Sir C.V. Raman, a distinguished Indian physicist, is renowned for his groundbreaking contributions to the field of science. His most notable achievement, the discovery of the “Raman Effect” in 1928, revolutionized the study of light scattering and earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics. Read More Class 8 English Summaries.
Sir C.V. Raman Summary
Sir C.V. Raman Summary in English
Sir C.V. Raman was a great scientist. He won the Nobel prize for his work on the scattering of light and his discovery of the Effect of Light Rays [Raman Effect]. The govt gifted him 25 acres of land to carry out further research work. Raman Institute was the dream child of Sir C.V. Raman.
1. He was born on November 7th, 1888 in Trichy. His parents were Chandrasekhar Iyar and Parvathi Ammal. His father was a professor of Physics at Hindu College, Vishakapatnam. Raman studied there. He was very much interested in science from his boyhood days. He had made the model dynamo in his early childhood. He borrowed science books from college students and read them. He showed great interest in science. He used to fall sick now and then.
2. He got First class in Matriculation examination at the age of 12. He joined Presidency college and his relatives wanted him to give up science and take History and Economics as his special subjects for B.A. But Raman took Physics and secured I Rank and a number of prizes in B.A. He passed M.A. Physics in January 1907.
3. After M.A., he wanted to go to the U.K for higher studies in Science. Because of his health. This was the greatest disappointment in his life. He got the first place in Competitive examinations and was appointed Deputy Accountant General in 1907 at Calcutta. All his relatives felt happy. But Raman felt like a fish out of water in his new post. He still had hopes and waiting for an opportunity to become a Scientist.
4. Even though he was Deputy Accountant General he mixed with scientists and took interest in science. Once he saw a banner of science, he got off the moving train and went to meet the scientists. Once he heard an institution had bought a piece of Modem Scientific apparatus, he hurriedly went to have a look at it.
5. In 1911, he was appointed as Special Accountant General for Posts and Telegraphs in Calcutta. When he was offered the post of Professor at Calcutta University, he jumped at this offer and accepted gladly. After 15 years of service, he became the Director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. The Raman Research Institute was started in 1948. He be¬came the Director of the Research Institute.
6. He was a great scientist, he would for¬get all about food and rest while he was at work, his wife had often to tell him that his breakfast or coffee was getting cold. He saw the wonderful blue of the Mediterranean Sea, this led him to work on the Laws of Light scattering in liquids and discovered the Raman Effect. For this, he got the Nobel Prize in 1930.
7. Raman was a kind man. When he was working as the Deputy Accountant General, he helped to exchange a burnt 100 Rupee note of a villager to a new one. Once Raman admitted candidate to Raman Research Institute though he failed in the test because of his honesty.
8. Raman got a number of honors and medals. In 1929 he was knighted by King George V and became Sir C.V.Raman. number of Universities honoured him with Doctorates. The government of India awarded him with Bharat Ratna in 1954. The Soviet Union honored him the International Lenin Prize.
9. Raman died on 21st November 1970 at the age of 82. India lost her great son and the world, a great scientist.
In conclusion, Sir C.V. Raman’s legacy in the world of science is profound and enduring. His discovery of the Raman Effect revolutionized the field of optics and established India’s presence on the global scientific stage.
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