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My English Reader Class 6 DAV Solutions Unit 6 Tinsel World
DAV Class 6 English Reader Book Solutions Unit 6 Tinsel World
Man has achieved new heights in every field. Film making is no exception. Read the following extracts from Limca Book of Records.
Given below are some titles. Select appropriate title for each of the tree extracts and write it in the space given.
To The Glacier Summary
In 1900, radios and movies were only invented but television did not exist. In 1895, a machine called cinematography
was invented by the two brothers named Louis and Auguste Lumiere. The first movie show was given in Paris in 1895 and cinema was born. It became so famous that now USA was the movie capital of the world. These pictures had no sound by that time. Very soon in 1927, a talking picture named ‘Jazz Singer was made. These films were shown in small theatres called Nickelodeons.
The first mechanical television was invented by John Logie Baird of Britain in 1926. The BBC also began giving regular T.V. broadcasts on television in 1936. But at that time quite a few people had television at their homes as it was very expensive. The satellite services were also started from 1962. By the help of satellites, the images filmed at one place could be shown all over the world. Television became so famous that according to one survey an average teenager used to spend 23 hours in front of television in a week. In order to compete with television the movie makers now have to spend large amount of money for creating special effects.
1900 में, रेडियो और सिनेमा का सिर्फ आविष्कार हुआ था लेकिन दूरदर्शन अस्तित्व में नहीं आया था। 1895 में सिनेमास्कोप का आविष्कार दो भाईयों लुइस और अगस्टे लुमेरे द्वारा किया गया था। 1895 में पहली बार पेरिस में सिनेमा शो दिखाया गया तत्पश्चात सिनेमा का जन्म हुआ। यह इतना प्रसिद्ध हुआ कि अमरीका को विश्व सिनेमा की राजधानी बना दिया गया। उस समय सिनेमा में किसी भी प्रकार की आवाज नहीं होती थीं। जल्द ही 1927 में आवाज वाली प्रथम फिल्म ‘Jazz Singer’ बनायी गई। इन फिल्मों को छोटे-छोटे सिनेमा घरों में दिखाया जाता था जिसे निकेलोडोन्स कहा जाता था।
पहली बार टेलीविजन का आविष्कार 1926 में जॉन लॉगी बेयर्ड द्वारा किया गया। बी.बी.सी द्वारा इसका प्रसारण नियमित रूप से 1936 में शुरू किया गया। लेकिन उस समय बहुत ही कम लोगों के पास टेलीविजन थे क्योंकि यह बहुत महँगा था। उपग्रह सेवाओं की शुरूआत 1962 में की गई । उपग्रहों की मदद से एक जगह फिल्माये गए चित्रों को पूरे विश्व में दिखाया जाने लगा। एक सर्वेक्षण के अनुसार, एक बच्चा एक सप्ताह में टेलीविजन के सामने 23 घंटों का समय व्यतीत करता था। टेलीविजन की प्रतिस्पर्द्धा में सिनेमा बनाने वालों को इसमें विशेष प्रभाव डालने के लिए अत्यधिक धन खर्च करना पड़ा।
Word – Meanings:
Entertainment = amusement people – मनोरंजन;
Spectacular = very impressive – शानदार;
Accompany = to go together with somebody – किसी के साथ-साथ जाना;
Invention = a thing that has been made by somebody for the first time – अविष्कार;
Amazing = surprising- भौचक्का, चकित |
A.2. On the basis of your reading, complete the following table.
|1895||The Lumiere brothers project moving images on to a screen.|
|1926||John Logie Baird of Britain gave first public demonstration of mechanical television.|
|1927||Jazz Singef the first talking picture was made.|
|1936||The BBC began its regular T.V. broadcasts from London.|
|1962||The live T.V. pictures were sent across the Atlantic ocean by a satellite.|
A.3. Complete the statements given below:
(a) Cinema was born when _________________
Cinema was born when in the year 1895, two brothers named Louis and Augste Lumiere invented a machine called, cinematograph which could project moving images onto a screen.
(b) The craze for motion pictures spread very fast and soon Hollywood _________________
The craze for motion pictures spread very fast and soon Hollywood on the west coast of USA was the movie capital of the world.
(c) Live music from orchestra or piano was played _________________
Live music from orchestra or piano was played to accompany moving pictures.
(d) Nickelodeons were early theatres _________________
Nickelodeons were early theatres that usually accommodated less than 200 people.
(e) In the beginning, it was difficult to buy a T.V. set because _________________
In the beginning, it was difficult to buy a T.V. set because it was very expensive.
(f) The satellite T.V. has made it possible to _________________
The satellite T.V. has made it possible to watch the news and other programmes throughout the world at the same time it happens.
(g) Movie makers are ready to spend large sums of money for creating special effects as _________________
Movie makers are ready to spend large sums of money for creating special effects as they have to face large competition with the television.
A.4. The names of some famous motion pictures are given below. Discuss what these films are famous for. Put them in the appropriate category and complete the chart. (Take help of your parents, teachers, elders, etc.)
|Sound of Music||Jurassic Park||Home Alone|
|My Fair Lady||Modern Times||Baby’s Day out|
|Wizard of Oz||ET||Star Wars|
Write a short review of your favourite film.
Today, I am going to present review of the latest film, Sarabjeet.
This movie is based on a true story. It is about a man Sarabjeet who accidentally strays into Pakistani territory and is labelled as terrorist. He is tortured and forced to live in inhumane conditions. His sister runs from pillar to post to get him freed. The main actors in this firm are Randeep Hooda as Sarabjeet and Aishwarya Rai as his sister Dalbir Kaur. Randeep Hooda has done a commendable job. Aishwarya although has worked very hard but still at some places she merely seems to be shouting. Rest of the cast is fine. The director has done his job well. It is a good movie and should be seen by all.
Movies are our favourite sources of recreation but there is more to the world of entertainment than just the glitz and glamour of cinema as there are films that strongly add up to our value system.
(a) Which is your favourite movie?
My favourite movie is ‘Chak de India’.
(b) Enlist at least five values it promotes.
Sportsmanship, Team work, Patriotism, Never give up, Work with zeal and dedication.
(c) Describe how it inspires you to be a better person.
It taught me difficulties can delay your progress but they cannot stop you from succeeding.
A.7. Find out words from the passage which are opposite in meaning to the words given below.
(a) slowly (Para 2) ________
(b) written (Para 3) ________
(c) failure (Para 3) ________
(d) private (Para 6) ________
(e) electrical (Para 6) ________
(f) ordinary (Para 8) ________
(g) deteriorate (Para 8) ________
A.8. Get into groups of four. Discuss the following points and jot them down.
1. For how many hours do you watch T.V. every day?
I watch T. V. for an hour daily.
2. What are your favourite programmes and why?
My favourite programmes are Our Earth and Discovery because I not only enjoy these programmes but also get a lot of information.
3. Do all the members of your family watch T.V. together?
Yes, all the members of our family watch T. V. together.
4. Are you forced to watch some programmes? If yes, why and which ones?
Yes, I am forced to watch some programmes like Our Earth. Because it enhances our knowledge.
B.1. Write the names of some present and past famous film-makers in the table given below.
|Of Present Times||Of Past Times|
|Sanjay Leela Bansali||Raj Kapoor|
|Karan Johar||B.R. Chopra|
|Ashutosh Gowarkar||Dev Anand|
|Mahesh Bhatt||Yash Chopra|
Making Movies Summary
In this extract the world famous film maker Satyajit Ray shares some of his experiences of shooting. ‘Pather Panchali’ was his debut film which received international fame. This film took over two and a half years to complete due to shortage of money and time. This film was shot by Mr. Satyajit Ray in holidays. For this film, a little boy for the role of Apu was required. One advertisement was given in the newspaper but all in vain.
No suitable boy was found through the advertisement. One day when Mr. Ray’s wife had gone to the roof, came down and told Mr. Ray to call the little boy who was playing on the roof of the next door house. This boy named Subeer Banerjee played the role of Apu in this film. The first shot had to be that at a place called Palsit in Kolkata by the side of a railway track. Here the field was filled with grass named Kash.
In this scene the two children Durga and Apu were shown to see the train for the first time. This scene took two days to be shot. After taking half of the shot they went back to Kolkata. When the unit returned after one week to shoot the rest of the scene, they found no Kash in the field. The people told them that the cows had eaten all the Kash flowers so they had to wait for new season for shooting when new Kash flowers would grow. For this scene three trains were used. In this film Mr. Ray has also featured a pet dog named Bhulo.
There is a scene in the film in which Apu’s mother Sarbajaya is feeding her son. But Apu wants to play with his bows and arrows. Apu’s mother throws the rice on a heap of rubbish and Bhulo ate them away. But due to lack of light and money the shot could not be taken. After six months when they came back they were told that Bhulo had died. Then another dog resembling Bhulo was searched and the shots were taken. But nobody could ever make out that the two dogs were different.
इस उद्धरण में विश्व के प्रसिद्ध निर्देशक सत्यजीत राय अपनी फिल्म की शूटिंग के दौरान हुये कुछ किस्सों का बयान करते हैं। ‘पाथेर पांचाली’ उनकी पहली फिल्म थी जो पूरे विश्व में बहुत प्रसिद्ध हुयी। इस फिल्म को पूरी करने में सत्यजीत राय को ढाई वर्षों से भी ज्यादा का समय लगा। उन दिनों सत्यजीत राय के पास पैसों और समय की कमी थी। इस फिल्म में उन्हें एक छोटे से पात्र अप्पू की भूमिका निभाने के लिए एक लड़के की आवश्यकता थी। इसके लिए उन्होंनें अखबारों में इश्तहार भी दिया लेकिन निरर्थक साबित हुए ।
लेकिन उन्हें इस पात्र के लिए कोई भी योग्य किरदार नहीं मिला। एक बार जब उनकी पत्नी अपने घर की छत पर गयी तो उन्होंने अपने पति को सुझाया कि अप्पू पात्र के लिए वे उस लड़के को बुलाऐं, जो पड़ोस की छत पर खेल रहा था। यह लड़का सुवीर बनर्जी था, जिसे फिल्म में अप्पू का किरदार निभाने के लिए चुना गया। पहला शॉट लेने के लिए सत्यजीत राय कोलकत्ता के निकट पेलसिट नामक जगह पर गये। यह शॉट उन्हें रेल की पटरी के निकट लेना था जिसमें यह दिखाया गया था कि अप्पू और दुर्गा ने रेल को पहली बार देखा है। वहाँ पर बहुत से खेत थे जो काश नामक घास से भरे हुये थे ।
इस दृश्य को पूरा करने में उन्हें दो दिन लग गये। दो दिनों के बाद आधा शॉट करके पैसे खत्म हो जाने के कारण उन्हें कोलकत्ता वापस जाना पड़ा। एक हफ्ते के बाद जब वे वहाँ पहुँचे तो गाँव वालों ने बताया कि सारी काश वाली घास वहाँ की गायें खा गयीं। नए काश के इन्तजार में सत्यजीत राय को पूरा एक साल इन्तजार करना पड़ा। इस फिल्म में तीन रेलगाड़ियों को दिखाया गया था। इस फिल्म में भूलो नाम के एक कुत्ता को भी दिखाया गया है। इस दृश्य में अप्पू की माँ उसे खाने की जबरदस्ती कर रही है; पर अप्पू खाना नहीं खाना चाहता । अप्पू अपने तीर कमान से ही खेलना चाहता है। गुस्से में आकर उसकी माँ खाने को कूड़े के ढेर पर फेंक देती है जिसे भूलो खा जाता है।
लेकिन पैसों और रोशनी की कमी के कारण वह उस शॉट को पूरा नहीं कर पाए। छह महीनों के बाद जब वे वापस आये तो उन्हें पता चला कि भूलो मर चुका है। गाँव वालों ने उन्हें बताया कि भूलो की ही शक्ल का एक और कुत्ता है। सत्यजीत राय ने उस कुत्ते को लेकर ही आगे की फिल्म पूरी की। किन्तु आज तक कोई भी यह नहीं बता पाया कि वह कोई दूसरा कुत्ता है।
Word – Meanings:
Suspicious = feeling that somebody has done something wrong – आशंकित, संदेहयुक्त;
Guardian = a person or institution that guards or protects somebody or something – संरक्षक;
Abundantly = plentiful – प्रचुर;
Courtyard = an area of ground without a roof – प्रांगण;
Faded = to lose colour – मुरझाना।
B.3. On the basis of your reading, complete the following flow-chart. (Selection of a suitable boy for young Apu’s role)
An advertisement was placed in the papers to find a suitable actor for the role of the young Apu.
At Rashbehari Avenue a room was hired for interviewing the boys.
None of the boys appealed to Satyajit Ray for the role of Apu.
Shooting of the film had to be postponed due to this.
The next door boy subeer Benerjee appealed very much to Satyajit Ray for the role of Apu.
Ray’s wife spotted Subeer Banerjee for the role of Apu.
B.4. Complete the given statements by ticking (✓) the correct answer from the choices given.
(a) The remaining portion of Kash-filled meadows was shot after a year because-
(i) Ray didn’t have money.
(ii) the Kash was eaten away by cows.
(iii) it was a lengthy scene.
(ii) the Kash was eaten away by cows.
(b) Three different trains were shot for the scene in which the children saw a train for the first time because-
(i) the trains were running on diesel.
(ii) the trains were coming from different directions.
(iii) too many shots of the train were required.
(ii) the trains were coming from different directions.
(c) Ray used another dog that posed as Bhulo for same part of the film because-
(i) the original Bhulo didn’t follow the director’s instructions.
(ii) it was more friendly than Bhulo.
(iii) the original Bhulo had died.
(iii) the original Bhulo had died.
(d) The film Pather Panchali took more than two and half years to complete because-
(i) Ray needed to raise money from time to time.
(ii) Ray didn’t like to shoot continuously.
(iii) the meadows took a year to be filled with Kash again.
(i) Ray needed to raise money from time to time.
B.5. Write the character sketch of Satyajit Ray.
Satyajit Ray is regarded as one of the greatest film maker of 20th century. He was born in Kolkata into a Bengali family. He directed 36 films, including films and documentaries. He also wrote short stories and literary works. His work is described as full of humanism and universality with deep underlying understanding of human character. He received many awards during his life time including 32 National film awards by Government of India. He is the second film personality after Chaplin to be awarded honorary doctorate by Oxford University.
Ups and downs are part and parcel of life. Satyajit Ray faced many obstacles while making Pather Panchali but he remained diligent and persistent throughout. Thus, it is essential to possess such values that help us brave the odds of life.
Share an incident from your life describing how you successfully overcame a difficult situation and what qualities enabled you to do so.
I would like to share an incident with you. I was in Class V. I had come from Bengarluru to Delhi as my father was transferred in mid-session. The books in my previous school were entirely different. Therefore, I couldn’t understand what was being taught in the classes. Neeti understood my problem and decided to help me out. She helped me in finishing my written work and also made me understand new’ concepts. She also told my teachers about my problem. I also started working with zeal and dedication. In this manner, I was soon able to catch up with other students of my class. I was able to overcome my problem with perseverance.
B.7. Read this sentence – When no suitable boy could be found even after placing the advertisement, we were almost ready to ‘give up’.
‘Give up’ is a phrasal verb and it means ‘ready to accept defeat’.
With the help of a dictionary, find the meaning of the phrasal verbs given below and complete the following trees.
B.8. Making of a film/serial is a team work. This team consists of the director, editor, costume designer, music director, etc. Taking help from the given clues, find out the role of each of these persons in the making of a film/serial.
(a) Person who decides the dresses to be worn by different characters of the film. ________
(b) Person who draws cartoons for a T.V. programme / film. ________
(c) Person who divides the story into different scenes and writes dialogues for the film/serial. ________
(d) Person who gives music for the film. ________
(e) Person who puts together the different parts of the film/T.V. programme in a suitable sequence. ________
B.9. When Ray wanted his first film ‘Pather Panchali’ to be screened, his friends helped him in promoting the film. They designed a poster for its publicity.
See My English Reader, page 158.
B.10. Your school has decided to screen a film on coming Sunday, in the school auditorium to raise funds for CRY (CHILD RELIEF And YOU) organisation. The entry fee is ? 50/- per person. Choose any film of your choice, collect relevant information about it and make a poster to be put up in the school premises informing students about it.
C.1. Stars draw crowds. People love them and glorify them. Their lifestyle is admired and copied by their fans. But only a few know how lonely or sad they sometimes are even in the middle of the thunderous applause and cheering!
(a) Consult a dictionary and write the meaning of ‘applause’.
(a) Applause means praise.
(b) The poem ‘Applause’ very beautifully expresses the feelings and life of a famous personality who is admired and mobbed by the people.
Listen to the audio CD titled Listen & Comprehend (Class-VI). After listening, answer the questions asked in the audio CD verbally. Listen to the tape script once again and attempt the given question. The tape script is also given on page no. 166.
C.2. Listen to the tapescript and complete the following passage as you listen.
Our stars lead a very superficial life. They are mobbed by ________ crowds. Their fans try to ________ them, ________ them and carry them on their ________. They treat them like ________. But not even a single person knows about the stars’ ________ or their ________.
Our stars lead a very superficial life. They are mobbled by unruly crowds. Their fans try to hold them, touch them and carry them on their shoulders. They treat them like God. But not even a single person knows about the stars’ struggle or the failures.
C.3. Get into groups of four and discuss your favourite media personality and share with the whole class why you admire him/her.
My favourite media personality is Sanjay Leela Bansali. The movies made by him are so wonderful and ideal for each age group, i.e. children, adult, and the old. His movies convey messages to the society and country. He has the capability to convey the matter in such a way that it looks very convincing.
C.4. Mr. X is a famous media personality. He is known for the kind of entertainment he provides to his audience. He receives a fan mail from a boy called Deepak. Read this fan mail given on the next page.
See English Reader page 161.
C.5. You are Mr. X, who receives this mail from Deepak. Send him a reply thanking him for his admiration and advising him to concentrate on his studies at this stage. Also enclose your signed photograph.
I am really thankful to you for tne mail you have sent to me. I really appreciate your concern. Being your well wisher I would like to advise you that since you are just twelve years old it is your time to concentrate on your studies. You should work very hard to achbieve your goal. I am sending you my signed photograph with this letter. I wish all the best for your future. My best wishes are always with you.
“I Wanted to be a Millionaire” Summary
This story is about a quiz show which was first produced in Britain. The quiz show ‘Who wants to be a Millionaire’ pulled out a large number of audience from various countries. The narrator used to watch the programme and commented on each of the participants. One day his wife Amy told if he so intelligent, he should also have participated in the programme. He dialled the number. He passed the first round and after that the final round of entering the quiz show. At last he was chosen among the first ten people who flew to New York City to participate in the show.
After two weeks they were taken for the competition. They were given a packed lunch there. After that the narrator cleared the fastest finger round and was at the-hot seat in front of Regis Phibin. All the participants were told that they would get three life lines during the show. As soon as Regis started questioning, the narrator was confused. The narrator, however, managed to win $ 64000.
Now for the next question if he could answer correctly he would have won $125000 and for the wrong answer he would have dropped to $ 32000. The narrator thought about the viewers who were watching him and saying that he should have gone for this question as he himselfused to say for the other participants. Anyhow the narrator didn’t have the courage to lose the amount. He decided to quit. Regis asked him to guess the answer for the last question. It was right but now nothing could be done.
यह कहानी एक ऐसे शो के बारे में है जिसे सबसे पहले ब्रिटेन में शुरू किया गया। इस शो का नाम Who wants to be a Millionaire’ रखा गया। इसने भिन्न-भिन्न देशों के दर्शकों का ध्यान अपनी ओर आकर्षित किया। लेखक भी इस शो को हमेशा देखता था और अन्य प्रतियोगियों के बारे में अपने विचार प्रस्तुत करता था। उसकी इन बातों से तंग आकर एक दिन उसकी पत्नी एमी ने उन्हें स्वयं इस शो में भाग लेने के लिए उकसाया। उसने फिर फोन करना शुरू किया । लेखक ने पहले सारे राउंड पार किये और अंतिम राउंड में प्रवेश किया। उसे अंतिम के दस प्रतियोगियों में चुना गया तथा न्यूयार्क भेजा गया। लगभग दो हफ्तों के बाद उन्हें प्रतियोगिता के लिए ले जाया गया। उन्हें भोजन प्रदान किया गया।
लेखक सारे राउंड पार करते हुए आखिर में रेगिस फिविन के सामने उनके उत्तर देने के लिए बैठा था। सभी से यह बताया गया कि खेल के दौरान वे तीन लाइफ लाइन की मदद ले सकते हैं। लेखक ने शुरू में ही तीनों लाइफ लाइनें प्रयोग कर ली। लेखक अब तक $ 64000 जीत चुका था। अब अगले प्रश्न का उत्तर देने के लिए उसे सोचना पड़ा। सही उत्तर देने पर उसे $ 125000 मिल सकते थे और गलत उत्तर देने पर वे $ 32000 तक पहुँच जाएंगें। लेखक ने सोचा कि वे सब वही कह रहे होंगे जो वह दूसरे प्रतियोगियों के बारे में कहता था । परंतु लेखक ने उस प्रश्न का उत्तर देने की हिम्मत नहीं की। उसने खेल से बाहर होने का फैसला कर लिया। रेगिस ने उसके बाद प्रश्न के सही उत्तर का अनुमान लगाने को कहा। यह बिल्कुल सही था परंतु अब कुछ नहीं हो सकता था।
Word – Meanings:
Punched = to hit somebody hard with closed hand – घूंसा मरना;
Malicious = to hurt other people – दुर्भावनाशील;
Fortune = luck – भाग्य;
Forehead = the face above the eyes – मस्तक;
Blurred = to make something less clear – धुँधला हो जाना।