The DAV Books Solutions Class 5 Maths and **DAV Class 5 Maths Chapter 11 Worksheet 3** Solutions of Profit and Loss offer comprehensive answers to textbook questions.

## DAV Class 5 Maths Ch 11 Worksheet 3 Solutions

Question 1.

Complete the table by filling in the column of the selling price. The first one is done for you.

Solution:

(b) Loss = ₹ 11

S.P. = C.P. – Loss

= ₹ 85 – ₹ 11

= ₹ 74

(c) C.P. = ₹ 480

Profit = ₹ 75

S.P. = C.P. + Profit

= ₹ 480 + ₹ 75

= ₹ 555

(d) C.P. = ₹ 1,200

Loss = ₹ 195

S.P. = C.P. – Loss

= ₹ 1,200 – ₹ 195

= ₹ 1,005

(e) C.P. = ₹ 4,250

Profit = ₹ 300

S.P. = C.P. + Profit

= ₹ 4,250 + ₹ 300

= ₹ 4,550

Question 2.

Solve the following questions.

(a) A shopkeeper purchased a saree for ₹ 375 and sold it at a gain of ₹ 90. Find the selling price of the saree.

Solution:

C.P. of saree = ₹ 375

Gain = ₹ 90

S.P. of saree = C.P. + Gain

= ₹ 375 + ₹ 90

= ₹ 465

(b) A watchmaker bought an old watch for ₹ 420 and spent ₹ 85 on repairs. If he sold the watch at a gain of ₹ 60, find the selling price of the watch.

Solution:

C.P. of old watch = ₹ 420

Amount spent on repairing = ₹ 85

Actual cost price of the watch = ₹ 505

Gain = ₹ 60

S.P. of watch = C.P. + Gain

= ₹ 505 + ₹ 60

= ₹ 565

(c) Rahul purchased a storybook for ₹ 225. After reading it, he sold it to his friend at a loss of ₹ 120. Find the amount paid by his friend for the book.

Solution:

C.P. of storybook = ₹ 225

Loss = ₹ 120

S.P. of storybook = C.P. – Loss

= ₹ 225 – ₹ 120

= ₹ 105

Word Problems

Example 1.

Sahil buys oranges from the wholesale market at ₹ 40 per kilogram. By selling it he gains ₹ 3 per kilogram. What is the selling price of oranges?

Solution:

Cost price = ₹ 40

Profit = + ₹ 3

Selling price = ₹ 43

Thus the selling price of the oranges is ₹ 43.

Example 2.

Ashi buys a pen for ₹ 50. She had to sell it at a loss of ₹ 6. Find the selling price.

Solution:

Ashi has made a loss of ₹ 6. So, the selling price should be less than the cost price.

Solution:

Cost price = ₹ 50

Loss = – ₹ 6

Selling price = ₹ 44

Thus the selling price of a pen is ₹ 44.