Facebook Essay | Essay on Facebook for Students and Kids in English, Is Facebook Good or Bad?

Essay on Facebook

Facebook Essay: Facebook is a long-range interpersonal communication site that associates individuals from one side of the planet to the other. It has made the planet earth a worldwide town. With only a single tick, you can associate with somebody living abroad.

Facebook has become one of the most popular people-to-person communication destinations. Notwithstanding, it accompanies its own arrangements of advantages and disadvantages. While it has helped a ton of people and businesses to make their image, it is likewise being utilized for wrong exercises.

It expects to unite the world with the force of the local area. You can likewise become more acquainted with what is happening all throughout the planet. You can even pen down your musings on that stage.

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Essay on Facebook Benefits and Disadvantages

The Internet has brought a big revolution to society and the communication world. Facebook is a piece of it. Facebook is for the most part known as the main online media. It is an online stage where we can get associated with individuals and can cooperate with them. It has made the world little and simple to get to. Anybody can get associated with anybody now. It has opened another entryway for business, correspondence, and relationships.

There are huge provisions that Facebook has. Anybody can join there for nothing. You need a web associated versatile or PC. You can join with your email or telephone number. When you joined, you will discover loads of individuals’ records there who you know, all things considered. Facebook consistently energize adding individuals that you know. Then, at that point, others will discover your record of their feed and will send you a companion demand. In the event that you acknowledge their companion demand, they will go to your companion list. An individual who is in your companion can make an impression on you.

At the point when you share a photograph or compose something on your profile or timetable, individuals of your companion rundown can see these. Not just see they can respond to them. Indeed, even they can remark on their viewpoint in the remark box. Facebook has a decent element named bunch. You can make a gathering and can add your companions there. It is an extremely simple and basic technique to make online home bases or offer things to a designated crowd. You can make a page for your business to advance on the web. Pretty much every business has a Facebook page now. They advance their items online with individuals. Counting all, there are heaps of provisions of Facebook that you can appreciate.

Benefits of Facebook

Facebook is encountering sensational development presently where the quantity of clients has arrived at one billion. It accompanies a ton of advantages like video calling with your nearby ones and transferring your photographs and recordings without charge.

Above all, it permits you to reach out to individuals from the opposite side of the world without spending a penny. It is additionally an incredible method to associate with old school companions and school companions.

Further, you can likewise make new companions through this stage. At the point when you associate with individuals from everywhere the world, it opens ways to find out with regards to new societies, qualities and customs from various nations.

It additionally gives you includes for a bunch of conversations and visits. Presently, Facebook additionally permits clients to sell their items or administrations through their site. It is an incredible method of expanding deals and setting up your business on the web.

Disadvantages of Facebook

Other than this load of good sides, there are a few disservices of Facebook. Facebook has turned into a period killing machine for understudies. In an understudy life, you need to stay away from web-based media like Facebook or Twitter. The youthful age is being dependent on Facebook. They are going through quite a while with it. What’s more, it has been an integral justification for their investigation hamper. The gatekeepers ought to know about this. They should restrict their child’s Smartphone utilizing time. Something else, that could be truly downright awful is their schooling.

Conclusion on Facebook Essay

To summarize it, in the event that we use Facebook to the right extent and with legitimate consideration, it very well may be an integral asset for anybody. In addition, it tends to be extraordinary for promoting and systems administration. Further, any business can likewise use its ability to make its business achievement. Be that as it may, it is fundamental to recollect to not allow it to turn into a fixation.

Facebook Essay

Small Essay on Facebook

Facebook is among the most famous online media organizing locales in the present occasions. Facebook is profoundly famous because of its different applications and the simplicity of correspondence it offers to the client. It permits clients to share pictures, occasions and situations with a solitary stage.

Facebook has various advantages like the capacity to shape gatherings, talk with companions and discover data on different points. Facebook is likewise profoundly instructive because of the different pages on a large group of points including yet not restricted to wellbeing, schooling, science, practice and so forth

It is likewise an optimal correspondence stage for family members, companions and individuals from a family who can remain associated with a solitary stage.

A later expansion to the online visit program is the video calling highlight which has acquired monstrous ubiquity. Not exclusively would one be able to converse with individuals yet in addition see them live with the assistance of this video talk highlight.

One more vital element of Facebook is the internet gaming gateway that it offers to its clients. There are a huge number of games on Facebook which one can play at some random time. The intriguing angle is the capacity to play these games with companions.

Facebook is turning into an exceptionally fruitful stage not just for making new companions and discovering old ones, however forgetting worldwide and nearby news also. The greater part of the news and media organizations have dispatched their Facebook pages.

FAQ’s on Facebook Essay

Question 1.
Why do you like Facebook?

Answer:
Individuals Are Addicted To Facebook Because It Is A Social Network platform. Having Facebook causes you to feel like you are very much educated with regard to everything everywhere. Facebook allows you the opportunity to stay in contact. You can stay in contact with your loved ones.

Question 2.
What is Facebook?

Answer:
Facebook is an interpersonal interaction webpage that makes it simple for you to interface and offers with loved ones on the web. Initially intended for undergrads, Facebook was made in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg while he was selected at Harvard University.

Question 3.
What are the uses of Facebook?

Answer:
Facebook is a site that permits clients, who pursue free profiles, to interface with companions, work associates or individuals they don’t have the foggiest idea, on the web. It permits clients to share pictures, music, recordings, and articles, just as their own considerations and feelings with anyway many individuals they like.

Article Writing Topics for Class 12 CBSE Format, Examples

Article Writing Topics for Class 12

Articles are written to give information in a wide range of contexts for magazines or newspapers. They are a relatively long and sustained piece of writing. They give information on a variety of themes such as describing an event, person, someone’s life and actions, places, and experiences. They can also be an expression of the writer’s opinions on topics of social interest or arguments for or against a topic and they often offer suggestions.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 12 English Chapter wise.

Article Writing Topics for Class 12 CBSE Format, Examples Pdf

♦ Points to Remember:

  • Give a title that catches the attention of the reader.
  • Begin with a striking opening sentence that attracts the readers and gets them interested in the topic.
  • Introduce a new point at the beginning of each paragraph to strengthen your ideas.
  • Present a strong argument for your ideas supporting it with evidence or elaboration.
  • Use linking words (however, therefore, although, even though, in order to…) to form a coherent composition.
  • Use passive voice, humour, emotive language, rhetorical questions to provide a specific effect. The humour should however be subtle and not overpower the article.
  • Develop your ideas as much as you can to make them interesting and substantial.
  • Conclude with your strongest point.
  • Clarity of writing can be ensured only by knowing the purpose of writing and your audience.
  • Do not add too many quotations. It takes away the essence of the article.
  • Remember to proofread and edit your writing.
  • Adhere to the given word limit.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Purpose
An article is written to present information on a variety of themes in a long and sustained piece of writing, namely:

  • describing an event, a person, his/her life and actions
  • describing a place
  • narrating an event
  • expressing views on some issue of social interest
  • expressing arguments in favor of or against a stated hypothesis or event

Types of articles

  • Magazine articles maybe for a school and may have a limited audience.
  • Newspaper articles have a wider audience.

Article Writing Format

  • Heading – eye-catching; encapsulating the central theme
  • Byline – by whom the article is written
  • Introduction
    • The opening paragraph, called the introduction, is a must. It
    • tells what the article is about.
    • catches attention.
    • arouses interest.
    • limits and controls what you plan to discuss in your article.
    • contains language that is clear and precise, and it may even use a definition or quotation.
  • Develop a cause-effect relationship
    • use facts
    • give examples to support your views
    • present arguments in a coherent, logical and convincing manner
  • Comparison and contrast
    • give views contrary to yours
    • convey why your views are better
  • Conclusion
    • summing up – consolidation of the idea
    • offering suggestions/measures to improve the situation
    • personal observations and prediction

Remember

  • Don’t attempt to write about every single piece of information – select relevant information.
  • The article must be written in the appropriate format and style.
  • Remember to keep within the word limit.

Article Writing Topics Sample Example With Answer for Class 12 CBSE

You are Kreetika/Siddhartha. You have been asked to write an article on whether the gender roles in India are really changing, for your school magazine. Do so in about 150–200 words.
Article Writing Format Cbse Class 12

In today’s world of instant communication, the art of writing letters to friends, parents, cousins is long forgotten. Complete the following article on the joyful experience of penning letters packed with emotions and personal triumph.

The Art of Writing Letters
Radha Jain, Class XII, New Horizons School

(a) …………………………… . Much of History and Science is constructed from letters left by great men in the past. Unfortunately, today, (b) …………………………… . No longer does one lie in wait for the postman because (c) …………………………… . Time has become such a precious commodity, and ordinary mail so slow that it is termed ‘snail-mail’! In this fast-paced age, (d) ……………………………. . In the 21st century, where brevity and speed are of the utmost importance, letter writing, with its rich descriptions and narratives, has been discarded (e) …………………………… . The telephone is another means of communication that has sounded the death knell for the art of letter-writing. (f) …………………………… . With the dying out of the art of letter writing, (g) …………………………… . While email is a good way to keep in touch, it cannot replace the thrill of receiving a letter, which you read, set aside, and read again.

Answer:
(a) There was a time when letter writing was considered an art.
(b) letter writing is a dying art for most people.
(c) what he will bring most of the time is junk mail, bills, and magazines
(d) even if one has the time to write a long letter, the receiver has no time or patience to read it
(e) in favor of the faster, briefer e-mail
(f) It is good to hear the voices of your loved ones. But sometimes at that time, one forgets all the things one would like to say and also ask.
(g) the art of expressing one’s feelings and emotions is also dying out.

Article Writing Topics Practice Example With Answer for Class 12 CBSE

1 You recently came across the following news item.

Imagine a Sea with No Fishes
Class 12 Article Writing

A ban on fishing for bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic has been announced by the EU for large industrial vessels after widespread evidence of illegal fishing. It had been recently reported that overfishing and massive illegal catches have threatened the very survival of bluefin tuna. The problem stems from too many boats, with too much technology, chasing fewer and fewer fish with no effective mechanism in place to restrict catches or allow fish populations to recover. Conservation organizations are calling for an overhaul of the rules which currently allow the catching of three times more tuna than scientists say should be caught if the species is to survive.

Write an article in 150–200 words for your school magazine, highlighting the need to conserve the species.

2 You are Suresh/Ishmit. You are concerned about the increasing use of cell phones by people. Educate the people about the risks such as potential health hazards from the electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones, the threat of brain tumours and cancers, fear of accidents while driving, etc. Write an article in 150–200 words expressing your concern.

3 To enforce strict discipline in schools and colleges is a great problem nowadays. As Mohan/Mohini, write an article in 200 words for City News, Delhi, about the problem and your views on punishment as a corrective measure.

4 Recently you read in the newspaper about an incident in which some children tried to imitate the stunts shown on television and hurt themselves. You have decided to write an article on the hazards television poses for kids. Write an article for a daily newspaper, in not more than 200 words.

5. You are a member of the Environment Club of your school. After visiting many places, you have realized that it is the need of the hour to protect our environment. Write an article on this topic to create awareness among the people. (Word limit: 200 words)

6 You are concerned about the wastage of money and manpower due to the frequent elections in your country. Write an article on the urgent need to have a stable government. (Word limit: 200 words)

7 You are Rani/Raghav. You are concerned about the changing attitude of politicians who are using religion for political gains. Write an article in about 200 words for publication in a local daily suggesting these people to separate religion from politics and work for the betterment of the society.

8 You are Rani/Raghav. Many organizations have come forward with the idea of education for all. In spite of their best efforts, it is still a dream. Write an article in about 200 words for publication in a local daily giving suggestions to make it a reality, as education is the only way to progress.

9 Owning a car has become a status symbol these days. However, an increase in the number of cars has added to various types of pollution and other problems. Write an article in not more than 200 words highlighting the urgent need for reducing these man-made problems, giving suitable suggestions. You are Vinod/Vidhi.

10 Write an article in 200 words on ‘The increasing crime rate in today’s society and ways to curb it’.

11 Yesterday, while walking past a construction site, you were horrified to see the sight of children working as labourers. On returning home you surfed the Internet and found many instances of child labour in India, where children work in glass and firecracker factories, carpet manufacturing units, and domestic help. Write an article for publication in a magazine about child labour. Do not exceed 200 words.
Article Writing Topics For Class 12

12 The recent years have seen an increase in substance (drug) abuse. As a concerned citizen, using your own ideas and information, write an article on the growing menace among today’s urban youth. Sign yourself as Vedant/Punam. (200 words)
Article Format Class 12

13 Shekher/Kareena is allergic to tobacco smoke and wants a complete ban on smoking in public places. Though some places have banned smoking in public places, the ban cannot be effective until the smokers themselves decide to give up the habit. Using your own ideas, write an article in not more than 200 words on the evils of smoking.
Article Format Cbse Class 12

14 While reading a magazine you came across the following advertisement:

What is it that they’re wearing?…
Article Writing For Class 12
An eighteen-month-long investigation has exposed one of the dirtiest little secrets of the global fur industry: the brutal and cruel slaughter of animals for the fur trade.

Write an article in not more than 200 words condemning the use of furs and animal skins to make clothes and accessories.

15 Plastic, with its exclusive qualities of being light yet strong and economical, has invaded every aspect of our day-to-day life. It has many advantages: it is durable, light, easy to mould, and can be. adapted to different user requirements. Once hailed as a ‘wonder material, plastic is now a serious worldwide environmental and health concern due to its non-biodegradable nature. Write an article in not more than 200 words about the growing plastic menace giving suggestions about dealing with plastic waste.

Professionalism Essay | Importance and Essay on Professionalism for Students and Children in English

Essay on Professionalism

Professionalism Essay: Professionalism is the behavior of someone in a work or business environment.  Professionalism is not just wearing a coat and tie or possessing a title. Professionalism is how you present yourself during your business affairs.

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True professionals possess a number of important characteristics some of them are:

Follow a Dress Code: Professionals need to be decent in appearance. Be sure to follow the requirements of your company’s dress code. Pay special attention to your appearance during meetings with prospects or clients. Personality is the main source of attracting the clients

Be Confident and Polite: You should handle your superiors with confidence but at the same time be polite and well-spoken with your customers or co-workers. You should handle any situation calmly. Your body language and facial expressions must convey the message you want others to hear successfully

Keep Your Word: Providing an instant response to people promptly and following through on promises is also important. Value time and be at work on time, start meetings on time and follow through on all your commitments

Keep Upgrading

Professionals need to keep on upgrading themselves to strive in the market. They need to get the expertise in their field, to attract customers. Continue to upgrade yourself by taking various courses, attending seminars and attaining any related professional workshops. Always be productive

Utilize your time productively at work. Focus on your job responsibilities.  Avoid using social media, web browsing and phone activity while at work

Be Organized

A professional should keep the work area neat and organized, so that they can quickly and easily find what is needed. Moreover, your briefcase should contain only what is needed for your meetings, appointment or presentation. Being organized reflects your dedication to your work

Accept your Mistakes

As a professional, if you make a mistake, accept it and try to fix it if possible. Don’t place the blame on your juniors or someone else. If your company made a mistake, take responsibility and try to resolve the issue

Have Good Conversation

Your phonic conversation is an important part of professional behavior. Be sure not to dominate the conversation and listen to the other party carefully. Call back and follow up on any actions you agree to during a conversation

During the written conversation, keep your letters brief and to the point. Your tone should be polite and formal This also applies to email correspondence

Keep a Positive Attitude

A professional must always carry a positive attitude. Never have senseless gossip among colleagues. Don’t complain publicly, talk badly about your customers or the company in any way. Leave personal issues at home and don’t waste your time with idle chit-chat. Communicate all business-related matters in a professional manner at all times

Be Honest

Professional behavior demands honesty and ethical behavior. This includes always representing yourself and your company accurately. Never lie or mislead customers

Always try to meet the customer requirements and complete the commitments as agreed upon and any promises that are delayed. Provide notices periodically if not fulfilled

Conclusion

Practicing proper professionalism in the workplace can get you success to a much greater extent. If you value your work. your commitments and remain dedicated, and productive, you would build up a respectable reputation within your organization

Short Essay on Professionalism

Rightly said, “Professionalism is not the job you do, it’s how you do the job.” Professionalism is defined as the way in which business people interact with colleagues, clients and customers. Professionalism is a powerful quality to impress and inspire others.

Here are some definite ways to develop and practice professionalism:

  1. Be productive: Always try to use your time productively at work.  Concentrate on your work responsibilities and avoid using social media, web browsing and phone activity while on work
  2. Carry a professional image: Appearance and personality are very important aspects of professionalism. Choose to dress appropriately for your industry and organization.  Always be decent at work
  3. Take the initiative: Always be ready to take on new projects and challenges that are helpful in the growth of your company. Think of new ideas that will meet your organization’s goals.
  4. Be sorted: Prioritize, plan and manage your work, assignments and projects.  Keep in touch with your head and team members. Always be organised at your work
  5. Manage your time efficiently: Set your goals and create plans to meet deadlines. Utilize your time for the betterment of the organisation
  6. Provide excellence: Produce best results that reflect a sense of pride. Excellence is always be rewarded
  7. Be a problem-solver: When you are facing any problems and obstacles, take the time to find solutions and alternatives before you contact your supervisor. This will keep your image at the highest.
  8. Communicate effectively: Be polite while communicating with your customers, colleagues and supervisors. Respond to the problems effectively. Instant service attracts customers
  9. Develop self-awareness: Accept and reflect on feedback to learn and grow
  10. Build relationships: Communicate with colleagues, customers and clients to build professional relationships. Work in teams and collaborate effectively

FAQ’s on Professionalism Essay

Question 1.
What is the importance of Professionalism?

Answer:
Your customers are not your mates or your siblings. These are the people that provide the income to your business, which pays your salary. So it is very important to respect professionalism no matter how small or large you are

Professionalism encompasses the way you present yourself, your attitude and the ways you communicate with others. Professionalism can create a positive impact on the consumer, successful interpersonal relationships and a lasting reputation within your organization and industry

Question 2.
What is the role of punctuality in professionalism?

Answer:
Punctuality plays a very important role in professionalism. Punctuality is more than just getting the work done on time. It includes being at your work on time, completing your deadlines, being on time for client and staff meetings. People who are punctual are respected by clients more than those who are always late

Question 3.
Is dress code an important aspect of professionalism?

Answer:
Yes, professionalism far more is defined by appearance and personality. Your dressing sense says a lot about your professionalism. While everyone has their own personal style, there are dress codes at most workplaces. If a uniform is required, it should be neat and clean. Grooming is another aspect of professionalism.

Online Classes Advantages and Disadvantages | Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Classes Learning

Online Classes Advantages and Disadvantages

Online Classes Advantages and Disadvantages: Covid 19 has brought drastic changes in everyone’s life. Closure of schools and colleges had made life challenging for the students. Did you know almost 1.5 million are closed due to lockdown? Online classes have brought new hope, new ways of learning for the children. It is an excellent alternative to regular classes or traditional classes. Closings of the schools have interrupted the academic year of the students. For the past 4-5 months, children feel normal as schools have managed to conduct online classes. Now, children are learning new ways of studying using different apps. But online courses are beneficial or not. You will get to know as you read further.

Students can also read Whole Numbers Definition.

Was It Essential for The Schools/Coaching Centers To Start Online Classes?

Pandemic was a difficult phase for all. Did you know almost 1.2 billion children are out of schools in this pandemic as the schools are closed? Covid 19 has forced the schools to think about different ways of reaching out to the children as their future is at stake. To date, there is nothing official as to how long the schools will be closed. To strengthen the children’s learning, online classes were the only option left with the educational institutes. On an unprecedented scale, online classes were the best way to make students come into continuity with their academics. Till now, the teachers of schools, colleges, and coaching centers are reaching out to students via the internet for classes. Students now know about their syllabus, their day-to-day teachings and are also giving exams. They are getting into the routine of taking classes and gaining knowledge about their curriculum. This education system is not that effective for younger kids, but as long as the schools are closed, there is no other option left for class five and above kids. Educational institutes must continue with e-learning until there is no announcement made by the educational governments.

How is the Whole Education System Affected, And What Are They Doing for The Kids?

The whole education system is affected by the closure of the schools. A sudden shift from classroom learning to e-learning has made children, and their parents think that this system will continue in the times to come. All those students coming from well-off families have managed to continue with their classes online. But, for students who are poor and cannot afford an internet connection, their future has come to shut down. The same way as the educational institutes have, in this phase of lockdown. But, they need not get disheartened as one such institute has announced free online classes for everyone.

It is BYJUS that has managed to provide a free learning experience to kids across India. After they announced free live classes, this app became one of India’s best edtech companies. After the announcement of free classes, there is a growth of students by almost 200%. Thus, there are institutes like this, who are genuinely thinking about children’s education and their future.

Advantages Of Online Classes

  • Students will be aware of their academic syllabus: Students have become irregular with their studies due to the lockdown. Some don’t even know their course. With the help of online classes, they will understand what they need to study for the whole year. The parents of younger kids get a rough idea about their academic course to help their child in learning properly.
  • Students get the chance to record the class: it is not always that everything becomes clear in a 45 minute or a 60-minute class. Thus, the students get an opportunity to record a class and share the content of the class with others and their parents and friends. They have access to the learning material, the class and can hear the recording at their convenience.
  • Students will be regular and disciplined towards studies: the lockdown phase has put a complete stop. But, with the help of online classes, they are getting into the practice of regular studies. They need to attend the class as attendance is compulsory. Students have also been given a link that helps them join a particular class that allows them to be aware and concentrate on their studies. Homework is given by the teachers that help the student recollect what has been taught in the online class. Moreover, teachers are taking weekly tests online, which makes them understand what the child has understood.
  • Online classes keep the child engaged: None of the children were regular with their studies during the lockdown. Online classes have made the students regular in their day-to-day courses. They are no more wasting their time playing video games, making mischief, and watching TV. Online classes have set a routine for the kids and keep them engaged for a few hours.
  • There are fewer distractions during studies:  When the child is in the class, they either keep playing with other friends or are engaged in making mischief. But, here in the online class, the child is attending the class alone, and there are lesser chances of the child getting distracted. They can concentrate better and hear what the teacher says and explains.
  • Parents get aware of the child’s day-to-day learning: As the child is doing 3-5 classes every day, the parents are updated with what their children are learning. Parents may also look over their child’s study material. Parents feel more responsible towards studies as the child is learning everything through online classes. It becomes the responsibility of the parent to see whether the class is connected properly, to see whether their child has any queries regarding any question, course, or homework.
  • Efficient and productive for the teacher and the student:  through online teaching, the content can be shared with the students through PDF, images, and videos. The teachers find efficient ways to make the classes clear to the students. Making lesson plans using pdf and videos becomes easy. Apart from the textbooks, there are a plethora of options to study and understand the content.

Online Classes Advantages

Disadvantages Of Online Classes

  • Network Issues And Connection Failure: One of the significant issues with online classes is more chances of network issues and interruption. Due to bad weather conditions, the connection can get lost, and the class can be interrupted. The data over, signal lost are two.
  • Doubts are not very clear: Classes at school can be interesting as the teacher is right in front of you, like a one-to-one session. You can ask your doubts on the spot. But in an online class, if one child raises their hand, everyone does it for fun. Doubts are not very clear if everyone keeps asking one after the other by switching on their mike. This cannot be very pleasant for the teacher as well as the students.
  • It brings a feeling of isolation: when studying alone, one feels as if they are in a state of isolation. Learning alone with a computer can be monotonous and can be a terrible experience. Regular classes at school are fun-filled as the teacher and friends are there in the class. Doing the online classes with parents or alone can be uninteresting.
  • The chances of getting distracted are high: as the students are doing their online classes using the internet. They can get distracted by chatting with their friends while doing the class on whats app. Opening Social media accounts while doing online classes can distract the mind of children. There is a lack of continuity in learning for the child.
  • Students cannot focus on the class: if they keep asking their doubts while the class is going on, other students get distracted and cannot concentrate on what the teacher is teaching. Students cannot focus on the class with full concentration if the class is for long hours. Sharing the screen with the children becomes irritating for the teacher as the children misuse it.
  • The teacher cannot focus on each child: as the teacher is online, focusing on each student as they tend to switch off their screen. The teacher cannot see each child and has to scroll on the id of each child to solve their issues. This is a significant problem that teachers face while taking classes online.
  • Eye-sight issues: doing online classes can lead to eye-sight problems as the child is in front of the computer for a long time. Each school or coaching class schedules three to five classes each day. Thus, staying in front of the screen can be harmful to the eyes.
  • Not all students can afford internet access: this is one of the demerits of online classes that not all students of a school can afford an internet connection and a smartphone. According to a survey conducted by the government in 2019, only 24 % of the students in India have internet connections in their homes.

Conclusion on Online Classes Advantages and Disadvantages

COVID has affected everyone, those who are well-off and those who are barely earning their living. Pandemic has disrupted the education system too. It is the duty of the educational institutes to make everyone get the benefits of online classes. Face-to-face communication between students and teachers is not possible, seeing the condition of the lockdown. Thus, teachers need to find different ways to make the classes more interactive so that children can enjoy them and concentrate wholeheartedly.

My Dream House Essay | Essay on My Dream House for Students and Children

My Dream House Essay: Home is where we reside with our family in full security and wellbeing. As we stay with our folks, grandparents and kin together, it is a spot that gives us fondness and a feeling of warmth. In this article, we will investigate “My Dream House Essay for class 1” kids and comprehend the significance of a fantasy house from a little youngster’s viewpoint. While composing the My fantasy house article, a youngster ought to comprehend the significance of a fantasy home in his/her life. Furthermore, a kid ought to consider home as an image of human harmony i.e, where each individual learns the initial steps of his/her life.

Having a thought regarding a fantasy house lays out up an objective for a person to accomplish. Having a dream house is fundamental for setting off that sparkle inside an individual that the person needs to buckle down towards accomplishing this fantasy.

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Sample Essay on “My Dream House”

I am very much obsessed with my dream house, since my childhood. I would get drawn to any drop, sleek yet straightforward house. I have imagined myself in a four-story house with a huge compound or a home with 5 rooms however my fantasy house is none of that. It ought to be great, inviting and huge to meet my family’s requirements. Everybody sometimes has a thought of what sort of house they need when they grow up or have a family.

My fantasy house ought to be an ideal meaning of my white house. It ought to be exquisite, snazzy and huge. It ought to be a one-story working with 6 rooms all fitted with extra-large exquisite beds. In every room, I might want to have a TV or a music framework for the diversion of my family and visitors. I love innovation and my home ought to have a Wifi set box for limitless web to peruse and get to my web-based media accounts calm. It ought to have enormous windows for adequate broadcasting and lighting. The floor ought to be flawlessly shrouded in tiles to make it seriously inviting mind h a delicate rug.

I love nature and I need my home to be arranged in an encased region covered with a wide range of trees. Climate loaded up with trees will guarantee I have clean air, harmony and bliss. Paying attention to the birds sing is the thing that I love as that gives me delight and leaves me invigorated and energized. Blossoms of various types like lilies, hibiscus and others should praise my compound. Having a little nursery for my vegetable and natural products is an absolute necessity. It ought to have a huge compound for playing or raising creatures. A homestead is an additional benefit as I love cultivating. The house ought to be almost a shopping centre, school and church for shopping, instruction and my otherworldliness separately.

An extraordinary plan is a thing that I need for my home. The plan should meet the necessity of a protected house strategy for wellbeing. It ought to have a conventional look with uncommon stones and great quality materials. It ought to be splendid and bright as that will carry light to any individual who visits. The entryways ought to be of value from the mahogany wood ideally, painted profound earthy coloured tone. The windows ought to be uniform with clear window sheets. At the point when you go into my home, you should see the excellence inside from the splendidly shaded dividers, basic couch sets, rich eating tables and seats, round glass tables to supplement the couch sets. There ought to be a chimney in the parlour for unwinding and warmth during the evening or old seasons. There ought to be a set spot for plants or indoor blossoms for magnificence and different advantages. The inside plan ought to be wonderful to give you a lovely encounter when you venture into the house.

Since I love cooking, the kitchen ought to be huge and roomy with a huge arrangement of kitchen machines including a cooler, microwave, cooker, blender, stove, cooking pots, etc. I have consistently imagined having exceptional visitors and cooking my delights without a battle. Every room ought to have a different restroom with a shower. The room floor ought to have a delicate rug for solace. There ought to be jazzy lampshades for my lights and an excellent dressing table in every room.

For additional solace, the parlour ought to have a huge TV for greater diversion. The steps to the main floor ought to be solid and up-to-date with a twisting plan. The blinds of my entryways and windows ought to be coordinating with an incredible plan and customary feel. The tone should supplement the agreeable couch sets and the dividers.

My compound ought to have an encased pool for the well-being of my pets. The pool ought to be intended for swimming, unwinding and parties. I need my youngsters to figure out how to swim at a youthful age. Close to the pool, there ought to be looked for of a seashore house for unwinding and for solace. The blossoms ought to be managed just like the fence. There ought to be a piece of workmanship with an engraved picture of a heart to represent love; a home of adoration.

We as a whole hope to have a fantasy house that will fit every one of our assumptions from its area, plan and its provisions. Yet, making it a reality requires a great deal of work and assets, such as understanding costs in your space by utilizing rent reports like this one, and numerous different components. One can require a very long time to accomplish a fantasy place of their decision however before that, you can be satisfied with the straightforward house you have as you get ready for it.

FAQ’s on My Dream House Essay

Question 1.
How do you describe your dream house?

Answer:
My dream house has five rooms, with an attached balcony. Two large windows for at least three rooms. My bedroom will have a balcony attached with a large window. The house will be having a big garden outdoor and a terrace garden also. It should be a duplex house. The living area should be big enough to make at least 20 people sit at a time with a 55 inch TV and sofa sets. Just next to the living room, we will have an open kitchen. A small library is a must in the house.

Question 2.
What makes your dream house a perfect place?

Answer:
Even having everything in our dream house, it will still not be perfect unless we have our family living with us in it.

What is Globalisation? Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation

Disadvantages of Globalisation

Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation: Globalisation implies the speedup in exchanges and movement (of goods and services, capital, human beings, or even cultural practices) all across the globe. One of the globalisation effects is that it increases and encourages the interactions between the various regions and populations worldwide. Although globalisation was necessary for development, there are also some disadvantages to it. In this writing, we will discuss the pros and cons of globalisation.

  • What is Globalisation? Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation 2021
  • Advantages of Globalisation
  • Disadvantages of Globalisation
  • Comparison Table for Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation
  • FAQs on Pros and Cons of Globalisation

What is Globalisation? Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation 2021

In international economics, globalisation can be defined as the web of relationships between the economies worldwide through international investments and trade. While the history of globalisation travels back to ancient times, the modern era started in the early nineteenth century.

The opposite of globalisation — also known as free-market trade across the borders — is protectionism. This economic policy attempts at protecting domestic businesses from foreign competitions and labour markets, generally by imposing trade barriers such as tariffs.

Advantages of Globalisation

As a result of globalisation, people all over the world enjoy many advantages.

  • Transfer of Technology: The transfer of technology all over the globe is excellent for us. Any country can choose to borrow the technology by the agreement and implement it in their country for the overall development. People can easily be in touch with people from any part of the world by using advanced technologies at a minimal cost, effort, and time.
  • Better Services: Globalisation always offers us better services. With technological advancement, services such as electricity supply, water supply, internet, mobile networking, and other services have become more accessible and better than before. Easy internet access throughout the world is also the contribution of globalisation.
  • Standardisation of Living: The critical process of globalisation is the integration of economics, enabling countries to fight against problems like poverty and improve people’s living standards. Many researchers have stated that when any country opens up its trade to the world, its economic growth rate is faster, and the living standards tend to improve.
  • Development of Infrastructure: Technological advancements and their spread throughout the globe help in improving the country’s infrastructure. Governments are more enabling of delivering their services to the citizens. Development of the infrastructure implies the overall development of the respective countries. Here it is essential to say that the economic growth and development of a country’s infrastructure are compatible with each other.
  • Foreign Exchange Reserves: By globalisation, countries are able to build foreign exchange reserves due to the international financial flows.
  • Economic Growth: Globalisation requires optimum utilisation of the resources wherein the deficit resources are procured, and surplus resources are exported to various other countries. This guarantees overall economic growth.
  • Contribution to the World GDP Growth Rate: Globalisation guarantees the contribution of each country to the world GDP growth rate.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation

Disadvantages of Globalisation

The globalisation keeps doing well to us is not always true. It impacts our lives in a multidimensional manner. So, it has a few disadvantages as well.

Growing Inequality: Globalisation increases inequality throughout the globe by expanding specialisation and trade. Even though profession and trade amp up the per-capita income, it might cause relative poverty.

To explain this, we will use an example. All dominated MNCs around the globe are located in the US. All these businesses are buying cheap labour from developing or underdeveloped countries for product manufacturing or assembling. India, China and Africa are significant examples of this. It increases the employment rates of these countries, but they are far behind lagging relatively developed countries. Again, these companies coming to such countries for cheap labour also deprive the country’s people of working. So, it showcases that relative unemployment and poverty are being created in these developed countries as well.

Increasing the Unemployment rate: Globalisation is increasing the unemployment rate. Where individuals are getting jobs, how is this possible? Here is the explanation.

Globalisation needs higher-skilled workers at cheaper rates. But countries where the Institutions are comparatively weaker, aren’t capable of producing highly skilled workers. As a result of which, the unemployment rates are increasing in these countries.

When foreign companies invest primarily in developing countries, they hire workers from that country. In some scenarios, their wages are significantly lower compared to the other developed countries – the demand for such employees in developed countries is much lower. Moreover, along with the emergence of the Global Economic Crisis, jobs are at risk.

Trade Imbalance: The trade balance refers to the value ratio between the country’s export and import services and goods. Due to globalisation, any country can trade to any part of the globe.

In some instances, the developing countries are highly dependent on developed countries for import goods, but the export capabilities are lower than the imports. The imbalance in trade has been taking place. So, trade imbalance balances values between any country’s import and export of goods and services. It is also known as trade deficits. Trade imbalance might be an increase in the developed countries by the competitors.

Environmental Loots: The pace at which industrialisation is increasing is an outcome of globalisation. Industrialisation encourages economic growth. However, it harms the environment. Globalisation destroys nature, and it hurts humans very severely.

Let’s try to understand the scenario with the example. Coca-Cola world’s leading soft drink company. This company consumes a large amount of water to make soft drinks. In a north Indian state, Uttar Pradesh, a bottling plant of Coca-Cola, was shut down by the government order due to the local farmers’ too much water usage.

In Kerala, a south Indian state, the Coca-Cola plant was also shut down due to water pollution supplied to the local communities. Also, MNCs are using the natural resources from different countries extensively for personal gain. Various chemical industries are highly harmful to the health of humans by polluting the soil, water, air.

Comparison Table for Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalisation

Advantages Disadvantages
Reduces the prospects of tyranny Would encourage disease transfer.
Helps in improving communication access. It would not prevent resource consumption.
It would reduce currency manipulation problems. It gives people the opportunity to cheat and commit fraud.
Encourages free trade. Doesn’t fix the lack of skills.
Could create more employment opportunities. Negatively affects the environment.

FAQ’s on Pros and Cons of Globalisation

Question 1.
How does globalisation encourage market extension?

Answer:
Above all, Globalization encourages market extension. It offers an opportunity for domestic companies to go global. For instance, domestic companies can be witnessing saturation in demand for their services or products. Still, by globalisation, domestic companies are able to sustain and satisfy the needs of foreign customers.

Question 2.
How does globalisation offer affordable products?

Answer:
With access to the latest technologies, the countries are able to provide products to their citizens at affordable rates. Globalisation encourages competition in the domestic economies and its endeavour for competing against the competition, companies lessen the product price or following the penetration pricing policy.

Question 3.
When did globalisation start?

Answer:
The first wave of globalisation began in the 19th century in the year 1914. This started in order to change with the first globalisation wave, which roughly took place over the century ending in 1914.

Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6

In this page, you can find CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Life Processes Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Science will make your practice complete.

Class 10 Science Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Life Processes

Extra Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6 Life Processes with Answers Solutions

Life Processes Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type

Question 1.
Why is energy required by an organism even during sleep?
Answer:
This is because even when an organism is asleep, various biological processes keep on occurring in its body which requires energy.

Question 2.
Give the energy transformation that takes place in the process of photo synthesis.
Answer:
Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis.

Question 3.
What is chlorophyll?
Answer:
Chlorophyll is a green coloured pigment found in the green leaves or green parts of the plant which traps solar energy for photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is present in cell organelles called chloroplasts.

Question 4.
Name the various factors which affect the rate of photosynthesis.
Answer:
The factors which affect the rate of photosynthesis are light, water, temperature and carbon dioxide.

Question 5.
Define photolysis.
Answer:
The phenomenon of breaking down of water molecule using solar energy absorbed by chlorophyll molecules is known as photolysis.

Question 6.
Define light reaction.
Answer:
A chemical reaction, which take place only in the presence of light, is called light reaction or light dependent reaction. It takes place in grana of chloroplast.

Question 7.
Define dark reaction.
Answer:
A chemical reaction, which can take place even in the absence of light, is called a dark reaction or light independent reaction. It takes place in stroma of chloroplast.

Question 8.
what are peristalic movements?
Answer:
The contraction and expansion movements of the walls of food pipe are called peristaltic movements. This movement pushes the food in forward direction in the alimentary canal.

Question 9.
Which is the largest gland in the human body?
Answer:
Liver.

How Many Muscles Are In The Human Body?

Question 10.
Give an example of an organism whose digestion is intracellular.
Answer:
Amoeba.

Question 11.
Name the various cells through which water moves upward to react the leaves.
Answer:
Water absorbed by root hairs moves through epidermis root cortex -endodermis → root xylem (i.e., tracheids and vessels) → stem xylem + xylem in the leaf.

Question 12.
What will happen to a plant if its xylem is removed?
Answer:
The xylem tissue transports water and minerals from the soil to the leaves of a plant for photosynthesis. If xylem is removed, upward movement of water will stop leading to wilting of leaves and ultimately causes death of a plant.

Question 13.
In which chamber of heart is oxygenated and deoxygenated blood found?
Answer:
Oxygenated blood: It is found in left auricle and left ventricle. Deoxygenated blood: It is found in right auricle and right ventricle.

Question 14.
What makes red blood corpuscles red?
Answer:
Haemoglobin.

Question 15.
What will happen if platelets were absent in the blood?
Answer:
In the absence of platelets, the process of clotting will be affected.

Question 16.
What is the main function of kidneys in humans?
Answer:
Kidneys excrete water and dissolve metabolic wastes, e.g., urea and other dissolved solids like uric acid, creatinine and inorganic salts.

Question 17.
In which part of nephron is water reabsorbed?
Answer:
Proximal and distal convoluted tubules.

Question 18.
In which region of kidney Malpighian corpuscles are found?
Answer:
In the outer part i.e., cortex of kidney.

Question 19.
What process in plants is known as transpiration?
Answer:
The release of water vapours in the atmosphere through the pores present on plant leaves, i.e., stomata, is called transpiration.

Question 20.
What is urethra?
Answer:
It is muscular tube through which the collected urine passes into the urinary bladder.

Question 21.
Which is the major nitrogenous waste product in human beings? How is it removed from the body?
Answer:
The major nitrogenous waste product in human beings is urea. Urea is removed/eliminated from the body through urine.

Question 22.
Name the membrane covering the lungs.
Answer:
Pleura.

Question 23.
What is osmoregulation?
Answer:
Osmoregulation is the maintenance of optimum concentration of water and salts in the body fluids.

Question 24.
In which form
(i) oxygen is carried to the tissues
(ii) CO2 moves out of the blood?
Answer:
(i) Oxyhaemoglobin
(ii) Carboxyhaemoglobin and as carbonic acid (CO2 dissolved in blood plasma).

Question 25.
Why do the walls of trachea not collapse when there is less air in it?
Answer:
Tracheal walls do not collapse when there is less air in it because it is supported by rings of cartilage.

Question 26.
Which part of root is involved in the exchange of respiratory gases in plants? Answer: Root hairs are involved in the exchange of respiratory gases in plants.

Question 27.
Name two organisms in which food material is broken down outside the body and absorbed.
Answer:
Yeast, mushroom.

Question 28.
What prevents backflow of blood inside the heart during contraction?
Answer:
Valves in heart prevent backflow of blood inside the heart during contraction.

Question 29.
Wich is the first enzyme to mix with food in the digestive system?
Answer:
Salivary amylase.

Question 30.
Why does lack of oxygen in muscles often lead to cramps among cricketers?
Answer:
This is due to the conversion of pyruvate to lactic acid in the absence of oxygen.

Question 31.
Where is pyruvic acid converted into lactic acid during deficiency of oxygen in tissues of human beings?
Answer:
Golgi body.

Question 32.
Where does the oxygen come from when it is liberated during photosynthesis?
Answer:
Oxygen liberated during photosynthesis comes from water.

Question 33.
What is the internal (cellular) energy reserve in autotrophs?
Answer:
Starch.

Question 34.
In which forms do most plants absorb nitrogen?
Answer:
Nitrates and nitrites.

Question 35.
What is common for Cuscuta, ticks and leeches?
Answer:
All are parasites. They derive their nutrition from plants or animals without killing them.

Question 36.
Write the name of enzyme present in saliva and tell what function it has
Answer:
Salivary amylase (ptyalin). It converts starch into sugar at pH of 7.

Question 37.
What protects the inner lining of stomach from hydrochloric acid?
Answer:
The inner lining of stomach is protected from hydrochloric acid by mucus.

Question 38.
What is chyme?
Answer:
The slightly digested food, enters into the stomach through the alimentary canal. In the stomach, this food is churned along with gastric juices converting this food into a semi-solid paste called chyme.

Question 39.
Name the enzyme which is present in infants but may be absent in adults.
Answer:
Renin.

Question 40.
Write the name and functions of two digestive enzymes secreted by pancreas.
Answer:
Pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which contains enzymes like amylase, trypsin and lipase.
Amylase helps in breakdown of carbohydrates. Lipase helps in breakdown of complex fat molecules.

Question 41.
Where is haemoglobin found? Write its main function.
Answer:
Haemoglobin is a red coloured pigment found in red blood cells.
Its main function is to transport the respiratory gases like oxygen due to increased affinity towards oxygen.

Life Processes Extra Questions Short Answer Type

Question 1.
What is compensation point?
Answer:
When the rate of photosynthesis is equal to rate of respiration, it is called as compensation point. The rate of liberation of O2 during photosynthesis is equal to the rate of liberation of CO2 during respiration. Thus, there is no net uptake of gases from the environment. Compensation point is usually reached at dusk and dawn and on a cloudly day.

Question 2.
What happens to visible light of the sun when it falls on chlorophyll?
Answer:
Visible light of the sun consists of seven colours-violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. Out of these lights of different wavelengths, chlorophyll absorbs mainly blue, violet, red and orange lights but does not absorb the green light. It is due to the reflection of green light by chlorophyll of the plants that the plants look green in colour.

Question 3.
“All plants give out oxygen during day and carbon dioxide during night”. Do you agree with this statement? Give reason.
Answer:
During day time, as the rate of photosynthesis is more than the rate of respiration, the net result is evolution of oxygen. At night there is no photosynthesis, so they give out carbon dioxide due to respiration.

Question 4.
How does water affect the rate of photosynthesis in plants?
Answer:
Water controls the opening and closing of stomata. The deficiency of water causes stomata to open very little or it may even remain closed. Therefore, it (required as a raw material for photosynthesis) cannot enter into the leaves and thus lack of water slows down the rate of photosynthesis.

Question 5.
What is peptic ulcer? How is peptic ulcer caused?
Answer:
An ulcer on the inner membrane lining of the stomach is called peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcer is caused by the high acidity of gastric juice secretions.

Question 6.
How does respiration occur in the leaves?
Answer:
Leaves have tiny opening on their lower surface called stomata. The exchange of gases takes place through the stomata by the process of diffusion.

Question 7.
What is ascent of sap?
Answer:
Absorbed water from the soil also contains dissolved minerals (nitrates, phosphates, etc.) and hence it is called sap. This sap moves upwards due to the ‘transpiration pull’ developed in the xylem elements. Thus, transportation of sap from roots to the leaves at the top is called ascent of sap.

Question 8.
What is transpiration pull?
Answer:
Water in the mesophyll cells of leaves (cells located below the stomata) is in contact with water or sap in xylem of leaf petiole, stem and root. This water evaporates by the process of transpiration. Thus, due to transpiration water is pulled upward which creates an upward suction force called ‘transpiration pull’.

Question 9.
Plants have low energy needs as compared to animals. Explain.
Answer:
Plants do not move. In a large plant body there are many dead cells like schlerenchyma which provide strength to the plant but do not perform any cellular function. As a result they requires less energy. Animals, on the other hand, need energy for different activities like movement or search of food. SO2 they require more energy.

Question 10.
What is root pressure?
Answer: It is a pressure developed in the xylem due to metabolic activity of the root cells. It is a hydrostatic pressure developed in the root system that pumps the water or sap in the root xylem.

Question 11.
How do leaves of plants help in excretion?
Answer:
Many plants store waste materials in the vacuoles of mesophyll cells and epidermal cells. When old leaves fall, the waste materials are excreted along with the leaves.

Question 12.
What is the role of intercostal muscles in respiration and where are these found?
Answer:
Intercostal muscles are found in between the ribs. Their contraction and relaxation changes the volume of thoracic cavity so that air can enter and leave the lungs.

Question 13.
State the function of Bowman’s capsule and glomerulus.
Answer:
Bowman’s capsule and glomerulus have semipermeable walls. The glomerulus, is a tuft of capillaries contained in Bowman’s capsule. The water and dissolved substances (wastes and useful) are filtered into the Bowman’s capsule and from here they are filtered into the tubule. Thus, both the structures act as filtering apparatus.

Question 14.
What causes movement of food inside the alimentary canal?
Answer:
The wall of alimentary canal contains muscle layers. Rhythmic contraction and relaxation of these muscles pushes the food forward. This is called peristalsis, which occurs all along the gut.

Question 15.
What happens to glucose which enters the nephron along with the filtrate?
Answer:
Glucose along with filtrate runs down through the long renal tubule by the action of cilia. Glucose, amino acids, salts, etc., are reabsorbed by the tubular cells and then secreted into the capillary blood cells by diffusion.

Question 16.
Name the correct substrates for the following enzymes:

  1. Trypsin
  2. Amylase
  3. Pepsin
  4. Lipase

Answer:

  1. Protien
  2. Starch
  3. Protein
  4. Fats

Question 17.
Write down the functions of lymph nodes.
Answer:
Functions of lymph nodes are:

  • Lymph nodes produce and maintain the lymphocytes of blood. These are only found in the mammals.
  • Lymph nodes filter the blood and remove poisonous and foreign substances, e.g., bacteria, debris, etc.

Question 18.
Name the organs of excretory system in human. Show them with the help of a labelled diagrams.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 1
Excretion in Human Beings: The main function of human excretory system is to re move nitrogenous wastes such as urea from the body. It includes a pair of kidneys, a pair of ureters, a urinary bladdes and a urethra. Kindneys are located in the abdomen one on either side of Right Kidney the back bone.

Question 19.
State the function of epiglottis.
Answer:
At the top of the trachea (or wind pipe) there is a flap of cartilage called epiglottis. The function of epiglottis is to cover the mouth of trachea (or wind pipe) when we swallow food so that the food may not enter the trachea (or wind pipe).

Question 20.
Why are white blood corpuscles called soldiers of the body?
Answer:
White blood corpuscles engulf (phagocytose) the foreign matter (bacteria, dust and other foreign material) entering the body, and are hence called soldiers. They produce antibodies against antigens, and antitoxins against toxins.

Question 21.
Describe the importance of stomata in plant.
Answer:
Plants release gaseous wastes such as CO2 produced during respiration at night and O2 produced during photosynthesis in daytime through stomata on leaves and lenticels found on stems.

Question 22.
What happens to the rate of breathing during vigorous exercise and why?
Answer:
During vigorous exercise, our body requires more energy and for this purpose more oxygen is needed, so the rate of breathing is increased. Oxygen intake rate increases by about 20 to 25 times.

Question 23.
How do the guard cells regulate opening and closing of stomatal pores?
Answer:
The swelling of guard cells due to absorption of water causes opening of stomatal pores while shrinking of guard cells closes the pores. Opening and closing of stomata occurs due to turgor changes in guard cells. When guard cells are turgid, stomatal pore is open while in flaccid conditions, the stomatal aperture closes.

Question 24.
Two green plants are kept separately in oxygen-free containers, one in the dark and the other in continuous light. Which one will live longer? Give reasons.
Answer:
Plant kept in continuous light will live longer. Because it will be able to produce oxygen required for its respiration by the process of photosynthesis.

Question 25.
In each of the following situations what happens to the rate of photo synthesis?

  1. Cloudy days
  2. No rainfall in the area
  3. Good manuring in the area
  4. Stomata get blocked due to dust.

Answer:

  1. Decreases
  2. Decreases
  3. Increases
  4. Decreases.

Question 26.
Name the energy currency in the living organisms. When and where is it produced?
Answer:
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy currency in the living organisms. It is produced in the mitochondria during respiration in living organisms and also during photosynthesis in plants.

Question 27.
Explain the role of mouth in digestion of food.
Answer:

  1. Food is crushed into small pieces by the teeth.
  2. It mixes with saliva and the enzyme amylase (found in saliva) breaks down starch into sugars.
  3. Tongue helps in thorough mixing of food with saliva.

Question 28.
Explain the statement, ‘Bile does not contain any enzyme but it is essential for digestion.’
Answer:
Bile does not contain any enyzme but it is essential for digestion because bile is alkaline and contain salts which helps to emulsify the fat present in the food. SO2 the bile perform two functions:

  • The food coming from the stomach is acidic and has to be made alkaline for the pancreatic enzymes to act.
  • The bile salts breakdown the fat present in the food into smaller globules. This increases the efficiency of enzymes in the small intestine to digest the food effectively.

Question 29.
Why is blood circulation in human heart called double circulation?
Answer:
The blood circualtion in human heart is called double circulation because the blood passes through the heart twice in one complete cycle of the body i.e., once through the right half in the form of deoxygenated blood and once through the left half in the form of oxygenated blood.

Question 30.
What are the adaptations of leaf for photosynthesis?
Answer:

  1. Leaves provide large surface area for maximum light absorption.
  2. Leaves are arranged at right angles to the light source in a way that causes overlapping.
  3. The extensive network of veins enables quick transport of substances to and from the mesophyll cells.
  4. Presence of numerous stomata for gaseous exchange.
  5. The chloroplasts are more in number on the upper surface of leaves.

Question 31.
Study the given diagram: Name the parts ‘A’ and ‘B’ and state one function of each.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 2
A → Stomatal pore
Function: Massive amounts of gaseous exchange takes place in the leaves through these pores for the purpsoe of photosynthesis.
B → Guard cell.
Function: The opening and closing of the stomatal pore is a function of the guard cell.

Question 32.
Why does absorption of digested food occur mainly in the small intestine?
Answer:
Maximum absorption occurs in small intestine because:

  1. digestion is completed in small intestine.
  2. inner lining of small intestine is provided with villi which increases the surface area for absorption.
  3. wall of intestine is richly supplied with blood vessels which take the absorbed food to each and every cell of the body.

Question 33.
What substances are contained in the gastric juice? What are their functions? Answer: Gastric juice contains three substances: hydrochloric acid, enzyme pepsin and mucus. Their functions are:

  1. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach is used to make the medium acidic to facilitate the action of the enzyme pepsin and to kill germs if any.
  2. Enzyme pepsin digests proteins to convert them into peptones.
  3. The mucus helps to protect the stomach wall from its own secretions of hydrochloric acid.

Question 34.
What are the various processes that take place in the duodenum?
Answer:
Processes that take place in the duodenum are:

  1. Bile emulsifies the fat molecules present in the food into small globules.
  2. The pancreatic enzyme trypsin starts digesting the proteins and the pancreatic amylase breaks down the starch.
  3. Bile juice secreted by the liver and bicarbonate ions secreted by the duodenal wall makes the medium alkaline.

Question 35.
How does respiration occur in the roots of the plant?
Answer:
Air is present in between the particles of the soil. The roots take the oxygen by the. process of diffusion. Oxygen first diffuses into the root hairs and reaches all other cells of the root for respiration. CO2 produced in the cells moves out through the root hairs, by the process of diffusion. For respiration, in older roots, where root hair is not present, the exchange of gases takes place through lenticels (tiny openings in the protective layer) by the process of diffusion.

Question 36.
(i) Explain why the rate of photosynthesis in plants is low both at lower and higher temperatures.
(ii) Is green light most or least useful in photosynthesis and why?
Answer:
(i) Photosynthesis is an enzymatic process. The enzymes function within an optimum range of temperature which is neither very low nor very high. At low temperature the activity of enzymes is lowered due to which the rate of photosynthesis is also low. Again when the temperature is very high, the activity of enzymes decreases which leads to low rate of photosynthesis.

(ii) Green light is least useful in photosynthesis, because chlorophyll does not absorb green light.

Question 37.
Though what conduction of water in plants takes place? Explain its mechanism.
Answer:
Transport of water in plants: The transport or movement of soluble products (sugar) of photosynthesis from leaves to other parts of the plant is known as translocation. It occurs is the part of vascular tissue known as pheloem. Besides the product of photosynthesis, phloem also transports amino acids and other substances (such as plant harmones).
These substances are especially delivered to storage organs of roots, fruits, seeds and growing organs.

Question 38.
How does respiration occur in the stem of the plant?
Answer:
In the stem of herbaceous plants, stomatas are present. SO2 the exchange of gases takes place through stomata by the process of diffusion. In the woody and hard stems of big plants, the exchange of gases takes place through lenticels which are present on the bark of the stem.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 3

Question 39.
State the functions of the following components of transport system:
(i) Blood
(ii) Lymph.
Answer:
(i) The following are the important functions of blood:
(a) It transports the digestive component of food to all the body cells.
(b) It also transports respiratory gases to body cells.
(c) It carries waste product for excretion.
(d) It acts as carrier of hormones.
(ii) Lymph contains lymphocyte cells which fight against infection and it also carries digested fat.

Question 40.
What is the advantage of having four chambered heart?
Answer:
In four chambered heart, left half is completely separated from right half by septa. This prevents oxygenated and deoxygenated blood from mixing. This allows a highly efficient supply of oxygenated blood to all parts of the body. This is useful in animals that have high energy needs, such as birds and mammals.

Question 41.
State differences between artery, vein and capillary.
Or
Differentiate between an artery and a vein.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 4

Question 42.
What is autotrophic nutrition? Explain in brief with example.
Answer:
Autotrophic Nutrition: Some organisms use simple food materials obtained from inorganic sources in the form of carbon dioxide and water. These organisms are called autotrophs.
Ex. Green plants and some bacteria. This mode of nutrition is called autotrophic nutrition.

Question 43.
Write differences between respiration and combustion.
Answer:
Difference between Respiration and Combustion
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 5

Question 44.
What type of blood flows in pulmonary vein?
Answer:
Following differences are there in arteries and veins:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 6
In pulmonary vein, oxygenated blood from lungs is transported to left atrium of the heart.

Question 45.
What is transpiration? Write down four factors affecting transpiration process.
Answer:
Transpiration: Water loss from the aerial parts of the plant is called transpiration. Following factors are there to influence the process of transpiration.
(i) Humidity: There is an increase in transpiration when atmospheric humidity decreases, while transpiration decreases with increase in humidity.
(ii) Speed of Air: High speed of air causes higher rate of transpiration. But when the air speed is high, stomata get closed and causes a decrease in transpiration.
(iii) Temperature: Increased atmospheric temperature causes decrease in humidity of air. This causes increase in transpiration. When temperature decreases, decrease in transpiration takes place.
(iv) Light Intensity: When intensity of light increases it causes increase in temperature and decrease in atmospheric humidity which causes increased rate of transpiration.

Life Processes Extra Questions Long Answer Type

Question 1.
What are the differences between autotrophic nutrition and hetrotrophic nutrition?
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 7

Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 8

Question 2.
What are the common features between all the respiratory organs? Explain the mechanism of gaseous exchange between tissues and blood.
Answer:
Common features between all the respiratory organs are:

  1. All the respiratory organs have large surface areas to get enough oxygen.
  2. All the respiratory organs are thin-walled for easy diffusion of gases and substances.
  3. All the respiratory organs (like skin, lungs, gills) have a rich supply of blood for transporting respiratory gases.

The mechanism of gaseous exchange between tissues and blood is as follows:

  1. The blood reaching the tissues has higher concentration of oxygen than in the cells so it gets diffused into the cells.
  2. the carbon dioxide, which is formed in the cells, gets accumulated in higher concentration as compared in the blood, so it easily diffuses into the blood.
  3. The blood with CO2 takes this gas to the lungs, from where it is expelled out during exhalation.

Question 3.
Explain the nutrition process in an Amoeba.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 9
The mode of nutrition in Amoeba is holOzoic. The various steps involved in the process of nutrition are:
(i) Ingestion: Amoeba ingests food with the help of its finger-like extensions, called pseudopodia. When a food particle approaches Amoeba, it forms pseudopodia around it and forms a food vacuole inside the Amoeba.
(ii) Digestion: Various enzymes from the cytoplasm enter into the food vacuole and break them down into simple soluble molecules.
(iii) Absorption: The simple soluble food is absorbed by cytoplasm of Amoeba from food vacuoles through the process of diffusion.
(iv) Assimilation: Amoeba cell obtains energy from the absorbed
Food vacuole food through respiration. This energy is utilised by Amoeba for its growth and repair of the body.
(v) Egestion: When a considerable amount of undigested food gets collected inside Amoeba, its cell membrane ruptures and throws out the undigested food.

Question 4.
Give the role of liver in the human beings.
Answer:
Liver is the largest gland in human beings. Its main functions are as follows:

  1. It secretes bile juice which makes the medium of the food alkaline Amoeba and also emulsifies fat.
  2. It stores the excess of glucose in the form of glycogen.
  3. Old worn-out RBC’s are broken down in liver cells. Their haemoglobin is changed into bile pigments.
  4. The ammonia is produced as a result of metabolism of amino acids. It is highly toxic. The ammonia combines with CO2 and is converted into urea (less toxic).
  5. It stores vitamins, iron and copper.
  6. It produces fibrinogen and helps in blood-clotting.
  7. It produces heparin which does not allow the clotting of blood inside the blood vessels.
  8. It regulates the volume of blood to some extent.
  9. RBCs are produced at the foetal stage by the liver.

Question 5.
(i) Describe aerobic respiration.
(ii) Describe the process of anaerobic respiration. Or
What is A.T.P.? How is it formed? What is the use of it?
Answer:
(i) The respiration which needs oxygen or occurs in the presence of oxygen is called aerobic respiration. During this type of respiration, glucose is broken down into carbon dioxide and water with the release of considerable amount of energy. The energy is stored in the form of ATP.

It consists of two steps:
(a) Glycolysis: The conversion of glucose into pyruvate (or pyruvic acid) is called glycolysis. It occurs in the cytoplasm.
(b) Kreb’s Cycle: It is the process of converting pyruvate into CO2 and H,O along with the release of considerable amount of energy. It occurs in the mitochondria. One molecule of glucose liberates 38 ATP of energy during aerobic respiration.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 10
(ii) The respiration which takes place in the absence of oxygen is called anaerobic respiration. During this respiration glucose is broken down into ethyl alcohol and CO2 with the release of very small amount of energy. In anaerobic respiration, one molecule of oxygen produces only 2ATP of energy. This type of respiration occurs in microscopic organisms like yeast, etc.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 11
In human beings, the energy is obtained by aerobic respiration but sometimes anaerobic respiration occurs in muscles during vigorous exercise when oxygen gets consumed faster than its supply by the blood. During the anaerobic respiration in the muscles the glucose is converted into lactic acid with the release of 2 ATP of energy.
Anaerobic respiration in human beings:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 12

Question 6.
Distinguish between breathing and respiration.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 13

Question 7.
Explain process of breathing in man.
Or
Where does exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occur in human? Describe its function with diagram.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 14
Answer:
Human respiratory system: The human respiratory system begins from nose cavities called nostrils. The air from cavity enters into the pharynx and then into the trachea (or wind pipe). The trachea runs down the neck and divides into two tubes called bronchi. Each bronchi is connected to a lung. In the lungs each bronchi divides into a large number of thin tubes called bronchioles. The bronchioles have a tiny air sac at their ends called alveoli. It is in the alveoli where exchange of gases takes place.

Mechanism of breathing:
(i) When we breathe in air, the diaphragm contracts which results in the increase in volume of chest cavity. Due to this expansion of chest cavity, the air pressure in the lungs decreases. Thus, air from outside rushes into the lungs through nostrils, trachea and bronchi. Therefore, air sacs of lungs get filled with air when we breathe in. The exchange of gases between alveoli and blood takes place by the process of diffusion.

(ii) Human respiratory system: Now, the air present in air sacs of the lungs in rich in CO2. When we breathe out air, the diaphragm relaxes which results in the decrease in volume of chest cavity. This contraction pushes the air from the lungs into the trachea, nostrils and then out of the body into air. Breathing in air is called inhalation and breathing out air is called exhalation.

Mechanism of gaseous exchange during respiration: The oxygen is carried by blood to all the parts of the body. As the blood passes through the tissues of the body, the oxygen from the blood diffuses into the cell, whereas the CO2 which is produced during respiration diffuses into the blood and is carried to the lungs.

Question 8.
Describe the structure of human kidney.
Answer:
Kidneys are bean-shaped and located at the back of abdomen, one on either side of backbone. Its inner concave surface has a depression called hilum through which renal artery enters and renal vein leaves the kidney. Kidney has two regions: outer cortex and inner medulla. Each kidney has a large number of filtering units called nephrons.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 15

Question 9.
Describe the process of digestion of food in human beings.
Or
Draw the diagram of alimentary canal of man and label the following parts: Mouth, Oesophagus, Stomach, Intestine
Or
How do carbohydrates, proteins and fats get digested in human beings?
Draw a well labelled diagram of human digestive system and explain the diges tive process.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 16
The various processes involved in the digestion of human beings are:
(i) Ingestion: Through the help of mouth human beigns ingest food.

(ii) Digestion: The teeth helps in physical digestion of food. In mouth there are salivary glands, which secretes saliva, in which salivary amylase enzyme is present which digest the starch present in food into maltose sugar, i.e., the digestion of carbohydrate starts from mouth itself. Mouth opens into a small funnel-shaped area called pharynx which leads to a long tube called oesophagus, whose wall is highly muscular.

When the slightly digested food enters into oesophagus the contraction and expansion movement of its wall, takes place, which is known as peristaltic movement. This movement helps the food to move towards the stomach. Usually, in oesophagus there is no digestion of food. From the oesophagus the food enters into the stomach.

In the stomach there is secretion of gastric juices which is a mixture of hydrochloric acid, pepsin (protein Colon digesting enzyme) and mucus. Now, the partially digested food enters from stomach into the small intestine’s wider part which is known as duodenum and the remaining part of the small intestine is termed as ileum.

The duodenum, receives secretions of two glands, i.e., liver and pancreas. Liver secretes bile pigments and pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which digestes the proteins, carbohydrates and emulsified fats. Here the digestive enzymes are amylase, maltose and invertase for digesting the carbohydrates, trypsin for proteins and lipase for fats.

Thus, food is completely digested in ileum part of small intestine.
(iii) Absorption: Now, the food enters from duodenum into ileum part of small intesntine where millions of finger-like projections known as villi are present which absorb the food.

(iv) Assimilation: The blood carries the digested and dissolved food to all parts of the body, where it is assimilated into the cells which is used for obtaining energy as well as for growth and repair of the body.

(v) Egestion: The undigested food enters into the large intestine’s wider part, where water is absorbed from the undigested food and the food becomes solid. Now, this solid undigested food enters the last part of large intestine known as rectum through which it moves out from the body.

Question 10.
Differentiate between blood and lymph.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 17

Question 11.
Define the terms, ‘nutrition’ and ‘nutrients’. List two differences between ‘holozoic nutrition’ and ‘saprophytic nutrition’. Give two examples of each of these two types of nutrition.
Answer:
Nutrition: The process by which the living organisms receive and utilise the food materials necessary for their survival, growth and repair of worn-out tissues is called nutrition.
Nutrients: Those substances which supply nourishment to living organisms from its surroundings and use it as an energy source or for biosynthesis of body constituents.
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 18

Question 12.
Describe internal structure of a human heart.
Or
Describe the flow of blood through the heart of human beings.
Answer:
Life Processes Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 6 19
The two auricles or atria are thin-walled and are separated from each other by a thin inter-atrial septum. The right atrium receives venous (deoxygenated blood having very little O2) from the entire body through a superior and inferior vena cava. The left smaller atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs through four pulmonary veins.

The two auricles (atria) are separated from the ventricles by two apertures guarded by membranous valves. The valve separating right atrium from right ventricle is called right atrio-ventricular valve or tricuspid valve made up of three flaps. The valve separating left atrium from left ventricle is called left atrio-ventricular valve or mitral valve, formed of two flaps. These valves are attached with fine cords with the papillary muscles of the ventricular wall.

These valves only allow blood flow from auricles into ventricles and not in opposite direction. Both the ventricles are separated from each other by a thick inter-ventricular septum. The wall of left ventricle is much thicker than that of right ventricle. The left ventricle pushes blood into aorta which supplies blood to entire body. The opening of aorta is also guarded by a valve formed of 3 semilunar flaps.

The right ventricle pumps venous blood into lungs by a pulmonary aorta. Its opening is also guarded by a valve, having 3 semilunar flaps. These valves allow the flow of blood from ventricles into the aorta and not back. Heart is formed of cardiac muscle fibres, which rhythmically contract the heart without feeling fatigue.

Question 13.
Write a brief account on composition and functions of human blood.
Answer:
It is slightly thicker than water and is slightly basic with a pH 7.3-7.4. Two main components of blood are:
(i) Plasma: It forms about 55% of the blood which have 90% water and 10% complex organic and inorganic compounds. It is called inanimate part of blood because it lacks blood corpuscles. Organic compounds in plasma include antibodies, glucose, amino acids, hormones, enzymes, fatty acids, vitamins and proteins (i.e., albumin, globulin, prothrombin, fibrinogen, heparin).

Heparin acts as anticoagulant in blood. It prevents clotting of blood in blood vessels. On the contrary, prothrombin and fibrinogen help in formation of clot during an injury. Inorganic compounds include potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and their compounds in the wound form of phosphate, biocarbonate, sulphate, chloride, etc.

(ii) Blood Corpusscles: They form about 45% of the blood composition. (See Fast Track Revision):
Function of Blood
Transport of Gases: Blood transports gases like bind O2 and CO2. RBCs present in blood have haemoglobin which bind with O2 and form oxyhaemoglobin. This oxyhaemoglobin breaks down into O2 and haemoglobin in tissues. O2 is absorbed by tissues, while haemoglobin and bicarbonates help in CO2 transport. Transport of Nutritive Materials: Nutritive materials absorbed by intestine transported to tissues by plasma.

Transport of Excretory Materials: In body, by metabolic process many excretory products such as urea, etc., are formed. This is transported to liver and then to kidney. Regulation of Body Temperature: Blood maintains temperature of all body parts and also helps in transport of hormones.

Gross Total Income (GTI) | What is GTI? How To Calculate and Difference Between GTI and TI

Gross Total Income

Gross Total Income (GTI): Tax in itself is a tedious phenomenon, and the complexity increases when various terms are also included in the list. We all know that tax is charged levied on an individual’s income. However, the pay can further be classified and referred to by numerous names in India, such as

  • Exempt Income
  • Taxable Income
  • Total income
  • Gross Total Income Etc.

In this article, we will discuss the understanding of the Gross Total Income or GTI.

What is Gross Total Income?

As the title suggests, Gross Total Income is the accumulation of all the income earned by an individual during a specific period. As per Section 14 of the 1961 Income Tax Act, the income of any individual or any assessee can be classified under these five categories,

  • Income from Salaries
  • Income from House Property
  • Profits and Gains of Business and Profession
  • Capital Gains
  • Income from Other Sources

And, the Gross Total income is calculated when the earnings from all the five categories of income are taken under together.

Taxation calculation and investment in tax-saving schemes are essential annual exercises if you are earning money. In India, one may feel overwhelmed with the number of many tax jargons and numerous deductions.

The 1961 Income Tax Act defines both the terms as follows:

Section 80B (5) of the IT Act defines the Gross Total Income

  • Includes income received or receivable by an individual in the prior-year adjusted for the clubbing and carry-forward amounts from previous years.
  • Deduct the non-taxable parts of one’s income from this amount to estimate ‘Gross Total Income.’

What are the Various Additions that Needed to be Made in the Gross Total Income?

Apart from summing up the earnings from all the five categories of income, the following might also be added in order to calculate one’s total gross income.

  • Income to be added according to the clubbing provisions under the Income Tax Act.
  • Adjustments for the set-off and carry forward of the losses.
  • Unexplained Tax Credit under section 68 of the 1962 Income Tax Act, received in cash or credit. This implies receipt of any amount of which one does not have sufficient or valid explanation describing the source of receipt of such income. These kinds of income are added to one’s Gross Total Income.
  • Unexplained Investments, i.e., the investments one has made, but one cannot give a satisfactory explanation about the source, or improper disclosures have been made on their part. In all such situations, their investments are going to be termed unexplained investments as per the purview of section 69 of the 1961 Income Tax Act. Also, it shall be added to the Gross Total Income (GTI)
  • Assets and other income under Section 69A, valuables such as money, jewelry etc., for which no proper explanation is ready with the assessee, is going to be added to the Gross Total Income of the individual.
  • Undisclosed or the lower disclosed income is going to be added to the individual’s Gross Total Income as per Section 69B of the 1961 Income Tax Act. This relates to all those income and assets that have not been reported or made a lower disclosure than the actual funds.
  • Unexplained expenditures under section 69C. Suppose one has made some expenses and no proper explanation regarding the same available. In that case, it is going to be added to the Gross Total Income and subsequently charged to taxes accordingly.
  • Hundi amount borrowed or repaid. Suppose one has taken or refunded a particular amount on the Hundi. In that case, it is going to be added to the individual’s Gross Total income or GI according to the provisions of section 69D of the 1961 income tax act.

Even though we have understood the above income and assets or expenditures added to the total gross income, these additions or the nature of additions are not usually witnessed in routine.

Why Must the Gross Total Income (GTI) be Calculated?

The computation of total gross income is necessary as

  • It is the amount needed to be disclosed when filing the Income Tax Return.
  • Deductions under Chapter VI A are needed to be deducted from the GTI to arrive at the taxable or total income.

Gross Total Income is not going to include:

While calculating the total gross income, one is needed to sum up all of their income without reducing the amount for any tax-saving investments that have been made under Section 80C to 80U under the 1961 Income Tax Act.

What is the Total Income? State the Difference Between one’s Gross Total Income (GTI) and the Total Income?

The income that arrived after claiming all the allowable deductions from an individual’s Gross Total Income is known as the individual’s Total Income.

Gross Total Income is the sum of all of the income an individual receives during a year. On the other hand, Total income is the amount of income subject to taxation after all the allowable deductions or exemptions have been subtracted from the Gross Total Income.

Total income =Gross Total Income –Allowable Deductions

When Do Taxpayers have to Pay the Taxes on their Income?

The taxes on one’s income can be finalized after the completion of the previous year. But, to enable a regular flow of the funds and easing the taxes collection, the 1961 Income-tax Act has provisions for payment of taxes in advance during the year of earning itself or prior to completion of the previous year. It is also known as the Pay as one’s made concept.

The Government collects taxes by the following means:

  • Voluntary payment by the country’s taxpayers into different designated Banks like the Self-Assessment tax, Advance tax, etc.
  • Taxes deducted at source.
  • Taxes collected at source
  • Equalisation Levy

FAQ’s On Gross Total Income

Question 1.
What is included in total gross income?

Answer:
Gross income is an individual’s income earned, the total income on a paycheck before the taxes and others are deducted. It involves all the incomes of an individual from all the sources – including wages, interest income, rental income, and dividends.

Question 2.
How do I calculate the gross income from net income?

Answer:
Revenue – Cost of the Goods Sold – Expenses = Net Income

The first part of the formula, revenue subtracted from the cost of goods sold, is also the formula for gross income.

Question 3.
Is total gross income yearly or monthly?

Answer:
Gross income refers to the total amount earned by an individual before the taxes and other deductions, just like the annual salary. In order to determine gross monthly income, divide the full salary by 12 for the months in the year.

Categories GST

Social Media Addiction Essay | Short and Long Essay on Social Media Addiction | Causes of Social Media Addiction

Essay on Social Media Addiction

Social Media Addiction Essay: Social media is a mechanical application and site, empowering clients to have intuitive correspondence and cooperation in sharing data, conclusions, pictures, recordings, and so on through web association. Social media such as Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp, Twitter, etc., have brought many benefits to society.  It permits the exchange of information with a flicker of an eye progressively. It is ending up being profoundly advantageous for business, work searchers, financial specialists, picture takers, news channels, craftsmen, bloggers, gourmet experts, homemakers, and some more.

The current youthful age is keeping away from open-air sports and squander their energy via Social media. It influences their own life, profession, studies, and associations with friends and family. To spread mindfulness on this subject schools, universities and different social foundations urge youth to partake in Essay, Speech contests. This subject is one of the normal themes in such discussions.

You can read more Essay Writing about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Along these lines, we have given you an example exposition via online media fixation of like Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and so on which discusses causes, impact, manifestations and arrangements of the Social media dependence. However, the substance is given in paper design, with little adjustments you can utilize it for discourse or article composing. You can likewise utilize this data for passage composing.

Short Essay on Social Media Addiction 200 Words in English

Social media compulsion has become a reason for concern. It is preventing the understudy’s schooling and is influencing their grades. Work has likewise become an impediment to the homegrown producers just as the work-creators. This relationship is likewise causing issues and is prompting issues like anorexia and gloom.

Maybe than joining Social media and associating with dear companions, individuals have begun rivaling them. They need to post preferable photographs and notices over others and need their profiles to be awesome. Online media addicts invest the greater part of their energy contemplating how they can improve their profile than others.

Online media addicts additionally consistently desire to look through Social media stages. They revive their data, stop individuals’ profiles, update their status, transfer their photos frequently and continue to remark to a great extent.

Numerous Social media Addiction locales like Facebook likewise offer to play a few games. These games are largely habit-forming. Players attempt to contend with different parts in their companion list. They invest the vast majority of their energy playing these games to expand their level and score. They become furious and disappointed when they can’t get it.

Side effects of Social media fixation ought to be recognized and the issue ought to be tended to before extremely late.

Social Media Addiction Essay

Long Essay on Social Media Addiction 500 Words in English

Online media is an incredible method to associate with our companions and family members living in far-off places. It is likewise an extraordinary spot to meet similar individuals, support our business, follow our number one superstars, upgrade our insight and see what’s going on around the world. Be that as it may, utilizing online media unreasonably can have negative repercussions. Numerous individuals become dependent on Social media and this affects the typical working of their lives.

Students can also find Internet Addiction Essay and Paragraph on Social Media from here

Why Social Media Addiction is Increasing?

Online media has brought the world nearer. Individuals of various age bunches all throughout the planet have Social media accounts. While numerous online media clients keep their profiles serene others stay up with the latest. There is one more class of Social media clients. These individuals post nearly everything occurring in their life on their online media accounts and burn through most pieces of their day looking through changed pages via Social media locales. They have profiles on every one of the online media stages and are dependent on them.

The quantity of online media addicts is expanding as time passes. This is on the grounds that Social media stages are thinking of a few new and intriguing approaches to keep individuals connected with and snared on to them.

How to Overcome this Addiction?

It might appear to be hard to conquer online media enslavement immediately anyway you can do as such with little exertion over the long haul. Here are some approaches to beat Social media fixation:

  • Make your time useful: There are applications that help you limit the time spent on various applications on your portable. They send a ready when you surpass the time set for utilizing a specific application. It is a smart thought to download such an application to restrict your Social media utilization. You can diminish this time bit by bit.
  • Turn off your app notifications: Mood killer the warnings for all your Social media stages on your telephone. At the point when you realize you will not be informed about any new update, you won’t trust that your telephone will blare or have the inclination to continually see the notice. There will be no unsettling influence and you will actually want to focus better on the job that needs to be done.
  • Remove unnecessary app: It is proposed to erase not many Social media applications from your telephone and stay dynamic just on a couple of them. Additionally, don’t put these applications on your home screen. This basic stunt can likewise go far in defeating your Social media compulsion.
  • Make your Social life physical not digital: Keep your telephone to the side when you are with your loved ones. Converse with them, enjoy exercises you appreciate and pay attention to all that they need to say. Plan to invest increasingly more energy with them as you attempt to conquer your online media enslavement. This can fill in as a decent interruption from the bogus world you have made for yourself.
  • Follow your hobbies: Recognize the exercises you love the most. It very well might be moving, planting, singing, running or whatever else, so far as that is concerned. Participate in these exercises for an hour or somewhere in the vicinity every day to keep your psyche off online media.

Side-effects of Social Media

  • Social media consumes a lot of time and decreases the productivity of the person day by day.
  • Social media makes a person completely isolated from the outer world. Sometimes they become so introverted, that they can connect to another person through social media only.
  • Students can lower their academic marks because of the excess use of social media.
  • People get too much dependent on social media for the likes and views on their posts. Hence, their happiness is more dependent on the public reactions, which makes them more depressed and sad when do not get a good number of likes.
  • One of the major drawbacks of social media is it affects our health drastically. Our eyes get tired by constantly watching mobiles phones and laptop screens. Also, we do not prefer to go out much for a walk, which makes us gain weight and lose stamina.

Final Conclusion

Social media addicts show urgent conduct. They regularly separate from this present reality and become socially segregated. Perceive this issue and conquer it to lead a cheerful and sound life.

FAQ’s on Social Media Addiction Essay

Question 1.
What is social media addiction?

Answer:
Individuals invest more energy in their cell phones over various online media applications. They track down a virtual existence where it is not difficult to get virtual regard, love, appreciation, acknowledgement. Our current age is having an exceptionally low capacity to focus, they are anxious, they need things to occur in a flash. Which is hauling them into this virtual universe of Social media and applications.

Question 2.
What is the cause of social media addiction?

Answer:
The main motivation for this human conduct is the requirement for acknowledgement, appreciation, approval, fondness, and love. Social media introduced a virtual existence where individuals address themselves with the persona they need others to see, as and love. These online media stages are simply innovation, it is the longing in the human psyche which is catching them in this endless loop.

Question 3.
What is the type of social media addiction?

Answer:
There are different types of social media addiction:

  • Having accounts on social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc, to post your stories or photos or videos, to get public attention and likes.
  • The habit of chatting through WhatsApp is another kind of addiction.
  • Cybersex addiction, watching illegal pornographic videos especially for youth is a big cause of addiction
  • Online games available nowadays also causes addiction
  • Surfing information from social media platforms
  • Watching movies or videos on free youtube channels

Question 4.
What are the advantages of social media?

Answer:
Social media is just not a curse but it has brought a lot of boons to society. Using social media you can contact huge crowds,  have an immediate association with your crowd, can make natural substance, approach paid promoting administrations, assemble your image, direct people to your site and can assess your exhibition.

Water Resources: Conservation and Management of Water, Examples

The compilation of these Water Resources Notes makes students exam preparation simpler and organised.

An Introduction to Water Resources

Water – a must for all life forms on earth and the most important natural resource. We all know that about three-fourths of the earth’s surface is covered with water. But about 96.5% of the global water resources come from the oceans and seas. In India, the water resources amount to an estimated 1897 square kilometers per annum. However, we all know about the shortage of Water we are facing as a country. Let us learn more about the conversation of the water resource.

Some quick Facts and Figures

  • The total volume of water on the earth’s surface – 96.5%
  • The total volume of usable freshwater – 2.5%
  • The volume of freshwater in ice-sheets and glaciers – 70%
  • Stored groundwater – 30%
  • Precipitation (rainfall) in India – 4% of earth’s total
  • India’s rank in the world for water availability per person (per annum) – 133

Conservation & Management of Water Resources

‘Water water everywhere, not a drop to drink.’ It is a very old saying in a different reference to the situation. But, this is exactly what we fear will happen very soon, if we do not wisely use and conserve our water resources.

Research shows that by 2025, India, along with many other countries will face a serious scarcity of water. Many regions in our country are currently undergoing the process of ‘water stress’. According to research by Falken Mark, a Swedish expert on water, ‘water stress’ happens when the water availability falls below 1000 cubic meters per person per day.

How did we reach here?

An Introduction to Water Resources

Though blessed with large rivers like the Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Narmada, and others, India’s socio-economic development has a lot to contribute to decreasing water resources. Rising population, industrialization, urbanization and modernization of agriculture, are some of the main reasons for water shortages in many parts of the country. As a result, most of our prominent rivers, especially the smaller ones have become toxic with waste products and pollution.

Saving Our Water Resources

Water is indeed an essential resource for life on earth and it must be conserved. In fact, historically, humans had learned to conserve the available water resource by building dams.

Dams

An Introduction to Water Resources 1

Dams are simply hydraulic structures that act as a barrier between the source and destination of flowing water. Earlier, these dams were small and hand-made. In our modern society, engineering techniques and methods are used to construct most of these dams.

Depending on its need, the water flow can be obstructed, redirected, or slowed down using a dam. The barrier often creates a small reservoir or a lake, collecting the excess flow of water. People use most dams for irrigation. While some dams are used for generating electricity, which we know as ‘hydropower’ or ‘hydro energy.

Dams can be of different types and of various sizes. While timber dams are made from wood, the masonry or embankment dams are made with stones and concrete. Dams can also be low, medium, or high in height, depending on their location and usage. Though dams can be helpful in conserving water resources, too many of them can also cause over sedimentation of the river beds.

Also, over usage of dams can reduce the aquatic life of the river, on which they flow. That is why we also have more natural and long-lasting methods of saving our water resources. The two most widely used methods are:

Rainwater Harvesting

An Introduction to Water Resources 2

You must have come across this term from multiple media sources. Rainwater harvesting is one of the most efficient and effective ways of conserving water. It is more like the recycling of natural water. In this, rooftop rainwater harvesting is a common practice in states like Rajasthan, West Bengal, Meghalaya, and major parts of South India, where rainfall is usually heavy. People connect PVC pipes to a drain on their roof and the rainwater is collected below in large storage tanks.

This water is then utilized for daily needs even after rains are over. Mostly, people do not collect the water off first rainfall but thereafter. In Shillong and other parts of Meghalaya and rain-prone regions of the North East, water from rooftop rainwater harvesting covers about 15-25% of household water requirements.

DIY: You can try a home experiment for your learning exercise. Collect the rainwater and store it. You can even filter the water for a clean output. Now, use this water for your household needs or plants. Did you know? In the state of Tamil Nadu, it is compulsory for every house/residential building to have a rooftop rainwater harvesting system!

Bamboo Drip Irrigation System

An Introduction to Water Resources 3

This is an indigenous method that has been in practice for about 200 years in the north-eastern states of India. While this practice helps conserve the region’s water resources, it also helps in the irrigation of local farms and fields. People use bamboo pipes for tapping the waters of streams and springs. About 18020 liters of water flow through a network of pipes and end up as drips on the farmlands.

Examples:

Question 1.
What is water stress?
Answer:
According to research by Falken Mark, a Swedish expert on water, ‘water stress’ happens when the water availability falls below 1000 cubic meters per person per day.

Question 2.
What are the different methods of water conservation?
Answer:
We can conserve water resources using different methods:

  • Dams: These are hydraulic structures that can either control, redirect or obstruct the flow of water from a water body. Dams are made from wood, stone, or concrete.
  • Rainwater Harvesting: Rainwater is collected from rooftops or ground and stored in large tanks for later use. Rainwater harvesting is popular in Rajasthan, West Bengal, Meghalaya, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Drip Irrigation: This method is most practiced in North-Eastern states, for irrigation of farms as well as save the local water resources. Bamboo pipes flow water over a long distance and end up in drips when they reach the plants.