we can see the implementation of various literary devices used by William Blake, including alliteration, enjambment, repetition and many more. The use of repetition is common throughout the verse by reusing certain lines and phrases like “Little Lamb I’ll tell thee” in the second stanza.

This intensifies the nursery rhyme-like sound of the poetry. Enjambment is a technique that helps with the flow of this particular poem, which maintains a certain continuity—for example, the transitions between lines one and two of the first stanza.

Alliteration is a beneficial technique that poets use for emphasizing particular phrases or amplifying the rhyme and rhythm of the poem. Alliteration is known as the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

This is a kind of repetition that is concerned with using and reusing the same consonant sound at the beginning of words. For example, the terms “Little Lamb” in line one of the first stanza and “meek” and “mild” in line five of the second stanza.

Detailed Analysis of The Lamb

Stanza One

Little Lamb who made thee

Dost thou know who made thee

Gave thee life & bid thee feed.

By the stream & o’er the mead;

Gave thee clothing of delight,

Softest clothing woolly bright;

Gave thee such a tender voice,

Making all the vales rejoice!

Little Lamb who made thee

Dost thou know who made thee

The Lamb is a doctrinal poem where the poet pays tribute to Lord Christ, who was innocent and pure like a child and meek and mild like a lamb. The poet addresses Lamb itself, which is pure, innocent, and it is associated with Christ.

Being a visionary, Blake introduces the readers to a world free from reasoning, according to the Lamb’s imagination and vision. The child asks who made the little Lamb in a typical child’s tone, rhythm and diction.

The Lamb, he says, has been given the “clothing of delight”, soft and ‘woolly’ clothing, and such a tender voice that makes all the values rejoice and the delicate bleating sound resounds a happy note in the adjacent low-lying valleys.

The stanza has an essence of the child’s innocence which is the first stage in Blake’s journey to the truth: “The Child of Innocence lives by intuition enjoys a spontaneous communion with nature and sees the divine in all things.”

We find a realistic and sympathetic portrait of a lamb, as presented by the poet. The symbolic meaning goes much deeper with further progression into the verse. As found by the readers, the poem is based on the biblical hope that “meek shall inherit the world”.

Stanza Two

Little Lamb, I’ll tell thee,

Little Lamb, I’ll tell thee!

He is called by thy name,

For he calls himself a Lamb:

He is meek & he is mild,

He became a little child:

I a child & thou a lamb,

We are called by his name.

Little Lamb God bless thee.

Little Lamb God bless thee.

In the second stanza, there’s an identification and association of the Lamb, Christ, and the child. Christ has another name: Lamb because Christ exhibits similarities with the Lamb, being meek and mild.

Christ is considered the son of God and was an innocent child. The child enjoys the Lamb’s company, which is somewhat similar to innocence and purity. The poem depicts innocence, joy and affection. The Lamb, in this poem, represents innocence and humanity.

The poem delivers an image of the free spirit of childhood, the purity, the innocence, the tenderness, and the affection and empathy that a child feels for little creatures like a lamb. There are also implications of Christian symbolism where the child is also looked at as a symbol representing Christ. The pastoral setting is yet another symbol of innocence and joy.

The Lamb has got clothes of “delight”, which is the first indication of this poem’s symbolic meaning. The Lamb is a symbol representing the innocent state of the soul, a dweller of the world of innocence and an emblem of purity, naturalness, and spiritual, original and natural being.

The term ‘woolly’ also implies Christ having soft woolly hair during his birth. The brightness has been used as an indication of the halo or shining on the pure being. The voice could also be the word of Christ or that or the visionary and creative being, the poet and the prophet.

A religious note is also there in the poem because of the image of Christ as a child. The pastoral poem note in Blake is yet another symbol of merry and innocence. Jesus Christ has also been symbolized as a lamb as the poet, a resemblance between meek and mild, meaning submissive and soft-hearted, and Jesus also became a child for humanity’s sake. The narrator is a child, he is Lamb, and Jesus’s name calls them both.

William Blake’s Lamb

Personal Comments

William Blake’s Lamb has been written in question-and-answer form, or rather an inquisitive dialogue form between a child and a lamb. The first descriptive and rural, whereas in the second stanza, the poet has emphasized abstract spiritual matters and consists of correlations, metaphors and explanation.

The child’s question is heartfelt and naïve, and the innocence of the situation has been given importance by the apostrophic form of the poem, which is much more than literary convenience.

As the poem progresses further, the child succeeds in converting it into a rhetorical one, which results in countering the poem’s initial spontaneous sense. The answer is depicted as a puzzle that helps in contributing to an essential purpose of satirical knowingness or deceit in the poem. The answers disclose his self-reliance and faith in Christian philosophies and innocent acceptance of its teachings.

Life of William Blake

William Blake was an eminent poet among the pioneers of the Romantic Revival in English. He was born in London in November 1757 to his father, James Blake and his mother, Catherine, who were both Protestant Christians. They had five children in their family, of which Blake was the second one.

Since childhood, denial and deprivation of love from family have helped Blake create his imaginary world. Blake was sent to a good drawing school at the age of seven, and in 1772, under James Besire, he started an apprenticeship in engraving for seven years.

He was appointed as an engraver in the London Society of Antiquaries. He mastered his skill of artwork as well as acquired some of his poetic and political mindset. In 1779 he got admission to study at the Royal Academy and, within a year, began exhibited pictures there, often with historical themes.

At twenty-four, he married Catherine Boucher, who lacked formal knowledge. Blake educated her and taught her to make colours and prints. He had no children but raised his younger brother, Robert, as his child. He nursed him and taught him drawing.

Blake was considered whimsical by his contemporaries for his peculiar but individualistic viewpoints. His works are highly regarded and appreciated by later critics for his expressiveness and creativity and the philosophical and mystical undercurrents within his work.

His paintings and poetry have the quintessence of the Romantic movement, and as “Pre-Romantic”, Blake was influenced by the ideals and ambitions of the French and American revolutions.

Similar Poems Related to The Lamb

‘The Lamb’ is one of Blake’s famous poems. There are many others on a similar matter, whether religion or nature, which are equally good. These are ‘The Divine Image,’ ‘Auguries of Innocence,’ and ‘The Garden of Love. There are works of other poets with the same subject matter, which include ‘Holy Innocents’ by Christina Rossetti and ‘First Sight ‘by Philip Larkin.

Works of William Blake

Poet, painter, engraver, and visionary William Blake worked to bring about a change both in the social order and in men’s minds in his period. He is considered one of the great primogenitors of English Romanticism; his visual artwork is highly regarded worldwide.

William Blake’s poetry is delightful and equally challenging. His poetry has a wide range of appeal, from the ambiguous tempo of his lullaby-like pastorals and songs to the troubling notes of the tragedy of the void or empty soul and the stormy music of the oracular works.

Blake’s writings can be classified as:

  1. Lyrical poems, which include Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience, his famous works.
  2. Irregular rhyme-less verse
  3. Rhythmic prose
  4. Descriptive and critical prose

What is the summary of the poem the lamb?

God and Creation. “The Lamb” is a religious poem that marvels at the wonders of God’s creation. In the poem, a child addresses a lamb, wondering how it came to exist, before affirming that all existence comes from God. In the humble, gentle figure of the lamb, the speaker sees the beautiful evidence of God’s work.

What does the lamb poem symbolize?

In “The Lamb,” Blake uses the animal to symbolize innocence. The poem centers on the idea that the lamb represents a sense of childlike wonder, and a sense of hope and purity. The cadence of the poem presents itself in a very simplistic and akin to a child, which substantiates the theme of innocence.

What is the central idea of the lamb?

Answer: The central idea of ‘the lamb’ is to praise and the gifts he has given to humanity. In reference to lamb, it is who has given it the soft wool, tender voice and such a beautiful life. Christ also called himself a lamb and came to earth as a little child.

How does The Lamb end?

At the end of Lamb, the true “father” of six-month-old Ada is revealed: A towering, menacing half-human, half-ram. This “Ram Man,” as the filmmakers call him, appears and shoots Ingvar dead with his own hunting rifle and takes Ada back with him to live in the wild.