Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2

Question 1. ‘Chetana Store’ paid total GST of ₹ 1,00,500 at the time of purchase and collected GST ₹ 1,22,500 at the time of sale during 1st of July 2017 to 31st July 2017. Find the GST payable by Chetana Stores.
Answer:
Output tax (Tax collected at the time of sale)
= ₹ 1,22,500
Input tax (Tax paid at the time of purchase)
= ₹ 1,00,500
ITC (Input Tax credit) = ₹ 1,00,500.
GST payable = Output tax – ITC
= 1,22,500 – 1,00,500
= ₹ 22,000
GST payable by Chetana stores is ₹ 22,000.

Question 2. Nazama is a proprietor of a firm, registered under GST. She has paid GST of ₹ 12,500 on purchase and collected ₹ 14,750 on sale. What is the amount of ITC to be claimed? What is the amount of GST payable?
Solution:
Output tax = ₹ 14,750
Input tax = ₹ 12,500
∴ ITC for Nazama = ₹ 12,500.
∴ GST payable = Output tax – ITC
= 14750 – 12500
= ₹ 2250
∴ Amount of ITC to be claimed is ₹ 12,500 and amount of GST payable is ₹ 2250.

Question 3. Amir Enterprise purchased chocolate sauce bottles and paid GST of ₹ 3800. He sold those bottles to Akbari Bros, and collected GST of ₹ 4100. Mayank Food Corner purchased these bottles from Akbari Bros, and paid GST of ₹ 4500. Find the amount of GST payable at every stage of trading and hence find payable CGST and SGST.
Solution:
For Amir Enterprise:
Output tax = ₹ 4100
Input tax = ₹ 3800
ITC for Amir enterprise = ₹ 3800.
∴ GST payable = Output tax – ITC
= 4100 – 3800
= ₹ 300
For Akbari Bros.:
Output tax = ₹ 4500
Input tax = ₹ 4100
ITC for Akbari Bros = ₹ 4100.
GST payable = Output tax – ITC
= 4500 – 4100 = ₹ 400
∴ Statement of GST payable at every stage of trading:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 1

Question 4. Malik Gas Agency (Chandigarh Union Territory) purchased some gas cylinders for industrial use for ₹ 24,500, and sold them to the local customers for ₹ 26,500. Find the GST to be paid at the rate of 5% and hence the CGST and UTGST to be paid for this transaction, (for Union Territories there is UTGST instead of SGST.)
Solution:
For Malik Gas Agency:
Output tax = 5% of 26500
= \(\frac { 5 }{ 100 } \) × 26500
= ₹ 1325
Input tax = 5% of 24500
= \(\frac { 5 }{ 100 } \) × 24500
= ₹ 1225
ITC for Malik Gas Agency = ₹ 1225.
∴ GST payable = Output tax – ITC
= 1325 – 1225
= ₹ 100
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 2
∴ CGST = UTGST = ₹ 50
∴ The GST to be paid at the rate of 5% is ₹ 100 and hence, CGST and UTGST paid for the transaction is ₹ 50 each.

Question 5.
M/s Beauty Products paid 18% GST on cosmetics worth ₹ 6000 and sold to a customer for ₹ 10,000. What are the amounts of CGST and SGST shown in the tax invoice issued?
Solution:
Output tax = 18% of 10,000
= \(\frac { 18 }{ 100 } \) × 10,000
= ₹ 1800
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 3
∴ Amount of CGST and SGST shown in the tax invoice issued is ₹ 900 each.

Question 6.
Prepare Business to Consumer (B2C) tax invoice using given information. Write the name of the supplier, address, state, Date, Invoice number, GSTIN etc. as per your choice.
Supplier: M/s ______ Address _______ State _______ Date _______ Invoice No. _______ GSTIN _______
Particulars
Rate of Mobile Battery ₹ 200 Rate of GST 12% HSN 8507 1 PC
Rate of Headphone ₹750 Rate of GST 18% HSN 8518 1 Pc
Solution:
Rate of Mobile Battery = ₹200
CGST = 6% of 200
= \(\frac { 6 }{ 100 } \) × 200
= ₹ 12
∴ CGST = SGST = ₹ 12

Rate of Headphone = ₹ 750
COST = 9% of 750
= \(\frac { 9 }{ 100 } \) × 750
= ₹ 67.5
∴ CGST = SGST = ₹ 67.5
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 4

Question 7.
Prepare Business to Business (B2B) Tax Invoice as per the details given below, name of the supplier, address, Date etc. as per your choice.
Supplier – Name, Address, State, GSTIN, Invoice No., Date
Recipient – Name, Address, State, GSTIN,
Items:
i. Pencil boxes 100, HSN – 3924, Rate – ₹ 20, GST 12%
ii. Jigsaw Puzzles 50, HSN 9503, Rate – ₹ 100 GST 12%.
Solution:
Cost of 100 Pencil boxes
= 20 × 1oo
= ₹ 2000
CGST = 6% of 2000
= \(\frac { 6 }{ 100 } \) × 2000
= ₹ 120
∴ CGST = SGST = ₹ 120

Cost of 50 Jigsaw Puzzles = 100 × 50
= ₹ 5000
CGST = 6% of 5000
= \(\frac { 6 }{ 100 } \) × 5000
= ₹ 300
CGST – SGST = ₹ 300
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 5

Question 1.
Suppose a manufacturer sold a cycle for a taxable value of ₹ 4000 to the wholesaler. Wholesaler sold it to the retailer for ₹ 4800 (taxable value). Retailer sold it to a customer for ₹ 5200 (taxable value). Rate of GST is 12%. Complete the following activity to find the payable CGST and SGST at each stage of trading. (Textbook pg. no. 92)
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 6
GST payable by manufacturer = ₹ 480
Output tax of wholesaler
= 12% of 4800 = \(\frac { 12 }{ 100 } \) × 4800 = ₹ 576
∴ GST payable by wholesaler
= Output tax – Input tax
= 576 – 480
= ₹ 96
Output tax of retailer = 12% of 5200
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.2 7

Question 2. Suppose in the month of July the output tax of a trader is equal to the input tax, then what is his payable GST?(Textbook pg. no. 93)
Answer:
Here, output tax is same as input tax.
∴ Trader payable GST will be zero.

Question 3.
Suppose in the month of July output tax of a trader is less than the input tax then how to compute his GST? (Textbook pg. no. 93)
Answer:
If output tax of a trader in a particular month is less than his input tax, then he won’t be able to get entire credit for his input tax. In such a case his balance credit will be carried forward and adjusted against the subsequent transactions.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3

Practice Set 4.3 Financial Planning Question 1. Complete the following table by writing suitable numbers and words.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 1
Solution:
i. Here, share is at par.
∴ MV = FV
∴ MV = ₹ 100

ii. Here, Premium = ₹ 500, MV = ₹ 575
∴ FV + Premium = MV
∴ FV + 500 = 575
∴ FV = 575 – 500
∴ FV = ₹ 75

iii. Here, FV = ₹ 10, MV = ₹ 5
∴ FV > MV
Share is at discount.
FV – Discount = MV
∴ 10 – Discount = 5
∴ 10 – 5 = Discount
₹ Discount = ₹ 5
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 2

Practice Set 4.3 Question 2. Mr. Amol purchased 50 shares of Face value ₹ 100 when the Market value of the share was ₹ 80. Company had given 20% dividend. Find the rate of return on investment.
Solution:
Here, MV = ₹ 80, FV = ₹ 100,
Number of shares = 50, Rate of dividend = 20%
∴ Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 50 × 80
= ₹ 4000

Dividend per share = 20% of FV
= \(\frac { 20 }{ 100 } \) × 100 = ₹ 20
∴ Total dividend of 50 shares = 50 × 20
= ₹ 1000
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 3
∴ Rate of return on investment is 25%.

Question 3.
Joseph purchased following shares, Find his total investment.
Company A : 200 shares, FV = ₹ 2, Premium = ₹ 18.
Company B : 45 shares, MV = ₹ 500
Company C : 1 share, MV = ₹ 10,540
Solution:
For company A:
FV = ₹ 2, premium = ₹ 18,
Number of shares = 200
∴ MV = FV+ Premium
= 2 + 18
= ₹ 20
Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 200 × 20
= ₹ 14000

For company B:
MV = ₹ 500, Number of shares = 45
Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 45 × 500 = ₹ 22,500

For company C:
MV = ₹ 10,540, Number of shares = 1
∴ Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 1 × 10540
= ₹ 10,540
∴ Total investment of Joseph
= Investment for company A + Investment for company B + Investment for company C
= 4000 + 22,500 + 10,540
= ₹ 37040
∴ Total investment done by Joseph is ₹ 37,040.

Question 4.
Smt. Deshpande purchased shares of FV ₹ 5 at a premium of ₹ 20. How many shares will she get for ₹ 20,000?
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 5, Premium = ₹ 20,
Sum invested = ₹ 20,000
∴ MV = FV + Premium
= 5 + 20
∴ MV = ₹ 25
Now, sum invested = Number of shares × MV
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 4
∴ Smt. Deshpande got 800 shares for ₹ 20,000.

Question 5.
Shri Shantilal has purchased 150 shares of FV ₹ 100, for MV of ₹ 120. Company has paid dividend at 7%. Find the rate of return on his investment.
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 120
Dividend = 7%, Number of shares = 150
∴ Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 150 × 120 = ₹ 18000
Dividend per share = 7% of FV
= \(\frac { 7 }{ 100 } \) × 100 = ₹ 7
∴ Total dividend of 150 shares
= 150 × 7 = ₹ 1050
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 5
∴ Rate of return on investment is 5.83%.

4.3 Class 10 Question 6. If the face value of both the shares is same, then which investment out of the following is more profitable?
Company A : dividend 16%, MV = ₹ 80,
Company B : dividend 20%, MV = ₹ 120.
Solution:
Let the face value of share be ₹ x.
For company A:
MV = ₹ 80, Dividend = 16%
Dividend = 16% of FV
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 6
∴ Rate of return of company A is more.
∴ Investment in company A is profitable.

Question 1.
Smita has invested ₹ 12,000 and purchased shares of FV ₹ 10 at a premium of ₹ 2. Find the number of shares she purchased. Complete the given activity to get the answer. (Textbook pg. no. 101.)
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Practice Set 4.3 7

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3

Practice Set 5.3 Geometry Class 10 Question 1. Angles made by the line with the positive direction of X-axis are given. Find the slope of these lines.
i. 45°
ii. 60°
iii. 90°
Solution:
i. Angle made with the positive direction of
X-axis (θ) = 45°
Slope of the line (m) = tan θ
∴ m = tan 45° = 1
∴ The slope of the line is 1.

ii. Angle made with the positive direction of X-axis (θ) = 60°
Slope of the line (m) = tan θ
∴ m = tan 60° = \(\sqrt { 3 }\)
∴ The slope of the line is \(\sqrt { 3 }\).

iii. Angle made with the positive direction of
X-axis (θ) = 90°
Slope of the line (m) = tan θ
∴ m = tan 90°
But, the value of tan 90° is not defined.
∴ The slope of the line cannot be determined.

Practice Set 5.3 Geometry Question 2. Find the slopes of the lines passing through the given points.
i. A (2, 3), B (4, 7)
ii. P(-3, 1), Q (5, -2)
iii. C (5, -2), D (7, 3)
iv. L (-2, -3), M (-6, -8)
v. E (-4, -2), F (6, 3)
vi. T (0, -3), s (0,4)
Solution:
i. A (x1, y1) = A (2, 3) and B (x2, y2) = B (4, 7)
Here, x1 = 2, x2 = 4, y1 = 3, y2 = 7
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 1
∴ The slope of line AB is 2.

ii. P (x1, y1) = P (-3, 1) and Q (x2, y2) = Q (5, -2)
Here, x1 = -3, x2 = 5, y1 = 1, y2 = -2
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 2
∴ The slope of line PQ is \(\frac { -3 }{ 8 } \)

iii. C (x1, y1) = C (5, -2) and D (x2, y2) = D (7, 3)
Here, x1 = 5, x2 = 7, y1 = -2, y2 = 3
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 3
∴ The slope of line CD is \(\frac { 5 }{ 2 } \)

iv. L (x1, y1) = L (-2, -3) and M (x2,y2) = M (-6, -8)
Here, x1 = -2, x2 = – 6, y1 = – 3, y2 = – 8
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 4
∴ The slope of line LM is \(\frac { 5 }{ 4 } \)

v. E (x1, y1) = E (-4, -2) and F (x2, y2) = F (6, 3)
Here,x1 = -4, x2 = 6, y1 = -2, y2 = 3
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 5
∴ The slope of line EF is \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 } \).

vi. T (x1, y1) = T (0, -3) and S (x2, y2) = S (0, 4)
Here, x1 = 0, x2 = 0, y1 = -3, y2 = 4
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 6
∴ The slope of line TS cannot be determined.

5.3.5 Practice Question 3. Determine whether the following points are collinear.
i. A (-1, -1), B (0, 1), C (1, 3)
ii. D (- 2, -3), E (1, 0), F (2, 1)
iii. L (2, 5), M (3, 3), N (5, 1)
iv. P (2, -5), Q (1, -3), R (-2, 3)
v. R (1, -4), S (-2, 2), T (-3,4)
vi. A(-4,4),K[-2,\(\frac { 5 }{ 2 } \)], N (4,-2)
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 7
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 8
∴ slope of line AB = slope of line BC
∴ line AB || line BC
Also, point B is common to both the lines.
∴ Both lines are the same.
∴ Points A, B and C are collinear.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 9
∴ slope of line DE = slope of line EF
∴ line DE || line EF
Also, point E is common to both the lines.
∴ Both lines are the same.
∴ Points D, E and F are collinear.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 10
∴ slope of line LM ≠ slope of line MN
∴ Points L, M and N are not collinear.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 11a
∴ slope of line PQ = slope of line QR
∴ line PQ || line QR
Also, point Q is common to both the lines.
∴ Both lines are the same.
∴ Points P, Q and R are collinear.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 12
∴ slope of line RS = slope of line ST
∴ line RS || line ST
Also, point S is common to both the lines.
∴ Both lines are the same.
∴ Points R, S and T are collinear.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 13
∴ slope of line AK = slope of line KN
∴ line AK || line KN
Also, point K is common to both the lines.
∴ Both lines are the same.
∴ Points A, K and N are collinear.

Practice Set 5.3 Geometry 9th Standard Question 4. If A (1, -1), B (0,4), C (-5,3) are vertices of a triangle, then find the slope of each side.
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 14
∴ The slopes of the sides AB, BC and AC are -5, \(\frac { 1 }{ 5 } \) and \(\frac { -2 }{ 3 } \) respectively.

Geometry 5.3 Question 5. Show that A (-4, -7), B (-1, 2), C (8, 5) and D (5, -4) are the vertices of a parallelogram.
Proof:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 15
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 16
∴ Slope of side AB = Slope of side CD … [From (i) and (iii)]
∴ side AB || side CD
Slope of side BC = Slope of side AD … [From (ii) and (iv)]
∴ side BC || side AD
Both the pairs of opposite sides of ꠸ABCD are parallel.
꠸ABCD is a parallelogram.
Points A(-4, -7), B(-1, 2), C(8, 5) and D(5, -4) are the vertices of a parallelogram.

Question 6.
Find k, if R (1, -1), S (-2, k) and slope of line RS is -2.
Solution:
R(x1, y1) = R (1, -1), S (x2, y2) = S (-2, k)
Here, x1 = 1, x2 = -2, y1 = -1, y2 = k
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 17
But, slope of line RS is -2. … [Given]
∴ -2 = \(\frac { k+1 }{ -3 } \)
∴ k + 1 = 6
∴ k = 6 – 1
∴ k = 5

5.3 Class 10 Question 7. Find k, if B (k, -5), C (1, 2) and slope of the line is 7.
Solution:
B(x1, y1) = B (k, -5), C (x2, y2) = C (1, 2)
Here, x1 = k, x2 = 1, y1 = -5, y2 = 2
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 18
But, slope of line BC is 7. …[Given]
∴ 7 = \(\frac { 7 }{ 1-k } \)
∴ 7(1 – k) = 7
∴ 1 – k = \(\frac { 7 }{ 7 } \)
∴ 1 – k = 1
∴ k = 0

Question 8.
Find k, if PQ || RS and P (2, 4), Q (3, 6), R (3,1), S (5, k).
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.3 19
But, line PQ || line RS … [Given]
∴ Slope of line PQ = Slope of line RS
∴ 2 = \(\frac { k-1 }{ 2 } \)
∴ 4 = k – 1
∴ k = 4 + 1
∴ k = 5

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1

Practice Set 5.1 Geometry Class 10 Question 1. Find the distance between each of the following pairs of points.
i. A (2, 3), B (4,1)
ii. P (-5, 7), Q (-1, 3)
iii. R (0, -3), S (0,\(\frac { 5 }{ 2 } \))
iv. L (5, -8), M (-7, -3)
v. T (-3, 6), R (9, -10)
vi. W(\(\frac { -7 }{ 2 } \),4), X(11, 4)
Solution:
i. Let A (x1, y1) and B (x2, y2) be the given points.
∴ x1 = 2, y1 = 3, x2 = 4, y2 = 1
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 3
∴ d(A, B) = 2\(\sqrt { 2 }\) units
∴ The distance between the points A and B is 2\(\sqrt { 2 }\) units.

ii. Let P (x1, y1 ) and Q (x2, y2) be the given points.
∴ x1 = -5, y1 = 7, x2 = -1, y2 = 3
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 1
∴ d(P, Q) = 4\(\sqrt { 2 }\) units
∴ The distance between the points P and Q is 4\(\sqrt { 2 }\) units.

iii. Let R (x1, y1) and S (x2, y2) be the given points.
∴ x1 = 0, y1 = -3, x2 = 0, y2 = \(\frac { 5 }{ 2 } \)
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 2
∴ d(R, S) = \(\frac { 11 }{ 2 } \) units
∴ The distance between the points R and S is \(\frac { 11 }{ 2 } \) units.

iv. Let L (x1, y1) and M (x2, y2) be the given points.
∴ x1 = 5, y1 = -8, x2 = -7, y2 = -3
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 4
∴ d(L, M) = 13 units
∴ The distance between the points L and M is 13 units.

v. Let T (x1,y1) and R (x2, y2) be the given points.
∴ x1 = -3, y1 = 6,x2 = 9,y2 = -10
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 5
∴ d(T, R) = 20 units
∴ The distance between the points T and R 20 units.

vi. Let W (x1, y1) and X (x2, y2) be the given points.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 6
∴ d(W, X) = \(\frac { 29 }{ 2 } \) units
∴ The distance between the points W and X is \(\frac { 29 }{ 2 } \) units.

Practice Set 5.1 Geometry 10th Question 2. Determine whether the points are collinear.
i. A (1, -3), B (2, -5), C (-4, 7)
ii. L (-2, 3), M (1, -3), N (5, 4)
iii. R (0, 3), D (2, 1), S (3, -1)
iv. P (-2, 3), Q (1, 2), R (4, 1)
Solution:
i. By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 7
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 8
∴ d(A, B) = \(\sqrt { 5 }\) …(i)
On adding (i) and (iii),
d(A, B) + d(A, C)= \(\sqrt { 5 }\) + 5\(\sqrt { 5 }\) = 6\(\sqrt { 5 }\)
∴ d(A, B) + d(A, C) = d(B, C) … [From (ii)]
∴ Points A, B and C are collinear.

ii. By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 9
On adding (i) and (iii),
d(L, M) + d(L, N) = 3\(\sqrt { 5 }\) + 5\(\sqrt { 2 }\) ≠ \(\sqrt { 65 }\)
∴ d(L, M) + d(L, N) ≠ d(M, N) … [From (ii)]
∴ Points L, M and N are not collinear.

iii. By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 10
On adding (i) and (ii),
∴ d(R, D) + d(D, S) = \(\sqrt { 8 }\) + \(\sqrt { 5 }\) ≠ 5
∴ d(R, D) + d(D, S) ≠ d(R, S) … [From (iii)]
∴ Points R, D and S are not collinear.

iv. By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 11
On adding (i) and (ii),
d(P, Q) + d(Q, R) = \(\sqrt { 10 }\) + \(\sqrt { 10 }\) = 2\(\sqrt { 10 }\)
∴ d(P, Q) + d(Q, R) = d(P, R) … [From (iii)]
∴ Points P, Q and R are collinear.

Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Practice Set 5.1 Question 3. Find the point on the X-axis which is equidistant from A (-3,4) and B (1, -4).
Solution:
Let point C be on the X-axis which is equidistant from points A and B.
Point C lies on X-axis.
∴ its y co-ordinate is 0.
Let C = (x, 0)
C is equidistant from points A and B.
∴ AC = BC
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 12
∴ (x + 3)2 + (-4)2 = (x- 1)2 + 42
∴ x2 + 6x + 9 + 16 = x2 – 2x + 1 + 16
∴ 8x = – 8
∴ x = – \(\frac { 8 }{ 8 } \) = -1
∴ The point on X-axis which is equidistant from points A and B is (-1,0).

10th Geometry Practice Set 5.1 Question 4. Verify that points P (-2, 2), Q (2, 2) and R (2, 7) are vertices of a right angled triangle.
Solution:
Distance between two points
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 13
Consider, PQ2 + QR2 = 42 + 52 = 16 + 25 = 41 … [From (i) and (ii)]
∴ PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 … [From (iii)]
∴ ∆PQR is a right angled triangle. … [Converse of Pythagoras theorem]
∴ Points P, Q and R are the vertices of a right angled triangle.

Question 5.
Show that points P (2, -2), Q (7, 3), R (11, -1) and S (6, -6) are vertices of a parallelogram.
Proof:
Distance between two points
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 14
PQ = RS … [From (i) and (iii)]
QR = PS … [From (ii) and (iv)]
A quadrilateral is a parallelogram, if both the pairs of its opposite sides are congruent.
∴ □ PQRS is a parallelogram.
∴ Points P, Q, R and S are the vertices of a parallelogram.

Question 6.
Show that points A (-4, -7), B (-1, 2), C (8, 5) and D (5, -4) are vertices of rhombus ABCD.
Proof:
Distance between two points
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 15

∴ AB = BC = CD = AD …[From (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)]
In a quadrilateral, if all the sides are equal, then it is a rhombus.
∴ □ ABCD is a rhombus.
∴ Points A, B, C and D are the vertices of rhombus ABCD.

Practice Set 5.1 Question 7. Find x if distance between points L (x, 7) and M (1,15) is 10.
Solution:
X1 = x, y1 = 7, x2 = 1, y2 = 15
By distance formula,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 17
∴ 1 – x = ± 6
∴ 1 – x = 6 or l – x = -6
∴ x = – 5 or x = 7
∴ The value of x is – 5 or 7.

Geometry 5.1 Question 8. Show that the points A (1, 2), B (1, 6), C (1 + 2\(\sqrt { 3 }\), 4) are vertices of an equilateral triangle.
Proof:
Distance between two points
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 18
∴ AB = BC = AC … [From (i), (ii) and (iii)]
∴ ∆ABC is an equilateral triangle.
∴ Points A, B and C are the vertices of an equilateral triangle.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Chapter 5 Coordinate Geometry Intext Questions and Activities

Question 1.
In the figure, seg AB || Y-axis and seg CB || X-axis. Co-ordinates of points A and C are given. To find AC, fill in the boxes given below. (Textbook pa. no. 102)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Co-ordinate Geometry Practice Set 5.1 19
Solution:
In ∆ABC, ∠B = 900
∴ (AB)2 + (BC)2 = [(Ac)2 …(i) … [Pythagoras theorem]
seg CB || X-axis
∴ y co-ordinate of B = 2
seg BA || Y-axis
∴ x co-ordinate of B = 2
∴ co-ordinate of B is (2, 2) = (x1,y1)
co-ordinate of A is (2, 3) = (x2, Y2)
Since, AB || to Y-axis,
d(A, B) = Y2 – Y1
d(A,B) = 3 – 2 = 1
co-ordinate of C is (-2,2) = (x1,y1)
co-ordinate of B is (2, 2) = (x2, y2)
Since, BC || to X-axis,
d(B, C) = x2 – x1
d(B,C) = 2 – -2 = 4
∴ AC2 = 12 + 42 …[From (i)]
= 1 + 16 = 17
∴ AC = \(\sqrt { 17 }\) units …[Taking square root of both sides]

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2

Maharashtra State Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2

Question 1.
In an envelope there are some ₹5 notes and some ₹10 notes. Total amount of these notes together is ₹350. Number of ₹5 notes are less by 10 than twice the number of ₹10 notes. Then find the number of ₹5 and ₹10 notes.
Solution:
Let the number of ₹5 notes be ‘x’ and the number of ₹10 notes be ‘y’
Total amount of x notes of ₹ 5 = ₹ 5x
Total amount ofy notes of ₹ 10 = ₹ 10y
∴ Total amount = 5x + 10y
According to the first condition,
total amount of the notes together is ₹350.
∴ 5x + 10y = 350 …(i)
According to the second condition,
Number of ₹ 5 notes are less by 10 than twice the number of ₹ 10 notes.
∴ x = 2y – 10
∴ x – 2y = -10 …..(ii)
Multiplying equation (ii) by 5,
5x – 10y = -50 …(iii)
Adding equations (i) and (iii),
5x + 10y =350
+ 5x – 10y = -50
10x =300
∴ x = \(\frac { 300 }{ 10 }\)
∴ x = 30
Substituting x = 30 in equation (ii),
x – 2y = -10
30 – 2y = -10
∴ 30 + 10 = 2y
∴ 40 = 2y
∴ y = \(\frac { 40 }{ 2 }\)
∴ y = 20
There are 30 notes of ₹ 5 and 20 notes of ₹ 10 in the envelope.

Question 2.
The denominator of a fraction is 1 less than twice its numerator. If 1 is added to numerator and denominator respectively, the ratio of numerator to denominator is 3 : 5. Find the fraction.
Solution:
Let the numerator of the fraction be ‘x’ and its denominator be ‘y’.
Then, the required fraction is \(\frac { x }{ y }\) .
According to the first condition,
the denominator is 1 less than twice its numerator.
∴ y = 2x – 1
∴ 2x – y = 1 …(i)
According to the second condition,
if 1 is added to the numerator and the denominator, the ratio of numerator to denominator is 3 : 5.
∴ \(\frac { x+1 }{ y+1 }\) = \(\frac { 3 }{ 5 }\)
∴ y + 1 = 5
∴ 5(x + 1) = 3(y + 1)
∴ 5x + 5 = 3y + 3
∴ 5x – 3y = 3 – 5
∴ 5x – 3y = -2 ……(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 3,
6x – 3y = 3 …(iii)
Subtracting equation (ii) from (iii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 1
Substituting x = 5 in equation (i),
∴ 2x – y = 1
∴ 2(5) – y = 1
∴ 10 – y = 1
∴ y= 10 – 1 =9
∴ The required fraction is \(\frac { 5 }{ 9 }\).

Question 3.
The sum of ages of Priyanka and Deepika is 34 years. Priyanka is elder to Deepika by 6 years. Then find their present ages.
Solution:
Let the present age of Priyanka be ‘x’ years and that of Deepika be ‘y’ years.
According to the first condition,
Priyanka’s age + Deepika’s age = 34 years
∴ x + y = 34 …(i)
According to the second condition,
Priyanka is elder to Deepika by 6 years.
∴ x =y + 6
∴ x – y = 6 …..(ii)
Adding equations (i) and (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 2
∴ x = 20
Substituting x = 20 in equation (i),
x + y = 34
∴ 20 + y = 34
∴ y = 34 -20= 14
∴ The present age of Priyanka is 20 years and that of Deepika is 14 years.

Question 4.
The total number of lions and peacocks in a certain zoo is 50. The total number of their legs is 140. Then find the number of lions and peacocks in the zoo.
Solution:
Let the number of lions in the zoo be ‘x’ and the number of peacocks be ‘y’.
According to the first condition,
the total number of lions and peacocks is 50.
∴ x + y = 50 …(i)
Lion has 4 legs and Peacock has 2 legs.
According to the second condition,
the total number of their legs is 140.
∴ 4x + 2y = 140
Dividing both sides by 2,
2x + y = 70 …(ii)
Subtracting equation (i) from (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 3
Substituting x = 20 in equation (i),
x + y = 50
∴ 20 + y = 50
∴ y = 50 – 20 = 30
∴ The number of lions and peacocks in the zoo are 20 and 30 respectively.

Question 5.
Sanjay gets fixed monthly income. Every year there is a certain increment in his salary. After 4 years, his monthly salary was ₹ 4500 and after 10 years his monthly salary became ₹ 5400, then find his original salary and yearly increment.
Solution:
Let the original salary of Sanjay be ₹ ‘x’ and his yearly increment be ₹ ‘y’.
According to the first condition, after 4 years his monthly salary was ₹ 4500
∴ x + 4y = 4500 …..(i)
According to the second condition,
after 10 years his monthly salary became ₹ 5400
∴ x + 10y = 5400 …(ii)
Subtracting equation (i) from (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 4
∴ y = 150
Substituting y = 150 in equation (i),
x + 4y = 4500
∴ x +4(150) = 4500
∴ x + 600 = 4500
∴ x = 4500 – 600 = 3900
∴ The original salary of Sanjay is ₹ 3900 and his yearly increment is ₹ 150.

Question 6.
The price of 3 chairs and 2 tables is ₹ 4500 and price of 5 chairs and 3 tables is ₹ 7000, then find the price of 2 chairs and 2 tables.
Solution:
Let the price of one chair be ₹ ‘x’ and that of one table be ₹ ‘y’.
According to the first condition,
the price of 3 chairs and 2 tables is ₹ 4500
∴ 3x + 2y = 4500 ,..(i)
According to the second condition, the price of 5 chairs and 3 tables is ? 7000
∴ 5x + 3y = 7000 …(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 3,
9x + 6y = 13500 ….(iii)
Multiplying equation (ii) by 2,
10x + 6y= 14000 …(iv)
Subtracting equation (iii) from (iv),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 5
Substituting x = 500 in equation (i),
3x + 2y = 4500
∴ 3(500)+ 2y = 4500
∴ 1500 + 2y = 4500
∴ 2y = 4500- 1500
∴ 2y = 3000
∴ y = \(\frac { 3000 }{ 2 }\)
∴ y = 1500
∴ Price of 2 chairs and 2 tables = 2x + 2y
= 2(500)+ 2(1500)
= 1000 + 3000 = ₹ 4000
∴ The price of 2 chairs and 2 tables is ₹ 4000.

Question 7.
The sum of the digits in a two-digit number is 9. The number obtained by interchanging the digits exceeds the original number by 27. Find the two-digit number.
Solution:
Let the digit in unit’s place be ‘x’ and the digit in ten’s place be ‘y’.
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 6
According to the first condition.
the sum of the digits in a two-digit number is 9
x + y = 9 …(i)
According to the second condition,
the number obtained by interchanging the digits exceeds the original number by 27
∴ 10x + y = 10y + x + 27
∴ 10x – x + y – 10y = 27
∴ 9x – 9y = 27
Dividing both sides by 9,
x – y = 3 …….(ii)
Adding equations (i) and (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 7
∴ x = 6
Substituting x = 6 in equation (i),
x + y = 9
∴ 6 + y = 9
∴ y = 9 – 6 = 3
∴ Original number = 10y + x = 10(3)+ 6
= 30 + 6 = 36
∴ The two digit number is 36.

Question 8.
In ∆ABC, the measure of ∠A is equal to the sum of the measures of ∠B and ∠C. Also the ratio of measures of ∠B and ∠C is 4 : 5. Then find the measures of angles of the triangle.
Solution:
Let the measure of ∠B be ‘x°’ and that of ∠C be ‘y°’.
According to the first condition,
m∠A = m∠B + m∠C
∴ m∠A = x° + y°
In AABC,
m∠A + m∠B + m∠C = 180° …[Sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180°]
∴ x + y + x + y = 180 ,
∴ 2x + 2y = 180
Dividing both sides by 2,
x + y = 90 …(i)
According to the second condition,
the ratio of the measures of ∠B and ∠C is 4 : 5.
∴ \(\frac { x }{ y }\) = \(\frac { 4 }{ 5 }\)
∴ 5x = 4y
∴ 5x – 4y = 0 …….(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 4,
4x + 4y = 360 …(iii)
Adding equations (ii) and (iii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 8
∴ x = 40
Substituting x = 40 in equation (i),
x + y = 90
∴ 40 + y = 90
∴ y = 90 – 40
∴ y = 50
∴ m∠A = x° + y° = 40° + 50° = 90°
∴ The measures of ∠A, ∠B and ∠C are 90°, 40°, and 50° respectively.

Question 9.
Divide a rope of length 560 cm into 2 parts such that twice the length of the smaller part is equal to \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 }\) of the larger part. Then find the length of the larger part.
Solution:
Let the length of the smaller part of the rope be ‘x’ cm and that of the larger part be ‘y’ cm.
According to the first condition,
total length of the rope is 560 cm.
∴ x + y = 560 …(i)
Twice the length of the smaller part = 2x
\(\frac { 1 }{ 3 }\)rd length of the larger part = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 }\)y
According to the second condition,
2x = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 }\) 3
∴ 6x = y
∴ 6x – y = 0 ……(ii)
Adding equations (i) and (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 9
∴ x = 80
Substituting x = 80 in equation (ii),
6x – y = 0
∴ 6(80) – y = 0
∴ 480 – y = 0
∴ y = 480
∴ The length of the larger part of the rope is 480 cm.

Question 10.
In a competitive examination, there were 60 questions. The correct answer would carry 2 marks, and for incorrect answer 1 mark would be subtracted. Yashwant had attempted all the questions and he got total 90 marks. Then how many questions he got wrong?
Solution:
Let us suppose that Yashwant got ‘x’ questions right and ‘y’ questions wrong.
According to the first condition, total number of questions in the examination are 60.
∴ x + y = 60 …(i)
Yashwant got 2 marks for each correct answer and 1 mark was deducted for each wrong answer.
∴ He got 2x – y marks.
According to the second condition,
he got 90 marks.
2x – y = 90 … (ii)
Adding equations (i) and (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 10
∴ x = 50
Substituting x = 50 in equation (i),
50 + y = 60
∴ y = 60 – 50 = 10
∴ Yashwant got 10 questions wrong.

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 Intext Questions and Activities

Question 1.
The population of a certain town was 50,000. In a year, male population was increased by 5% and female population was increased by 3%. Now the population became 52020. Then what was the number of males and females in the previous year? (Textbook pg. no. 89)
Solution:
Step 1: Read the given word problem carefully and try to understand it.

Step 2: Make assumptions using two variables x and y.
Let the number of males in previous year be
‘x’ and the number of females be ‘y’.

Step 3: From the given information, form mathematical statements using the above variables.
According to the first condition,
the total population of town was 50,000.
∴ x + y = 50000 …(i)
Male population increased by 5%.
∴ Number of males = x + 5% of x , 5
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 11
Female population increased by 3%.
∴ Number of females = y + 3% of y
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 12
According to the second condition,
in a year population became 52020
∴ \(\frac{105}{100} x+\frac{103}{100} y=52020\)
∴ 105 x + 103 y = 5202000 …(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 103,
103 x + 103 y = 5150000 …(iii)

Step 4: Here, we use elimination method.
Subtracting equation (iii) from (ii),
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 5.2 13
∴ x = 26000
Substituting x = 26000 in equation (i),
∴ 26000 + y = 50000
∴ y = 50000 – 26000
∴ y = 24000
∴ Number of males = x = 26000
∴ Number of females = y = 24000

Step 5: Write the answer.
The number of males and females in the previous year were 26,000 and 24,000 respectively.

Step 6: Verify your result using smart check.

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions

 

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B

Financial Planning Class 10 Problem Set 4b Question 1. Write the correct alternative for the following questions.

i. If the Face Value of a share is ₹ 100 and Market value is ₹ 75, then which of the following statement is correct?
(A) The share is at premium of ₹ 175
(B) The share is at discount of ₹ 25
(C) The share is at premium of ₹ 25
(D) The share is at discount of ₹ 75
Answer:
(B)

ii. What is the amount of dividend received per share of face value ₹ 10 if dividend declared is 50%.
(A) ₹ 50
(B) ₹ 5
(C) ₹ 500
(D) ₹ 100
Answer:
Dividend = 10 × \(\frac { 50 }{ 100 } \) = ₹ 5
(B)

iii. The NAV of a unit in mutual fund scheme is ₹ 10.65, then find the amount required to buy 500 such units.
(A) 5325
(B) 5235
(C) 532500
(D) 53250
Answer:
(A)

iv. Rate of GST on brokerage is _______
(A) 5%
(B) 12%
(C) 18%
(D) 28%
Answer:
(C)

v. To find the cost of one share at the time of buying the amount of Brokerage and GST is to be ______ MV of share.
(A) added to
(B) subtracted from
(C) Multiplied with
(D) divided by
Answer:
(A)

Problem Set 4b Algebra Class 10 Question 2. Find the purchase price of a share of FV ₹ 100 if it is at premium of ₹ 30. The brokerage rate is 0.3%.
Solution:
Here, Face Value of share = ₹ 100,
premium = ₹ 30, brokerage = 0.3%
MV = FV + Premium
= 100 + 30
= ₹ 130
Brokerage = 0.3% of MV
= \(\frac { 0.3 }{ 100 } \) × 130 = ₹ 0.39
Purchase price of a share = MV + Brokerage
= 130 + 0.39
= ₹ 130.39
Purchase price of a share is ₹ 130.39.

Question 3.
Prashant bought 50 shares of FV ₹ 100, having MV ₹ 180. Company gave 40% dividend on the shares. Find the rate of return on investment.
Solution:
Here, Number of shares = 50, FV = ₹ 100,
MV = ₹ 180, rate of dividend = 40%
∴ Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 50 × 180
= ₹ 9000
Dividend per share = 40% of FV
= \(\frac { 40 }{ 100 } \) × 100
Dividend = ₹ 40
∴ Total dividend on 50 shares = 50 × 40
= ₹ 2000
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 1
∴ Rate of return on investment is 22.2%.

Question 4.
Find the amount received when 300 shares of FV ₹ 100, were sold at a discount of ₹ 30.
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, number of shares = 300,
discount = ₹ 30
MV of 1 share = FV – Discount
= 100 – 30 = ₹ 70
∴ MV of 300 shares = 300 × 70
= ₹ 21,000
∴ Amount received is ₹ 21,000.

Question 5.
Find the number of shares received when ₹ 60,000 was invested in the shares of FV ₹ 100 and MV ₹ 120.
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 120,
Sum invested = ₹ 60,000
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 2
∴ Number of shares received were 500.

Question 6.
Smt. Mita Agrawal invested ₹ 10,200 when MV of the share is ₹ 100. She sold 60 shares when the MV was ₹ 125 and sold remaining shares when the MV was ₹ 90. She paid 0.1% brokerage for each trading. Find whether she made profit or loss? and how much?
Solution:
For purchasing shares:
Here, sum invested = ₹ 10,200, MV = ₹ 100
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 3
For selling shares:
60 shares sold at MV of ₹ 125.
∴ MV of 60 shares = 125 × 60
= ₹ 7500
Brokerage = \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 7500 = ₹ 7.5
∴ Sale value of 60 shares = 7500 – 7.5 = ₹ 7492.5
Now, remaining shares = 102 – 60 = 42
But 42 shares sold at MV of ₹ 90.
∴ MV of 42 shares = 42 × 90 = ₹ 3780
∴ Brokerage = \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 3780 = ₹ 3.78
∴ Sale value of 42 shares = 3780 – 3.78 = ₹ 3776.22
Total sale value = 7492.5 + 3776.22 = ₹ 11268.72
Since, Purchase value < Sale value
∴ Profit is gained.
∴ Profit = Sale value – Purchase value
= 11268.72 – 10210.2
= ₹ 1058.52
∴ Smt. Mita Agrawal gained a profit of ₹ 1058.52.

Question 7. Market value of shares and dividend declared by the two companies is given below.
Face value is same and it is 7 100 for both the shares. Investment in which company is more profitable?
i. Company A – ₹ 132,12%
ii Company B – ₹ 144,16%
Solution:
For company A:
FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 132,
Rate of dividend = 12%
Dividend = 12% of FV
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 4
∴ Rate of return of company B is more.
∴ Investment in company B is more profitable.

Question 8. Shri. Aditya Sanghavi invested ₹ 50,118 in shares of FV ₹ 100, when the market value is ₹ 50. Rate of brokerage is 0.2% and Rate of GST on brokerage is 18%, then How many shares were purchased for ₹ 50,118?
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 50
Purchase value of shares = ₹ 50118,
Rate of brokerage = 0.2%, Rate of GST = 18%
Brokerage = 0.2% of MV
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 5
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 6
∴ 1000 shares were purchased for ₹ 50,118.

Question 9. Shri. Batliwala sold shares of ₹ 30,350 and purchased shares of ₹ 69,650 in a day. He paid brokerage at the rate of 0.1% on sale and purchase. 18% GST was charged on brokerage. Find his total expenditure on brokerage and tax.
Solution:
Total amount = sale value + Purchase value
= 30350 + 69650
= ₹ 1,00,000
Rate of Brokerage = 0.1 %
Brokerage = 0.1 % of 1,00,000
= \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 1,00,000
= ₹ 100
Rate of GST = 18%
∴ GST = 18 % of brokerage
= \(\frac { 18 }{ 100 } \) × 100
∴ GST = ₹ 18
Total expenditure on brokerage and tax
= 100 + 18 = ₹ 118
∴ Total expenditure on brokerage and tax is ₹ 118.

Alternate Method:
Brokerage = 0.1 %, GST = 18%
At the time of selling shares:
Total sale amount of shares = ₹ 30,350
Brokerage = 0.1% of 30,350
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 7
For purchasing shares:
Total purchase amount of shares = ₹ 69,650
Brokerage = 0.1% of 69,650
= \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 69650
= ₹ 69.65
GST = 18% of 69.65
= \(\frac { 18 }{ 100 } \) × 69.65
= ₹ 12.537
∴ Total expenditure on brokerage and tax = Brokerage and tax on selling + Brokerage and tax on purchasing
= (30.35 + 5.463) + (69.65 + 12.537)
= ₹ 118
∴ Total expenditure on brokerage and tax is ₹ 118.

Question 10. Sint. Aruna Thakkar purchased 100 shares of FV 100 when the MV is ₹ 1200. She paid brokerage at the rate of 0.3% and 18% GST on brokerage. Find the following –
i. Net amount paid for 100 shares.
ii. Brokerage paid on sum invested.
iii. GST paid on brokerage.
iv. Total amount paid for 100 shares.
Solution:
Here, FV = ₹ 100,
Number of shares = 100, MV = ₹ 1200
Brokerage = 0.3%, GST = 18%
i. Sum invested = Number of shares × MV
= 100 × 1200 = ₹ 1,20,000
∴ Net amount paid for 100 shares is ₹ 1,20,000.

ii. Brokerage = 0.3% of sum invested
= \(\frac { 0.3 }{ 100 } \) × 1,20,000 = ₹ 360
∴ Brokerage paid on sum invested is ₹ 360.

iii. GST = 18% of brokerage
= \(\frac { 18 }{ 100 } \) × 360 = ₹ 64.80
∴ GST paid on brokerage is ₹ 64.80.

iv. Total amount paid for 100 shares
= Sum invested + Brokerage + GST
= 1,20,000 + 360 + 64.80
= ₹ 1,20,424.80
∴ Total amount paid for 100 shares is ₹ 1,20,424.80.

Question 11. Smt. Anagha Doshi purchased 22 shares of FV ₹ 100 for Market Value of ₹ 660. Find the sum invested. After taking 20% dividend, she sold all the shares when market value was ₹ 650. She paid 0.1% brokerage for each trading done. Find the percent of profit or loss in the share trading. (Write your answer to the nearest integer)
Solution:
For purchasing shares:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 660, Number of shares = 22, rate of brokerage = 0.1%
Sum invested = MV × Number of shares
= 660 × 22
= ₹ 14,520
Brokerage = 0.1 % of sum invested
= \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 14520 = ₹ 14.52
∴ Amount invested for 22 shares
= Sum invested + Brokerage
= 14520 + 14.52
= ₹ 14534.52
For dividend:
Rate of dividend = 20%
∴ Dividend per share = 20 % of FV
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Financial Planning Problem Set 4B 8
∴ Percentage of profit in the share trading is 1 % (nearest integer).

Alternate Method:
For purchasing share:
Here, FV = ₹ 100, MV = ₹ 660, Number of shares = 22, rate of brokerage = 0.1%
Sum invested = MV × Number of shares
= 660 × 22
= ₹ 14,520
Brokerage = 0.1 % of MV
= \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 660 = ₹ 0.66
Amount invested for 1 share = 660 + 0.66
= ₹ 660.66
For dividend:
Rate of dividend = 20%
Dividend = 20% of FV = \(\frac { 20 }{ 100 } \) × 100 = ₹ 20
For selling share:
MV = ₹ 650, rate of brokerage = 0.1%
Brokerage = 0.1 % of MV
= \(\frac { 0.1 }{ 100 } \) × 650 = ₹ 0.65 100
Amount received after selling 1 share
= 650 – 0.65 = 649.35
∴ Amount received including divided
= selling price of 1 share + dividend per share
= 649.35 + 20
= ₹ 669.35
Since, income > Amount invested
∴ Profit is gained.
∴ profit = 669.35 – 660.66 = ₹ 8.69
Profit Percentage = \(\frac { 8.69 }{ 660.66 } \) × 100= 1.31%
∴ Percentage of profit in the share trading is 1 % (nearest integer).

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2

Question 1.
Using the property \(\frac { a }{ b }\) = \(\frac { ak }{ bk }\), fill in the blanks by substituting proper numbers in the following.
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 1
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 2
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 3

Question 2.
Find the following ratios.
i. The ratio of radius to circumference of the circle.
ii. The ratio of circumference of circle with radius r to its area.
iii. The ratio of diagonal of a square to its side, if the length of side is 7 cm.
iv. The lengths of sides of a rectangle are 5 cm and 3.5 cm. Find the ratio of numbers denoting its perimeter to area.
Solution:
i. Let the radius of circle be r.
then, its circumference = 2πr
Ratio of radius to circumference of the circle
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 4
The ratio of radius to circumference of the circle is 1 : 2π.

ii. Let the radius of the circle is r.
∴ circumference = 2πr and area = πr2
Ratio of circumference to the area of circle
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 5
∴ The ratio of circumference of circle with radius r to its area is 2 : r.

iii. Length of side of square = 7 cm
∴ Diagonal of square = √2 x side
= √2 x 7
= 7 √2 cm
Ratio of diagonal of a square to its side
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 6
∴ The ratio of diagonal of a square to its side is √2 : 1.

iv. Length of rectangle = (l) = 5 cm,
Breadth of rectangle = (b) = 3.5 cm
Perimeter of the rectangle = 2(l + b)
= 2(5 + 3.5)
= 2 x 8.5
= 17 cm
Area of the rectangle = l x b
= 5 x 3.5
= 17.5 cm2
Ratio of numbers denoting perimeter to the area of rectangle
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 7
∴ Ratio of numbers denoting perimeter to the area of rectangle is 34 : 35.

Question 3.
Compare the following
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 8
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 9
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 10
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 11
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 12

Question 4.
Solve.
ABCD is a parallelogram. The ratio of ∠A and ∠B of this parallelogram is 5 : 4. FInd the measure of ∠B. [2 Marksl
Solution:
Ratio of ∠A and ∠B for given parallelogram is 5 : 4
Let the common multiple be x.
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 13
m∠A = 5x°and m∠B=4x°
Now, m∠A + m∠B = 180° …[Adjacent angles of a parallelogram arc supplementary]
∴ 5x° + 4x°= 180°
∴ 9x° = 180°
∴ x° = 20°
∴ m∠B=4x°= 4 x 20° = 80°
∴ The measure of ∠B is 800.

ii. The ratio of present ages of Albert and Salim is 5 : 9. Five years hence ratio of their ages will be 3 : 5. Find their present ages.
Solution:
The ratio of present ages of Albert and Salim is 5 : 9
Let the common multiple be x.
∴ Present age of Albert = 5x years and
Present age of Salim = 9x years
After 5 years,
Albert’s age = (5x + 5) years and
Salim’s age = (9x + 5) years
According to the given condition,
Five years hence ratio of their ages will be 3 : 5
\(\frac{5 x+5}{9 x+5}=\frac{3}{5}\)
∴ 5(5x + 5) = 3(9x + 5)
∴ 25x + 25 = 27x + 15
∴ 25 – 15 = 27 x – 25 x
∴ 10 = 2x
∴ x = 5
∴ Present age of Albert = 5x = 5 x 5 = 25 years
Present age of Salim = 9x = 9 x 5 = 45 years
∴ The present ages of Albert and Salim are 25 years and 45 years respectively.

iii. The ratio of length and breadth of a rectangle is 3 : 1, and its perimeter is 36 cm. Find the length and breadth of the rectangle.
Solution:
The ratio of length and breadth of a rectangle is 3 : 1
Let the common multiple be x.
Length of the rectangle (l) = 3x cm
and Breadth of the rectangle (b) = x cm
Given, perimeter of the rectangle = 36 cm
Since, Perimeter of the rectangle = 2(l + b)
∴ 36 = 2(3x + x)
∴ 36 = 2(4x)
∴ 36 = 8x
∴ \(x=\frac{36}{8}=\frac{9}{2}=4.5\)
Length of the rectangle = 3x = 3 x 4.5 = 13.5 cm
∴ The length of the rectangle is 13.5 cm and its breadth is 4.5 cm.

iv. The ratio of two numbers is 31 : 23 and their sum is 216. Find these numbers.
Solution:
The ratio of two numbers is 31 : 23
Let the common multiple be x.
∴ First number = 31x and
Second number = 23x
According to the given condition,
Sum of the numbers is 216
∴ 31x + 23x = 216
∴ 54x = 216
∴ x = 4
∴ First number = 31x = 31 x 4 = 124
Second number = 23x = 23 x 4 = 92
∴ The two numbers are 124 and 92.

v. If the product of two numbers is 360 and their ratio is 10 : 9, then find the numbers.
Solution:
Ratio of two numbers is 10 : 9
Let the common multiple be x.
∴ First number = 10x and
Second number = 9x
According to the given condition,
Product of two numbers is 360
∴ (10x) (9x) = 360
∴ 90x2 = 360
∴ x2 = 4
∴ x = 2 …. [Taking positive square root on both sides]
∴ First number = 10x = 10x2 = 20
Second number = 9x = 9x2 = 18
∴ The two numbers are 20 and 18.

Question 5.
If a : b = 3 : 1 and b : c = 5 : 1, then find the value of [3 Marks each]
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 14
Solution:
Given, a : b = 3 : 1
∴ \(\frac { a }{ b }\) = \(\frac { 3 }{ 1 }\)
∴ a = 3b ….(i)
and b : c = 5 : 1
∴ \(\frac { b }{ c }\) = \(\frac { 5 }{ 1 }\)
b = 5c …..(ii)
Substituting (ii) in (i),
we get a = 3(5c)
∴ a = 15c …(iii)
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 15

Ratio and Proportion 9th Class Practice Set 4.1 Question 6. If \(\sqrt{0.04 \times 0.4 \times a}=0.4 \times 0.04 \times \sqrt{b}\) , then find the ratio \(\frac { a }{ b }\).
Solution:
\(\sqrt{0.04 \times 0.4 \times a}=0.4 \times 0.04 \times \sqrt{b}\) … [Given]
∴ 0.04 x 0.4 x a = (0.4)2 x (0.04)2 x b … [Squaring both sides]
Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Ratio and Proportion Practice Set 4.2 16

9th Algebra Practice Set 4.2 Question 7. (x + 3) : (x + 11) = (x – 2) : (x + 1), then find the value of x.
Solution:
(x + 3) : (x + 11) = (x- 2) : (x+ 1)
\(\quad \frac{x+3}{x+11}=\frac{x-2}{x+1}\)
∴ (x + 3)(x +1) = (x – 2)(x + 11)
∴ x(x +1) + 3(x + 1) = x(x + 11) – 2(x + 11)
∴ x2 + x + 3x + 3 = x2 + 1 lx – 2x – 22
∴ x2 + 4x + 3 = x2 + 9x – 22
∴ 4x + 3 = 9x – 22
∴ 3 + 22 = 9x – 4x
∴ 25 = 5x
∴ x = 5

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4

Practice Set 7.4 Geometry Class 10 Question 1. In the adjoining figure, A is the centre of the circle. ∠ABC = 45° and AC = 7\(\sqrt { 2 }\) cm. Find the area of segment BXC, (π = 3.14)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 1
Solution:
In ∆ABC,
AC = AB … [Radii of same circle]
∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB …[Isosceles triangle theorem]
∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB = 45°
In ∆ABC,
∠ABC + ∠ACB + ∠BAC = 180° … [Sum of the measures of angles of a triangle is 180° ]
∴ 45° + 45° + ∠BAC = 180°
∴ 90° + ∠BAC = 180°
∴ ∠BAC = 90°
Let ∠BAC = θ = 90°
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 2
∴ The area of segment BXC is 27.93 cm2.

10th Class Geometry Practice Set 7.4 Question 2. In the adjoining figure, O is the centre of the circle.
m(arc PQR) = 60°, OP = 10 cm. Find the area of the shaded region.
(π = 3.14, \(\sqrt { 3 }\) = 1.73)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 3
Given: m(arc PQR) = 60°, radius (r) = OP = 10 cm
To find: Area of shaded region.
Solution:
∠POR = m (arc PQR) …[Measure of central angle]
∴ ∠POR = θ = 60°
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 4
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 5
∴ The area of the shaded region is 9.08 cm2.

7.4 Class 10 Question 3. In the adjoining figure, if A is the centre of the circle, ∠PAR = 30°, AP = 7.5, find the area of the segment PQR. (π = 3.14)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 6
Given: Central angle (θ) = ∠PAR = 30°,
radius (r) = AP = 7.5
To find: Area of segment PQR.
Solution:
Let ∠PAR = θ = 30°
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 7
∴ The area of segment PQR is 0.65625 sq. units.

Chapter 7 Maths Class 10 Question 4. In the adjoining figure, if O is the centre of the circle, PQ is a chord, ∠POQ = 90°, area of shaded region is 114 cm2, find the radius of the circle, (π = 3.14)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 8
Given: Central angle (θ) = ∠POQ= 90°,
A (segment PRQ) = 114 cm2
To find: Radius (r).
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 9
…[Taking square root of both sides]
∴ r = 20 cm
∴ The radius of the circle is 20 cm.

Mensuration Questions for Class 10 Question 5. A chord PQ of a circle with radius 15 cm subtends an angle of 60° with the centre of the circle. Find the area of the minor as well as the major segment. (π = 3.14, \(\sqrt { 3 }\) = 1.73)
Given: Radius (r) =15 cm, central angle (θ) = 60°
To find: Areas of major and minor segments.
Solution:
Let chord PQ subtend ∠POQ = 60° at centre.
∴ θ = 60°
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.4 10
= 225 [0.0908]
= 20.43 cm2
∴ area of minor segment = 20.43 cm2
Area of circle = πr2
= 3.14 × 15 × 15
= 3.14 × 225
= 706.5 cm2
Area of major segment
= Area of circle – area of minor segment
= 706.5 – 20.43
= 686.07 cm2
Area of major segment 686.07 cm2
∴ The area of minor segment Is 20.43 cm2 and the area of major segment is 686.07 cm2.

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7

Problem Set 7 Question 1. Choose the correct alternative answer for each of the following questions.

i. The ratio of circumference and area of a circle is 2 : 7. Find its circumference.
(A) 14 π
(B) \(\frac{7}{\pi}\)
(C) 7π
(D) \(\frac{14}{\pi}\)
Answer:
Problem Set 7 Geometry 10th
(A)

ii. If measure of an arc of a circle is 160° and its length is 44 cm, find the circumference of the circle.
(A) 66 cm
(B) 44 cm
(C) 160 cm
(D) 99 cm
Answer:

(D)

iii. Find the perimeter of a sector of a circle if its measure is 90° and radius is 7 cm.
(A) 44 cm
(B) 25 cm
(C) 36 cm
(D) 56 cm
Answer:

(B)

iv. Find the curved surface area of a cone of radius 7 cm and height 24 cm.
(A) 440 cm2
(B) 550 cm2
(C) 330 cm2
(D) 110 cm2
Answer:

(B)

v. The curved surface area of a cylinder is 440 cm2 and its radius is 5 cm. Find its height.
(A) \(\frac{44}{\pi}\) cm
(B) 22π cm
(C) 44π cm
(D) \(\frac{22}{\pi}\)
Answer:

(A)

vi. A cone was melted and cast into a cylinder of the same radius as that of the base of the cone. If the height of the cylinder is 5 cm, find the height of the cone.
(A) 15 cm
(B) 10 cm
(C) 18 cm
(D) 5 cm
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7
(A)

vii. Find the volume of a cube of side 0.01 cm.
(A) 1 cm
(B) 0.001 cm3
(C) 0.0001 cm3
(D) 0.000001 cm3
Answer:
Volume of cube = (side)3
= (0.01)3 = 0.000001 cm3
(D)

viii. Find the side of a cube of volume 1 m3
(A) 1 cm
(B) 10 cm
(C) 100 cm
(D) 1000 cm
Answer:
Volume of cube = (side)3
∴ 1 = (side)3
∴ Side = 1 m
= 100 cm
(C)

Problem Set 7 Geometry Class 10 Question 2. A washing tub in the shape of a frustum of a cone has height 21 cm. The radii of the circular top and bottom are 20 cm and 15 cm respectively. What is the capacity of the tub? = (π = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \))
Given: For the frustum shaped tub,
height (h) = 21 cm,
radii (r1) = 20 cm, and (r2) = 15 cm
To find: Capacity (volume) of the tub.
Solution:
Volume of frustum = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) πh (r12 + r22 + r1 × r2)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 7
∴ The capacity of the tub is 20.35 litres.

10th Geometry Problem Set 7 Question 3. Some plastic balls of radius 1 cm were melted and cast into a tube. The thickness, length and outer radius of the tube were 2 cm, 90 cm and 30 cm respectively. How many balls were melted to make the tube?
Given: For the cylindrical tube,
height (h) = 90 cm,
outer radius (R) = 30 cm,
thickness = 2 cm
For the plastic spherical ball,
radius (r1) = 1 cm
To find: Number of balls melted.
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 8
Inner radius of tube (r)
= outer radius – thickness of tube
= 30 – 2
= 28 cm
Volume of plastic required for the tube = Outer volume of tube – Inner volume of hollow tube
= πR2h – πr2h
= πh(R2 – r2)
= π × 90 (302 – 282)
= π × 90 (30 + 28) (30 – 28) …[∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)]
= 90 × 58 × 2π cm3
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 9
∴ 7830 plastic balls were melted to make the tube.

Problem Set 7 Geometry Question 4.
A metal parallelopiped of measures 16 cm × 11cm × 10cm was melted to make coins. How many coins were made if the thickness and diameter of each coin was 2 mm and 2 cm respectively?
Given: For the parallelopiped.,
length (l) = 16 cm, breadth (b) = 11 cm,
height (h) = 10 cm
For the cylindrical coin,
thickness (H) = 2 mm,
diameter (D) 2 cm
To find: Number of coins made.
Solution:
Volume of parallelopiped = l × b × h
= 16 × 11 × 10
= 1760 cm3
Thickness of coin (H) = 2 mm
= 0.2 cm …[∵ 1 cm = 10 mm]
Diameter of coin (D) = 2 cm
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 10
∴ 2800 coins were made by melting the parallelopiped.

Mensuration Problem Question 5.  The diameter and length of a roller is 120 cm and 84 cm respectively. To level the ground, 200 rotations of the roller are required. Find the expenditure to level the ground at the rate of ₹ 10 per sq.m.
Given: For the cylindrical roller,
diameter (d) =120 cm,
length = height (h) = 84 cm
To find: Expenditure of levelling the ground.
Solution:
Diameter of roller (d) = 120 cm
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 11
Now, area of ground levelled in one rotation = curved surface area of roller
= 3.168 m2
∴ Area of ground levelled in 200 rotations
= 3.168 × 200 =
633.6 m2
Rate of levelling = ₹ 10 per m2
∴ Expenditure of levelling the ground
= 633.6 × 10 = ₹ 6336
∴ The expenditure of levelling the ground is ₹ 6336.

Question 6.
The diameter and thickness of a hollow metal sphere are 12 cm and 0.01 m respectively. The density of the metal is 8.88 gm per cm3. Find the outer surface area and mass of the sphere, [π = 3.14]
Given: For the hollow sphere,
diameter (D) =12 cm, thickness = 0.01 m
density of the metal = 8.88 gm per cm3
To find: i. Outer surface area of the sphere
ii. Mass of the sphere.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 12
Solution:
Diameter of the sphere (D)
= 12 cm
∴ Radius of sphere (R)
= \(\frac { d }{ 2 } \) = \(\frac { 12 }{ 2 } \) = 6 cm
∴ Surface area of sphere = 4πR2
= 4 × 3.14 × 62
= 452.16 cm2
Thickness of sphere = 0.01 m
= 0.01 × 100 cm …[∵ 1 m = 100 cm]
= 1 cm
∴ Inner radius of the sphere (r)
= Outer radius – thickness of sphere
= 6 – 1 = 5 cm
∴ Volume of hollow sphere
= Volume of outer sphere – Volume of inner sphere
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 13
∴ The outer surface area and the mass of the sphere are 452.16 cm2 and 3383.19 gm respectively.

Question 7.
A cylindrical bucket of diameter 28 cm and height 20 cm was full of sand. When the sand in the bucket was poured on the ground, the sand got converted into a shape of a cone. If the height of the cone was 14 cm, what was the base area of the cone?
Given: For the cylindrical bucket,
diameter (d) = 28 cm, height (h) = 20 cm
For the conical heap of sand,
height (H) = 14 cm
To find: Base area of the cone (πR2).
Solution:
Diameter of the bucket (d) = 28 cm
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 14
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 15
The base area of the cone is 2640 cm2.

Question 8.
The radius of a metallic sphere is 9 cm. It was melted to make a wire of diameter 4 mm. Find the length of the wire.
Given: For metallic sphere,
radius (R) = 9 cm
For the cylindrical wire,
diameter (d) = 4 mm
To find: Length of wire (h).
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 16
∴ The length of the wire is 243 m.

Question 9.
The area of a sector of a circle of 6 cm radius is 157t sq.cm. Find the measure of the arc and length of the arc corresponding to the sector.
Given: Radius (r) = 6 cm,
area of sector = 15 π cm2
To find: i. Measure of the arc (θ),
ii. Length of the arc (l)
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 17
∴ The measure of the arc and the length of the arc are 150° and 5π cm respectively.

Question 10.
In the adjoining figure, seg AB is a chord of a circle with centre P. If PA = 8 cm and distance of chord AB from the centre P is 4 cm, find the area of the shaded portion.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7
(π = 3.14, \(\sqrt { 3 }\) = 1.73)
Given: Radius (r) = PA = 8 cm,
PC = 4 cm
To find: Area of shaded region.
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 18
Similarly, we can show that, ∠BPC = 60°
∠APB = ∠APC + ∠BPC …[Angle sum property]
∴ θ = 60° + 60° = 120°
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 19
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 20
Area of shaded region = A(P-ADB) – A(∆APB)
= 66.98 – 27.68
= 39.30 cm2
∴ The area of the shaded region is 39.30 cm2.

Question 11.
In the adjoining figure, square ABCD is inscribed in the sector A-PCQ. The radius of sector C-BXD is 20 cm. Complete the following activity to find the area of shaded region.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 21
Solution:
Side of square ABCD
= radius of sector C-BXD = [20] cm
Area of square = (side)2 = 202 = 400 cm2 ….(i)
Area of shaded region inside the square = Area of square ABCD – Area of sector C-BXD
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 22
Radius of bigger sector
= Length of diagonal of square ABCD
= \(\sqrt { 2 }\) × side
= 20 \(\sqrt { 2 }\) cm
Area of the shaded regions outside the square
= Area of sector A-PCQ – Area of square ABCD
= A(A – PCQ) – A(꠸ABCD)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 23
Alternate method:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 24
□ABCD is a square. … [Given]
Side of □ABCD = radius of sector (C-BXD)
= 20 cm
Radius of sector (A-PCQ) = Diagonal
= \(\sqrt { 2 }\) × side
= \(\sqrt { 2 }\) × 20
= 20 \(\sqrt { 2 }\) cm
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 25
Now, Area of shaded region
= A(A-PCQ) – A(C-BXD)
= 628 – 314
= 314 cm2
∴ The area of the shaded region is 314 cm2.

Question 12.
In the adjoining figure, two circles with centres O and P are touching internally at point A. If BQ = 9, DE = 5, complete the following activity to find the radii of the circles.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Problem Set 7 26
Solution:
Let the radius of the bigger circle be R and that of smaller circle be r.
OA, OB, OC and OD are the radii of the bigger circle.
∴ OA = OB = OC = OD = R
PQ = PA = r
OQ + BQ = OB … [B – Q – O]
OQ = OB – BQ = R – 9
OE + DE = OD ….[D – E – O]
OE = OD – DE = [R – 5]
As the chords QA and EF of the circle with centre P intersect in the interior of the circle, so by the property of internal division of two chords of a circle,
OQ × OA = OE × OF
∴ (R – 9) × R = (R – 5) × (R – 5) …[∵ OE = OF]
∴ R2 – 9R = R2 – 10R + 25
∴ -9R + 10R = 25
∴ R = [25units]
AQ = AB – BQ = 2r ….[B-Q-A]
∴ 2r = 50 – 9 = 41
∴ r = \(\frac { 41 }{ 2 } \) = 20.5 units

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1

Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1

Practice Set 7.1 Geometry 10th Question 1. Find the volume of a cone if the radius of its base is 1.5 cm and its perpendicular height is 5 cm.
Given: For the cone,
radius (r) = 1.5 cm,
perpendicular height (h) = 5 cm
To find: Volume of the cone.
Solution:
Volume of cone = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) πr2h
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 1
∴ The volume of the cone is 11.79 cm3.

Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 Question 2. Find the volume of a sphere of diameter 6 cm. [π = 3.14]
Given: For the sphere, diameter (d) = 6 cm
To find: Volume of the sphere.
Solution:
Radius (r) = \(\frac { d }{ 2 } \) = \(\frac { 6 }{ 2 } \) = 3 cm
Volume of sphere = \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) πr2
= \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) × 3.14 × (3)3
= 4 × 3.14 × 3 × 3
= 113.04 cm3
∴ The volume of the sphere is 113.04 cm3.

Practice Set 7.1 Geometry Class 10 Question 3. Find the total surface area of a cylinder if the radius of its base is 5 cm and height is 40 cm. [π = 3.14]
Given: For the cylinder,
radius (r) = 5 cm,
height (h) = 40 cm
To find: Total surface area of the cylinder.
Solution:
Total surface area of cylinder = 2πr (r + h)
= 2 × 3.14 × 5 (5 + 40)
= 2 × 3.14 × 5 × 45
= 1413 cm2
The total surface area of the cylinder is 1413 cm2.

Practice Set 7.1 Geometry Question 4. Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 7 cm.
Given: For the sphere, radius (r) = 7 cm
To find: Surface area of the sphere.
Solution:
Surface area of sphere = Aπr2
= 4 × \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \) × (7)2
= 88 × 7
= 616 cm2
∴ The surface area of the sphere is 616 cm2.

Practice Set 7.1 Question 5. The dimensions of a cuboid are 44 cm, 21 cm, 12 cm. It is melted and a cone of height 24 cm is made. Find the radius of its base.
Given: For the cuboid,
length (l) = 44 cm, breadth (b) = 21 cm,
height (h) = 12 cm
For the cone, height (H) = 24 cm
To find: Radius of base of the cone (r).
Solution:
Volume of cuboid = l × b × h
= 44 × 21 × 12 cm3
Volume of cone = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) πr2H
= \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) × \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \) × r2 × 24 cm3
Since the cuboid is melted to form a cone,
∴ volume of cuboid = volume of cone
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 2
∴ r2 = 21 × 21
∴ r = 21 cm …[Taking square root of both sides]
∴ The radius of the base of the cone is 21 cm.

10th Class Geometry Practice Set 7.1 Question 6. Observe the measures of pots in the given figures. How many jugs of water can the cylindrical pot hold?
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 3
Given: For the conical water jug,
radius (r) = 3.5 cm, height (h) = 10 cm
For the cylindrical water pot,
radius (R) = 7 cm, height (H) = 10 cm
To find: Number of jugs of water the cylindrical pot can hold.
Solution:
Volume of conical jug = \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) πr2h
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 4
∴ The cylindrical pot can hold 12 jugs of water.

Mensuration Class 10 Practice Set 7.1 Question 7. A cylinder and a cone have equal bases. The height of the cylinder is 3 cm and the area of its base is 100 cm2. The cone is placed up on the cylinder. Volume of the solid figure so formed is 500 cm3. Find the total height of the figure
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 5
Given: For the cylindrical part,
height (h) = 3 cm,
area of the base (πr2)= 100 cm2
Volume of the entire figure = 500 cm3
To find: Total height of the figure.
Solution:
A cylinder and a cone have equal bases.
∴ they have equal radii.
radius of cylinder = radius of cone = r
Area of base = 100 cm2
∴ πr2 =100 …(i)
Let the height of the conical part be H.
Volume of the entire figure
= Volume of the entire + Volume of cone
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 6
∴ Height of conical part (H) =6 cm
Total height of the figure = h + H
= 3 + 6
= 9 cm
∴ The total height of the figure is 9 cm.

10th Geometry Practice Set 7.1 Question 8. In the given figure, a toy made from a hemisphere, a cylinder and a cone is shown. Find the total area of the toy.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
Given: For the conical Part,
height (h) = 4 cm, radius (r) = 3 cm
For the cylindrical part,
height (H) = 40 cm, radius (r) = 3 cm
For the hemispherical part,
radius (r) = 3 cm
To find: Total area of the toy.
Solution:
Slant height of cone (l) = \(\sqrt{\mathrm{h}^{2}+\mathrm{r}^{2}}\)
= \(\sqrt{\mathrm{4}^{2}+\mathrm{3}^{2}}\)
= \(\sqrt { 16+9 }\)
= \(\sqrt { 25 }\) = 5 cm
Curved surface area of cone = πrl
= π × 3 × 5
= 15π cm2
Curved surface area of cylinder = 2πrH
= 2 × π × 3 × 40
= 240π cm2
Curved surface area of hemisphere = 2πr2
= 2 × π × 32
= 18π cm2
Total area of the toy
= Curved surface area of cone + Curved surface area of cylinder + Curved surface area of hemisphere
= 15π + 240π + 18π
= 2737 π cm2
∴ The total area of the toy is 273π cm2.

7.1.8 Practice Question 9. In the given figure, a cylindrical wrapper of flat tablets is shown. The radius of a tablet is 7 mm and its thickness is 5 mm. How many such tablets are wrapped in the wrapper?
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 7
Given: For the cylindrical tablets,
radius (r) = 7 mm,
thickness = height(h) = 5 mm
For the cylindrical wrapper,
diameter (D) = 14 mm, height (H) = 10 cm
To find: Number of tablets that can be wrapped.
Solution:
Radius of wrapper (R) = \(\frac { Diameter }{ 2 } \)
= \(\frac { 14 }{ 2 } \) = 7 mm
Height of wrapper (H) = 10 cm
= 10 × 10 mm
= 100 mm
Volume of a cylindrical wrapper = πR2H
= π(7)2 × 100
= 4900π mm3
Volume of a cylindrical tablet = πr2h
= π(7)2 × 5
= 245 π mm3
No. of tablets that can be wrapped
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 8
∴ 20 tables can be wrapped in the wrapper

Class 10 Maths 7.1 Question 10. The given figure shows a toy. Its lower part is a hemisphere and the upper part is a cone. Find the volume and the surface area of the toy from the measures shown in the figure.
(π = 3.14)
Given: For the conical part,
height (h) = 4 cm, radius (r) = 3 cm
For the hemispherical part,
radius (r) = 3 cm
To find: Volume and surface area of the toy.
Solution:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 9
Now, volume of the toy
= Volume of cone + volume of hemisphere
= 12π + 18π
= 30π
= 30 × 3.14
= 94.20 cm3
Also, surface area of the toy
= Curved surface area of cone + Curved surface area of hemisphere
= 15π + 18π
= 33π
= 33 × 3.14
= 103.62 cm2
∴ The volume and surface area of the toy are 94.20 cm3 and 103.62 cm2 respectively.

Question 11.
Find the surface area and the volume of a beach ball shown in the figure.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 10
Given: For the spherical ball,
diameter (d) = 42 cm
To find: Surface area and volume of the beach ball.
Solution:
Radius (r) = \(\frac { d }{ 2 } \) = \(\frac { 42 }{ 2 } \) = 21 cm
Surface area of sphere= 4πr2
= 4 × 3.14 × (21)2
= 4 × 3.14 × 21 × 21
= 5538.96 cm2
Volume of sphere = \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) πr3
= \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) × 3.14 × (21)3
= 4 × 3.14 × 7 × 21 × 21
= 38772.72 cm3
∴ The surface area and the volume of the beach ball are 5538.96 cm2 and 38772.72 cm3 respectively.

Question 12.
As shown in the figure, a cylindrical glass contains water. A metal sphere of diameter 2 cm is immersed in it. Find the volume of the water.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 11
Given: For the metal sphere,
diameter (d) = 2 cm
For the cylindrical glass, diameter (D) =14 cm,
height of water in the glass (H) = 30 cm
To find: Volume of water in the glass.
Solution:
Let the radii of the sphere and glass be r and R respectively.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 12
Volume of water with sphere in it = πR2H
= π × (7)2 × 30
= 1470π cm3
Volume of water in the glass
= Volume of water with sphere in it – Volume of sphere
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1 13
∴ The volume of the water in the glass is 1468.67 π cm3 (i.e. 4615.80 cm3).

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Chapter 7 Mensuration Intext Questions and Activities

Question 1.
The length, breadth and height of an oil can are 20 cm, 20 cm and 30 cm respectively as shown in the adjacent figure. How much oil will it contain? (1 litre = 1000 cm3) (Textbook pg. no.141)

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
Given: For the cuboidal can,
length (l) = 20 cm,
breadth (b) = 20 cm,
height (h) = 30 cm
To find: Oil that can be contained in the can.
Solution:
Volume of cuboid = l × b × h
= 20 × 20 × 30
= 12000 cm3
= \(\frac { 12000 }{ 1000 } \) litres
= 12 litres
∴ The oil can will contain 12 litres of oil.

Question 2.
The adjoining figure shows the measures of a Joker’s dap. How much cloth is needed to make such a cap? (Textbook pg. no. 141)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
Given: For the conical cap,
radius (r) = 10 cm,
slant height (l) = 21 cm
To find: Cloth required to make the cap.
Solution:
Cloth required to make the cap
= Curved surface area of the conical cap
= πrl = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \) × 10 × 21
=22 × 10 × 3
= 660 cm2
∴ 660 cm2 of cloth will be required to make the cap.

Question 3.
As shown in the adjacent figure, a sphere is placed in a cylinder. It touches the top, bottom and the curved surface of the cylinder. If radius of the base of the cylinder is ‘r’,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
i. what is the ratio of the radii of the sphere and the cylinder ?
ii. what is the ratio of the curved surface area of the cylinder and the surface area of the sphere?
iii. what is the ratio of the volumes of the cylinder and the sphere? (Textbook pg. no. 141)
Solution:
Radius of base of cylinder = radius of sphere
∴ Radius of sphere = r
Also, height of cylinder = diameter of sphere
∴ h = d
∴ h = 2r …(i)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
∴ radius of sphere : radius of cylinder = 1 : 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
∴ curved surface area of cylinder : surface area of sphere = 1:1.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
∴ volume of cylinder : volume of sphere = 3 : 2.

Question 4.
Finding volume of a sphere using cylindrical beaker and water. (Textbook, pg. no. 142)
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Practice Set 7.1
i. Take a ball and a beaker of the same radius.
ii. Cut a strip of paper of length equal to the diameter of the beaker.
iii. Draw two lines on the strip dividing it into three equal parts.
iv. Stick this strip on the beaker straight up from the bottom.
v. Fill the water in the beaker upto the first mark of the strip from bottom.
vi. Push the ball in the beaker so that it touches the bottom.
Observe how much water level rises.
You will notice that the water level has risen exactly upto the total height of the strip. Try to obtain the formula for volume of sphere using the volume of the cylindrical beaker.
Solution:
Suppose volume of beaker upto height 2r is V.
V = πr2 h
∴ V = πr2(2r) …[∵ h = 2r]
∴ V = 2πr3
But, V = volume of the ball + volume of water in the beaker
∴ 2πr3 = Volume of the ball + \(\frac { 1 }{ 3 } \) × 2πr3
∴ Volume of the ball = 2πr3 – \(\frac { 2 }{ 3 } \) πr3
= \(\frac{6 \pi r^{3}-2 \pi r^{3}}{3}\)
∴ Volume of the ball = \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) πr3
∴ Volume of a sphere = \(\frac { 4 }{ 3 } \) πr3

Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions