# DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 9 Question Answer – Directions

These DAV Class 4 SST Book Solutions and DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 9 Question Answer – Directions are thoughtfully prepared by experienced teachers.

## DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 9 Question Answer – Directions

### DAV Class 4 SST Ch 9 Question Answer – Directions

Something To Know

A. Tick (✓) the correct option:

Question 1.
A sketch gives us a –
(a) Rough idea
(b) Complete idea
(c) No idea
(a) Rough idea

Question 2.
A map gives us a true location on a –
(a) Round surface
(b) Flat surface
(c) Uneven surface
(b) Flat surface

Question 3.
The blue colour on a map indicates –
(a) Mountains
(b) Desert
(c) Water
(c) Water

Question 4.
FI and of the compass always points to –
(a) North
(b) South
(c) East
(a) North

B. Fill in the blanks:

Help Box:
directions, compass, landmarks, four, language

1. There are ……………. cardinal directions.
2. People generally follow …………….. when they have to reach a place.
3. The hand of a ………………. always points to north.
4. In between the four cardinal directions, there are four intermediary ………………
5. It is important to learn the ……………… of a map.
1. four
2. landmarks
3. compass
4. directions
5. language

1. When you face the rising sun, which direction is to your right and to left?
2. What is used to represent the ratio between distance on map and distance on the ground?
3. What is a book of maps called?
4. What do symbols represent on a map?
5. Draw a road sign that shows-No Horn.
1. To right-South; To left-North
2. Scale
3. Atlas
4. Objects

Question 1.
What is the importance of a sketch?

• A sketch is a diagram drawn from memory. It gives us a rough idea of a place and helps in locating a place.
• It guides us with words like left-right, and front-back and gives some landmarks like a road, church, hospital, etc.

Question 2.
What is the difference between a map and a sketch?
Map

• It gives us the exact location of the place.
• It gives us the location of a place on a flat surface.
• It is drawn to scale.
• It guides us with the help of the language that it uses.

Sketch:

• It gives us a rough idea of a place.
• It helps in locating a place.
• It is not drawn to scale.
• It guides us with words like right-left, back-front and gives some landmarks.

Question 3.
List four problems that you can face if you do not know directions.
Four problems that we can face if we do not know directions are –

• We cannot find the way around our locality.
• It will be difficult to follow the directions given by others.
• We will fail to read and give directions.
• We cannot reach our destination.

Question 4.
What do you understand by the language of a map? Why is it important to use same map symbols all over the world?
The language used by maps is called the language of maps. It is very important to learn to read a map by understanding this language. Maps use the same (universal) language all over the world so that everyone can read any map, anywhere.

Question 5.
How will you find different directions if you do not have a compass?
Sun helps us to locate the directions in such a situation. The sun rises in the east. Face the rising sun. Your back side will be the west. The direction to your right will be the south and the direction to your left will be the north.

Value-Based Question

Suppose you are going to attend a function. Your father forgets the invitation card at home. How would you ensure that nobody gets worried and your father is able to find the destination quickly?

Map Skill

On a political map of India, label and colour two states in each direction –
1. North
2. East
3. West
4. South

Something To Do

Question 1.
You can play a ‘globe game’ with your friend. All you need is a globe and a stop watch. Pick up any city and ask your friend to locate it within a fixed time.
Do yourself.

Question 2.
Hold a compass and move it around in a circle in clockwise direction. You will be able to make out all the other directions from the ‘N’.
Do yourself.

Question 3.
Take a bangle or a plate. Trace it in your notebook. Take a compass and mark North. Name the other directions. Draw different objects in each direction.
The other directions are – South, East and West.

Question 4.
Directions Game –

Do yourself.

Question 5.
Give a political map of India and ask the student to label –
(a) Two state names with ‘Pradesh’
(b) Two states starting with ‘M’.
(c) Two states starting with ‘K’.
(d) Two states starting with ‘H’.
(e) Two states starting with ‘T’, etc.

(b) (i) Mizoram
(ii) Manipur

(c) (i) Karnataka
(ii) Kerala

(d) (i) Haryana

(ii) Telengana

### DAV Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 9 Question Answer – Directions

I. Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs)

A. Tick (✓) the correct option:

Question 1.
In the noon the sun is in the
(a) north
(b) south
(c) west
(b) south

Question 2.
The first compass was invented by the
(a) Chinese
(b) Indian
(c) French
(a) Chinese

Question 3.
The needle of a compass always points to the
(a) north
(b) south
(c) east
(a) north

Question 4.
The map symbol of the stream is

Question 5.
The brown colour on a map indicates
(a) water
(b) plains
(c) hills
(c) hills

II. Fill In The Blanks

1. Maps use the same ……………. all over the world.
2. Road signs are put up on roadside to ……………. the safety of drivers.
3. In earlier times, man followed to …………….. reach his destination.
4. The intermediate directions are also known as …………….. directions.
5. Some of the ……………….. are so small that they look like wrist watches.
1. language
2. ensure
3. landmarks;
4. intermediary
5. compasses

III. True/False

1. When there were no landmarks, stars guided the sailors at night.
2. Maps are available in different sizes.
3. People use landmarks to reach a place or direct others.
4. Compasses are of no use for the sailors and pilots.
5. The knowledge of cardinal directions is not essential for finding the way around our locality.
1. True
2. True
3. True
4. False
5. False

IV. Match The Following

 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ 1. North (i) a book of maps 2. North East (ii) a familiar sight 3. Atlas (iii) scale 4. Map (iv) one of the cardinal directions 5. Landmark (v) one of the intermediate directions

 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ 1. North (iv) one of the cardinal directions 2. North East (v) one of the inter¬mediate directions 3. Atlas (i) a book of maps 4. Map (iii) scale 5. Landmark (ii) a familiar sight

V. Name The Following

1. An instrument that shows directions.
2. A diagram that is drawn from memory and gives us a rough idea of a place.
3. That is used to represent the ratio between distance on map and the distance on the ground
4. The thing that is used to represent real objects.
1. Compass
2. Sketch
3. Scale
4. Symbol

VI. Jumbled Words

1. mcpaoss ………………….
2. enedel ………………….
3. dlnarmak ………………….
4. nsigpsot ………………….
5. drietoinc ………………….
6. kstche ………………….
7. slcae ………………….
1. compass
2. needle
3. landmark
4. signpost
5. direction
6. sketch
7. scale

VII. Cross The Odd One

1. water; blue; brown; green
2. north; south; east; north-east
3. church; compass; hospital; signpost
4. sailors; pilots; language; trekkers
1. water
2. north-east
3. compass
4. language

Question 1.
Name the people who use compasses.
Sailors, pilots, motorists, mountaineers, trekkers.

Question 2.
What is the problem in using the moon for locating the directions?
The moon is not visible during a major part of each month. This is the problem in using it for locating the directions.

Question 3.
Name the four intermediary directions.
North East, South East, South West and North West.

Question 4.
What is the use of a scale?
A scale is used to represent the ratio between distance on map and the distance on the ground, as it is not possible to show actual distance on a small map.

Question 5.
What colours are used for the following:
(i) water
(ii) hills
(iii) plains
(i) water – blue
(ii) hills – brown
(iii) plains – green

Question 6.
What do road signs tell the drivers?
Road signs tell the drivers about speed limit, the curves of the road, speed breakers, etc. By following road signs, a driver can avert accidents.

Question 1.

• Maps give us the location of a place on a flat surface.
• Maps are available in different sizes.
• They can be put in a book i.e. atlas, folded, put on walls or rolled and stored.

Question 2.
Mention the names of different types of maps.
Maps are of different types –

• Climate maps
• Political maps
• Physical maps
• Thematic maps

Question 3.
Give map symbols for the following:
(ii) Railway
(iii) Bridge
(iv) Evergreen tree
(v) Sewer
(vi) Light pole
(vii) Bicycle track
(viii) Fence

### DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 9 Notes – Directions

• There are four cardinal directions-North, East, West and South. North and South point towards the North and South poles.
• A compass is an instrument that shows directions. The needle of a compass always points to the north and from that we can locate other directions.
• There are four intermediate or intermediary directions—North East (NE), South East (SE), South West (SW), and North West (NW).
• In earlier times, when there was no compass, man followed landmarks to reach his destination. Landmarks are used even now to reach a place or direct others.
• A sketch gives us a rough idea of a place and helps in locating a place.
• A map gives us an exact location of the place. It is drawn to scale. It gives us location of a place on a flat surface.
• The language used by a map is the same all over the world so that everyone can read any map, anywhere.
• A scale is used to represent the ratio between distance on map and the distance on the ground.
• A symbol represents real objects. It may be in the form of a simple drawing, letter or a shape.
• The colours indicate different features on a map. For example; the blue colour indicates water.
• Compass: An instrument that shows directions.
• Cardinal directions: The four main points i.e. North, South, West and East of the compass are called cardinal directions.
• Intermediate or intermediary directions: They are marked between the four cardinal directions.
• Landmark: A familiar sight, important building or signpost that helps people to reach a place.
• Sketch: A diagram drawn from memory and gives us a rough idea of a place.
• Map: It is an exact drawing of a place.
• Scale: It is used to represent the ratio between distance on map and the distance on the ground.
• Symbol: It represents real objects.