These DAV Class 6 SST Notes and DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 24 Notes – Our Urban Government hold significant importance as study material for students.
Our Urban Government Class 6 DAV Notes
→ The urban self-governing bodies look after the cities. They are responsible for providing the amenities, their maintenance and upkeeping of various activities in the cities.
→ The urban local bodies are popularly known as Municipalities and are formed through elections.
→ Each city is divided into wards. The number of wards depends upon the population of a particular caste, scheduled tribes and other backward classes. One-third seats in each ward are reserved for women.
→ Some wards are reserved for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes. One-third seats in each ward are reserved for women.
→ A Nagar Panchayat is the smallest local body in urban areas. Generally, towns have Nagar Panchayats. The Chairperson of a Nagar Panchayat is elected by the people and the Vice Chairperson is elected by the members themselves.
→ A Nagar Panchayat gets funds through taxes like water tax, octroi tax, house tax, etc. It also gets financial assistance from the State Government.
→ Municipal Councils are established in cities with a population between 20,000 to 10 lakh. The Chairpersons is elected directly by the people. His term is for 5 years.
→ The general administration of the city is looked after by an Executive Officer, appointed by the State Government. He acts as a link between the Council and the State Government.
→ The Municipal Councils collect money from various taxes, and get rent from municipal buildings.
→ Big cities with a large population have a Municipal Corporation or Nagar Nigam. The head of the Municipal Corporation is called the Mayor or Mahapour.
→ The Deputy Mayor performs all functions of the Mayor in his absence. The Municipal Commissioner implements the decision of the Municipal Corporation.
→ The Municipal Corporation collects money from water tax, octroi, property tax, toll tax etc. rent from municipal properties, licence fees, etc.
→ India has been divided into over 700 districts. Every district is an important unit of administration. The head of the district is called District Officer, or a Deputy Commissioner or a District Magistrate. He maintains law and order in the district.
→ The Zila Parishad gets financial grant from the State Government. It also gets the rent from its properties.
→ Municipal Council: The organisation that looks after the welfare of small towns.
→ Municipal Corporation : The organisation that takes care of big cities.
→ Councillor: The elected representative of a ward.
→ Nagar Panchayat: The organisation that takes care of semi urban areas which are gradually developing into cities.
→ Octroi : A tax levied on goods entering a city.
→ Tehsil : A sub-division of a district.
→ Tehsildar : One who maintains land records and collection of land revenue at tehsil level.
→ Kanungo : An official who works under a Tehsildar but supervises the work of some patwaries under him.
→ Patwari : One who maintains the revenue records pertaining to land of a particular area.
→ Amendment: The change made in the Constitution of India.
→ Financial Assistance : Helping with money
→ Revenue : The source of income to meet public expenses.