Quality of Mercy Poem Summary

“Quality of Mercy” is a thought-provoking and reflective poem by William Shakespeare, found in his play “The Merchant of Venice.” In this poem, Portia, disguised as a legal authority, delivers a famous speech on the nature of mercy and its profound significance in human interactions. Portia explores the idea that mercy is a divine quality, and she implores humanity to be merciful in their judgments and actions. Read More Class 10 English Summaries.

Quality of Mercy Poem Summary

Quality of Mercy Poem Summary in English

“Quality of Mercy” is the extract taken from the play “The Merchant of Venice” In the play, Portia, the main character argues why mercy is the greatest virtue of all? The well-known poet William Shakespeare describes the quality of mercy through Portia in the play. This is not the poem or a sonnet only argument of Portia. Here Portia conveys and the greatness of Mercy.

The quality of mercy is not showered by force or compulsion. It showered like a gentle rain directly from Heaven or paradise to Earth. Whenever mercy is given, it comes back i.e., gives and take. So it is blessed by two times. It becomes strongest of strongest, never ceased. The kings and emperors of the earth had their power. They had all the worldly powers, they can J do, what they were thinking. They can rule as they like.

Their quality or character makes the threat in the hearts of the people. The people had fear about their king’s power, though they had majesty (dignity). But if the kings had mercy in their heart, it ruled over their power. Mercy should be seated in the hearts of the kings, they become like that of God. Then their royal power changes to God’s power. They are good to their people and loved by subjects (people). So mercy is my quality of God those who cultivate mercy in their character, they become like God. Accord ’g to the author, mercy is the divine quality and greatest virtue of all.


In conclusion, William Shakespeare’s “Quality of Mercy” eloquently emphasizes the noble nature of mercy and its capacity to transcend legalistic and judgmental attitudes. The poem implores us to embrace compassion and forgiveness as divine virtues, reminding us that by showing mercy, we reflect the best aspects of our humanity.

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