These DAV Class 5 SST Book Solutions and DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 13 Question Answer – India’s Neighbours are thoughtfully prepared by experienced teachers.
DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 13 Question Answer – India’s Neighbours
DAV Class 5 SST Ch 13 Question Answer – India’s Neighbours
Something To Know
A. Tick (✓) the correct option:
India does not share borders with –
Which of the following is our southern neighbour at sea?
(c) Sri Lanka
(c) Sri Lanka
Urdu script is known as –
Which cuisine influences Nepalese cuisine?
Hanfu is a traditional dress of men in –
B. Fill in the blanks:
Salwar, peace, dosa, Pakistan, India
1. India shares boundaries with …………….. in the north-west.
2. India believes in the policy of ……………..
3. Lungi-blouse is worn in ………………. south and Sri Lanka.
4. ……………… is an important part of Sri Lankan cuisine.
5. …………….. kameez is the traditional dress of Pakistani men.
C. Match the following:
|1. Hindi||(a) North-east India|
|2. Urdu||(b) Myanmar|
|3. Longyi||(c) Nastaliq|
|4. Mekhla-chaddar||(d) China|
|5. Hanfu||(e) Devanagari|
|1. Hindi||(e) Devanagari|
|2. Urdu||(c) Nastaliq|
|3. Longyi||(b) Myanmar|
|4. Mekhla-chaddar||(a) North-east India|
|5. Hanfu||(d) China|
D. Answer briefly:
Name India’s southern neighbour in the sea.
Which language is known as the mother of all languages?
Sanskrit is known as the mother of all languages.
How do you know that India believed in the policy of peace since olden times?
India has never attacked any country for gaining territory.
Mention two cities in India where Urdu is widely spoken.
Delhi and Lucknow.
Draw out one similarity and one difference between Hindi and Urdu.
Similarity: Hindi and Urdu evolved from Sanskrit.
Difference: Hindi is written from left to right in the Devanagri script while Urdu in written right to left in Persian Arabic script called Nastaliq.
E. Answer the following questions:
List India’s immediate neighbours and the direction of their location in respect to India.
India’s immediate neighbours are Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China and Myanmar. India shares boundaries with Pakistan in the north-west; Chirta, Nepal and Bhutan in the north; and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. The island of Sri Lanka is our southern neighbour in the sea.
Highlight the similarities of dresses between India and her neighbours.
There is great similarity in dresses of both men and women that are worn in India and its neighbouring countries –
- Saree and Salwar-kameez are the traditional dresses in both India and Pakistan. Saree is also worn in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
- The Mekhla-chaddar of north-east India is similar to the dress of Nepal, Myanmar and China. In Myanmar, Longyi (sarong) and Eingyi (bouse) are worn. Similar dress of Lungi-blouse is worn in South India and Sri Lanka also.
- The traditional dress worn in Ladakh and Bhutan is quite similar to the Hanfu of China.
- The men in both India and Nepal, favour kurta-pyjama or shirt/coat with pyjama. Muslims in many parts of India wear salrwar-kameez i.e. pathani-suit, which is the traditional dress of Pakistani men.
What do the cultural bond with our neighbours indicate?
We notice great similarity in food, language and dresses between India and its neighbouring countries. These similarities highlight our cultural bonds. India and its neighbours act as an unifying bond even in the face of differences. This shows that India and its neighbouring countries are a single unit.
Give two suggestions that can improve our relations with our neighbouring countries.
- We should solve mutual differences through peaceful means
- If any of our neighbouring countries is in a difficult situation which may arise due to natural calamity or any other reason, we should stand by its side and be ready to extend our help.
In your opinion, which are the two main issues of conflict between any two countries that share their borders?
In my opinion, the two main issues of conflict between any two countries that share their borders are –
- Border problems
- Undue interference.
A policy of peace and harmony leads to better relations with others. Which qualities can improve our relations with others? Explain, with examples.
The qualities that can improve our relations with others are –
- Mutual understanding
- Positive attitude/Helping attitude
These are high human virtues which if practised can avert any bad situation (man-made) and bring prosperity and happiness all around us.
On a political map of India, locate, label and colour India’s neighbours:
5. Sri Lanka
Something To Do
Draw and colour flags of India’s neighbouring countries and paste them in your notebook.
Do it yourself
(a) Three common words between Hindi and Sinhalese.
- to do – Hindi (karnaa) Sinhalese (karanaa)
- to kill – Hindi (maarnaa) Sinhalese (maranaa)
- to see – Hindi (dekhnaa) Sinhalese (dekinaa)
(b) Two most common Chinese dishes in India.
(c) Two states of India where dosa is an important part of the cuisine.
- Tamil Nadu
Trade in earlier times led to voyages of discovery. How does trade today create relations between countries? Explain with two examples.
Trade brings the countries together and the same platform. It provides numerous opportunities to enhance your trade by the process of import and export. Trade provides you with the chance of knowing the various cultures of different countries.
Find out two positive and two negative aspects of India’s relations with Pakistan and China.
- Both India Pakistan share a common history and culture.
- The commonly spoken languages in India and Pakistan are Hindi and Urdu. Both Hindi and Urdu evolved from Sanskrit, the mother of all languages.
- Border problem between the two countries is old. It can take a serious form any time. Wherever this happens, tension prevails.
- Both countries have lost belief/ faith in each other and never leave a moment to criticise.
All foreign stalls do brisk business at trade fairs/exhibitions. What does it indicate?
This indicates that people are becoming global. They are coming close to each other which is good sign of progress and prosperity.
DAV Class 5 Social Science Chapter 13 Question Answer – India’s Neighbours
I. Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs)
A. Tick (✓) the correct option:
India shares boundaries with –
(a) 7 countries
(b) 8 countries
(c) 9 countries.
(c) 9 countries.
Which country is not a member of S AARC but a neighbour of India?
(a) Sri Lanka
Urdu uses vocabulary from –
One of the following dishes is very popular in Sri Lanka –
The traditional Nepali meal consists of daal, bhaat and –
II. Fill In The Blanks
1. Urdu is written ……………. to ……………… in Persian-Arabic script called Nastaliq.
2. Nepali food is ………………. spicy than Indian food.
3. The ……………….. cuisine of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh is very similar.
4. The traditional dress worn in Ladakh and Bhutan is quite similar to the ……………….. of China.
5. The full form of S AARC is South Asian Association for ………………. Cooperation.
6. The influence of Indian food is more evident in …………….. part of Nepal.
1. right, left
1. Saree is also worn in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
2. Chinese food is very popular all over India.
3. Hindi is written from left to right in the Devanagari script.
4. Sri Lanka lies in the western part of India.
5. There is nothing common between India and Pakistan.
IV. Match The Following:
|Column ‘A’||Column ‘B’|
|1. Lungi-blouse||(i) Bangladeshi men|
|2. Salwar-kameez||(ii) All time favourite with everyone|
|3. Kurta-pyjama||(iii) Pathani suit|
|4. Kababs||(iv) Modem dress|
|5. Jeans and T-shirts||(v) South India|
|Column ‘A’||Column ‘B’|
|1. Lungi-blouse||(v) South India|
|2. Salwar-kameez||(iii) Pathani suit|
|3. Kurta-pyjama||(i) Bangladeshi men|
|4. Kababs||(ii) All time favourite with everyone|
|5. Jeans and T-shirts||(iv) Modem dress|
V. Name The Followings:
1. The country lies in our north-west direction ……………..
2. The island country which is our southern neighbour ……………..
3. The country which came into existence in 1947 with India ……………..
4. The language which was earlier the language of army and common people ……………..
2. Sri Lanka
VI. Jumbled Words:
1. presain ……………..
2. anlgauge ……………..
3. napelees ……………..
4. tdriational ……………..
5. uctrual ……………..
6. ufniying ……………..
VII. Cross The Odd One:
1. India; Pakistan; Asia; Myanmar
2. Sanskrit; Hindi; Urdu; Mekhla
3. dual; bhaat; saree; tarkaari
4. longyi; man; jeans; T-shirt
5. Namaste; Chinese; Tibetan; Nepali
VIII. Short Answer Type Questions
Mention two differences between Hindi and Urdu.
- Hindi is written from left to right in the Devenagari Script, whereas Urdu is written right to left in Persian-Arabic script called Nastaliq.
- Hindi uses vocabulary from Sanskrit but Urdu uses vocabulary from Persian and Arabic.
What is SAARC?
SAARC stands for South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. It is an economic and political organisation of eight neighbouring countries located in South Asia. They are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
How can you say that India believes in peace? Mention three points.
- India has never attacked any country for gaining territory. ,
- India believes in solving mutual differences through peaceful meAnswer:
- India maintains friendly relations with its neighbouring as well as far away countries.
IX. Long Answer Type Questions
What are the similarities between the food of India and Nepal?
The traditional Nepali food consist of daal, bhaat and tarkaari it is very much same as the Indian traditional food. The prime difference between he Nepali cuisine and Indian cuisine is of spice. The influence of Indian food is very much in the southern-western part of Nepal as it is very near to Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Name some surprising facts about Urdu language.
Following are few of the facts related with Urdu :
- The Urdu originated from the Turkish word ‘ordu’ which means tent or army.
- Earlier the Urdu was the language of army before becoming the language of the court of Mughals of Delhi and the Nawabs of Lucknow.
- Urdu also uses words from Sanskrit.
DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 13 Notes – India’s Neighbours
- Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Myanmar, Afghanistan and Maldives are our close neighbours.
- India believes in solving mutual differences through peaceful meAnswer: This policy has helped us to share cultural and trade relations with our neighbours.
- We share some common features of language, food and culture with our neighbours. Since Pakistan was a part of India till 1947. We share a common history and culture.
- The commonly spoken languages in India and Pakistan are Hindi and Urdu. But we find certain differences between these two languages.
- The traditional food of India and Nepal consists of dal, bhaat and tarkari i.e. pulses, rice and vegetable curry.
- The non-vegetarian cuisine of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh is very similar.
- There is great similarity in dresses of both men and women that are worn in India and its neighbouring countries.
- Saree and Salwar-Kameez are the traditional dresses in both India and Pakistan. Men in both India and Nepal, favour Kurta-pyjama or shirt/coat with pyjama.
- These similarties between India and its neighbouring countries highlight our cultural bonds.
- SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.
- Momos: Dumpling filled with meat or vegetables.
- Cuisine: Dish.
- Hanfu: A dress worn in China.
- Unifying: Joining people, things, parts of a country, etc. together so that they form a single unit.