Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Pamphlet Creation

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Pamphlet Creation

♦ Pamphlet Creation (Text Book Page No.: 198)

Pamphlet :

  • A Pamphlet is a small booklet or leaflet containing information or arguments about a single subject. 4?
  • They are helpful in presenting information in a more attractive way and also easily accessible and economical to distribute.
  • They are generally used for describing the product or instructions, commercial information, promotion of events or promoting tourism.

How To Create A Pamphlet :

  • Step 1 : Finalise your text
  • Step 2 : Choose a layout
  • Step 3 : Add appropriate images
  • Step 4 : Ensure your pamphlet is cohesive and appealing

Exercises

Pamphlet Creation :

Question 1.
Prepare a pamphlet to be distributed for students at a career guidance program for tenth standard students
Answer:
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Pamphlet Creation 1

Question 2.
a pamphlet for the blood donation event.
Answer:
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Pamphlet Creation 2

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Poster Making

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Poster Making

Poster Making (Text Book Page No.: 170)

What is a poster?
Posters are placards displayed in a public place announcing or advertising something. Posters are notices, advertisements and invitations – all in one.

What is the purpose of a Poster?
It is to create social awareness about current problems and needs, or to advertise or invite and display something.

Layout of a poster

  • It should be attractive, colorful and tempting
  • The title should be catchy
  • Slogans or jingles should be used
  • Sketches or simple drawings may be used
  • Letters may be of different sizes and shapes
  • Proper spacing should be given

Content of a poster:

  • The theme or subject
  • Descriptions along with it
  • Essentials like time, date, venue etc. to be given, in case of an event
  • Names of issuing authority/ organisation to be given

Expression of Poster:

  • Slogans/ phrases can be used
  • Sequencing to be correct
  • Creativity to be appreciated

Exercise

Poster Making:

Question 1.
Design a poster for a fine art exhibition.
Answer:
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Poster Making 1

Question 2.
Prepare a poster on water pollution.
Answer:
Stop Water Pollution
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Poster Making 2

Question 3.
Design a poster to create awareness on reading.
Answer:
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Poster Making 3

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Message Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Message Writing

♦ Message Writing (Text Book Page No.: 140-141)

A Message is an informal means of communication. The receiver of the message has to sift through the given message and pick out the most vital bits of information.

Then, he/she should be able to reproduce that information in order to convey it to the person for whom it is intended.

Format :

  • Date:
  • Time:
  • Name of person to whom the message is directed
  • Body of the message
  • Name of the writer

Points to remember :

  • While writing the body of the message, the following points have to be kept in mind
  • Only the most important details should be written.
  • No new information should be added.
  • Grammatically correct sentences should be used.
  • Indirect or reported speech should be used.
  • The message should be presented within a box.
  • The word limit for a message is 50 words (only the words in the body of the notice are counted).

Example :
Riya, a student of class ten, is instructed by her teacher to convey to her classmates about the English Literary club competitions which are to be held on 09.04.2019 in a nearby Government school.
Answer:

MESSAGE

03 April 2019

Dear friends
our teacher has asked me to inform all of you about the English Literary club competitions to be held on 9th of April at the nearby Government Higher Secondary School. Kindly get permission from your parents to attend the event. If you wish to participate in the competitions contact me at the earliest.

Srikanth

Exercise:

Draft a message on the following situations.

1. The following is a telephonic conversation between Venkat and his sister. As Venkat’s sister had to leave for her dance classes, she leaves a message for her mother. Write the message in not more than 50 words.
Venkat : Can I speak to mom?
Veen : She has gone out
Venkat : I have to leave for Coimbatore tomorrow at 4 a.m. forthe Inter-School Football Match. Please ask her to get my bag packed as I will be back home late in the evening after practice.
Veen : I will.
Answer:

MESSAGE

12th April, 2019 Mom,

Venkat called up to inform that he has to leave for Coimbatore tomorrow at 4 a.m. for Inter-School Football Match. You are requested to pack his bag as he will return home late in the evening after his football practice.

Veena.

2. Read the conversation between Sam and Joseph. Sam was going out and so he left a message for his father. Write the message in about 50 words.
Joseph : Can I speak to Mr. Simon?
Sam : I am sorry He is out of station.
Joseph : When is he expected back?
Sam : He will be home by tomorrow evening
Joseph : Could you please remind him that Anil’s wedding is on March 30th? We had planned to go together. But since my son is in hospital, I will not be going for the wedding. George is free and he can join him. Tell him to give me a ring when he returns.
Sam : Sure, uncle.
Joseph : Thank you, Sam.
Answer:

MESSAGE

27th March,2019,

Dad,
Mr. Joseph called to remind you that Anil’s wedding is on 30th March. He and you had planned earlier to go together. But due to hospitalisation of his son, he will not be able to go for the wedding. You can accompany Mr George for the occasion. Call him when you are back.

Sam.

3. Imagine you are Geetha. Read the following conversation and write a suitable message for jour mother in 50-60 words.
Anitha : Hi! I’m Anitha on the line. Is aunty at home?
Geetha : No. she has gone to visit my grandparents. Is there any problem?
Anitha : No, I just wanted to inform her that we have a special ‘Havan’ tomorrow at 9 a.m. at out Place. My mother has specially invited all of you.
Geetha : Okay. Thanks! I’ll inform her and we will definitely come.
Answer:

MESSAGE

7th March, 2019

Dear mom,
Anitha called when you were at grandma’s house. On behalf of her mother. She invited all of us to a special Havan at their place at 9 a.m. tomorrow. I promised her that we would definitely attend the function.

Geetha

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English E-mail Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English E-mail Writing

♦ E-Mail Writing (Text Book Page No. 139-140)

Short form of electronic mail, e-mail or email is information stored on a computer that is exchanged between two users over telecommunications. More plainly, e-mail is a message that may contain text, files, images, or other attachments sent through a network to a specified individual or group of individuals.

Exercises

Draft a Mail :

1. Suppose, you are Sneka. You are very much glad to hear the news of 3G mobile network. You want to share your feelings with your friend. Now write an email about 3G network.
Answer:
E-Mail

To: karthiksubramanil984@gmail.com
Sub : Details of 3G mobile network.
My dear Karthik,
Thanks for your email. You have heard that Bangladesh has been connected with 3G mobile network. It is great news for us! I am really thrilled to hear this news. I think you are also happy. Keep fine and in touch. Hope to see you very soon.
Sneka

2. Write an e-mail to the General Manager of the Supermarket seeking permission to display the notice and requesting sponsorship for the event.
Answer:
E-Mail

To: rmsoundar10@gmail.com
Sub : Teachers’ Day Celebration
Dear Sir,

Teachers’ Day is around the corner and we, the residents of the South City Complex, would like to express our gratitude to our teachers by hosting a brief cultural program on 5th September between 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. There are about 25 teachers in our complex and we would be grateful if you allow us the use of the foyer in the Supermarket for the celebration.
We also request you to please sponsor a cup of tea and light refreshments for the teachers and a few guests, about 40 in all.
We look forward to a favorable response.

Thanking you,

Ashish

3. The sanitary conditions of your locality are in bad shape. Write an email to the sanitary inspector in about 120 words.
Answer:
E-Mail

Date: 7th March 2019
From : <varunt@gmail.com>
To: sanitarydept @tn.nic.in
Sub: Insanitary conditions
Dear Sir,

Let me bring to your kind notice the in sanitary conditions of Greater Chennai. Sanitary conditions of Urban are in a mess. There are no sweepers worth the name to clear the garbage that lies in heaps and mounds at almost all the places here. The drainages are blocked, water flows on the streets. No one can walk on the roads because of the foul smell coming from the mounds. People are careless and throw domestic waste in open space. This invites the attention of stray cattle, pigs and other animals. People do not make use of their dustbins. As a result, fear of the spread of diseases like cholera and gastroenteritis are possible. There is a great need of the regular visit by the sanitary dept officials. The officials should meet the residents to maintain hygienic conditions all around.

Regards

Varun

4. You have been gifted a new cell phone which is powered by solar energy. Write an e-mail to your friend describing the phone and all its exciting features.
Answer:
E-Mail

Date: 7th March, 2019
From : <rajatg@gmail.com>
To : vani@gmail.com
Sub : Cell Phone Powered by Solar Energy.
Hey Vani,

I know we meet every day in school but I couldn’t wait till then to tell you this. I bought a solar-powered cell phone today. Air bell has launched this product very recently to promote usage of renewable sources of energy. Its widespread popularity lured me into buying this product. Itis very easy to recharge this cell as our tropical country experiences bright sunlight almost 10 months in a year. It is very handy. Efficient and appealing to the mass as it uses sun as a charger. So, poor people who don’t have access to electricity find it very economical. It also reduces risks of the danger which radiation poses to our sensory organs.

Let’s meet up soon today so that I tell you more about its features.

Take care

Rajat.

 

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Article Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Article Writing

♦ Article Writing (Text Book Page No.: 113,144)

Article writing is the process of creating non-fictitious text about current or recent news. It can be items of general interests or specific topics. They are published in print forms, such as newspapers and magazines. Article writing is a skill that needs to be practiced.

Steps involved in writing an article :
1. Decide the theme :

  • Choose an interesting, relevant or current issue.

2. Decide the title :

  • The title suggests the core idea of the article. It has to be brief and captivating, kindling the interest of the readers.

3. Form an outline :

  • Forming an outline of the article is very essential. It can be done in three steps:
    • Introduction
    • Body
    • Conclusion

4. Draft the content:

  • When your outline is complete start expanding on the title.

5. Edit it:

  • Never submit an article in its first draft. Revise the article until it expresses your thoughts completely. Give it a final reading. Edit it and correct the errors.

6. Final Reading:

  • Once the article is edited, give it a final read. Check if it adheres to the requirements.

Exercises

1. You make the following notes after reading about the disappearance of bird habitats from city forests and parks. Write an article in 100-120 words stressing upon the need for bringing back the birds to the city. You are Sonu/Sonalika.
Answer:

City Parks Oust Bird Population

– Sonu

While outwardly things appear idyllic, the lack of bird sound appears wanting. The park’s attendants are concerned with its depleting bird population. The koyal, a regular summer visitor has dwindled in number and the sparrow, a common sight amidst the flower beds and pathways, has disappeared altogether.

The authorities cited the overuse of insecticides behind this disappearance. Cutting down of roadside trees reduces nesting spots for the birds’ Several fledglings fall to the ground from the branches as this exercise is performed without regard to the nesting season. Communication towers on rooftops of adjacent homesteads have taken a toll of the sparrow population. Creating nesting places under eaves and placing water and grain containers in gardens or balconies will alter the status quo.

2. Due to growing materialism, there is a shift in the values of youngsters. They continue pestering their parents for items like mobile phones, digital cameras, bikes, etc. for personal use even though there is no genuine need for these gadgets. Taking help from the MCB unit ‘Children’, write an article in about 120 words expressing your views on the same. You are Sunil/Swati.
Answer:

The Deteriorating Values

– By Swati

The growing materialism in society is leaving a profound impact on the younger generation. They are growing up in an environment which creates a desire to acquire all that is in their capacity. It has changed childrens perspective towards life. For them, materialism is happiness. They pester their parents to fulfil their demands for gadgets, etc. even though there is no genuine need for the same. Children want these in order to impress their friends.

Materialism makes us greedy. We try to show off what we have and are embarrassed if we do not have something that others possess. The world has become a place for the competition where everyone aims to be ahead of other Youngsters need to understand that money does not bring happiness. It is more important to be content. We need to have values, friends, relations and, above at our family’s love and support to lead a happy life.

3. Education should not allow any discrimination. All children have an equal right to education. Yet we find that in many families, girls are not given the education they desire. Taking help from the unit on Education, the following points and your own-ideas, write an article in about 150 words on the topic.

“The Importance of Educating the Girl Child”. You are Arun / Anu.
Answer:

Importance of Educating the Girl Child

– By Anu

A child’s first teacher is the mother but in our country, no importance is given to the education of a girl child. It seems a wastage of money to most of the parents. We must understand that if we educate a man, we educate an individual but if we educate a woman, we educate the entire family. Education is beneficial for the female herself and her family. An educated girl can take decisions with an open mind and can fight against all social evils like child marriage, female infanticide, dowry, domestic violence.

It is a fact that educated mothers will always impart education to their daughters because they know that there is no difference in the learning ability or interest between a boy and a girl. Educating a girl child means improving their standard of work along with gender discrimination at work. They can be imparted vocational training also to make them self¬sufficient and financially secured. So, for the wholesome progress of our society and the upliftment of our society, it is a must to educate the girl child.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Notice Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Notice Writing

♦ NoticeWriting (Text Book Page No.: 112)

A Notice is a formal means of communication. The purpose of a Notice is to announce or display information to a specific group of people. Notices are generally meant to be pinned up on specific display boards in schools or in public places.

How to write a Notice:

  1. The name of the school or the institution must be prominent It should be clear, legible and in CAPITAL letters.
  2. The name of the program for which the Notice is drafted should be highlighted.
  3. The date of drafting the notice must be written on the top left/right corner of the box.
  4. You can start the Notice by using expressions like ……………………..
    • This is to inform all the students ……………………..
    • All the students are informed ……………………..
  5. You must include details such as ……………………..
    • What/when/why/where/for whom is the program ……………………..
    • Date of registration, last date ……………………..
  6. The final sentence can be ……………………..
    • For further information, details contact ……………………..
    • For further details contact ……………………..
    • Contact the undersigned person

Example :
You are Nikil/Nikitha, school pupil leader of GHSS, Trichy. Prepare a Notice on behalf of your school inviting the grandparents of the students to celebrate World Elders’ Day in your school auditorium on the 20th of next month.
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Notice Writing 1

Exercises

Draft a Notice:

1. You are Roopa/Ritesh, the cultural secretary of M.R.V High School, Madurai. You have been asked to inform students of class X about an Inter-School Dramatics Competition. Draft a Notice not more than 50 words for the students’ Noticeboard with all necessary details. Put the Notice in a box.

NOTICE

M R V Public School, Madurai.
Dramatics Competition – Audition

30th July 2019.
An Inter-School Dramatics Competition will be held on 30-08-2019 at Nalanda Hall. An audition will be held to select students for the school team. Interested candidates may give their names to the undersigned. The details are given below:
Date : 07.08.2019
Time : 10.30 am
Venue : School Auditorium –
Last date for Registration: 05-08-2019
Roopa
Cultural Secretary

2. You are Amit/ Amita, Head of the Sports Club in your school. Your school is participating in The National Chess Championship next month. Write a Notice not more than 50 words to students inviting them to participate. ^

NOTICE

DAV Public school, Chennai
National Chess Championship

8th March 2019.

The National Chess Association is going to have It annual Chess championship in Manali next month. Students interested in participating are requested to collect the registration forms and assemble in the sports complex on 12 March at 3 pm for the selection round.

Anita
Head, Sports Club

3. You are Suman, Secretary, Science and Technology Forum, Chennai. Inform all the students of the school through a Notice that there will be some special lecture today.

NOTICE

Science and Technology Forum, Chennai.

20th March 2019.

A special Lecture

You all are informed that Science and Technology Forum has decided to organize a guest lecture on latest mobile technology and computer technology on 23rd March 2019.. Dr. Sundar will be the Chief Lecturer. The timings are 2-4 p.m. at the open-air auditorium of the school. The school management wants all the students to participate in this lecture.

Suman
(Secretary)
Science and Technology Forum

4. Suresh / Surekha is the in-charge of Extra Curriculum Activities of Rohit Model School, Coimbatore. The school is organizing an Inter-School Competition between Rohit Model School and Rukhmani Devi School, Coimbatore. The competitions organized will be debate, singing, mimicry and, in sport, table-tennis, cricket, kho-kho and volleyball. Write a Notice to inform all the students.

NOTICE

Rohit Model School, Coimbatore

16th September 2019.

Inter-School CompetitionOur school has organized an Inter-School competition from 20th to 22nd of September, 2019 with Rukmani Devi School, Coimbatore. Nominations are invited from the students who are interested in taking part in debate, mimicry, and singing and in sports, table-tennis, cricket, kho-kho and volleyball. Please give your names to me at the staff room during lunch time.

Suresh
Head of Incharge
Exp. Curricular Activities.

5. You are Secretary Resident Welfare Society, Sundar Nagar, Chennai. Write a circular, which could be sent to all the members of the society to discuss the frequent power cuts and water supply and the ways how to overcome from this situation. You are Raghu Veer Singh.

Notice

Resident Welfare Society, Chennai

3rd June 2019.

All the respected members of the society are humbly requested to assemble in the community hall by 8.00 a.m. on 10.06.2019 to discuss the frequent power cuts and water supply. Your valuable suggestions will help us to resolve the problems smoothly.

Raghu
Secretary

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Letter Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Letter Writing

♦ Letter Writing (Text Book Page No.: 72-74,172-174,199)

A letter is an important means of communication which could be personal or official. Letters are broadly classified into two types: Formal and Informal letter. In Class IX you have studied both the types – formal and informal.

Now let us learn to write a letter ordering goods and how to write a complaint for any damage or any other problem noticed after receiving the goods.

Format of the letter
Sender’s address : (include email and phone number, if required).
Date : (leave one spaceline’ and write the date as, 10 July 2019)
Receiver’s address : (correct address)
Subject of the letter:
Salutation (Sir I Rešpected Sir / Madam),
Body of the letter:
(Introduce yourself and write the purpose of the letter Mention the details of the inquiry Condition)
Closure (Yours,)
Sender’s signature ånd designation (if any)

Exercises
1. Ramesh wanted to write to Mr. Nagaraj asking him to be the Chief Guest for a function in his school. He had the format of his letter ready but had to write the content. Complete the content of his letter in about 100 words.
B City,
3rd July 2019.
From
K. Ramesh,
School Pupil Leader,
XYZ Higher Secondary School,
B City, Pin: XXX XXX.

To
Mr. C. Nagaraj,
Professor of English,
ABC Arts College, K City,
Pin: YYY YYY.

Dear Sir,
Sub: Invitation to preside over the inauguration of Literary Association.
__________________________________
__________________________________

Thank you,
Yours sincerely,
K. Ramesh (SPL)
Answer:
As the academic year has commenced, we have the inauguration of various clubs. I wish to invite you Sir, on behalf of our Principal to preside over the inauguration of the Literary Association that is to be held on 15th July 2019.

The program that will last for an hour is scheduled to begin at 3.30 p.m. We certainly hope that you will be available. We have enclosed a self-addressed envelope for your reply to confirm your acceptance.

2. Shyam wanted to write a letter to his friend who lost the athletic championship by just one point. He had started his letter but had not completed it. Complete the content of his letter in 100 words.

30, 2nd Street,
Shanthi Nagar,
Chennai-600 018
20th August 2019
Dear Friend,
__________________________________
__________________________________

Yours loving friend,
Shyam

Address on the envelope
To
Mr. R. Rajesh,
30, Sarojini Nagar,
Erode -10.
Answer:
I am fine. How are you? I am very sorry to know that you have lost the championship by just one point. Don’t lose heart. This is only an inter-school competition. Soon there will be a state-level competition. Practice well. Surely you will win. All is well.

Convey my regards to all.

3. Rajesh, the School Pupil Leader, wanted to write to the Manager of a factory requesting his permission to visit the factory. He had the format of his letter ready but had yet to write the content. Complete the content of his letter in about 100 words.

B City
25th July, 2019.
From
J. Rajesh,
School Pupil Leader,
XYZ Higher Secondary School,
B City, Pin : XXX XXX.

To
The Manager.
ABC Factory
K City, Pin : XXX XXX.
Dear Sir,
Sub: Requistion of Permission to visit the factory.
__________________________________
__________________________________

I thank you in anticipation for a favourable reply.

Yours sincerely.
J. Rajesh
(SPL)
Answer:
I write this letter requesting permission to visit your factory We are a group of 50 students on an educational tour. We shall be visiting many places of interest in your city and we would like to visit your factory as we are doinga project on the manufacturing Industry. Kindly grant us permission to visit your factory between 5th 7th of August and oblige.

4. Write a letter to your Headmaster requesting him to grant you leave for three days to attend your sister’s marriage.

Erode,
5th August 2019.

From
A. Arun,
X Std ‘B’ Section,
GHS School, Erode.

To
The Headmaster,
GHS School, Erode.

Respected Sir,

Thank you,

Yours obediently,
A. Arun
Answer:
My sister is getting married on 7th August at Coimbatore. I want to attend the function. We are leaving for Coimbatore on 6 August So I request you to kindly, grant me leave for 3 days from 06.08.2019 to 08.08.20 19.

5. Dhanyo wanted to write a letter to her friend Riya to ask her ¡f she could spend her Pongal holidays with her. She had started the letter but had not completed the content of her letter in about loo words.

21A, 4th Cross,
Anna Nagar,
Chennai -600020.
26th December 2019.

Dear Riya,
__________________________________
__________________________________

Yours loving friend,
Dhanya

Address on the envelope

To
Selvi. R. Riya
201, Sannithi Street,
Thirunelveli.
Answer:
I am fine. I hope this letter finds you in the best of health. I am very happy to invite you to my home for Pongal Holidays. In my village Pongal celebrations are held in a grand manner. We can enjoy many cultural programs here. I wish to spend happy days with you. If you come, we can enjoy this year Ponga!. Please bring your tygita1 Video Camera so that we can record the programs. Will you please confirm your visit?

6. K. Rajesh wrote a letter to the President of his Town Panchayat requesting him to provide street lamps in his locality. Write the content of this letter in about 100 words.

14th July 2019.

From
K. Rajesh,
64, South Street,
A City.

To,
The President,
Town Panchayat,
A City.

Respected Sir,
Sub: Provision of street lights – regarding.
__________________________________
__________________________________

Yours faithfully,
K. Rajesh
Answer:
I wish to bring to your kind attention that there are no street lamps in our street. The residents face several difficulties in walking in the Street during night time. Thefts and chain snatchings are happening frequently. Hence, I request you to take necessary steps to provide street lamps in our locality.

Thank you.

7. Ramesh wanted to apply for the post of typist in a firm. He started writing a letter to the Manager of the firm. Ramesh could not complete the letter. Complete the content of his letter in about loo words.

21st June, 2019

From
R. Ramesh,
27, SS. Colony, VI Street,
Anna Nagar.

To
The Manager,
Kayes Computers,
24, Big Street,
Triplicane.

Respected Sir,
__________________________________
__________________________________

Date: Yours sincerely,
Place: (R. Ramesh)
Answer:
With reference to your advertisement in ‘The Hindu’ dated 15-9-2019, I wish to apply for the post of ‘Typist’ in your organization. I have passed 10th Std with 85% marks and typewriting higher grade. I have also completed a certificate course in computer. I have enclosed my bio-data herewith. I request you to kindly consider my application. if! am selected, I will do my best.

8. Maran started writing a letter to his friend describing a particular bird that he has seen in Vedanthangol, He is unable to complete the letter. Complete the content: of his letter in about 100 words.

Erode, :
15th, July 2019
My dear Balu,
__________________________________
__________________________________

Yours loving friend,
Maran

Address on the envelope:

To
S. Balu,
10A, Nehru street,
Madurai -20
Answer:
Hope this letter finds you in the best of health.

Last week, I went to Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, which is located about 75 km from Chennai.

There were around 2000 migratory birds on that day I visited. Of all the birds I had seen, a particular bird impressed me very much. Its name is Flamingo.

Mostly adult Flamingos were seen with Juveniles at the lake. The color of this bird is pink. Flamingos are powerful fliers. When flying in a flock the speed will be as high as 55km per hour. They hold their mouth upside down while feeding, so they can filter out their food while swimming the water.

I was very happy seeing the Flamingos family.

Convey my regards to your parents.

9. Vineeth is the pupil leader ofGHSS, Sa” He has arranged for an educational tour to Mahabalipuram. He needs to reserve two buses for the trip.

Vineeth starts writing a letter to the Manager of Tamilnadu Express Transport Corporation. Vineeth has the format ready but is yet to complete the letter. Complete the content of his letter about loo words.

Salem,
31 August 2019

From
K. Vineeth
Government Higher Secondary School,
Ramanujam Street, Salem.

To
The Manager,
Tamilnadu Express Transport Corporation,
Salem.

Sir,
Sub: Requisition for reserving two
buses – Reg.
__________________________________
__________________________________

Thank you,
Yours truly,
(K. Vineeth)

Address on the envelope:

To
The Manager,
Tamilnadu Express Transport Corporation,
Salem.
Answer:
a party of 100 students and five teachers have planned fàr an educational tour to Mahabalipuram. We need two buses for the trip. Please inform the availability of the buses and the charges. Expecting your reply at the earliest.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing

♦ Slogan Writing (Text Book Page No.: 70, 71)

A slogan is usually a short phrase that is easy and catchy to remember. They are often used in advertisements and by political parties or organizations who expect people to remember what they are selling, the words used in a slogan are simple, relevant, attractive and brief.

Exercises: Type 1

Match the following products and slogans appropriately :

Question 1.
(a) Call taxi – Learn management
(b Generator – If you call it will reach in minutes
(c) Business studies – The cup that cheers
(d) Glass – Non stop power
(e) Tea – Handle with care
Answer:
(a) If you call it will reach In minutes
(b) Non stop power
(c) Learn management
(d) Hmd1e with care
(e) The cup that cheers

Question 2.
(a) Air conditioner – Quick solutions
(b) Calculator – Feel the chillness all over
(c) Water – Protects from sun and rain
(d) Cycle – Waste not, want not
(e) Umbrella – Easy ride
Answer:
(a) Feel the chillness all over
(b) Quick solutions
(c) Waste not, want not
(d) Easy ride
(«) Protects from Sun and rain

Question 3.
(a) Health drink – For long shiny hair
(b) Camera – Plastic money
(c) Hair oil – Save your bones
(d) Motor bike – Keep the moments
(e) Credit cards – Moves like wind
Answer:
(a) Save your bones
(b) Keep the moments
(c) For long shiny hair
(d) Moves like wind
(e) Plastic money

Question 4.
(a) Chewing gum – Say hello’ with flowers
(b) Bouquet – Waters with ease
(c) Lozenges – Massages your gums gently
(d) Tooth brush – Cool comfort for sore throat
(e) Garden hose – Makes your teeth strong
Answer:
(a) Massages your gums gently
(b) Say ‘hello’ with flowers
(c) Cool comfort for sore throat
(d) Makes your teeth Strong
(e) Waters with ease

Question 5.
(a) ATM Card – World in your hand
(b) Cell phone – Gives knowledge
(c) Tea – Your smile becomes a wonder
(d) Book – The cup that gives refreshment
(e) Tooth paste – Any Time Money
Answer:
(a) Any Time Money
(b) World in your hand
(c) The cup that gives refreshment
(d) Gives knowledge
(e) Your smile becomes a wonder

Question 6.
(a) Bathing soap – say cheese and freeze
(b) Health drink – increases your IQ
(c) Wall Paper – glowing skin
(d) Digital camera – gives you strength
(e) Books – no paints, no colour
Answer:
(a) glowing skin
(b) gives you strength
(c) no paints, no colour
(d) say cheese and freeze
(e) increases your IQ

Question 7.
(a) cement – it removes adamant stains
(b) bike – it binds for centuries
(c) pen – storehouse of knowledge
(d) library it glides on the paper
(e) washing powder – it races like a horse
Answer:
(a) it binds for centuries
(b) it races like a horse
(c) it gildes on the paper
(d) storehouse of knowledge
(e) it removes adamant stains

Question 8.
(a) Books – The Cup that Chees
(b) Ointment – Everlasting Friends
(c) Shoes – Smooth Cure
(d) Mixer grinder – Kitchen Mate
(e) Tea – Comfortable soles
Answer:
(a) Everlasting Friends
(b) Smooth Cure
(c) Comfortable soles
(d) Kitchen Mate
(e) ‘tle Cup that Cheers

Question 9.
(a) Motor Bike – Best look guaranteed
(b) Sun Glasses – Flawless writing flows
(c) Ice – cream – The world in your room
(d) Computer – Ride with pride
(e) Micro-tip pen – Melts in your mouth
Answer:
(a) Ride with Pride
(b) Best look guaranteed
(c) Melts in your mouth
(d) The world in your room
(e) Flawless writing flows

Question 10.
(a) Calender – Handle with care
(b) Glass – Makes your travel easy
(c) Suitcase – Sharp time for sharp people
(d) Tea – Passing of days
(e) Watch – The cup that cheers
Answer:
(a) Passing of days
(b) Handlewithcare
(c) Makes your travel easy
(d) The cup that cheers
(e) Sharp time for sharp people

Exercise: Type 2

Write a slogan for the products mentioned.

Question 1.
Jewelry
Answer:
Dazzle and sparkle.

Question 2.
Lens
Answer:
A clear vision of future.

Question 3.
Binoculars
Answer:
Bring close the distant.

Question 4.
Camera
Answer:
Lets capture the moment.

Question 5.
Credit card
Answer:
Plastic money/buy now pay later.

Question 6.
Eraser
Answer:
Erases everything.

Question 7.
Shaving cream
Answer:
a neat face in two seconds.

Question 8.
Wet grinder
Answer:
A friend in your kitchen.

Question 9.
Fridge
Answer:
Keeps our food cool.

Question 10.
Helmet
Answer:
Protect your head.

Question 1.
Shampoo
Answer:
Leaves our hair smooth.

1Question 2.
Footwear
Answer:
We care your foot.

Question 3.
Gum
Answer:
Fixes everything.

Question 4.
Watch
Answer:

Sharp time.

Question 5.
Diary
Answer:
Pen your thoughts.

Exercises: Type 3

Look at the pictures given below and frame your own slogans.
Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 1
Answer:
If you cut the tree, you kill a life. If you save a tree, you save a life. If you plant a tree, you plant a life.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 2
Answer:
Eat right, be bright. Take care of your body and it will take care of you. Those who do not find time for exercise will have to find time for illness. Eat a healthy meal to help your body heal.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 3
Answer:
If you’re a blood donor, you’re a hero to someone. Somewhere, who receives your gracious gift of life.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 4
Answer:
Save Earth! Keep it cool! Stop global warming.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 5
Answer:
Save water and save it for future!!

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Slogan Writing 6
Answer:
Recycle and reuse plastics!! Avoid plastic garbage.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Speech Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Speech Writing

♦ Writing Speech (Text Book Page No.: 39,40,135)

How to Write a Good Speech

  1. Have an inspiring OPENING and ENDING.
  2. Appropriate(suitable)TONE of VOICE, (e.g.) sincere for a serious issue, humour for comedy etc
  3. Adapt speech for PURPOSE and AUDIENCE, (e.g.) teenagers, mixed audience, teachers, children etc
  4. Organise IDEAS logically and do not confuse the audience.
  5. Use EMOTIVE language to CONVINCE your audience that what you are saying should be listened to. (e.g.) Even if they put us in chains, torture us and leave us to bleed we will not move. Blood will be our victory!
  6. Use Rhetorical Questions – asking a question for persuasive effect without expecting are play (because the answer is obvious) Eg: Was he not a good man? (knowing that the audience agree anyway)
  7. Make sure you are writing in the CORRECT PERSON (e.g.) I believe that… I knew him well…
  8. Use interesting facts and figures (e.g.) 200000 people… with diagrams or charts to help your audience visualize it.

Public Speaking Skills

Public speaking involves communicating information before a large audience. In public speaking, the information is purposeful and meant to inform, influence or entertain a group of listeners.

A Few Starters For Welcome Address

  • It is our pleasure to introduce our chief guest as the speaker for this evening. We cannot think of a person more qualified to address the audience.
  • Young minds are like sponges and they are looking for the right input to soak it in. We cannot think of a person more suited to this than our guest of honour to whom we extend a warm and hearty welcome.
  • Its my pride and privilege to introduce our chief guest Mr/Mrs. (or) Thiru/Thirumathi who is very well known to you because of his service to mankind in the field of education.

A Few Starters For Vote Of Thanks

  • Respected Chief guest, Principal, teachers, students, ladies, and gentlemen, good evening. It is my honour and privilege to propose the vote of thanks to this august gathering. I would like to thank Principal madam for giving me this opportunity.
  • Today my words are not enough to express my gratitude. On behalf of the organizing committee and our school, I would like to thank our Chief Guest for the day, Mrs./Mr./Th iru/Th irumathi, who graced the occasion with his/her presence and guidance.
  • We are grateful to all the parents present here, your encouragement has helped us to organise such important events.

Exercises

1. You are Anu. On women’s day, you are asked to deliver a speech on changing role of women in 21st century acknowledging their significant contribution in changing face of modern era. Your speech should not exceed the limit of 120-150 words.
Answer:
Respected Principal, Teachers and My Dear Friends,

I am delighted to have this golden opportunity of expressing my views on the ROLE OF WOMEN on the eve of “WOMAN’S DAY”.

In the past, women were considered inferior to man. Today, Woman are as good as men in every aspect. They have proved their worth. Name any field of progress wherein they have not left their mark? They are known for their sincerity, sensibility, hard work and timely wit. They have never failed in using them in time of need. Women like Saina Nehwal and Shreya Ghosal have excelled in their respective task. Being woman myself, I feel tremendous power in myself and see no reason to lag behind. I am proud to be a woman. We know that modern world cannot afford to leave women as they have time and again made the world realise their strong presence.

I acknowledge the vital role the women play for the emancipation of the society and their immense contribution in shaping and creating a strong nation with their spirit of dedication, devotion and duty.

Thank you.

2. Some young people have little leisure time and are under a lot of pressure to work hard in their studies. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? Prepare speech titled as ‘Leisure is necessary for hard work’.
Answer:
Good Morning!

Respected Principal Madam. Worthy teachers and my dear friends,

Today I would like to present my views on the topic ‘Leisure is necessary for hard work’.Some young people find themselves with very little leisure time. I believe there are two, main causes of this situation. The first is parental pressure and the second is competition in our educational system. Every parent wants to see his or her child doing well in school and go on to have a successful career. This means that they exert pressure on their children to spend hours each day studying at home. Soipe even arrange extra tuition for their children. As a consequence, their leisure time is extremely limited and the pressure on them is considerable.

The second cause is related to the higher education system. Only high graded candidates are allowed to get good streams of studying for the future. This contributes to the pressure on teenagers since they must work long hours to have any chance of success.

One solution to the problem is for parents to be made aware of the effects of the pressure they put on their children. Schools should inform parents that too much pressure can lead to anxiety Stress and depression. Sometimes out of depression they commit suicide as they have no courage to face the parents and teachers scolding. They should be shown ways in which they can help their children lead more balanced lives with a reasonable amount of leisure time. Another effective measure in order to overcome competition and suicide cases of students, is necessary to apply equal grading system to the students so that life seems to be worth full to live instead of stressful.

Thank you.

3. In modem life, we have to face many problems, one of which is traffic congestion becoming more serious day after day. It is said that the high volume of vehicles, the inadequate infrastructure and irrational distribution of the development are the main reasons for increasing traffic jam. Prepare a speech on traffic congestion. Write about the cause as well as the solution to it.
Answer:
Good morning to one and all.

The major cause leading to traffic congestion is the rise in number of vehicles and over-population and the development of economy. To solve this problem, the government should encourage people to use public transportation or vehicles with small size such as bicycles or increase tax on private vehicles.

The inadequate infrastructure cannot handle the issue of traffic is also a crucial reason. The public transport such as a bus, the subway train is not available in many routes and their quality is ’ very bad. Besides, the highway road network is incapable of meeting the requirement of an increasing number of vehicles. Coping with these difficulties, the government should make an investment in the traffic facilities, like build overpasses and more lanes in the streets.

Apparently, the irrational distribution of development and the lack of conscience make the traffic worse and worse. The head offices, the universities or hospitals often located in the centre of city attracting a heavy flow of people in rush hour. To handle this situation, the government should make proper rules, for instance, some university or office will be moved to the outskirt of the city. It is necessary to encourage people to obey the traffic rules which will greatly change the problem of traffic. Finally, its high time we are aware of the disadvantages as well as the solutions to traffic congestion. With great effort from each individual and the government, our society will be definitely cleaner and well organized.

Thank you.

4. You are required to speak on ‘Pollution’ in the school morning assembly. Prepare your speech taking help from the following points. You may use ideas contained in the unit ‘Environment’. Write your answer in your answer sheet using hot more than 120 words.

Respected Principal, dear teachers and my lovely friends. Today I stand before you to speak on pollution. Environmental pollution is one of the major and serious problems that is being faced by developing countries. The ecological balance of the earth is being threatened by it. Air and water are polluted by the toxic constituents. Noise pollution has destroyed the calm and serenity of our surroundings.

The main sources of pollution are increasing vehicular traffic and garbage. The petrol or diesel being used in the vehicles emits toxic smoke which contains lethal gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide. All those inhaling these gases contract deadly diseases. These are like bronchitis, asthma and other breathing problems. The accumulating garbage emits the foul smell. It is the birthplace of many contagious diseases. Various leather and chemical industries pollute both the air and the water by belching out poisonous smoke and effluents in watercourses.

The increasing feeling of trees, building of darns and upcoming of congested localities has played havoc with the dean environment. Human life is in real danger. We need to plant more trees at every possible patch of land. I understand that there is also a need of shifting industries and mills established in congested colonies to safer places. To control traffic carpools must be made so that the emission level from them is contained within prescribed levels.

Thank you all!

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Report Writing

Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Report Writing

A report is designed to lead people through the information in a structured way, and also to enable them to find the information that they want quickly and easily. It is a short, sharp, concise document which is written for a particular purpose and audience.

Format of a report:

  • Title of the report
  • Report Writer’s name
  • What ….? (name of the event)
  • When…..? (day and time of the event)
  • Where…..? (venue of the event)
  • Why…? (the purpose of the event)
  • Who…? (Chief guest,)
  • How…? (the details of the event like Program, its impact etc.)
  • Use simple sentences in the Past Tense.
  • Be brief.
  • Do not exaggerate the event.

Example :
Here is a sample report on the Annual Sports Day of a school. Observe the format and the language used.
Answer:

Annual Sports Day

-By Charan, X – C

Government Higher Secondary School, Hosur, organized the Annual Sports Day on August 29, 2018. The event was to inculcate the spirit of sportsmanship and fondness for sports in children. Approximately 1,000 students participated in the track and field events. The program began with a prayer rendered by the school choir. Following this, the Headmaster delivered the welcome speech. The Sports Day was inaugurated by the Chief Guest, followed by march past, led by the school captain with a placard bearing the School’s name and motto. Then the much-awaited track and field events began. As the events went by, the school campus reverberated with enthusiastic cheers from the spectators. Many new school level records were made in 50 metres, 100 metres, and 200 metres races. The merit and participation certificates were given away by the Chief Guest and Guests of Honour. In his speech, the Chief Guest praised the endeavors of the school. Then, the Headmaster proposed the vote of thanks. The event ended with the National Anthem.

Exercises

1. To promote healthy eating habits amongst school children your school recently organized a ‘Nutritious Food and Snacks Competition’. As Adhvika, the student editor of your school magazine, write a report about this event in 100 words.
Answer:

ESI Nutritious Food and Snacks Competition

– By Adhvika, X – B

Hundreds of parents and students participated in ‘Nutritious Food and Snacks Competition’ organized by XYZ School, XXX, yesterday, to increase awareness about healthy eating habits. The awareness campaign was aimed at both students, who snack by grabbing burgers, fries, potato chips, or chocolates, as well as for parents, who are juggling busy schedules where fast food becomes a convenient option. The school organized a Healthy Cooking Competition wherein all recipes involved healthy food like salads, whole-grain bread, and roasted snacks.

The winner amongst parents was Mrs. Minakshi and amongst students was Suma of X B. The eminent nutrition expert, Dr. Viji, the chief guest said, ‘When it comes to smart snacking, think small portions, think healthy portions!’ This competition was an eye-opener for one and all.

2. Write a newspaper report on a Bus Accident.
Answer:

Ten Killed In An Accident on the Highway

– By Rajesh

Ten people were killed and 25 injured when a private bus skidded off the road and fell into a river near Trichy. This is the third major road accident in this district in less than a month. The accident took place in Ariyalur Village, about 22 km from Trichy where it was headed to. Superintendent of police Madhusudhan told over the phone from the spot that the injured were admitted to the zonal hospital. The dead were mainly men and belonged to nearby villages.

Tamilnadu Board Class 10 English Solutions