These DAV Class 6 SST Notes and DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 23 Notes – Our Rural Governance hold significant importance as study material for students.
Our Rural Governance Class 6 DAV Notes
→ In India, there is a self-governing body in every village or city that assists the people to meet their community needs.
→ These self-governing bodies consist of elected representatives of the people and work at three levels Gram Panchayat at the village level, Block Samiti or Panchayat Samiti at block level, and Zila Parishad or Zila Panchayat at district level.
→ Gram Sabha is the general body of the village. All the men and women of the village who have attained the age of 18 years are registered as voters from the Gram Sabha.
→ The head of a Gram Panchayat is called Sarpanch or Pradhan. He is elected by the Gram Sabha.
→ Gram Sabha takes important decisions about the welfare and development of the village. These are later implemented by the Gram Panchayat. Gram Sabha also approves the annual budget of the Gram Panchayat.
→ The Village Panchayat gets its income from taxes and grants or aid from the government.
→ There is a Nyaya Panchayat for every three or four villages to settle disputes and provide justice. It hears and decides only civil and criminal cases of minor nature. It cannot sent a person to jail.
→ Block Samiti at the block level deals with large projects like construction of link roads, etc. It works as a link between the Gram Panchayat at the Zila Parishad.
→ Some members of the Panchayat Samiti are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. For the smooth functioning of the Block, the members elect a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman from amongst themselves for a period of 5 years.
→ The Block Development Officer (BDO) takes care of the administrative work.
→ The Panchayat Samiti looks after the works for relating to the development and welfare of the villages of a particular block.
→ The income of the Block Samiti comes from two sources by levying taxes on water, land, etc. and by getting grants from the State Government.
→ The Zila Parishad is the open local self-body of Panchayati Raj system. It supervises and coordinates the works of all Block Samitis of the district and also of the Gram Panchayats under them.
→ The Zila Parishad elects a President and a Vice President from amongst its members for a term of 5 years.
→ It acts as a link between the State Government and the Block Samitis and the Village Panchayats.
→ The Zila Parishad gets financial grant from the State Government. It also gets the rent of its properties.
→ Sarpanch : The head of a Gram Panchayat.
→ Nyaya Panchayat: A form of village court.
→ BDO : Block Development Officer who takes care of the administrative works of the Block,
→ Panch : The member of a Gram Panchayat.
→ Animal Husbandry : The science of breeding and taking care of farm animals.
→ Co-operative Societies : An autonomous association of persons to meet common goals, e.g. AMUL.
→ Ex-officio : A person who automatically becomes a member of a body because he holds a particular post.
→ Grants : Financial help from the government.
→ Trespassing : Entering someone’s land or property without permission.
→ Veterinary : Relating to the diseases, injuries and treatment of farm and domestic animals.