DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 18 Notes – Democracy and Equality

These DAV Class 7 SST Notes and DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 18 Notes – Democracy and Equality hold significant importance as study material for students.

Democracy and Equality Class 7 DAV Notes

→ India gained freedom from the British rule on 15 August, 1947 after a long and difficult struggle.

→ A Constitution was framed for independent India. It came into effect on 26 January 1950.

→ The preamble to our Constitution states the aims and objectives of our Constitution. Each government is supposed to keep these in mind while making laws.

→ The constitution of India is a written document. It lays down powers and functions of the government. It guarantees equality to all citizens and thus establishes a rule of non-discrimination by the state in every sphere.

→ Our Constitution has granted Universal Adult Franchise i.e., Right to Vote to everyone, who is above 18 years of age without any discrimination of caste, colour, religion or language.

DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 18 Notes - Democracy and Equality

→ The people of India cast their votes and elect their representatives for a fixed period. These representatives run the government according to the wishes of the people.

→ Elections are held every five years. Many political parties participate in elections. The party or a combination of parties that gets the majority forms the government.

→ The leader of the party or a person, whom the combination of parties support, becomes the Prime Minister. A party or the combination of parties, that fail to get majority of seats in the election, perform the role of opposition. It keeps a check on the ruling government.

→ Our Constitution has entrusted the government with the responsibility of providing social, economic and political equality to all in order to make Indian democracy highly successful.

→ Our Constitution gives us the right to Equality. But unfortunately thousands of people are still struggling for equality.

→ Reservation with special facilities is given to the weaker sections to ensure their proportionate share in all walks of life so that they could live a life of respect and dignity.

→ The government of India has implemented the provisions of the Constitution given under the Right to Equality in two ways- Many laws have been made to protect the Right to Equality, many programmes and schemes have been launched for SCs/STs and OBCs.

→ Reservation has been provided to the weaker sections of the society in order to liberate them from oppression and backwardness.

→ Our government has also adopted various measures to provide education, employment, etc.

→ Literacy programmes like operation Black Board etc. have gained propularity. Mid-day meals have been started to increase the enrolement in schools.

→ Special steps have been taken for tribal and rural children to include them in developmental programmes.

→ Preamble : An introduction to the Indian Constitution containing the philosophy on which the entire Constitution has been built.

→ Constitution : A set of regulations that a set of people have made and agreed upon.

→ Fraternity : Feeling of brotherhood.

→ Liberty : Freedom to live as one chooses without too many restrictions from government or authority.

→ Secular: Freedom to follow any religion. There is no official religion.

DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 18 Notes - Democracy and Equality

→ Sovereign : Right to make decision on external as well as internal matters. No external power can dictate the government of India.

→ Universal Adult Franchise : Right to vote to everyone who is above 18 years of age without any discrimination of caste, colour, creed, religion, region or language.

→ Community : People living together sharing common interests.

→ Democracy : A kind of system where people have supreme power. They rule through their representatives.

→ Opposition : All parties other than the party/parties in power.

→ Representative : A person elected/chosen to act or speak on behalf of the people for a fixed period.

→ Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes : Disadvantaged groups enlisted in Article 341 of the Indian Constitution.