DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 16 Notes – Emergence of Independent States

These DAV Class 7 SST Notes and DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 16 Notes – Emergence of Independent States hold significant importance as study material for students.

Emergence of Independent States Class 7 DAV Notes

→ The downfall of the Mughal empire started from the closing of seventeenth century. This was caused by a number of factors. Aurangzeb had depleted the military and financial resources of his empire by fighting a long war in Deccan.

→ The successors of Aurangzeb were all inefficient and it became increasingly difficult for them to keep a check on their powerful nobles/mansabdars. They started establishing independent states like Hyderabad, Awadh and Bengal. Other small independent kingdoms included Mysore, Sikh, Maratha, Rajput, etc.

→ Bengal gradually broke away from Mughal control under Murshid Quli Khan. After his death Shuja-ud-din and Alivardi Khan became the Nawabs of Bengal subsequently.

→ The state of Awadh was established by Saadat Khan in 1722. He was succeeded by his nephew, Safdar Jung in 1739. He established peace which led to the development and prosperity of Awadh.

→ The state of Hydrabad was founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah in 1724. He was a powerful noble under the Mughal emperor, Farrukh Siyar.

→ The states of Bengal, Awadh and Hyderabad never openly asserted their independence even though they had established independent kingdoms. But, there were other states that openly asserted their independence from the Mughal empire. They were the Sikhs, the Marathas and the Rajputs.

DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 16 Notes - Emergence of Independent States

→ Many Rajputs tried to establish independent states after the death of Aurangzeb.

→ The state of Mysore rose to prominence in south India after the decline of the Mughal power.

→ Ambassadors : An accredited diplomat sent by a state as its representative in a foreign country.

→ Fickle-minded : Persons or things that are not firm or steady in behaviour, opinion or loyalty.

→ Guerilla warfare : Making surprise attacks on the enemy in small groups especially in mountainous region.

→ Lingua franca : Language adopted as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different.

→ Tributes : An act or statement to show gratitude, respect or admiration.