These DAV Class 6 SST Notes and DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 11 Notes – The Iron Age Civilisation hold significant importance as study material for students.
The Iron Age Civilisation Class 6 DAV Notes
→ The Iron Age followed the Bronze Age around 1200 BC. The discovery of iron led to manufacturing tools like sickle, shovel, spades, etc. These tools helped people in a variety of occupations.
→ The number of cities and towns increased in this age. They became the centres of trade and craft.
→ Now civilisation started developing around the Mediterranean Sea. Trade between countries paved the way for the exchange of idea.
→ Art and crafts also developed. Barter system was no longer in existence. The use of currency began.
→ Great poems, dramas, grammar and history were written in the Iron Age. This age also saw the development of many religions.
→ Remains of some of the ancient civilisations during Iron Age have been found in many parts of the world like Greece, Rome and Iran.
→ The word Veda or Rig means ‘knowledge’. Because of the term ‘Veda’, this period of Indian history is called the Vedic period.
→ There are four Vedas- Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.
→ The Vedic period can be divided into Early Vedic Period and Later Vedic Period.
→ The Rigveda provides information about the Early Vedic Period.
→ The rest of the Vedic literature i.e., Yajurveda, Samaveda, Athervaveda, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads provide information about the Later Vedic Period.
→ The power of the king increased in the Later Vedic Period.
→ The society was divided into four varnas (castes)—Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.
→ Agriculture was the main occupation of the people.
→ The Later Vedic Period saw the birth of Brahmanism and Hinduism.
→ The Vedic literature throws light on the achievements of Aryans in the field of science.
→ The Vedic literature proves that the Vedic civilisation was quite advanced.
→ Rashtra : A large kingdom controlled by a Samrat or Maharaja.
→ Purohit: Priest.
→ Senani: Commander of army.
→ Gramini: Headman of the village.
→ Sabha : A small body of selected village elders.
→ Samiti : A large assembly that was responsible for policy making.
→ Swayamvara : An act of choosing one’s own husband.
→ Soma : A special drink (ras) which was used by the Aryans during religious ceremonies.
→ Aranyakas : Sacred treaties based on brahmanas.
→ Barter system : Exchange of goods or service in exchange of goods or services.
→ Brahmanas : Commentaries on Vedas.
→ Currency : A system of money, in general use, in a particular country.
→ Gurukul: A place where students were given education while living there only.
→ Joint family : An extended family arrangement consisting of many generations living together in the same house.
→ Upanishads : A text containing philosophical concept.