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Ozymandias Extra Questions and Answers Class 10 English Literature
Ozymandias Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type
Bring out the irony in the poem, ‘Ozymandias’.
The statue that was to perpetuate Ozymandias’s memory, his glory and grandeur lies broken into pieces on the sand in the desert. Nothing remained except the boundless and bare sand.
What was written on the pedestal of the statue of Ozymandias?
The followings were stated on the pedestal of the statue. “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: Look upon my works, ye mighty and despair.”
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings” Why does Ozymandias refer to himself as king of kings?
It shows the arrogance, haughtiness, contempt and cruelty of Ozymandias—the irony is that in the end nothing remains.
What impression do you form of the sculptor who created the statue of Ozymandias?
The sculptor was a good artist who could bring out the expressions in stones. He was a good judge and great philosopher who understood the irony and law of nature.
‘Nothing beside remains.’ What does the narrator mean when he says these words?
Ravages of time spare no one. All power, authority and glory are reduced to dust with the passage of time. It’s only art that outlives worldly power and glory.
What does the partially destroyed statue of Ozymandias symbolise?
All worldly power, pride, glory and grandeur are short lived.
What is the present condition of the statue of Ozymandias?
There are two vast and trunkless legs of stone. There lay half sunk a human face beside them. All around the huge broken statue, there lay sand.
What is the setting of the poem,‘Ozymandias’?
The poem Ozymandias is set in a desert in an ancient land. The traveller is recounting his visit, wherein, he sees two vast and trunkless legs of stone in the desert sands. There were just stretches of sand all around, and no sign of any habitation in this antique land.
What do the expressions on Ozymandias’ face reveal about him?
Ozymandias’ face had the expression of sneer, conceit, cruelty and cold command. The haughty wrinkled lip was an indication of arrogance, pride and vanity.
How can we say that the sculptor was a master artist?
The face of the broken statue of Ozimandias had the expression of frown and sneer of cold command. The wrinkled lip and knitted brow were expressive of the arrogance of the king. The excellence of the sculptor was evident from the perfection with which he had captured all the facial nuances of the arrogant king.
Ozymandias Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type
Describe the picture of Ozymandias that emerges in your mind after reading the poem. How was his dream of perpetuating his memory reduced to dust?
Ozymandias was drunk with power and authority. He had only contempt for others. He considered others as insignificant mortals. He claimed himself to be ‘king of kings’. He was proud of his achievements. But ravages of time spare none. He now lies shattered and buried in sand. Nothing remained of his power, glory and grandeur. What was left was the boundless and bare sand. His dreams of immortalising his greatness and achievement go in vain. Time and unfavourable conditions have reduced him to dust. Though he emerged as a mighty king, he still remained a slave to the ravages of time. Whatever remained was for few to see.
Explain the above line with reference to the ravages of time in ‘Ozymandias.’
Human glory and greatness are short lived. Kings build statues and monuments to immortalize their name and fame. But time creates havoc. With the passage of time glory disappears. Ozymandias statue is reduced to ruins. Words engraved on it reflect his power but arrogance, human pride and power are temporary.
All his power and achievements go in vain. Ravages of time save none. Ozymandias thought of himself as a demigod and wanted to be immortalised in this work of art. All that remained of him for the posterity to see was dust. His broken statue and shattered face tell the sorry tale of human vanity.
Bring out the theme of Shelley’s poem, ‘Ozymandias.’
“The poem, ‘Ozymandias’ illustrates the vanity of human greatness.” Comment.
The theme of‘Ozymandias’ is clear and vivid. No human emotions, haughtiness, jeer, pride or arrogance, assure immortality and durability against the all powerful time and nature. The poem highlights the vanity of human glory and power. Everything in the world perishes with the passage of time and under the powerful influence of the elements of nature. Even the mightiest of the mighty become one with the dust.
No trace of them is left on the sands of time. Ozymandias, a powerful king of Egypt was proud of his glory and achievements. He desired to immortalize his name and got a statue built. But nothing could stand against the time and powerful elements of nature. The broken statue symbolises the destruction caused by time. The sands, lone, boundless and bare symbolise the power of the elements of nature.
Time brings the greatest of the great to their knees. How is this true of King Ozymandias?
Ozymandias is a sonnet by P.B. Shelley. It conveys the idea that human glory and greatness are short lived. Time works havoc with monuments and statues made by the kings to immortalize their name and fame. Thus, the poem depicts the futility and temporary nature of human glory and greatness.Ozymandias was a great Egyptian king. He made his statue to immortalize his name and fame. With the passage of time his glory and greatness disappeared. His life-like statue lay in ruins in a desert.
A traveller from Egypt notices the broken statue of the king Ozymandias. He finds two huge and trunk less legs of the statue standing on a platform in a lonely desert. Near them lies, half-buried, the broken face of the statue. He sees the expression of arrogance and sense of authority on the face of the statue. I t was the artist’s hand which reproduced the king’s feelings on the face of the statue. But it was the king’s heart which nourished those feelings in his heart.
The following words were written on the pedestal:
My name is Ozymandias, king of kings’ The words reflect that Ozymandias was a king of kings but he did not realize that the human pride and arrogance cannot live long and that time brings the greatest of the great down to their knees. Death is an imminent leveller.
In today’s materialistic world what can give true and lasting happiness?
Outwardly, when we look at the people around us in general, we find everyone is part of a rat race competing with one another. In every field, there is a cut-throat competition. A brother can actually cut his brother’s throat to get ahead in life. Where exactly are we heading to, no one has the clue.
Why we are running and what will be the consequences, no one has the time to stop and ponder. Our lifestyle has robbed us of our naturalness and peace of mind. This is one reason why we are becoming victims of various types of diseases. Our mental state is the culprit. We are responsible for this because of our lifestyle, our pursuits, our short-cuts to achieve so-called comforts which will give happiness.
But a simple and natural way of living, unassuming of ourselves; can give true and lasting happiness. Simplifying our lifestyle, meditating a little, having reverence for nature can do the magic. It is all so easy and within our reach, if only we can try, we will get what we need at this crucial hour of our life.
“The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed.” Whose hand and heart has the poet referred to in this line?
The hands of the sculptor had quite skillfully carved the face and had brought out all the expressions of cruelty and arrogance of the king, for the viewer to see what sort of feelings he had in his heart which fed those feelings. They are there even today because of the craftsmanship of the sculptor.
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings.” Why does Ozymandias refer to himself as king of kings? What quality of the king is revealed through this statement?
‘King of kings’ means the mightiest of all. Drunk with power, he compares himself with the Almighty. We also get an insight into the man, who was extremely arrogant and looked down upon others.
“Look on my works, ye Mighty and despair]” Who is Ozymandias referring to when he speaks of ye Mighty? Why should they despair?
Here, Ozymandias is addressing all those who are in the pursuit of power and glory for themselves. All his works of his lifetime were so many, his achievements could not be equalled by anyone. If anyone tried, would be put to shame, be humbled.
Bring out the irony in the poem.
The life of Ozymandias and his end are so different. All his life he fought battles, expanded his kingdom, built palaces and ruled ruthlessly over his people. He looked down upon others who were lesser than himself. Today, after he was gone, the huge statue of the king was lying broken on the ground. There was not a trace of the vast kingdom. The king of the kings was lying mingled with dust and sand. Ravages of time which spare none, had wiped every trace of the king and his kingdom.
“Nothing beside remains.” What does the narrator mean when he says these words?
Ozymandias, the king of kings, the mightiest ruler of his times had led the life of a man perpetually in pursuit of power, might, worldly pleasures. He had fought many battles and expanded his kingdom to an unthinkable vastness. After his death, nothing remained, time had wiped every trace of his kingdom, there was a vast sandy desert that remained. The piece of art survived the ravages of time, because even in the broken pieces of the statue one could read the face lying on the ground and get to know what sort of man he actually was.
What is your impression of Ozymandias as a king?
Ozymandias was a powerful king of his times. He was considered mightiest of the mighty king. He had fought many battles and had brought untold wealth and had expanded his kingdom into a huge one. He built palaces and set an example among his contemporaries, who felt humbled when they saw his achievements.
The facial expression of the broken head, lying on the ground half-sunk in sand conveys he was a cruel despot, who was very arrogant and looked down upon his subjects with contempt. But, he was not spared by time. He met his end, his vast kingdom mingled with dust; there was no trace of it. He himself had got a huge statue made of his own self, to perpetuate his memory, but it was not to be so. The broken statue lay scattered
Ozymandias Extra Questions and Answers Reference-to-Context
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. Write each answer in your answer-sheet in one or two sentences only.
I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies.
(i) Whom did the poet meet?
(ii) Where was he coming from?
(iii) What did he see there?
(iv) What do you understand by ‘Near them’?
(i) The poet met a traveller.
(ii) He was coming from an ancient land.
(iii) He saw the ruins of a huge statue.
(iv) ‘Near them’ refers to the two legs of the statue that were still standing.
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
(i) Whose face lies on the sand?
(ii) What sort of expression did the face have?
(iii) Who read them well?
(iv) Name the poet and the poem of the above lines.
(i) King Ozymandias’s face lies on the sand.
(ii) The face had a stern expression that of a powerful commander, who must have been very cruel and looked quite arrogant.
(iii) The sculptor had quite skillfully brought out the feelings of his subject.
(iv) The poet is Percy Bysshe Shelley and the poem ‘Ozymandias’.
Which yet survive stamped on these lifeless things.
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed;
(i) Explain: “yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things.”
(ii) Whose hands mocked them?
(iii) Whose expressions are carved on these lifeless things?
(iv) What message is conveyed through these lines?
(i) The expressions the sculptor had carved out remain perpetuated on stone till date.
(ii) These were the sculptor’s hands that had so deftly carved and highlighted the expressions of disdain, cruelty of an arrogant king.
(iii) King Ozymandias’s expressions are carved on these lifeless things.
(iv) The message conveyed here is: Ravages of time spares none. It highlights the variety of human glory and power that is reduced to dust.
And on the pedestal these words appear;
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
(i) What was carved?
(ii) Where was it carved?
(iii) Explain: Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and despair?
(iv) What do the words written on the pedestal reflect about Ozymandias?
(i) A small introduction of the king and a message for all was carved on it.
(ii) It was carved on the pedestal of the statue.
(iii) Ozymandias tells to his contemporaries to look at his achievements and power and feel inferior and disappointed.
(iv) It presents Ozymandias as an arrogant and proud king. He wanted to immortalise his great achievements and show his greatness.
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away.
(i) Why does he say ‘nothing beside remains’?
(ii) What was the colossal wreck?
(iii) Explain the last line.
(iv) What is the poetic device used is the second line?
(i) Once upon a time, there was a vast kingdom. But no trace of it was left now.
(ii) The huge statue of the king, which had been now destroyed by the tides of time.
(iii) The ravages of time had wiped every trace of the mighty kingdom of the mightiest of all rulers. Now only vast expanse of desert land was there.
(iv) The poetic device used in the second line is alliteration.