DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 17 Notes – Major Religions

These DAV Class 7 SST Notes and DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 17 Notes – Major Religions hold significant importance as study material for students.

Major Religions Class 7 DAV Notes

→ Islam and Sikhism and different religious movements started in India during 7th to 15th century.

→ Islam was founded by Prophet Mohammad.

→ He was against idol worship. Since the orthodox and rich people of Mecca did not like him so he moved to Madina.

→ After the death of Prophet Mohammad his friend, Abu Bakr, embraced Islam. He became a Khalifa.

→ Islam propogated faith in Allah and the prophethood of Mohammad. Prophet Mohammad preached that Allah punishes us for the bad deeds and rewards us for good deeds. He also propagated the concept of equality.

→ Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak, the first Guru of the Sikhs. He believed in Nirankar Brahma or God. For him, Rama and Rahim were the same. He believed in selfless and honest service to humanity.

→ The second Guru was Guru Angad. He collected the hymns of Guru Nanak in Gurumukhi script. Guru Govind Singh became the last Guru. He created the Khalsa Panth at Anandpur popularly known as Takhat Sri Keshgarh Sahib on the day of Baishakhi in 1699 CE.

DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 17 Notes - Major Religions

→ Bhakti movement started during medieval period initially. Bhakti saints believed in the worship of God that is formless. Nirankar, ommipotent and ommipresent. They did not favour idol worship.

→ Bhakti movement spread in all parts of India. The Bhakti saints used local languages to preach their message. They opposed caste system, superstitions and narrow mindedness. Kabir and Nanak preached Hindu Muslim unity.

→ Kabir was one of India’s most quoted poet and mystic.

→ Tulsidas made the worship of Rama popular in north. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Meera, Narshimha Mehta and Surdas were the ardent devotees of Krishna.

→ Sufis were Muslim mystics. They gave emphasis on love and devotion to one God and compassion towards all fellow human beings. They believed in Guru Shishya relationship. Guru was called Pir and Shishya was called Murid.

→ Some famous Sufi saints were Baba Farid, Bakhtar Kaki, Nizamuddin Aulia, Sheikh Salim Chisti, Amir Khusro, etc.

→ Revelation : The light of wisdom.

→ Mecca and Madina : Two holy cities of pilgrimage for the Muslims.

→ Roza : Fast

→ Sangat: Religious gathering where everyone recites the name of God without any distinction of caste, creed colour or race.

→ Pangat : Eating langer by sitting together in a row without any discrimination of rich or poor, caste, creed, race or colour.

→ Adi-Granth : Sacred scripture of Sikhs.

→ Akal Takht: The throne of God.

DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 17 Notes - Major Religions

→ Alvars : Saints devoted to Vishnu.

→ Nayanars : Saints devoted to Shiva.

→ Pir: Teacher.

→ Murid : Shishya or disciple.

→ Kanqahs : Hermitage of ashram.

→ Silsiia : Five orders of Sufism.

→ Dargah : Grave of a Muslim saint.

→ Khalifa : Head of the Muslim world.

→ Mystics : Those who believe in abstract spiritual truths.

→ Nirankar Brahma : God is formless.

→ Omnipotent: Having absolute power.

→ Omnipresent: Present everywhere at the same time.