These DAV Class 8 SST Notes and DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 15 Notes – India Marches Ahead hold significant importance as study material for students.
India Marches Ahead Class 8 DAV Notes
→ India got Independence in 1947 and thus the British rule of India came to an end.
→ Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, became the first Governor-General of Independent India. Rajagopalachari was appointed the new Governor-General.
→ Five hundred and sixty princely states joined India.
→ The Constitution of India was passed on November 26, 1949 and adopted on January 26, 1950, when India became a republic.
→ India has undergone great infrastructural upgradation since its independence. Inspite of its diversities in culture, religions, castes, languages, manners and identities, India has survived as a nation with a single unified identity.
→ Our economic progress can be witnessed in expansion and diversification of production both in industry and agriculture.
→ The Indian Government has built the infrastructure like power, information technology, communication, transport, etc. which are the basic requirements of the industry.
→ The Green Revolution and the white Revolution have added glory to India. The Five Year Plans have contributed a lot in the development of the country.
→ India opted for a democracy which has now become the largest one in the world. Our democratic government has protected the interest of the backward sections of the society.
→ Indian democracy has functioned successfully except for two years when state of emergency was imposed in 1975 by the then Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi.
→ Like other-federal system, India too has two kind of political parties—some at national level and others at state/regional level.
→ The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administring the election process in India.
→ The foreign policy of India was formulated by Jawaharlal Nehru. Some of its basic features are-promotion of world peace, anti-coloniahism, Panchsheel, etc.
→ Indian society has been suffering from several problems such as poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, etc.
→ Many steps were taken to achieve social progress in India. We have achieved a lot, no doubt, but still a lot has to be done.
→ Corruption and terrorism have emerged as the biggest threat to the peace and progress of the country. We have to overcome these problems.
→ Mountbatten Plan: The Indian Independence Act 1947 is also known as the Mountbatten Plan.
→ Non-alignment: The policy of not providing support for or receiving support from any of the powerful countries (USA and USSR) in the world.
→ Sovereign: Being independent without outside interference.