Article Writing Topics for Class 12 CBSE Format, Examples

Article Writing Topics for Class 12

Articles are written to give information in a wide range of contexts for magazines or newspapers. They are a relatively long and sustained piece of writing. They give information on a variety of themes such as describing an event, person, someone’s life and actions, places, and experiences. They can also be an expression of the writer’s opinions on topics of social interest or arguments for or against a topic and they often offer suggestions.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 12 English Chapter wise.

Article Writing Topics for Class 12 CBSE Format, Examples Pdf

♦ Points to Remember:

  • Give a title that catches the attention of the reader.
  • Begin with a striking opening sentence that attracts the readers and gets them interested in the topic.
  • Introduce a new point at the beginning of each paragraph to strengthen your ideas.
  • Present a strong argument for your ideas supporting it with evidence or elaboration.
  • Use linking words (however, therefore, although, even though, in order to…) to form a coherent composition.
  • Use passive voice, humour, emotive language, rhetorical questions to provide a specific effect. The humour should however be subtle and not overpower the article.
  • Develop your ideas as much as you can to make them interesting and substantial.
  • Conclude with your strongest point.
  • Clarity of writing can be ensured only by knowing the purpose of writing and your audience.
  • Do not add too many quotations. It takes away the essence of the article.
  • Remember to proofread and edit your writing.
  • Adhere to the given word limit.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Purpose
An article is written to present information on a variety of themes in a long and sustained piece of writing, namely:

  • describing an event, a person, his/her life and actions
  • describing a place
  • narrating an event
  • expressing views on some issue of social interest
  • expressing arguments in favor of or against a stated hypothesis or event

Types of articles

  • Magazine articles maybe for a school and may have a limited audience.
  • Newspaper articles have a wider audience.

Article Writing Format

  • Heading – eye-catching; encapsulating the central theme
  • Byline – by whom the article is written
  • Introduction
    • The opening paragraph, called the introduction, is a must. It
    • tells what the article is about.
    • catches attention.
    • arouses interest.
    • limits and controls what you plan to discuss in your article.
    • contains language that is clear and precise, and it may even use a definition or quotation.
  • Develop a cause-effect relationship
    • use facts
    • give examples to support your views
    • present arguments in a coherent, logical and convincing manner
  • Comparison and contrast
    • give views contrary to yours
    • convey why your views are better
  • Conclusion
    • summing up – consolidation of the idea
    • offering suggestions/measures to improve the situation
    • personal observations and prediction

Remember

  • Don’t attempt to write about every single piece of information – select relevant information.
  • The article must be written in the appropriate format and style.
  • Remember to keep within the word limit.

Article Writing Topics Sample Example With Answer for Class 12 CBSE

You are Kreetika/Siddhartha. You have been asked to write an article on whether the gender roles in India are really changing, for your school magazine. Do so in about 150–200 words.
Article Writing Format Cbse Class 12

In today’s world of instant communication, the art of writing letters to friends, parents, cousins is long forgotten. Complete the following article on the joyful experience of penning letters packed with emotions and personal triumph.

The Art of Writing Letters
Radha Jain, Class XII, New Horizons School

(a) …………………………… . Much of History and Science is constructed from letters left by great men in the past. Unfortunately, today, (b) …………………………… . No longer does one lie in wait for the postman because (c) …………………………… . Time has become such a precious commodity, and ordinary mail so slow that it is termed ‘snail-mail’! In this fast-paced age, (d) ……………………………. . In the 21st century, where brevity and speed are of the utmost importance, letter writing, with its rich descriptions and narratives, has been discarded (e) …………………………… . The telephone is another means of communication that has sounded the death knell for the art of letter-writing. (f) …………………………… . With the dying out of the art of letter writing, (g) …………………………… . While email is a good way to keep in touch, it cannot replace the thrill of receiving a letter, which you read, set aside, and read again.

Answer:
(a) There was a time when letter writing was considered an art.
(b) letter writing is a dying art for most people.
(c) what he will bring most of the time is junk mail, bills, and magazines
(d) even if one has the time to write a long letter, the receiver has no time or patience to read it
(e) in favor of the faster, briefer e-mail
(f) It is good to hear the voices of your loved ones. But sometimes at that time, one forgets all the things one would like to say and also ask.
(g) the art of expressing one’s feelings and emotions is also dying out.

Article Writing Topics Practice Example With Answer for Class 12 CBSE

1 You recently came across the following news item.

Imagine a Sea with No Fishes
Class 12 Article Writing

A ban on fishing for bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic has been announced by the EU for large industrial vessels after widespread evidence of illegal fishing. It had been recently reported that overfishing and massive illegal catches have threatened the very survival of bluefin tuna. The problem stems from too many boats, with too much technology, chasing fewer and fewer fish with no effective mechanism in place to restrict catches or allow fish populations to recover. Conservation organizations are calling for an overhaul of the rules which currently allow the catching of three times more tuna than scientists say should be caught if the species is to survive.

Write an article in 150–200 words for your school magazine, highlighting the need to conserve the species.

2 You are Suresh/Ishmit. You are concerned about the increasing use of cell phones by people. Educate the people about the risks such as potential health hazards from the electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones, the threat of brain tumours and cancers, fear of accidents while driving, etc. Write an article in 150–200 words expressing your concern.

3 To enforce strict discipline in schools and colleges is a great problem nowadays. As Mohan/Mohini, write an article in 200 words for City News, Delhi, about the problem and your views on punishment as a corrective measure.

4 Recently you read in the newspaper about an incident in which some children tried to imitate the stunts shown on television and hurt themselves. You have decided to write an article on the hazards television poses for kids. Write an article for a daily newspaper, in not more than 200 words.

5. You are a member of the Environment Club of your school. After visiting many places, you have realized that it is the need of the hour to protect our environment. Write an article on this topic to create awareness among the people. (Word limit: 200 words)

6 You are concerned about the wastage of money and manpower due to the frequent elections in your country. Write an article on the urgent need to have a stable government. (Word limit: 200 words)

7 You are Rani/Raghav. You are concerned about the changing attitude of politicians who are using religion for political gains. Write an article in about 200 words for publication in a local daily suggesting these people to separate religion from politics and work for the betterment of the society.

8 You are Rani/Raghav. Many organizations have come forward with the idea of education for all. In spite of their best efforts, it is still a dream. Write an article in about 200 words for publication in a local daily giving suggestions to make it a reality, as education is the only way to progress.

9 Owning a car has become a status symbol these days. However, an increase in the number of cars has added to various types of pollution and other problems. Write an article in not more than 200 words highlighting the urgent need for reducing these man-made problems, giving suitable suggestions. You are Vinod/Vidhi.

10 Write an article in 200 words on ‘The increasing crime rate in today’s society and ways to curb it’.

11 Yesterday, while walking past a construction site, you were horrified to see the sight of children working as labourers. On returning home you surfed the Internet and found many instances of child labour in India, where children work in glass and firecracker factories, carpet manufacturing units, and domestic help. Write an article for publication in a magazine about child labour. Do not exceed 200 words.
Article Writing Topics For Class 12

12 The recent years have seen an increase in substance (drug) abuse. As a concerned citizen, using your own ideas and information, write an article on the growing menace among today’s urban youth. Sign yourself as Vedant/Punam. (200 words)
Article Format Class 12

13 Shekher/Kareena is allergic to tobacco smoke and wants a complete ban on smoking in public places. Though some places have banned smoking in public places, the ban cannot be effective until the smokers themselves decide to give up the habit. Using your own ideas, write an article in not more than 200 words on the evils of smoking.
Article Format Cbse Class 12

14 While reading a magazine you came across the following advertisement:

What is it that they’re wearing?…
Article Writing For Class 12
An eighteen-month-long investigation has exposed one of the dirtiest little secrets of the global fur industry: the brutal and cruel slaughter of animals for the fur trade.

Write an article in not more than 200 words condemning the use of furs and animal skins to make clothes and accessories.

15 Plastic, with its exclusive qualities of being light yet strong and economical, has invaded every aspect of our day-to-day life. It has many advantages: it is durable, light, easy to mould, and can be. adapted to different user requirements. Once hailed as a ‘wonder material, plastic is now a serious worldwide environmental and health concern due to its non-biodegradable nature. Write an article in not more than 200 words about the growing plastic menace giving suggestions about dealing with plastic waste.

Message Writing Format, Topics, Examples | Tips on How to Write a Message?

Message Writing

Message Writing is one of the formal types of writing that we come across in our school curriculum. A Message is a certain piece of information provided when we can’t communicate directly or contact them. Go through the complete article to learn the Tips & Tricks for Message Writing. Also, check out the Message Writing Format and Sample Message Writing Topics provided in the later modules for an idea on How to Draft one when needed.

What is Message Writing?

A Message is a short piece of information written to a certain person when you can’t communicate directly. In general, Messages can be either Written or Oral. You can pass the Messages through different mediums such as Phones, Texts, or Emails.

Students are taught about the generic form of English Writing as a part of their English Syllabus. By doing so they can learn on retrieving and interpreting information through the conversation given.

Message Writing Format

You are advised to follow a certain format while drafting a Message. We have outlined the general format for Message Writing here. Have a quick glance at the particulars to be included in the basic message writing and they are as follows

Heading: Begin your Message writing by Placing the heading “Message” written in bold and capitals. Write it down in the middle so that you can grab the attention of the person to whom it is drafted.

Date: Mention the Date on the left-hand side of the page and write it in expanded form.

Time: You can note down the time either on the left-hand or right-hand side of the page as per your convenience. However, place it on the right-hand side to utilize the space wisely.

Salutations: Before beginning the body of the message address the reader so as to avoid any ambiguity and to be polite.

Body: Here you can list out all the important information you want to convey to the person whom you are unable to contact. Stick to the vital information and try to maintain the body short and crisp. Try to avoid lengthy sentences.

Sender: Once you are done with the body of the message mention your name on the left-hand side so that reader can identify the sender.

Enclose the entire message within a box.

Word Limit: Stick to given word limits and make sure you convey the essential message within it. Usually, the word limit of the message shouldn’t exceed more than 50 words.

Message Writing Format

Sample Message Writing Topics

Check out the below Message Writing Examples to learn how to write Messages. Use the Message Writing Samples as a quick reference and learn how to write one.

Sample 1: You are Snigdha. Your sister is not at home. You received a call from her friend saying that their dance class got canceled. As you are in a rush to go out, leave a message for her. Now write the message with a word limit of fewer than 50 words.

Message Writing Example

Sample 2: Madhu called Mrs. Sruthi a garments shop owner. Since she was not available, her assistant, Meghana answered. The following is a conversation between Madhu and Meghan. As Meghana has to go out immediately afterward, therefore she leaves a message for Mrs. Sruthi. Write the message in your own words?

Message Writing Sample

Tips & Tricks for Message Writing

Below are certain message writing tips that help you ace your preparation. They are as follows

  • While writing a message make sure the language you use is readable and to the point. Avoid using lengthy sentences and complex words that make overall content difficult to understand.
  • Stick to the given word limit.
  • Keep the content crisp and short and avoid using unnecessary details.
  • Plan the overall content before you start writing the message. Cover all the aspects and try to follow a similar sequence of events asked in the question.
  • After finishing the write-up do proofread and cross-check once so that you can avoid any typo or grammatical errors and upscale the quality.
  • Also, avoid using indirect or reported speech throughout the message.

Do Read:

FAQs on Message Writing

1. What is the Format of Message Writing?

Candidates are advised to follow a unique format while drafting a Message. General Message Writing Format is as follows.

  • Heading
  • Date
  • Time
  • Salutations
  • Body
  • Sender
  • Word Limit

2. What is Message Writing?

Message Writing is a short piece of information written to a certain person when you can’t communicate directly.

3. How to write a Message?

While writing a message make sure the language you use is readable and to the point. Keep the content concise and cover all the essential aspects you want to convey to the other person. Proofread and Cross-Check for any Typo or Grammatical Mistakes.

Final Words

We wish the information shed regarding the Message Writing Format, Tips and Tricks has shed some light on you. If you have any questions left unanswered do leave us your suggestions so that we can guide you. Bookmark our site to avail latest updates on all such topics in no time.

List of 50 Difficult Words with Meanings, Synonyms and Pronounciation | Most Difficult Words in English

50 Difficult Words With Meanings

50 Difficult Words With Meaning in English: Well, we all have at least once gone through the examinations where an enhanced vocabulary plays a vital role. Even in prominent examinations like TOEFL and others, this is something that matters a lot, and this is a significant reason behind understanding and learning some difficult words with their meanings. But have you ever given it much focus and practiced enough for the same?

Vocabulary List provided helps in the competitive examinations and also in various stages of life. This article on 50 difficult words with their meanings is essential for better preparation for the students as well as for the adults. Experts precisely curate this article to help serve various needs. Read on 50 Difficult Words with Meanings for Class 4, 5, Different English Words With meanings and sentences.

Also, Read: Non-Technical Topics for Group Discussions

50 Difficult Words With Meanings, Pronunciation and Sentences

Here is the List of Hard Words and Meanings in English. Improve your Vocabulary and also how to Pronounce the most difficult words provided. Most of the Words which we use while interacting are synonyms and we never use them. However, they will be quite useful when you face any competitive exams. Good Vocabulary will always take you ahead in life. Below List of 50 Most Difficult Words and Meanings carefully organized will enhance your English Vocabulary for sure.

1. Abnegation 

Pronounced as /abnɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n/.

Meaning – Renouncing any belief or doctrine.

Example – I have a strong belief in the abnegation of religions and cultures.

2. Aggrandize 

Pronounced as /əˈɡrandʌɪz/

Meaning – An enhanced wealth, status or power

Example – This act intended to aggrandize the British community.

3. Alacrity

Pronounced as /əˈlakrɪti/

Meaning – Eagerness

Example – He is too influenced by her that he accepted the invitation with alacrity.

4. Anachronistic

Pronounced as /ənakrəˈnɪstɪk/

Meaning – Chronologically misplaced

Example – He rebels with his parents, and it seems that he is against society’s anachronistic moralities.

5. Archetypal

Pronounced as /ˌɑːkɪˈtʌɪp(ə)l/

Meaning – quintessential of a specific kind

Example – He is the country’s archetypal doctor.

6. Ascetic

Pronounced as /əˈsɛtɪk/

Meaning – A person who practices self-denial as a part of spiritual discipline

Example – She recently adopted an ascetic life of fasting, prayer, and manual labour after watching some influential sessions.

7. Beguile

Pronounced as /bɪˈɡʌɪl/

Meaning – Influencing someone in a deceptive manner

Example – He succeeds to beguile the voters with his charming personality along with the good agendas.

8. Blandishment

Pronounced as /ˈblandɪʃm(ə)nt/

Meaning – Intentional flattery for persuasion

Example – He does not seem any stranger to blandishments.

9. Cajole

Pronounced as /kəˈdʒəʊl/

Meaning – Persuade by flattery or coaxing

Example – He hoped that he might succeed to cajole her into giving up her book.

10. Callous

Pronounced as (/ˈkaləs/

Meaning – Cruel disregard for others

Example – His callous statements can scare anyone off and made them shiver.

11. Camaraderie

Pronounced as /kaməˈrɑːd(ə)ri/

Meaning – A sense of solidarity that arises out of sociability and familiarity

Example – All my friends admire the camaraderie of military life.

12. Circumlocution

Pronounced as /ˌsəːkəmləˈkjuːʃ(ə)n/

Meaning – Unnecessary usage of more words to express something

Example – The politicians deliberately use circumlocution for influencing the public to vote for them.

13. Clamor

Pronounced as /ˈklamə/

Meaning – Proclaiming something noisily

Example – The questions turned to a clamour in the parliament meeting.

14. Cognizant

Pronounced as /ˈkɒ(ɡ)nɪz(ə)nt/

Meaning – Awareness or realization

Example – One must be cognizant of the legal boundaries while taking any action or starting any business.

15. Construe

Pronounced as /kənˈstruː/

Meaning – Interpreting or assigning a meaning

Example – None of his words ever construes like an apology, even if he tries harder.

16. Convivial

Pronounced as /kənˈvɪvɪəl/

Meaning – An enjoyable atmosphere or a jovial company

Example – The party that I attended last night turned out to be a convivial one; thus, I had a perfect time.

17. Demagogue

Pronounced as /ˈdɛməɡɒɡ/

Meaning – A political leader who makes use of rhetoric to appeal to the desires of the citizens

Example – The current PM is a demagogue who always succeeds in manipulating the press.

18. Denigrate

Pronounced as /ˈdɛnɪɡreɪt/

Meaning – Criticize someone unfairly

Example – Several people denigrate their nation due to some petty issues.

19. Didactic

Pronounced as /dɪˈdaktɪk/

Meaning – Instructive with some moral intent

Example – Most of the novels exposing social injustice are highly didactic.

20. Disparate

Pronounced as /ˈdɪsp(ə)rət/

Meaning – Belonging to a distinct kind

Example – My phone storage has a disparate list of songs from various singers and producers.

21. Eclectic

Pronounced as /ɪˈklɛktɪk/

Meaning – Deriving the best ideas and styles from diverse sources

Example – The museum had an eclectic collection of antiques and ancient scriptures; thus, visiting it is highly fascinating.

22. Egregious

Pronounced as /ɪˈɡriːdʒəs/

Meaning – Shocking or outrageously bad

Example – Any statesman showing such behavior is an egregious act.

23. Embezzlement

Pronounced as /ɛmˈbɛzlm(ə)nt/

Meaning – misappropriation of funds

Example – The Company’s previous finance head got fired after being charged for fraud and embezzlement.

24. Enervate

Pronounced as /ˈɛnəveɪt/

Meaning – Lacking in vitality or morally drained

Example – Due to the hot sunny day, she enervated and fainted.

25. Ephemeral

Pronounced as /ɪˈfɛm(ə)r(ə)l/

Meaning – Lasting for a short period

Example – This is an ephemeral plant that brings immense beauty to the surrounding.

List of 50 Difficult Words With Meanings

26. Equanimity

Pronounced as /ˌɛkwəˈnɪmɪti/

Meaning – Maintaining composure when stressful

Example – He was highly admired due to gentler behavior with sufficient equanimity.

27. Fatuous

Pronounced as /ˈfatjʊəs/

Meaning – Lacking intelligence or silly

Example – Her actions seem fatuous many times.

28. Gratuitous

Pronounced as /ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs/

Meaning – Uncalled for or unwarranted

Example – A 24 –year-old working woman reported gratuitous violence in the office.

29. Iconoclast

Pronounced as /ʌɪˈkɒnəklast/

Meaning – Someone who criticizes or attacks cherished ideas and beliefs of people

Example – He broke into the church with an iconoclast mob and planted reformation in the city.

30. Idiosyncratic

Pronounced as /ˌɪdɪə(ʊ)sɪŋˈkratɪk/

Meaning – Something peculiar to an individual

Example – Tesla’s new car model seems idiosyncratic to the older ones.

31. Incumbent

Pronounced as /ɪnˈkʌmb(ə)nt/

Meaning – Someone who holds a position

Example – To run the congress, one must beat the incumbent first.

32. Inveterate

Pronounced as /ɪnˈvɛt(ə)rət/

Meaning – Habitual

Example – She is an inveterate gossip lover.

33. Libertarian

Pronounced as /ˌlɪbəˈtɛːrɪən/

Meaning – someone who advocates civil liberty

Example – A libertarian seeks to ensure political freedom and maximize it for various benefits.

34. Licentious

Pronounced as /lʌɪˈsɛnʃəs/

Meaning – Someone who is promiscuous

Example – He was a mean ruler who exhibited licentious behaviour.

35. Mendacious

Pronounced as /mɛnˈdeɪʃəs/

Meaning – Deceitful

Example – Instead of giving many mendacious stories, one must try to be honest for once.

36. Multifarious

Pronounced as /ˌmʌltɪˈfɛːrɪəs/

Meaning – Multifaceted or diverse

Example – This is a fantastic university with multifarious study and learning options.

37. Obdurate

Pronounced as /ˈɒbdjʊrət/

Meaning – Being stubborn and refusing to change the opinion

Example – We argued for an hour, but he was obdurate in his belief.

38. Ostracism

Pronounced as /ˈɒstrəsɪz(ə)m/

Meaning – Excluding a person or some group from the society by majority consent

Example – After his shameful crime, his entire family suffered Ostracism from the village.

39. Pejorative

Pronounced as /pɪˈdʒɒrətɪv/

Meaning – Showing disapproval

Example – Most of his words were pejorative.

40. Pertinacious

Pronounced as /ˌpəːtɪˈneɪʃəs/

Meaning – Someone who is stubbornly unyielding

Example – The pertinacious little girl kept trying to sell cookies to a toothless man.

41. Phlegmatic

Pronounced as /flɛɡˈmatɪk/

Meaning – Expressing little or no emotion

Example – In earlier days, many phlegmatic British members ruled over India.

42. Promulgate

Pronounced as /ˈprɒm(ə)lɡeɪt/

Meaning – Broadcast or announce

Example – This is an urgent notice thus is promulgated instantly all across the institute.

43. Quotidian

Pronounced as /kwɒˈtɪdɪən/

Meaning – Something that occurs daily

Example – For the owners of pet dogs, taking them to a walk becomes a quotidian event.

44. Recalcitrant

Pronounced as /rɪˈkalsɪtr(ə)nt/

Meaning – Resistant to authority

Example – A group of some recalcitrant fifteen-year-olds indulged in rash driving.

45. Sanctimonious

Pronounced as /ˌsaŋ(k)tɪˈməʊnɪəs/

Meaning – Exhibiting moral superiority

Example – Rubina is known to reflect a sanctimonious personality in the show.

46. Solipsism

Pronounced as /ˈsɒlɪpsɪz(ə)m/

Meaning – Quality of being selfish and self-centred

Example – In the modern era, society is full of people with a solipsism mentality.

47. Travesty

Pronounced as /ˈtravɪsti/

Meaning – Distorting facts or imitation

Example – Michael travestied his family in his plays for his selfish causes.

48. Ubiquitous

Pronounced as /juːˈbɪkwɪtəs/

Meaning – Omnipresent or existing everywhere

Example – God has a ubiquitous influence in the entire world.

49. Vicissitude

Pronounced as /vɪˈsɪsɪtjuːd/

Meaning – An unwelcome or unpleasant change in circumstances or fortune

Example – Even after having many vicissitudes in life, nothing could stop him from being the CEO of a prominent MNC and gaining success in life.

50. Vociferous

Pronounced as /və(ʊ)ˈsɪf(ə)rəs/

Meaning – Something or someone who is offensively/ conspicuously loud.

Example – He was known to be a vociferous opponent of the takeover.

Importance of Learning 50 Difficult English Words

There are many difficult words in every language, especially in English, that are unknown to even many of the native speakers of the language. These words are troublesome and are very problematic in various instances. Thus, getting hold of such words becomes a difficult task and is significantly more difficult for the ones preparing for any competitive examination. As the students ease some more contemporary techniques for learning and understanding the difficult words with their meanings, and thus it gets easier for them to have a better vocabulary.

For all the people wishing to pursue an education in foreign universities or clearing some prominent entrance examinations, it is essential to fare well in the verbal ability section. For that, it is necessary to have a good grasp of vocabulary. The list of 50 difficult words with their meanings is beneficial for all the students as well as the adults.

Conclusion

We wish the data shed regarding the 50 Difficult Words with Meanings has enlightened you. If you have any queries feel free to reach us and we can get back to you with possible help. For more such topics of English Grammar do Bookmark our site to avail latest updates in no time.

Tenses Exercises for Class 7 CBSE With Answers

Tenses Exercises for Class 7 CBSE

Tenses: present tense, past tense and future time refer to the time of action and tell the time and state of an action.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

Tenses Exercises or Class 6 CBSE With Answers PDF

Simple Present Tense Exercise For Class 7
The simple present tense is used to talk about habitual actions, our feelings and to express general truths.
Examples:

  • Affirmative: Maya can finish her work.
  • Negative: Jenny does not like Maths.
  • Interrogative: Does Tanmay know how to swim?
  • Negative question: Do you not like chocolates?
  • Don’t you like chocolates? (with contraction)

Tenses Exercises Solved Examples with Answers for Class 7 CBSE

A. Convert these sentences as instructed in the brackets. Pay attention to the tense; it should remain the same.

Question 1.
The Atlantic Ocean is the biggest ocean in the world. (negative)
Answer:
The Atlantic Ocean is not the biggest ocean in the world.

Question 2.
Do you have an extra pen? (negative, with contraction)
Answer:
Don’t you have an extra pen?

Question 3.
Save a slice of cake for me. (negative)
Answer:
Do not save a slice of cake for me.

Question 4.
Your dance classes take place on the weekends. (negative interrogative)
Answer:
Don’t your dance classes take place on the weekends?

Question 5.
Are you at home? (negative, without contraction)
Answer:
Aren’t you at home?

Question 6.
Savi wants to go scuba – diving. (interrogative)
Answer:
Does Savi want to go scuba-diving?

Simple Past Tense Exercise For Class 7

Simple past tense is used to talk about actions completed in the past or about a past habit. The action could take place in a moment in the past or it may have happened over a short period in the past.
Examples:

  • I saw Michael yesterday. He looked tired. (moment in the past)
  • I played table tennis in my childhood. (short period in the past)
  • Affirmative: The bus arrived at 7 in the evening.
  • Negative: Amaira did not sleep last night.
  • Interrogative: Did you go swimming?
  • Negative question: Did you not talk about the movie?
  • Didn’t you talk about the movie? (with contraction)

Spelling Regular Verbs

1. In some regular verbs that end with e, – d is added to the verb to make the simple past and past participle forms.
Examples:

  • care – cared – cared
  • increase – increased – increased

2. In some regular verbs ‘that end in a consonant, the consonant is doubled and – ed is added to make the simple past and past participle forms.
Examples:

  • stop-stopped – stopped; clap – clapped-clapped
  • tap – tapped – tapped; prefer – preferred – preferred

3. If the verb ends in a consonant+y, the y is removed and – ied is added.
Examples:

  • try – tried – tried
  • reply – replied – replied

Spelling Irregular Verbs
1. Some irregular verbs have completely different simple past and past participle forms.
Examples:

  • is/am – wasbeen; are – were – been; buy – bought – bought
  • see – saw – seen; gowent – gone; tear – tore – torn

2. Some of them change a letter or two in the spelling.
Examples:

  • sit – sat – sat; comecamecome; bleed – bled – bled
  • ring – rang – rung; drink drank – drunk; give gave given

3. Some irregular verbs change their spelling to – ought or – ught.
Examples:

  • catch – caught caught; think – thought – thought
  • bring – brought – brought; fight – fought – fought

4. Some irregular verbs retain the same form for simple past and past participle.
Examples:

  • cut – cut – cut; shut – shut – shut; set – set – set
  • bid – bid – bid; cast – cast – cast; hurt – hurt – hurt

5. Some irregular verbs either take at or replace the last letter (-d) with at. Sometimes in words with ee, one e is dropped.
Examples:

  • deal-dealt – dealt; mean meant – meant; send – sent – sent
  • bend – bent – bent; lend – lent – lent; weep-wept – wept

6. Some verbs have both regular and irregular forms.
Examples:

  • leap/leapt, leaped/leapt, leaped
  • spill/spilled, spilt/spilled, spilt
  • learn/learnt, learned/learnt, learned

B. Complete the following with simple past forms of the verbs given in brackets.

Ajay’s aunt lives in Giza, Egypt. Ajay ………………………….. (visit) his aunt last May. He ………………………….. (stay) with his cousins. They ………………………….. (enjoy) a trip to the zoo in Giza.

They ………………………….. (see) African and Asian elephants, hippopotamuses, giraffes and several species of monkeys there. The white rhinoceros ………………………….. (be) asleep when they visited it but the zebras were awake.

When they were walking around looking at birds, a huge snake ………………………….. (crawl) out of a hole in the ground. It ………………………….. (look) this way and that, and then ………………………….. (go) into some thick bushes. Ajay was frightened but thrilled as well.
Answer:
Ajay’s aunt lives in Giza, Egypt. Ajay visited his aunt last May. He stayed with his cousins. They enjoyed a trip to the zoo in Giza.

They saw African and Asian elephants, hippopotamuses, giraffes and several species of monkeys there. The white rhinoceros was asleep when they visited it but the zebras were awake.

When they were walking around looking at birds, a huge snake crawled out of a hole in the ground. It looked this way and that, and then went into some thick bushes. Ajay was frightened but thrilled as well.

C. Some verbs in the following sentences are incorrect. Underline them and write the right word in the blanks provided. Use a dictionary if you need to.

Question 1.
Kina threw a stone and breaked the window.
Answer:
Kina threw a stone and breaked the window. – broke

Question 2.
I did not know the answer to the question but Riya knowed it.
Answer:
I did not know the answer to the question but Riya knowed it. – knew

Question 3.
When I seed John, he was reading a book.
Answer:
When I seed John, he was reading a book. – saw

Question 4.
Ann catched the ball.
Answer:
Ann catched the ball. – caught

Question 5.
Kumar’s dog was sick so he taked him to the vet.
Answer:
Kumar’s dog was sick so he taked him to the vet. – took

Question 6.
The dog sitted in the car quietly.
Answer:
The dog sitted in the car quietly. – sat

D. Fill in the blanks with the simple past forms of the verbs in brackets.

Question 1.
They. ………………………….. for three hours. (shop)
Answer:
They shopped for three hours.

Question 2.
The cat ………………………….. out of the window. (jump)
Answer:
The cat jumped out of the window.

Question 3.
Joy ………………………….. he was sorry. (say)
Answer:
Joy said he was sorry.

Question 4.
They ………………………….. their vacation well. (plan)
Answer:
They planned their vacation well.

Question 5.
The horse ………………………….. away. (gallop)
Answer:
The horse galloped away.

Simple Future Time Exercise For Class 7

Simple future time is used to talk about actions that have not begun yet. We use helping verbs and sometimes even other tenses to express future time.
Examples:

  • Mary will sing at the party.
  • We are going to be late.
  • The boat leaves in 10 minutes.

Will
We use the modal verb will when we intend to do something or promise to do something in future time. The base form of the verb follows will.
Examples:

  • Father: Your room is a mess.
  • Gopal: I will clean it this Sunday.
  • Teacher: What about your assignment, Sheela?
  • Sheela: I will submit it tomorrow, Sir.

We can use the contraction of the subject noun and the verb will.
Examples:

  • I have left the window open. I’ll go and shut it.
  • He is tired. He’ll take a taxi and go home.

In negative sentences, we use the negative word not with will or the contraction won’t.
Examples:

  • I will not fight with you anymore.
  • We don’t know what he wants. He won’t tell us.
  • Seema is tired but she won’t go to bed. She will finish her homework first.

E. Write questions to get the given answers.

Question: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
Answer: No, it won’t rain tomorrow.

Question: ………………………………………………………………………………………….. (Form a negative question.)
Answer: No, she won’t be late tomorrow.

Question: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
Answer: Yes, they will win the game.

Question: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
Answer: We won’t be unkind to the poor.

Question: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
Answer: Thank you, but I just had tea so I won’t.
Answer:
Question: Will it rain tomorrow?
Answer: No, it won’t rain tomorrow.

Question: Will she be late tomorrow?
Answer: No, she won’t be late tomorrow.

Question: Will they win the game?
Answer: Yes, they will win the game.

Question: How will you treat the poor?
Answer: We won’t be unkind to the poor.

Question: Will you have some juice?
Answer: Thank you, but I just had tea so I won’t.

Going to
We use going to + verb structure when we have already decided or planned to do something. We can also use it to predict what is going to happen.
Examples:

  • Shelly and her friends are going to ride in a submarine.
  • It is going to rain today.

F. Complete the following passage using (be) going to or will.

Shelly and her friends are headed to the dock. From there, they ……………………………. catch a boat. The boat ……………………………. take them to their submarine. The submarine ……………………………. be waiting for them in the middle of the harbour. Shelly and her friends ……………………………. board the submarine.

The submarine ……………………………. go deep below the surface of the sea. Shelly and her friends ……………………………. see wonderful creatures. They ……………………………. have so much fun!
Answer:
Shelly and her friends are headed to the dock. From there, they are going to catch a boat. The boat will take them to their submarine. The submarine will be waiting for them in the middle of the harbour. Shelly and her friends are going to board the submarine.

The submarine will go deep below the surface of the sea. Shelly and her friends are going to see wonderful creatures. They will have so much fun!

G. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of be + going to to express future time.

Question 1.
Look at those dark clouds. It ……………………………. (rain).
Answer:
Look at those dark clouds. It is going to rain.

Question 2.
The teacher likes this play. We ……………………………. (stage) it next week.
Answer:
The teacher likes this play. We are going to stage it next week.

Question 3.
My birthday is approaching. I ……………………………. (invite) all my friends for a party.
Answer:
My birthday is approaching. I am going to invite all my friends for a party.

Question 4.
Shashi’s laptop is not working any more. He ……………………………. (buy) a new one.
Answer:
Shashi’s laptop is not working any more. He is going to buy a new one.

Question 5.
It is Akriti’s birthday next week. Her brother Raghav and their mother ……………………………. (visit) her at the hostel.
Answer:
It is Akriti’s birthday next week. Her brother Raghav and their mother are going to visit her at the hostel.

Continuous Tenses Exercise For Class 7

Present Continuous Tense

We use the present continuous tense to talk about things that are happening as we speak.
Examples:

  • Pari is swimming in the pool.
  • A bird is flying towards us.

The present continuous tense can be used in the following ways:

1. It describes an action that has been happening for some time. It means the action began in the near past, it is happening today and may continue to happen tomorrow also.
Example:

  • I am taking driving classes these days.

2. It describes an action that is scheduled to take place in the near future.
Example:

  • Feli is meeting Liana for lunch tomorrow.

3. It can also be used to describe actions that are typical of a person, place or thing. It is usually accompanied by always after the helping verb.
Example:

  • It is always raining in London.

The present continuous tense is formed by adding is/am/are after the subject, followed by the base form of the verb + – ing.

A. Fill in the blanks by choosing the suitable forms of verbs in the following sentences.

Question 1.
Sahil ……………………………. (cooks/is cooking) dinner for all the guests. Let’s go and help him.
Answer:
Sahil. is cooking dinner for all the guests. Let’s go and help him.

Question 2.
Namita is a professional photographer. That is why she always ……………………………. (carries/is carrying) a camera.
Answer:
Namita is a professional photographer. That is why she always carries a camera.

Question 3.
We won’t join you for your trip to Ladakh next month. We ……………………………. (go/are going) there next week!
Answer:
We won’t join you for your trip to Ladakh next month. We are going there next week!

Question 4.
The school ……………………………. (remains/is remaining) closed on weekends.
Answer:
The school remains closed on weekends.

Question 5.
Mahi is a brilliant playwright. These days, she ……………………………. (works/is working) on a play about a woman who becomes invisible.
Answer:
Mahi is a brilliant playwright. These days, she is working on a play about a woman who becomes invisible.

Question 6.
Both the local football teams have made it to the finals. They ……………………………. (playing/are playing) each other tomorrow.
Answer:
Both the local football teams have made it to the finals. They are playing each other tomorrow.

Question 7.
Usually, Joy ……………………………. (reaches/is reaching) work on time. But he ……………………………. (runs/is running) late today.
Answer:
Usually, Joy reaches work on time. But he is running late today.

Question 8.
Bruno ……………………………. (does not sleep/is not sleeping) in his kennel today.
He ……………………………. (sleeps/is sleeping) in my room. He is afraid of the thunder.
Answer:
Bruno is not sleeping in his kennel today. He is sleeping in my room. He is afraid of the thunder.

Difference Between Simple Present And Present Continuous

Note that the simple present tense is used to describe habitual actions, and the present continuous tense is used to describe actions taking place at the time of speaking.

Jane walks to school every day. (simple present to describe Jane’s habit) Jane is walking to school right now. (present continuous to describe Jane’s action right now)

Some words (such as every day, sometimes, always, often, usually, mostly) feature more often with the simple present than with the present continuous. Similarly, words like today, now, right now are mostly used with the present continuous.

Do you go to the park every day? (simple present tense) Are you going to the park today? (present continuous tense) When not to use present continuous Do not use the present continuous tense for the verbs describing our senses (such as, see, hear, smell, taste) even if they describe the action at the moment.

This chocolate tastes bitter. ✓
This chocolate is tasting bitter. ✗
I see a picture. ✓
I am seeing a picture. ✗
I hear a knock. I am hearing a knock. ✗

Note that listen and look can be used in the present continuous tense if they refer to actions.
I am looking at the picture. Joseph is listening to a story.

Do not use the present continuous tense for the verbs which describe our feelings or emotions (such as feel, like, fear, love, wish, care, hate, want, respect), even if they describe the action happening at the moment.

Kaustav cares about his parents. ✓
Kaustav is caring about his parents. ✗
I want an ice cream. ✓
I am wanting an ice cream. ✗
Deepa loves skiing. Deepa is loving skiing. ✗

Do not use the present continuous tense with verbs which describe mental states (such as agree, know, remember, think, trust, understand, find, mean).
Leslie knows that gentleman. ✓
Leslie is knowing that gentleman. X
Roli understands the poem very well. ✓
Roli is understanding the poem very well. ✗
Sourav doesn’t like Nitin, but he trusts him. ✓
Sourav is not liking Nitin, but he is trusting him. ✗

Do not use the present continuous tense with verbs that denote possession (such as have, own, possess, belong).
Mary Jane owns a car. ✓
Mary Jane is owning a car. ✗
Sally has two sisters and one brother. ✓
Sally is having two sisters and one brother. ✗

The house belongs to Mr Verma. ✓
The house is belonging to Mr Verma. ✗

B. Identify and underline errors in the following passage about seagrass. Write the correct form of the verb on the right.

Just like we are having grass on land, we also 1. ………………………….
are having seagrass on the ocean floor. These are 2. ………………………….
types of flowering plants that are growing in shallow 3. ………………………….
waters. They are needing sunlight to make food for 4. ………………………….
themselves. That is why they are growing only in coastal 5. ………………………….
waters. They are providing food and shelter to a number of marine/aquatic animals. 6. ………………………….
Answer:
1. have
2. have
3. grow
4. need
5. grow
6. provide

Past Continuous Tense Exercise For Class 7

We use the past continuous tense to talk about actions that were happening at some point in the past, but whose completion is either not mentioned or the actions were not completed at the point we are referring to.
Examples:

  • The sun was shining. (no mention of completion of the action)
  • We were watching TV at 8 p.m. yesterday.

The past continuous tense is formed by adding was/were after the subject, followed by the base form of the verb + – ing.

To form negative sentences in the past continuous tense, we add not after the helping verb. Then we add the main verb in its base form with-ing.
Examples:

  • Megha was playing a video game. (affirmative)
  • Megha was not playing a video game. (negative)
  • Megha wasn’t playing a video game. (negative with contraction)

To form yes/no questions in the past continuous tense, we begin the sentence with the helping verbs was or were. The subject comes after the helping verb, and then the main verb in – ing form.

  • Was Sheetal reading this comic book? (positive question)
  • Weren’t you waiting at the bus stop? (negative question)

To form wh – questions, we begin the sentence with the wh – word, followed by a helping verb. Then the subject comes, followed by the main verb in its – ing form.

Where were they dancing?

  • (wh-word) (helping verb) (subject) (verb + – ing)

Which book was Shailja reading?

  • (wh-word) (helping verb) (subject) (verb + – ing)

C. Choose the appropriate verb form to complete the following sentences.

Question 1.
Uma ………………………… (ran/was running) to class when she ………………………… (fell/was falling) down.
Answer:
Uma was running to class when she fell down.

Question 2.
What ………………………… (were/was) John ………………………… (did/doing) when the bus ………………………… (drove/was driving) away?
Answer:
What was John doing when the bus drove away?

Question 3.
The students ………………………… (were making/was making) a lot of noise when the teacher ………………………… (entered/was entering) the class.
Answer:
The students were making a lot of noise when the teacher entered the class.

Future Continuous Tense Exercise For Class 7

We use future continuous tense to talk about events or actions that will be taking place at a point in future. In other words, it talks about an action that will be in progress at a given point in future.
Example:

  • Sarthak will be going to the beach next week.
  • (subject) (will + be) (verb + – ing)

The negative form of the future continuous tense can be written by adding a not after the helping verb.
Example:

  • I have a sore throat. I will not be singing at the event tomorrow.

The interrogative form of the future continuous tense can be written as follows. Notice the position of the subject in relation to the helping verb.

Will you be singing at the event tomorrow?

  • (will) (subject) (be) (verb + – ing)

Will you are not singing at the event tomorrow?

  • (will) (subject) (not) (be) (verb + – ing)

Where will you be singing tomorrow?

  • (wh-word) (will) (subject) (be) (verb + – ing)

Perfect Tenses

Perfect tenses talk about actions that have just been completed (present perfect tense), actions that were completed in the past before a particular moment (past perfect tense) and actions that will be completed before a given future moment (future perfect tense).

Examples:

  • The eels have increased their speed.
  • I had told her about the plan before she left.
  • By the time they reach the sea, the baby eels will have grown up.

Difference between Simple Past Tense and Present Perfect Tense
Difference between Present Continuous Tense and Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Difference between Past Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense and Future Perfect Tense

A. Identify the mistakes in the following sentences. Underline them and rewrite the correct sentences. The sentences should be in the present perfect tense.

Question 1.
My brother have changed schools.
Answer:
My brother have changed schools. – My brother has changed schools.

Question 2.
Anushka has went to Kolkata for the holidays.
Answer:
Anushka has went to Kolkata for the holidays. – Anushka has gone to Kolkata for the holidays.

Question 3.
Milind has gave me a really nice birthday present.
Answer:
Milind has gave me a really nice birthday present. – Milind has given me a really nice birthday present.

Question 4.
Sorry, I forgotten the song.
Answer:
Sorry, I forgotten the song. – Sorry, I have forgotten the song.

Question 5.
Mayur and his friend has read these books.
Answer:
Mayur and his friend has read these books. – Mayur and his friend have read these books.

B. Read the following conversation and choose the correct forms of the given verbs to fill in the blanks.

Ritu: I met our new neighbor yesterday. She is from Chennai.
Mayank: I ……………………………….. (not meet) her yet. But I ……………………………….. (hear) her name. She is a famous author.
Ritu: Is she? I ……………………………….. (not read) any of her books.
Mayank: I am surprised. She ……………………………….. (write) two hundred books.
Ritu: Oh! Tell me the names of some of her books. I could ……………………………….. (read) one of them.
Answer:
Ritu: I met our new neighbor yesterday. She is from Chennai.
Mayank: I have not met her yet. But I have heard her name. She is a famous author.
Ritu: Is she? I have not read any of her books.
Mayank: I am surprised. She has written two hundred books.
Ritu: Oh! Tell me the names of some of her books. I could have read one of them.

C. Choose the correct verb forms to complete the sentences below.

Question 1.
Minu ……………………………….. (has finished/finishes) her work just now.
Answer:
Minu has finished her work just now.

Question 2.
Enna ……………………………….. (has finished/finished) her work last night.
Answer:
Enna finished her work last night.

Question 3.
I ……………………………….. (have switched/switched) the TV off. Now you can read in peace.
Answer:
I have switched the TV off. Now you can read in peace.

Question 4.
Tarun ……………………………….. (has left/left) the house about an hour ago.
Answer:
Tarun has left the house about an hour ago.

Question 5.
I ……………………………….. (have lost/lost) my wallet yesterday. Can I borrow some money from you?
Answer:
I lost my wallet yesterday. Can I borrow some money from you?

Question 6.
The President ……………………………….. (has reached/reached) the capital last week. But he (has not made/made) any announcements yet.
Answer:
The President reached the capital last week. But he has not made any announcements yet.

Question 7.
Although Niti ……………………………….. (had written/wrote) the essay last night, he left his notebook at home.
Answer:
Although Niti had written the essay last night, he left his notebook at home.

Question 8.
The Kapoors ……………………………….. (lived/have lived) in Landour since the 1970s.
Answer:
The Kapoors have lived in Landour since the 1970s.

Question 9.
Rhea ……………………………….. (has not worn/did not wear) that hat in four years.
Answer:
Rhea has not worn that hat in four years.

D. Read the following passage and fill in the blanks with suitable forms of the verb. Use simple present, simple past and the present perfect tenses, wherever suitable. Don’t forget to add helping verbs wherever required.

The Great Pacific Garbage patch ……………………………….. (be) a mass of plastic debris and other forms of garbage floating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It ……………………………….. (discover) by Charles Moore in 1997. He ……………………………….. (be) a sailor participating in a yacht race. ……………………………….. (take) a shortcut and ……………………………….. (come) across floating pieces of garbage that extended over several miles. The sight ……………………………….. (change) him forever. Now he ……………………………….. (work) to raise awareness about it.

Efforts ……………………………….. (go) on to clean up the garbage, but the extent of the patch is beyond imagination. Many expeditions ……………………………….. (travel) to the patch for this purpose.

So far, scientists ……………………………….. (collect) up to 7,50,000 bits of plastic in a single square kilometre of the patch. Countless marine animals and birds ……………………………….. (die) so far due to strangulation, choking and suffocation. The culprit ……………………………….. (be) the same plastic garbage.
Answer:
The Great Pacific Garbage patch is a mass of plastic debris and other forms of garbage floating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It was discovered by Charles Moore in 1997. He was a sailor participating in a yacht race. He took a shortcut and came across floating pieces of garbage that extended over several miles. The sight changed him forever. Now he is working to raise awareness about it.

Efforts are going on to clean up the garbage, but the extent of the patch is beyond imagination. Many expeditions have travelled to the patch for this purpose.

So far, scientists have collected up to 7,50,000 bits of plastic in a single square kilometer of the patch. Countless marine animals and birds have died so far due to strangulation, choking and suffocation. The culprit is the same – plastic garbage.

E. Join the sentences using the past perfect continuous tense. Also, use the duration given in the brackets.

Question 1.
We slept. Mother woke us up. (two hours)
Answer:
We had been sleeping for two hours when Mother woke us up.

Question 2.
Jonah looked for his notebook. He found it under his bed. (since 7:00 in the morning)
Answer:
Jonah had been looking for his notebook since 7:00 in the morning when he found it under his bed.

Question 3.
The test match went on. It started raining. (for three days)
Answer:
The test match had been going for three days when it started raining.

Question 4.
Manasvi and her friends drove around. They ran out of petrol. (half a day)
Answer:
Manasvi and her friends had been driving around for half a day when they ran out of petrol.

Question 5.
The unrest went on in the capital. The movement began to spread to other parts of the country. (for a year)
Answer:
The unrest had been going on in the capital for a year when the movement began to spread to other parts of the country.

Diary Entry for Class 9 CBSE Format, Topics, Examples, Samples

Diary Entry for Class 9 CBSE

Diary writing is the writing down of events, transactions and observations in a highly personalized manner. It is wrapped around creative thoughts and is basically the outpouring of what one feels or has experienced with regard to a particular stimulus. A diary can be written on a daily basis or at intervals, depending on the inclination of the writer.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 9 English Chapter wise.

Diary Entry Class 9 CBSE Format, Topics, Examples, Samples PDF

Some of the essential characteristics of a diary are:

  • It should be written in chronological order.
  • The day, date, place, and time of entry in the diary should be included.
  • A suitable descriptive heading or some hints about the topic written about may be included.
  • The main body of the diary should’be written in a comprehensive manner giving a precise yet complete description of an event, a place, or a person.
  • It should express the writer’s point of view and lay stress on feelings and emotions rather than on the event itself.
  • It should be personalised and written in the first person and maybe in the past tense.
  • The writing should be informative as it is a spontaneous piece of writing.
  • A signature at the end of the day’s diary entry can be given to authenticate it, and for future reference.

Diary Entry Exercise Solved Examples for Class 9 CBSE

Question 1.
Today when you were on your way to school, a man walking just in front of you dropped his wallet. He did not realize he had dropped it. What did you do? Write a diary entry about the incident.

day; date Tuesday, 20 June.
feelings I am really proud of what I did today!
incident I saw a man drop his wallet as he got into the car. The wallet was stuffed with cash. Tried to call out but he drove off. Got the contact number from the wallet and called up. Was Trappy to get his wallet back.
further action
follow up Praised me for my honesty.

Question 2.
You are going on a school picnic with your classmates and teachers. You are very excited. The night before the trip you sit down to write your diary. Describe what you have planned for the picnic and how you hope to enjoy yourself there. You are Ramesh. Write your dairy in 100-150 words.

Friday, 14 October 20XX
Dear Diary,

9 p.m.

A School Picnic

I am very excited tonight. I am going on a picnic tomorrow with my classmates. Some of our teachers will also accompany us. We have been planning for this trip ever since our Principal gave us permission a month ago.

We are going to Lodhi Park. It has a large ground where children can run and play freely. My mother has made a dozen sandwiches and a cake for me. My friends will also be bringing some food, and we shall all share, eat and play. For me, it’s like a dream come true as I had been longing to visit the park for a long. I am so much looking forward to it.

I feel I just cannot go to sleep tonight. I keep imagining all the fun that we ar& going to have tomorrow. But my mother warned me that if I do not go to sleep now, I might fall asleep at the picnic.

So, good night!
Ramesh

Question 3.
It was your first time traveling in a local train in Mumbai. Record the events you experienced in your diary in about 100-150 words.

(date)
7 p.m., FridayLocal trains in Mumbai are the worst.I had a very bad experience in one of the local trains in Mumbai. This is my third time in the city. Although the city is very nice, I don’t like public transport. The roads are small and the traffic in the train station itself is overwhelming. After catching the train I realised that it was very crowded and at one point in time, I was almost pushed off the train. It was quite dangerous. Hope I don’t have to catch a local train in Mumbai again.(your name)

Question 4.
You are Ashish living in Delhi. You had to attend a wedding ceremony in Mumbai. Your father took you there by airplane. You are very excited as it was your first journey by plane. Write a diary entry in 100-150 words sharing your experience.

Thursday, October 2, 20XX
Dear Diary

8:45 p.m.

I wish to share with you the excitement of my first flight to Mumbai. As it was my first experience, I was a bit nervous.

On Monday, we boarded the huge aircraft where an air hostess greeted us with a smile. I occupied the window seat to enjoy my flight. As our plane took off I felt relaxed. When I looked down everything appeared to be very small.

It was so picturesque that if I were a poet I would have composed a poem. I was enjoying every moment of my journey.

After about two hours, we landed at the Mumbai airport. Before landing at the airport, I looked down to see the largest slums of Asia, ‘Dharavi slums’ about which I had heard so often from my father. Mumbai airport really looked amazing. I along with family also bought a few chocolates from the shop. It was a great adventure in my life.

Ashish

Diary Entry Format For Class 9 Diagnostic test 3

You had the most difficult test today but you knew everything on the paper. You answered all the questions and you are really happy with how things turned out. Write a diary entry about it. Start with the anxiety you felt before you saw the question paper.

(day, date)
I was (a) ………………………………….. . I couldn’t (b) ………………………………….. . I thought I would in this subject. I could believe (d) ………………………………….. . I actually knew (e) ………………………………….. . I could answer all the questions. I can’t wait (f) ……………………………………

Answer:
(a) was really worried about the test today
(b) last night because I kept thinking about it
(c) definitely fail
(d) believe my eyes when I saw the question paper
(e) how to answer all the questions
(f) for the results to be announced

Score yourself for each diagnostic test:
5 – good
4 – satisfactory
3 or less – you need to develop writing skills through adequate practice

Diary Entry Practice Exercise for Class 9 CBSE

Question 1.
Have you ever disobeyed specific instructions given by your parents? If so, what did you do? What was the consequence of your disobedience? Write a diary entry about the time you disobeyed your parents leading to serious consequences.

Question 2.
Your Summative Assessment examinations are round the corner. The syllabus is vast and whenever you sit down to study you are unable to concentrate as you are very nervous. You feel you may let down your parents and your teachers who have a lot of expectations from you. Write a diary entry about your feelings in about 100-150 words.

Question 3.
Your friend wants your opinion on a new friend whom you do not approve of. Will you tell your friend your true feelings or what he/she would like to hear? Write a diary entry in about 100-150 words about your dilemma.

Question 4.
Write a diary entry that begins, “I wish I could forget the time I… because …” in about 100-150 words.

Question 5.
You saw a 3D film. Write a diary entry in about 100-150 words about the experience.

Question 6.
You are Hritik/Ritika. One of your classmates has decided to skip school without informing the teachers. Write a diary entry about what you did and what happened? Give an account of the events in the form of a diary entry in not more than 150 words.

Article Writing Topics for Class 10 CBSE Format, Examples

Article Writing Topics for Class 10 CBSE

Articles are written to give information in a wide range of contexts for magazines or newspapers. They are a relatively long and sustained piece of writing. They give information on a variety of themes such as describing an event, person, someone’s life and actions, places, and experiences. They can also be an expression of the writer’s opinions on topics of social interest or arguments for or against a topic and they often offer suggestions.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 10 English Chapter wise.

Article Writing Topics for Class 10 CBSE Format, Examples Pdf

Purpose of Writing an Article
The purpose of writing an article is to present information on a variety of themes in a long and sustained piece of writing, namely,

  • describing a person, his life and actions;
  • describing a place;
  • narrating an event;
  • expressing views on some issue of social interest;
  • expressing arguments in favour or against a stated hypothesis or event.

Types of Articles

  • Magazine article: These articles have a limited audience.
  • Newspaper article: These articles have a wider audience. ..

Article Writing Class 10 Format:
1. Heading should be eye-catching; encapsulating the central theme
Byline – by whom the article is written follows immediately

2. Introduction
The opening paragraph (Introduction) must

  • state what the article is about
  • catch attention
  • arouse interest
  • limit and control what you plan to discuss in your article
  • contain clear and precise language; may even use a definition or quotation

3. Developing a cause-effect relationship

  • Use facts to support your claims.
  • Give examples to support your views.
  • Present arguments in a coherent, logical and convincing manner.

4. Comparison and contrast

  • Give views contrary to yours.
  • Argue as to why your views are better.

5. Conclusion

  • Summing up, including a consolidation of ideas.
  • Offering suggestions/measures to improve the situation.
  • Personal observations and predictions.

Article Writing For Class 10 Remember
Do not attempt to write about every single piece of information – select relevant information judiciously.

Article Format Class 10 Important Points

  • The article must be written in the appropriate format and style.
  • Remember to keep within the word limit.

Target audience: Find out the potential readers of your article. Are you writing for a newspaper or the school magazine?

Use the given information: A lot of relevant information is available in the question and/or the visual/verbal input given to you. This information needs to be interpreted, edited, and rewritten as per the needs of the article. Planning: Once you have collected all the information you need, plan your article carefully.

Article Writing Format Class 10 Sample Article

Women walk long distances to fetch water in certain parts of the country. There is not only a scarcity of water but water in most places is also contaminated. Using the hints given below together with your own ideas, write an article in about 120 words on the scarcity of clean drinking water, suggesting ways to improve the situation.

  • scarcity of clean drinking water
  • women travel long distances in certain areas like Rajasthan and Gujarat to fetch water
  • contamination of water
  • suggestions – linking of rivers
  • awareness of clean drinking habits

Article Writing Topics Solved Example for Class 10 CBSE

rticle Writing Format Cbse Class 10 Diagnostic Test – 6

Given below is a picture showing the effects of global warming on climate change. Write an article on climate trends in recent years, their causes and effects, especially the threat they pose to the future of mankind. You are Anjana/Arjun Rastogi of Navyug School, Patna. Using the information given below, your own ideas, together with ideas from the unit Environment in your Main Course Book. Complete the article in not more than 120 words.
Article Writing Topics for Class 10 CBSE

The Hazards of Global Warming
Anjana Rastogi
X-B, Navyug School, Patna

Global warming is (a) …………………………….. Since the Industrial Revolution, burning (b) …………………………….. as the greenhouse gases trap more heat. (c) …………………………….. which increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

During the past century, the atmospheric temperature has risen by 0.6°C, and the sea level has risen by several inches. Scientists predict that global warming would lead to the melting of polar ice, (d) …………………………….. The solutions are fairly obvious. In order to reduce or eliminate global warming, we (e) …………………………….. and (f) …………………………….. the use of fossil fuels.
Answer:
(a) the gradual increase of the earth’s temperature as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases
(b) of fossil fuels has led to an increase in temperature
(c) Another major contributor to global warming is deforestation
(d) resulting in a rise in sea level and coastal flooding
(e) must take up reforestation projects
(f) there should be a gradual worldwide shift away from

Article Writing Topics Practice Example for Class 10 CBSE

3.4.1. You are Pratibha/Rahul of Class X. Write an article on ‘Ill effects on students of too much of television’.
You can use the following clues :

  • Increasing addiction
  • A great variety of programmes
  • Easy availability
  • Neglect of studies
  • Drop-in academic performance
  • Result–poor physical and mental health

Answer:

Ill Effects on Students of too much of Television
By Pratibha

It is strange but true that students nowadays are increasingly getting addicted to television. A vast variety of programmes such as comedy shows, serials, movies, plays, songs, and videos are being telecast through more than five hundred odd channels.

Television sets, cable charges, set-top boxes have become cheaper. Television programmes are beamed through mobile phones too, thereby making them affordable for the students. Students, as a result, have got addicted to television and have started neglecting their studies. Their performance has also started dropping. The result is a drastic drop in the students’ physical and mental health.

This alarming trend indeed calls for remedial action.

3.4.2 In recent years, vegetarianism is becoming increasingly popular. People are turning vegetarian because they believe that the killing of animals is both unnecessary and cruel. They also believe that using available land to raise vegetables and grain instead of cattle and other animals makes good economic and ecological sense. More recently, people have adopted vegetarian diets based on scientific studies showing that diets high in fatty animal foods may contribute to the early occurrence of disease, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and cancer. Based on the information given above, your own ideas and tips from the unit Health and Medicine in your Main Course Book, write an article for your school magazine on Vegetarianism in about 120 words.

3.4.3 Students spend a lot of their time in front of the TV. They watch advertisements selling various consumer products targeted at children. As a result, children demand clothes, shoes, food, etc. advertised on TV.

TV Advertisements and Children

A flood of new TV advertisements leaves no doubt that children are a major focus of advertisers. In April-May of 2002, an estimated 35% of all TV ads were using children to attract consumer interest and a larger proportion were targeting the child viewer specifically. According to our findings, almost 75% of children in the 8-15 age group say they want to own products advertised on TV. Asked to name their ten favorite ads, they named detergent and even airline ads rather than ads for toys, games, sweets or food products.

Using the information provided here and your own ideas, write an article for your school magazine in about 120 words titled ‘Students and Consumerism’.

3.4.5 You happened to overhear the following conversation:

Rahul: Where have you planned to go during the summer holidays?
Jeevan: I wish I could go boating on Dal Lake.
Rahul: Do you know about all the places you can visit in Kashmir? Have you come across any brochure or travel blog?

On hearing this dialogue you decide to write an article in the local daily on the need to provide information to tourists. Mention the role the Ministry of Tourism can play and the way in which traveling can be made easier in the country. Using ideas from the unit Travel and Tourism along with your own ideas, write the article in 120 words.

3.4.6 Your school hosted a scintillating and elegant dance recital by Odissi dancer, Madhavi Mudgal, and a musical performance by Teejan Bai, a folk-singer who sings tales from the Mahabharata with gusto in her unique Pandavani style under the SPIC MACAY Programme. Based on the hints given below, your own ideas and ideas from the unit Travel and Tourism in your Main Course Book, write an article for a newspaper on the need for such programs that make the students, who are more interested in popular culture, aware of their own culture. Do not exceed 120 words.

SPIC MACAY

$PIC MACAY – Voluntary movement for the promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture.

Objective – To generate awareness amongst youth about the rich cultural traditions and heritage of India, hoping it will become an integral part of their lives.

In order to achieve its goals – SPIC MACAY organizes:

  • Concerts
  • Lectures – demonstrations
  • Baithaks – informal talks and seminars
  • Performances in schools and colleges

Invitation and Replies Class 12 Format, Examples

Invitation and Replies Class 12

Invitations are extended to relatives, friends, acquaintances, and clients on a number of social occasions such as marriages, births, engagements, deaths or other public functions.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 12 English Chapter wise.

Invitation and Replies Class 12 Format, Examples Pdf

Invitations are of two types:
Invitation Format Class 12

While formal invitations are sent for the above-mentioned occasions, many people also send a handwritten informal invitation beforehand to make these occasions more personal, cordial, and intimate as is appropriate to their relationship. Replying to invitations is essential. It is an essential courtesy to the host who has extended an invitation and also helps the host know how many guests will arrive so that he/she may make arrangements accordingly.

Like the invitations, replies to invitations also may be:

  • formal replies to invitations
  • informal replies to invitations

Formal Invitations

♦ Guidelines for Writing Formal Invitations

  • Does not include the name of the addressees.
  • The occasion, name of invitee, name of host, day, date, time, the venue is in this order.
  • Details like name, address of organizer, sponsor, the host must be included.
  • If a VIP is invited, then the name of the VIP should appear prominently.

♦ Formal Invitations

♦ In a formal invitation card:

  • Start with the designation of the organizer.
  • Followed by the name and address of the host.
  • Details of date, time, venue of the event/function.
  • The name of the chief organizer with R.S.V.P on the right/left hand (bottom) corner of the card.
  • (R.S.V.P is a French word “Repondez sil vous plait” meaning “please respond”.)

Important points
The invitation is laid out so that each of the following is in a separate line:

  • the name(s) of the host(s) issuing the invitation
  • the standard expression ‘request the pleasure of the company of …’
  • the reason for the invitation
  • the time and date of the event
  • the venue of the event
  • In case a VIP is to be invited (at an official function), his/her name appears prominently.
  • In the case of printed cards, the name of the invitee may not figure in the invitation.
  • The date of issuing the invitation is not mentioned.
  • No punctuation is required at the end of a line.
  • There is no signature at the end of the letter.
  • The simple present tense is used.

Invitation and Replies Sample Example for Class 12 CBSE

Your school is organizing the Annual Day next month in one of the prestigious auditoriums of your city. Draft an invitation in not more than 50 words giving all the essential details. Do not forget to include necessary instructions against mobile phones and cameras.

The Management, Staff and Students
of
Government Model Sr. Sec. School, Chandigarh
cordially invites you to their
ANNUAL FUNCTION
Tarang
at 6.00 p.m. on 4 December 2OXX
in
The National Auditorium
Sh. Promod Kumar
Secretary Higher Education has kindly consented to be the chief guest.

Instructions

  • The card admits two people only.
  • Please be seated by 5.30 p.m.
  • The use of mobile phones and cameras is prohibited.
    Programme overleaf

You are a student of Sacred Heart Convent School, McLeod Ganj. The school is holding its Annual Function at 5.00 p.m. on 5 September 20XX. The Education Minister of the state has consented to be the Chief Guest. Design an invitation card to be sent to the parents and other invitees. Do not exceed 50 words.
Invitation And Replies Class 12

Namita/Namit has come out successful in the XII class examination. She/He has decided to have a party for her/his friends. Draft an invitation in about 50 words giving details of the venue, time, and date. (4 marks) [CBSE Sample Paper 2015]
Answer:

27, Elizabeth Road
Firozshah Road
Delhi-110005
May 29, 20XX
Dear friends,
I am celebrating my success in the Class XII Board Exam with a small puja followed by a party on May 31 at my home, starting at 5 p.m. I will be glad if you come along with your family. We will have great fun (yummy food, loads of games, music, and dance). Looking forward to spending a good time with you.
Yours
Namita

Invitation and Replies Practice Example for Class 12 CBSE

1. As the Secretary of the Theatre Club of Birla High School, Kolkata, draft a formal invitation in not. more than 50 words, for the inauguration of the club in your school.

2. Your school is organizing the Annual Day next month in one of the prestigious auditoriums of your city. Draft an invitation in not more than 50 words giving all essential details. Do not forget to include necessary instructions against mobile phones and cameras.

3. You are Sajjan Raj, s/o Sh. Dharam Raj of Greater Kailash, New Delhi. Your father wants you to draft a formal invitation to be sent on the occasion of your sister, Anita Raj’s marriage. Prepare the invitation.

4. As the Sports Captain of Heritage School, Sanawar, write an invitation to be sent to the students of your school on the occasion of the Annual Sports Day of the school. Do not exceed 50 words.

5. As the proprietor Trendz, a new showroom selling ready-made garments for children, at the Community Centre, Jalvayu Towers, Jalandhar. Invite the local residents to the inauguration by the President, Residents’ Welfare Association. Do not exceed 50 words.

6. Your brother has successfully completed his Chartered Accountancy Examinations. You wish to celebrate the occasion by hosting a grand party. Write out the invitation giving details of the date, time and venue. Do not exceed 50 words.

7. Your sister, Chhavi, is getting married to Kapil (s/o Mr and Mrs Varinder Khanna of Patiala) on 26 December 2015. Your father, Mr S.P. Singh, has planned to hold the wedding at Magpie Tourist Complex, Vikaspuri, New Delhi. Design a formal invitation on his behalf inviting guests to the occasion and giving all the necessary details. Do not exceed 50 words.

Replying to Formal Invitations

Replying to an invitation is an essential courtesy for two reasons:

  • to appreciate the host’s kindness in inviting you to the occasion
  • to let the host know whether you will be attending the function or not in order to enable her/him to make arrangements accordingly.

The layout of a reply to a formal invitation is much the same as the invitation itself.

  • The lines may be written in ordinary prose but the language used should be formal.
  • The reply is written in the third person and there is no address or date. However, at times, people may put the date at the top right-hand corner or bottom right-hand corner.

An invitation is either accepted or declined.

Sample Accepting Invitation
Invitation Class 12
Sample Declining Invitation
Invitation Format

Important: It is an essential courtesy to give reason(s) for declining the invitation.

You are Mohit/Maya. You have been invited by the Lions Club to be one of the judges for a fancy-dress competition for children. But due to a previous engagement, you cannot accept this invitation. Complete the following formal reply to the President of the Club regretting your inability to accept the invitation by filling up the blanks appropriately.

23 May 20XX
The President,
Lions Club
Jaipur
Subject: (a) ……………………………
Sir,Thank you very much (b) …………………………… for the fancy-dress competition for children. (c) …………………………… Please accept my best wishes for the function. (d) ………………………….. .Yours sincerely
Mohit/Maya
XYZ Street,
Jaipur

Answer:
(a) Replying to the invitation
(b) for inviting me
(c) We regret our inability to accept the same due to a prior engagement.
(d) We look forward to being a part of future celebrations at Lions Club.

8. You are Madhu Mudgal. You have received an invitation from Mr Vikram Thapa to the birthday party of his daughter, Ira. You are unable to attend the party. Write your reply to the invitation. Do not exceed 50 words.

9. You are Vivek Guha. You have received an invitation from Mr Sunil Dhar for the graduation party of his son, Akash. Write your reply to the invitation expressing delight at receiving the invitation and informing the host that you will attend the party. Do not exceed 50 words.

10. The Sports Captain of Keshar Public School, Jodhpur, invited Sh. Mohamad Yunus Khan, Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, to be the Chief Guest on the occasion of the Annual Sports Day of the school. On behalf of the minister, draft a reply to the invitation expressing your inability to attend the function. Do not exceed 50 words.

11. The Head Girl of St John’s School, Jammu, invited Sh. Haji Nisar Ahmed, Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, to be the Chief Guest on the occasion of the Annual Day Celebrations of the school. On behalf of the Minister draft a reply accepting the invitation. Do not exceed 50 words.

12. Your friend’s brother has successfully completed his Chartered Accountancy Examinations. She is hosting a grand party to celebrate the occasion. Write a reply accepting the invitation. Do not exceed 50 words.

13. You have received an invitation to the wedding of Jitsun (d/o Dr Chetan Tsangmo) on 16 January 20XX. Design a reply accepting the invitation. Do not exceed 50 words.

14. You are Akshay/Varsha. You have been invited to attend the wedding of your friend’s sister during summer vacation. Respond to the invitation, regretting your inability to attend it. (50 words)

15. You are Manoj/Mini. You have been invited to attend the birthday party of your closest friend. Respond to this invitation. (50 words)

Tenses Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers

Tenses Exercises for Class 9 CBSE

Tenses: Verb tenses are tools that are used to express time. They refer to the time of action and tell the time and state of an action. present tense, past tense and future time refer to the time of action and tell the time and state of an action.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 9 English Chapter wise.

Tenses Exercises or Class 9 CBSE With Answers PDF

Tenses Exercise For Class 9 In Paragraph

Corresponding to the three divisions of time there are three tenses:

  • The present tense referring to present time
  • The past tense referring to past time
  • The future time referring to future time

Each tense has four forms:

  • Simple or Indefinite – It merely states an action or event. It does not say anything about the completeness of the action.
  • Continuous or Progressive – It indicates that an action is in progress at a given time and is incomplete at the point of reference.
  • Perfect – It indicates that the action is complete.
  • Perfect Continuous – It indicates that an action has been in progress for a period of time. Study the table for use of tenses given below.

Class 9 English Grammar Tenses Exercises Verb forms

Simple/Indefinite Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present I go for a walk. I am going for a walk. I have gone for a walk. I have been going for a walk.
Past I went for a walk. I was going for a walk. I had gone for a walk. I had been going for a walk.
Future . I will go for a walk. I will be going for a walk. I will have gone for a walk.

Present Tense

Simple Present

Usage. The Present Indefinite is used to

  • things happening in the present
    For example, She teaches in a public school.
  • express a habitual action
    For example, My servant gets up early daily.
  • express a universal truth.
    For example, The Sun rises in the east.
  • express subordinate clause it the principal clause is the Future Indefinite tense.
    For example, If she prepares well for the exams, she will not fail.

Words often used with the Present Indefinite: Always, daily, generally, seldom, never; sometimes, every.

Other uses of the Present Indefinite are:

  • With verbs of communication like advise, warn, instruction, etc:
    Example: Everyone advises us when it comes to health issues.
  • As newspaper headlines:
    Example: The actress commits suicide after a heated argument with her director.
  • In the present continuous tense that does not take the continuous form.
    Example: The father smiled and said, “I see that you do not want to talk to me.”
  • In some conditional sentences:
    Example: If I do not reach there on time please inform my parents.
  • In time frame clauses:
    Example: I will leave as soon as my assistant arrives.
  • In exclamatory sentences:
    Example: Here comes the groom!
  • To make future time reference when the event is part of a fixed timetable.
    Example: This year Holi falls on a Saturday.

Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the passages given below.

a. The phenomenon of female infanticide (a) ………………………. (be) as old as many cultures, and (b) ………………………. (has) likely accounted for millions of gender-selective deaths throughout history. It (c) ………………………. (remain) a critical concern in a number of Third World countries today, notably in the two most populous countries on earth, China and India. In all cases, specifically female infanticide (d) ………………………. (reflect) the low status accorded to women in most parts of the world. It is arguably the most brutal and destructive manifestation of the anti-female bias that (e) ………………………. (pervade) patriarchal societies. It is closely linked to the phenomenon of sex-selective abortion, which (f) ………………………. (target) the female foetus almost exclusively, and the neglect of the girl child.

b. Scientists studying the morphology of the human race (a) ………………………. (be) of the opinion that throughout the 200,000 years of the history of modem humans, we (b) ………………………. (be) the shortest, lightest and, the least robust. Even our brains are the smallest. Two hypotheses (c) ………………………. (has) been put forward to explain the reasons behind these reductions in size. The first one (d) ………………………. (be) that the nutritional stress after the start of the agricultural era some 10,000 years ago led to the reduction in the size of humans.

Mr. Maciej Henneberg of the University of Johannesburg (e) ………………………. (relate) the body size to the position of the earth in its orbit. He (f) ………………………. (say) that individuals born between February and July end up shorter and lighter than those born during the rest of the year.

Present Continuous

This form is used:

(a) is used to express an activity happening at the time of speaking.
Example:
The kids are watching TV.

(b) is used to express an activity happening around now but not necessarily at that very moment.
Example:
Vinay is studying very hard for his exams these days.

(c) is used to express activities happening in the near future especially a planned future event.
Example:
I am attending the meeting.

(d) is used with Always.
Example:
She is always telling lies.

(e) is used in a frequently repeated action.
Example:
Naresh is always falling sick.

(f) is used to express an action that appears to be continuous.
Example:
My grandfather is always sleeping.

Words often used with the Present Continuous Tense: ‘stift’, ‘now’, ‘nowadays’, ‘these days’, ‘at this time’, ‘at the moment’.

Verbs Not Used In Continuous Tense

  1. Perception: see, hear, smell, notice, recognize
  2. Appearing: appear, look, seem
  3. Emotion: want, wish, desire, feel, like, love, hate, hope, refuse, prefer
  4. Thinking: think, suppose, believe, agree, understand, remember, forget, know
  5. Possession: have, own, possess, belong to

Use the correct form of the verbs given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

Shikha: What (a) ………………………. (be) all those children (b) ………………………. (do) in the middle of the playground? Why (c) ………………………. (be) they (d) ………………………. (play) during assembly time?

Kajol: They (e) ………………………. (practise) for a match. They (f) ………………………. (be) members of the school team.

Shikha: Does that mean they (g) ………………………. (go) to play a match today?
Kajol: Yes, they (h) ………………………. (be).

Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

Meena: My daughter (a) ………………………. (not write) to me so I (b) ………………………. (not know) what she (c) ………………………. (do), (d) ………………………. (do) your son (e) ………………………. (write) to you?

Swati: Yes, he (f) ………………………. (write) twice a week. He (g) ………………………. (like) writing letters.

Present Perfect

This form is used:

(a) express an action recently completed, it is used with ‘just’.
Example:
The train has just arrived.

(b) describe an action which began in the past and continues up to the present moment, (using for, since, etc.)
Example:
I have not slept since the evening.

(c) describe the recent actions when the time is not known.
Example:
Have you seen the news on TV this morning?

(d) describe a past action which is important for its effect in the present and not in itself.
Example:
I have stopped smoking.

(e) describe the connection of the present with the distant past.
Example:
I have heard that the theatre has been closed, (hence I cannot go there)

Present Perfect Continuous

Usage. The Present Perfect Continuous is used to
(a) express an action that began in the past and has been in progress till the time of speaking.
Example:
We have been participating in the play for three years.

(b) express an action that finished just a short while ago.
Example:
Ramesh has been watching TV. (He has stopped watching now)

Use the correct form of the verbs given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

Bank clerk: Could you give me some proof of your identity?
Lady: But I (a) ………………………. (have) an account here for twenty-five years.
Bank clerk: I (b) ………………………. (know), Madam. But the bank (c) ………………………. (lose) a lot of money lately through fake accounts. The manager (d) ………………………. (make) new regulations and we (e) ………………………. (tell) to check the proof of identity for all account holders, no matter how long we (f) ………………………. (know) them.

Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

It (a) ………………………. (take) a long time for a country to rebuild after an earthquake. There maybe aftershocks for many days. Rebuilding cannot start until all the aftershocks (b) ………………………. (stop). Aftershocks are small tremors that (c) ………………………. (shake) the ground after an earthquake. Sometimes, people (d) ………………………. (be) afraid to return to that area and (e) ………………………. (prefer) to settle elsewhere. Of course, many people (f) ………………………. (be) reluctant to leave the land of their ancestors.

Past Indefinite

This form is used to refer to:

(a) express an action that was completed at a definite point in the past.
Example :
I did not celebrate my birthday last year.
Yesterday, Reema visited her aunt.

(b) express a past habit or routine.
Example:
He used to eat with his left hand when he was young.

Past Continuous

This form is used:

(a) express an action in progress before the moment of speaking.
Example :
It was pouring heavily at 6 o’clock this morning.

(b) The time reference may be replaced with a verb in the simple past.
Example :
The phone rang when she was taking her food.

(c) Sometimes to indicate gradual development, when used with a time expression.
Example :
She was getting late.

(d) When two actions were going on simultaneously in the past.
Example :
While I was playing, my sister was studying.

(e) The past continuous is often used in descriptions.
Example :
I entered the classroom. The teacher was teaching and the students were listening.

Past Perfect

Usage. As in the Past Continuous Tense, here too there are two actions, both in the past. The past perfect is used to describe an action which was completed just before or sometime before the second action in the past.

(a) It is used with such verbs as: ‘hope’, ‘expect’, ‘think’, etc. to suggest that an expected past action did not take place.
Example :
(i) I had hoped that she would not decline my invitation, (but she did)

(b) In this tense, the form remains unchanged irrespective of person or number.
Example :
(i) He had done his duty before the next shift started.
(ii) They had done their duty before the next shift started.

Past Perfect Continuous

Usage. The Past Perfect Continuous Tense
(a) expresses an action that was finished at some definite time in the past but which had been going on before it was finished or had recently finished.
Example:
Ramesh had been working in this factory since he came to Delhi.

(b) At times, this tense can be expressed in a repeated action of the past.
Example:
Geeta had been trying since morning to contact her friend.

Use the correct form of the verbs given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

He was an old man who (a) ………………………. (fish) alone in a skiff, a small light boat, in the Gulf stream and he (b) ………………………. (go) eighty-four days without taking the fish. In the first forty days a boy (c) ………………………. (be) with him. But after forty days without a fish the boy’s parents (d) ………………………. (tell) him that the old man (e) ………………………. (be) definitely unlucky and the boy (f) ………………………. (go) at their orders in another boat, which caught three big fishes the first week.

Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the passage given below.

When the old lady (a) ………………………. (return) to her flat she saw at once that burglars (b) ………………………. (break) in during her absence. Though the burglars themselves (c) ………………………. (be) no longer there she saw at once that they (d) ………………………. (just leave) because there was a burning cigarette in the ashtray on the table.

Probably they (e) ………………………. (hear) the lift coming up and (f) ………………………. (run) down the stairs.

Future Time

For referring to the future, the modal auxiliaries shall and will are used with the bare infinitive.
Future time is expressed in the following ways:
1. will/shall + infinitive to denote future actions
Examples:

  • We shall go for a picnic tomorrow.
  • He will reach by 5:30 p.m.

2. is/am/are + going to + infinitive
Example:

  • We are going to play football this evening.

3. is/am/are + to + infinitive
Example:

  • We are to play football this evening.

4. is/am/are + about to + infinitive
Example:

  • It is about to rain.

5. Simple present (to express an unalterable plan)
Example:

  • The Prime Minister leaves for a 10-day tour of the US tomorrow.

6. Present continuous (to denote the future)
Example:

  • Uncle’s Pizza is opening a new branch in Amritsar.

7. will/shall + be + -ing (present participle)
Example:

  • We shall be going abroad sometime next year.

Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the dialogue given below.

Aarti: I (a) ………………………. probably (b) ………………………. (come) to Mumbai next week.
Chirag: When (e) ………………………. you (d) ………………………. (come)?
Aarti: I haven’t decided on the dates yet. Once I do I (e) ………………………. (give) you a call and (f) ………………………. (let) you know.
Chirag: Yes. If you let me know, I (g) ………………………. (pick) you up from the airport. Aarti: That (h) ………………………. (be) kind.

Latter of Placing Order Class 11 CBSE Format, Topics, Examples, Samples

Latter of Placing Order Class 11

Order letters are written to assign orders for goods or items They are written in a very well-formatted and specific manner. They are quite common and are written on daily basis. The language of the letter is very formal. You should be very careful to impart complete and accurate information because incomplete information results in delayed deliveries. Moreover, these letters are to be written to the point only. You don’t need to add any extra information.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 11 English Chapter wise.

Latter Of Placing Order Class 11 CBSE Format, Topics, Examples, Samples PDF

Latter Of Placing Order Sample Examples for Class 11 CBSE

You are R. Ashokan, Estate Manager, Fatima Convent School, Nainital. The Principal of the school has asked you to place an order for two Swaraj Suzuki buses. Place the order with Swaraj Automobiles, Kolkata.
Placing Order Letter Format Class 11

1. Look at the following advertisement for sports equipment. As you wish to start a health club and gymnasium, place an order for the equipment you require.

Zeenat Slimming Systems
Manufacturers and exporters
of
fitness and weight lifting equipment used in gymnasiums dumbbells, bars and rods We also manufacture exercising equipment like stimulators, body composition analyzer, vacuum therapy, and other fitness and exercise equipment, controlled electronic muscle exerciser, for therapeutic and cosmetic application.
Contact:
Mr Rehan Siddiqui,
Zeenat Slimming Systems
Plot No. 86, Sector 5, Industrial Area, Chandigarh (India)

2. Ghulam Rasool Dar, a 35 – year – old resident of 3, Civil Lines, Srinagar, saw the following advertisement in the newspaper. He is interested in entering some of his poems for the competition. As Ghulam Rasool Dar, write the letter.
Letter Of Placing Order Format Class 11

Latter Of Placing Order Practice Examples for Class 11 CBSE

3. As office manager, Spring Meadow’s School, Nasik, place an order for stationery including A – 4 size paper, DeskJet ink cartridge, refills (red and blue), chart paper, and boxes of chalk. Write a letter to Khanna Brothers, Stationers, Nasik, giving the details in not more than 150 words regarding the mode of dispatch and the mode of payment in not more than 150 words.

4. You are Prerak Bhatia, Cultural Secretary of Army Public School, Udhampur. You wish to organise a trip for students of classes XI and XII to Rohtang Pass during the summer vacation. Write a letter to the Manager, Youth Hostel, Rohtang Pass, making reservations.

Canceling Orders

Sample Example Letter

You are Sunil Mohan of Home Store, Crown Mall, Faridabad. You had placed an order with M/s Jain Woollen Mills, Amritsar for the supply of 400 blankets. As the firm has delayed the execution of the order, you no longer wish to stock the blankets. Write a letter canceling the order.
Format Of Placing Order Letter Class 11

5. You are the Manager of M/s Home Sajja. You have a showroom selling household appliances and furnishings. Lately, you have received complaints from customers that the curtain material purchased from your showroom is of inferior quality. Write a letter to the Director, Kapadia Mills, Surat, cancelling further orders.

6. You are Surakshit Kapoor, Secretary of the Old Boys’ Association of Sherwood College, Shimla. You and your friends wished to celebrate the Centenary Year of your school on 1 January at Grand Hotel, New Delhi. You had booked the venue and placed an order for dinner for the occasion. In wake of the devastation caused by the tsunami, you and your friends decided to cancel the celebration. Write a letter to the Banquet Manager, cancelling the booking.

7. You joined Mittal’s Coaching Classes to prepare for the IIT JEE. However, you found that contrary to the claims, the classes were overcrowded and the tutors were erratic. Write a letter to the Director of the Institute asking for a refund of fees.

Reported Speech Dialogue Exercises for Class 10 CBSE With Answers

Reported Speech Exercises for Class 10 CBSE

Reported speech is when we express or say things that have already been said by somebody else.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 10 English Chapter wise.

Reported Speech Dialogue Exercises For Class 10 Cbse With Answers PDF

Reporting of the words of a speaker in one’s own words is called Narration. There are two ways of reporting what people say: Direct Speech and Indirect Speech. Direct Speech. The actual words of the speaker using quotation marks are called Direct Speech. Indirect Speech. When we convey the speaker’s words in our own words it becomes Indirect Speech. It is the reporting of speakers’ words, using a saying or asking verbs. In indirect, verbs giving or asking for instructing are often used with a to-infinitive construction. Verbs expressing intention may also be followed by a to-infinitive.

There are basically four types of sentences in which we can convert direct speech into Indirect speech.

  1. Assertive Sentences (Statements)
  2. Interrogative Sentences (Questions)
  3. Imperative Sentences (Commands and Requests)
  4. Exclamatory Sentences (Strong Feelings)

To convert a Direct speech into an Indirect speech, we have to make some necessary changes.
Change No.1. Remove the commas and inverted commas. Use any conjunction.

Change No.2. In Reported Speech, there are some words which show nearness, but they are always converted into words which show distance.

They are as follows:

Nearness Distance
here becomes there
now becomes then
this becomes that
these becomes those
today becomes that day
tonight becomes that night
yesterday becomes the previous day
last night becomes the previous night
last week becomes the previous week
tomorrow becomes the following day
next week becomes the following week
ago becomes before
thus becomes so
hence becomes thence
come becomes go

Note. ‘Come’ is changed into ‘go’ only in that case when any word showing nearness is given with it.
Change No. 3. Change of Person. There are three types of Person in English language which are as follows:

Nominative Possessive Accusative
1. First-person I
we
my
our
me
us
2. Second Person You Your You
3. Third Person He
she
they
it
his
her
their
its
him
her
them
it

Change No. 4. If the reporting verb is in Present or in Future Tense, there is no change in the tense of the Reported Speech. If the reporting verb is in Past Tense, there is always a change in the tense of the Reported Speech, which is as follows:

  1. Present Indefinite is changed into Past Indefinite
  2. Present Continuous is changed into Past Continuous
  3. Present Perfect is changed into Past Perfect
  4. Present Perfect Continuous is changed into Past Perfect Continuous
  5. Past Indefinite is changed into Past Perfect
  6. Past Continuous is changed into Past Perfect Continuous
  7. Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged

In case of Future Tense, there are only four words which are changed, i.e.

will becomes would
shall becomes should
may becomes might
can becomes could

Changes based on the types of sentences.

1. Assertive Sentences (Statements)
Change No. 1. Remove the commas and inverted commas. Use conjunction ‘that’.
Change No. 2. Change the reporting verb ‘say into tell’, ‘says into tell’, ‘said into told’, if the reporting object is given in the sentence. But do not change the reporting verb if the reporting object is not given in the sentence.
Change No. 3. ‘Said to’ can be changed into told, replied, informed, stated, added, remarked, asserted, assured, reminded, complained, and reported, according to the meaning.
Change No. 4. Always remove “to’ from the reporting speech, e.g.

  • He said to me, “I cannot help you in this matter.”
    He told me that he could not help me in that matter.
  • He said, “My sister’s marriage comes off next month.”
    He said that his sister’s marriage would come off the following month.

2. Interrogative Sentences (Questions)

Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb ‘said ‘or ‘said to’into‘ asked’ or ‘inquired of’. In case of a single question, change it into ‘asked’ but in case of more than one question, change it into “inquired of’.
Change No. 2. Use conjunction ‘if’ or ‘whether’ if the reported speech starts with a helping verb. But do not use any conjunction if the reported speech starts with an interrogative word.
Change No. 3. Change the Interrogative sense into an Assertive sense.
Change No. 4. Remove ‘?’ question mark and use ‘ . ‘full stop, e.g.

  • She said to her servant, “Is tea ready for me?”
    She asked her servant if tea was ready for her.
  • She asked me, “Who teaches you English?”
    She asked me who taught me English.

3. Imperative Sentences (Commands and Requests)

Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb‘said’ or ‘said to’ into ordered, commanded, requested, advised, warned, forbade, suggested, encouraged, persuaded, begged, etc. according to the sense.
Change No. 2. Remove the commas and inverted commas, use conjunction ‘to’.
Change No. 3. Change the Imperative sense into Infinitive sense.
Change No. 4. Remove ‘do not and use ‘not to’ in case of Negative Imperative sentences, e.g.

  • The teacher said to me, “Stand up on the bench.”.
    The teacher ordered me to stand up on the bench.
  • The General said to the soldiers, “March forward and attack the foe.”
    The General ordered the soldiers to march forward and attack the foe.
  • The gardener said to the boys, “Do not pluck the flowers.”
    The gardener forbade the boys from plucking the flowers.

4. Exclamatory Sentences (Strong Feelings)

Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb ‘said’ or ‘said to’ into “exclaimed with joy’ or ‘exclaimed with sorrow’, ‘cry out, “pray’, etc., according to the sense, i.e.

  • Exclaimed with joy–in case of Aha! Ha! Hurrah!
  • Exclaimed with sorrow–in case of Ah! Alas!
  • Exclaimed with surprise–in case of Oh! What! How!
  • Exclaimed with regret–in case of Sorry!
  • Exclaimed with contempt–in case of Pooh! Pshaw!
  • Applauded with saying–in case of Bravo! Hear!

Change No. 2. Use very or great by removing what or how.
Change No. 3. Use conjunction ‘that.
Change No. 4. Remove exclamatory word and exclamation sign ‘!’ The student must select the verb best suited to the sense or context, e.g.

  • They said, “Hurrah! We have won the match.”
    They exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
  • She said, “Alas! I have lost my bridal ring.”
    She exclaimed with sorrow that she had lost her bridal ring.
  • She said, “How charming the scenery is!”
    She exclaimed with surprise that it was a very charming scenery.

Reported Speech Exercises Solved Example With Answers for Class 10 CBSE

Diagnostic Test – 29

Mother: Why are you looking so worried?
Daughter: My exams are approaching.
Mother: When will they start?
Daughter: Next month, Mother.

Mother asked her daughter (a) …………………… The daughter replied that (b) …………………… Mother further asked (c) …………………… The daughter told her mother that they would start in the following month.

Answer:
(a) why she was looking very worried
(b) her exams were approaching.
(c) when they would start.

Score: For each correct answer award yourself 1 mark.
4 – 5 good
3 or less you need to develop grammar skills through adequate practice