DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 6 Notes – Manufacturing Industries

These DAV Class 8 SST Notes and DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 6 Notes – Manufacturing Industries hold significant importance as study material for students.

Manufacturing Industries Class 8 DAV Notes

→ Industries play an important role in making a country economically prosperous.

→ Manufacturing industries are classified into various groups on the basis of their size, nature of finished products, sources of raw material and their ownership.

→ On the basis of size, industries are classified into cottage or household, small scale and large scale industries.

→ Cottage or household industries are the smallest manufacturing units and are carried on by potters, blacksmiths, weavers and craftsmen, etc.

→ Small scale industry is an extended form of a cottage industry. The manufacturing is done by machines in addition to manpower.

→ Large scale industry uses heavy machinery which is driven by power. It requires a voide variety of raw materials, large scale investment and workforce to manufacture the final products.

→ On the basis of finished products, industries are grouped into basic industries and consumer goods industries. Iron and steel industry is a basic industry.

→ On the basis of source of raw material, industries are grouped into agro-based, forest-based, animal-based and mineral-based industries.

→ On the basis of ownership, industries are divided into public sector, private sector, joint sector and cooperative sector.

DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 6 Notes - Manufacturing Industries

→ Public sector industries are owned and managed by the government or its departments while private sector industries are owned and managed by individuals or corporate bodies.

→ The location of an industry depends on those factors which have a bearing on both its efficient running and profitability.

→ Factors affecting the location of an industry are classified into geographical and non- geographical factors.

→ Geographical factors include land, climate, availability of raw materials, means of power in order to reach the market and also the sources where raw materials are available.

→ Non-geographical factors include government policies, capital, management, banking, labour and developed means of transport and insurance. Personal preferences of the owners of the industry is also an important non-geographical factor.

→ There are four industrial regions in the world – Eastern coast of North America, Western and Central Europe, Eastern Asia including China and Japan and Southern Asia including Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore.

→ In India, there are altogether eight industrial regions – Mumbai-Pune region, Hugli region, Bengaluru-Chennai region. Ahmedabad-Vadodara-Surat region, Chotanagpur region, Gurugram- Delhi-Meerut region, Vishakhapatnam-Guntur region and Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram region.

→ Some major industries of the world include iron and steel industry, cotton-textile industry and information technology.

→ Iron and steel industry is the backbone of modern civilisation. It provides industrial base for the manufacture of many other industrial products.

→ Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) is established in Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), India. It serves as a major industrial city with a large range of industries located here.

→ The textile manufacturing is one of the oldest, diverse and most widespread industries in the world.

→ The modern mechanised textile industry was first developed in Britain. Later, it was spread to China, Europe, India, Korea, Thailand, the USA and the rest part of the world.

→ India has a very ancient tradition of producing cotton textiles. Today, it is the largest industry in India. Some of the important centres in India are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, etc.

DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 6 Notes - Manufacturing Industries

→ Ahmehabad is called the Manchester of India.

→ Information technology sector deals in the storage, processing and distribution of information. The major hubs of IT industry are Silicon Valley in the USA and Bengaluru in India.

→ Manufacturing: The term refers to the conversion of raw material into more useful and valuable commodity with the help of machines or tools.

→ Industry: It refers to the economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or provision of services,

→ Product: A product is something obtained from raw materials by certain processes so that oil is something usable and of importance.

→ Cottage industry: In cottage industry, a craftsman manufactures the goods by using locally available raw material.

→ Small-scale industry: Industries that run on little capital and infrastructure.

→ Large-scale industry: Industries that run on large amount of capital and have a big infrastructure.

→ Basic industry: The industry whose finished products are used as raw materials for other industries.

→ Agro-based industry: Industries using agricultural products as their raw material.

→ Public sector industry: Industries that are owned and run by the government.

→ Private sector industry: Industries that are owned and run by individuals or a corporate body.

→ Co-operative sector industry: Industries that are owned and managed by a group of people belonging to a co-operative society.

→ Information technology industry: This industry deals in storage, processing and distribution of information.

→ Semi-conductor: A solid-state device which regulates the flow of electricity, boosts and amplifies the electrical signals received.

DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 6 Notes - Manufacturing Industries

→ Fiscal incentive: tax measures offered to encourage industrial development.

→ Infrastructure: the basic systems and services that a society or an organisation uses in order to work effectively.

→ Management: the process of dealing with or controlling things or people in order to achieve defined.

→ Multi-national company: an enterprise operating in several countries but managed from one (home) country.

→ Technology: the application of scientific in the design and production of machinery and devices, especially in industry.