DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Question Answer – Mapping India

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DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Question Answer – Mapping India

DAV Class 5 SST Ch 10 Question Answer – Mapping India

Something To Know

A. Tick (✓) the correct option:

Question 1.
A horizontal imaginary line that is drawn on the globe exactly halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole –
(a) Prime Meridian
(b) Equator
(c) Grid
(b) Equator

Question 2.
Vertical imaginary lines on the globe are –
(a) Meridians of Longitude
(b) Parallels of Latitude
(c) Equator
(a) Meridians of Longitude

Question 3.
Seasons are caused by –
(a) Rotation of the earth
(b) Rotation of the sun
(c) Revolution of the earth around the sun
(c) Revolution of the earth around the sun

Question 4.
Which direction is to your right, if you are facing north?
(a) West
(b) East
(c) South
(c) South

Question 5.
What does a political map show?
(a) Features like mountains, plains and rivers.
(b) Roads, railways and airline routes.
(c) Boundaries of countries, states and important cities.
(c) Boundaries of countries, states and important cities.

Question 6.
The blue colour in a map shows –
(a) Plainland
(b) Hills
(c) Water bodies
(c) Water bodies

B. Fill in the blanks:

Help Box:
Earth, rotation, South Pole, four, atlas

1. A book of maps is called an …………….
2. There are …………….. cardinal directions on the compass.
3. Magellan did not survive the voyage around the ………………
4. ………………. is the southern-most point on the globe.
5. Day and night on the Earth are caused by the …………….. of the Earth.
1. atlas
2. four
3. earth
4. South Pole
5. rotation

C. Match the following:

 1. Map (a) North 2. Globe (b) Blue 3. Direction (c) Natural features 4. Water bodies (d) Grid 5. Physical map (e) Scale

 1. Map (e) Scale 2. Globe (d) Grid 3. Direction (a) North 4. Water bodies (b) Blue 5. Physical map (c) Natural features

Question 1.
What is a map?
A map is a drawing of the earth on a flat surface.

Question 2.
Which colour represents plains on a map?
The green colour represents plains on a map.

Question 3.
Name two different types of maps.

• Physical maps
• Political maps

Question 4.
Define a scale.
A scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

Question 5.
How does a globe help us?
A globe is a small model of the Earth. It represents a three-dimensional view of the earth. It also shows the shape and location of the oceans and continents.

E. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Why did people fear to travel to faraway places in olden times?
In earlier times, people believed that the earth was flat. They feared that they might fall off if they travelled to the edge of the earth.

Question 2.
Describe the journey of Magellan that proved that the earth was round.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He began his journey from Spain in 1519 with his crew. After he completed his voyage which took almost two years, he found himself at the same place. The voyage had started with five ships and a crew of 270, but only 18 members survived. Unfortunately, Magellan was not among the survivors. But his efforts i. e. the voyage proved that the earth was round.

Question 3.
Mention two uses of map
Two uses of maps are –

• They can give detailed information of any part of the earth.
• It is easy to carry a map.

Question 4.
Name two movements of the Earth. Explain each briefly.
The two movements of the Earth are –

• Rotation: It is the movement of the earth on its axis, from west to east. The earth takes 24 hours to complete one rotation. It causes day and night.
• Revolution: It is the movement of the earth around the sun on a fixed path called the orbit. It takes 365 A days to complete one revolution. It causes change in seasons..

Question 5.
Differentiate between a globe and a map.

 a globe a map (i) It is not easy to carry it around. (i) It is easy to carry it. (ii) It can only give limited information. (ii) It can give detailed information of any part of the earth. (iii) It represents a three dimensional view of the earth. (iii) It can be drawn to show the whole world.

Value-Based Questions

Question 1.
Which two qualities must each student develop to face difficulties like trying to locate a place, inability to read the map of a colony, guiding a visitor on a telephone, etc.

• Sense of direction.
• Knowledge of symbols and colours used in the map.

Question 2.
Suppose you get separated from your parents in a crowded market. What steps will you take?
First of all I will try to know in which direction I am and in which direction my house is. After having these details, I would draw a sketch to get an idea of the place.

Map Skills

On a map of India, locate, label and colour the following:
1. Arabian sea.
2. Indian Ocean.
3. Northern plains.
4. Himalayan mountains
5. Deccan Plateau.

Something To Do

Question 1.
Which map of India will be bigger – one drawn to a scale of 1 centimetre: 100 kilometres or one to a scale of 1 centimetre: 50 kilometres? Why?
The map of India drawn to a scale of 1 centimetre: 50 kilometres will be bigger than one drawn to a scale of 1 centimetre: 100 kilometres. This is because 1 cm on the map corresponds to a distance of 50 km on the ground which is exactly half of 100 km.

Question 2.
Is the length of all lines of latitudes equal or unequal to each other? Give reasons for your answer. What about the lines of longitudes?
No, the length of all lines of latitudes is not equal to each other. It is the longest at the equator. Then it starts decreasing. It becomes zero at the North Pole and the South Pole. On the other hand, all lines of longitudes are equal in length because they are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole. Hence, their length remains the same.

Question 3.
Take a political map of India. Find out the actual distance between Mumbai and your state. Show it on a scale.
Do it yourself.

Question 4.
Take a globe and explain the two motions of the earth in front of your class.
Do it yourself.

Question 5.
Solve the puzzle using the given clues.
Down: (↓)
(i) They are caused by the revolution of the Earth on a tilted axis.
(ii) Spinning around the axis.
(iii) The imaginary line joining the North and South poles of the Earth.
(iv) A model of the Earth.

Across: (→)
(v) Movement of the Earth around the Sun.
(vi) The path on which the Earth moves around the Sun.
(vii) Drawing of earth on a flat surface
(viii) Pictures or lines used on maps.

(i) Seasons
(ii) Rotation
(iii) Longitude
(iv) Globe
(v) Revolution
(vi) Orbit
(vii) Map
(viii) Symbols

DAV Class 5 Social Science Chapter 10 Question Answer – Mapping India

I. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

A. Tick (✓) the correct option:

Question 1.
Lines of Latitudes are –
(a) Parallel to each other
(b) Horizontal
(c) Both.
(c) Both.

Question 2.
Lines of Longitude run from –
(a) East to West
(b) West to East
(c) North to South.
(c) North to South.

Question 3.
The time that the earth takes in completing one revolution is-
(a) 366 days
(b) 365 $$\frac{1}{4}$$ days
(c) 365 days.
(b) 365 $$\frac{1}{4}$$ days

Question 4.
A map showing natural features of the earth is called-
(a) Physical Map
(b) Political Map
(c) Thematic Map
(a) Physical Map

Question 5.
The number of intermediate directions are-
(a) 3
(b) 4
(c) 5
(b) 4

Question 6.
is the map symbol of –
(a) Bicycle track
(c) Stream

Question 7.
The map symbol of garbage bin is –

II. Fill In The Blanks:

1. A network of latitudes and longitudes is called a ……………..
2. North, South, East and West are called …………….. directions.
3. The direction of Uttar Pradesh from Delhi is ……………..
4. The earth takes …………… hours to complete one rotation.
5. A globe shows the shape and location of the oceans and …………….
6. Grid helps us to locate the exact position ………………. of and time on the earth.
7. It was ……………… who proved that the earth was round.
1. grid
2. cardinal
3. east
4. 24
5. continents
6. places
7. Magellan

III. True/False:

1. Meridians of longitude run parallel to each other.
2. The earth does not have any comers or edges.
3. The axis of the earth is tilted.
4. The earth moves on its axis from east to west.
5. A physical map shows state boundaries.
6. Symbols and colours make the reading of maps very easy.
1. False
2. True
3. True
4. False
5. False
6. True

IV. Match The Following:

1. → (vi) brown colour
2. → (i) White colour
3. → (v) blue colour
4. → (vii) green colour
5. →
6. →
7. →

V. Name The Following:

1. The horizontal imaginary line is drawn around the globe, exactly halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole ……………..
2. Two endpoints of the imaginary axis of the earth ……………
3. The small modes (miniature form) of the earth ………………
4. The movement of the earth on its axis, from west to east ……………..
1. Equator
2. Reference Points
3. Globe
4. Rotation

VI. Jumbled Words:

1. ascle ……………..
2. stdiacne ……………..
3. catula ……………..
5. thmaetic ……………
6. rtoatino ……………..
7. vorelution …………….
8. tlaitude ……………..
9. lgointedu ………………
10. oclatnio ……………..
1. scale
2. distance
3. actual
4. cardinal
5. thematic
6. rotation
7. revolution
8. latitude
9. longitude
10. location

VII. Cross The Odd One:

1. east; west; north; north-west
2. mountains; plateaus; towns; rivers
3. roads; state; population; parks
4. feature; blue; white; green
5. direction; common; scale; symbol
1. north-west
2. towns
3. state
4. feature
5. common

VIII. Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are used as reference points?
Two endpoints of the imaginary axis of the earth are used as reference points.

Question 2.
Name the cardinal and intermediate directions.
Cardinal directions – north, south, east and west.
Intermediate directions – north-east, north-west, south-east and south-west.

Question 3.
Mention two points about the equator.

• The equator is the horizontal imaginary line drawn around the globe, exactly halfway between North Pole and the South Pole.
• It is the basic line for drawing parallels of Latitude.

Question 4.
Mention two points about the Meridians of Longitude.

• The Meridians of Longitude are the vertical imaginary lines.
• They run from north to south.

Question 5.
What do you mean by conventional symbols? How are they useful?
The common signs and symbols that are internationally accepted and used in maps are called conventional symbols. They are very useful because without them we would not be able to read and understand maps.

IX. Long Answer Type Question

Question 1.
What are the four components of a map? Describe them.
The four components of a map are – direction, scale, symbols and colours.
(i) Direction: Most maps show an arrow marked with the letter ‘N’ at the top. It means ‘North’. Once we identify the north, it is easy to mark the south, east and west directions. Thus, north, south, east and west are cardinal directions. The directions in between the cardinal directions are called the intermediate directions. They are – north-east, north-west, south-east and south-west.

(ii) Scale: It is not possible to show places on maps in their actual proportions because they are vast areas while a map is draw on a small piece of paper. Therefore, the actual distance on the ground is shown on a reduced scale. On a map, 100 km may be shown as 1 cm. Thus, 2 cm 200 km of actual distance.

(iii) Symbols: The actual size of buildings, or roads on a map are indicated by some common symbols such as pictures, lines, etc. These symbols help us in reading a map.

(iv) Colours: Specific colours are used to show different features of the earth. For example, blue colour is used for water bodies, green colour is used for plains and lowlands, etc. The understanding of colours makes the reading of maps easy.

DAV Class 5 SST Chapter 10 Notes – Mapping India

• The earth on which we live is so huge that we cannot see the whole of it. A globe is a small model of the earth. It represents a three-dimensional view of the earth.
• The northernmost point on the globe is called the North Pole and the southern most point is called the South Pole.
• The horizontal imaginary line drawn around the globe, exactly halfway between the two poles is called the Equator.
• The vertical imaginary lines are the Meridians of Longitude and they run from north to south.
• The earth has two motions-rotation and revolution. Rotation is the movement of the earth on its axis and revolution is the movement of the earth around the sun on a fixed path i.e. the orbit.
• Globes give limited information whereas maps give detailed information. Contrary to a globe, a map can be easily carried.
• There are three types of maps-physical, political and thematic. Physical maps show natural features of the earth, political maps show the boundaries of cities, towns, countries, etc. and thematic maps show roads, population, parks, etc.
• Components of a map are-irection, scale, symbols and colours. These help us to understand, read or interpret any map.
• There are four cardinal directions and four intermediate directions. They help us to locate the exact position of the places.
• The actual distance on ground is shown on a reduced scale. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
• Roads, buildings, etc. are indicated by some common symbols, known as conventional symbols specific colours are used to show different features of the earth.
• Globe: A small model or miniature form of the earth.
• Equator: The horizontal imaginary lihe drawn around the globe, exactly halfway between North Pole and South Pole.
• Rotation: The movement of the earth on its axis from west to east.
• Revolution: The movement of the earth around the sun on a fixed path called the orbit.
• Map: A drawing of the earth on a flat surface.
• Atlas: A book of maps.
• Sketch: A rough drawing of a place.
• Scale: The ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
• Physical map: A map that shows natural features of the earth.
• Political map: A map that shows the boundaries of cities, town, villages, states and countries of the world.
• Thematic map: A map that gives information about roads, population, etc..
• Cardinal directions: North, east, west and south are called cardinal directions.