These We and Our World Class 4 DAV Solutions and DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 3 Question Answer – Celebrating Our Diversity are thoughtfully prepared by experienced teachers.
DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 3 Question Answer – Celebrating Our Diversity
DAV Class 4 SST Ch 3 Question Answer – Celebrating Our Diversity
Something To Know
A. Tick (✓) the correct option:
Vinayak Chaturthi is dedicated to the birth of lord –
Which calendar do Parsis follow?
Which of the following is a ritual in Hindu wedding?
Anand Karaj takes place in a –
The grand Onam feast is called –
B. Fill in the blanks:
rebirth. Mahabali. Navratri, culture, Ramadan
1. The theme of Inter-House celebration was-The Indian …………………
2. Onam marks the home-coming of King …………………
3. …………………is considered an auspicious time to start new ventures.
4. Navroz is a symbol of rejuvenation and …………………
5. The Quran came into existence during the month of …………………
C. Match the following:
|1. Synagogue||(a) Thanksgiving|
|2. Navratri||(b) Effigies|
|3. Dusshera||(c) Fire temple|
|4. Pookalam||(d) Dandia|
|5. Id-ul-Fitr||(e) Floral Rangoli|
|1. Synagogue||(c) Fire temple|
|2. Navratri||(b) Effigies|
|3. Dusshera||(d) Dandia|
|4. Pookalam||(e) Floral Rangoli|
|5. Id-ul-Fitr||(a) Thanksgiving|
D. Answer the following questions:
What is the importance of participating in school stage programmes?
- Participating in school stage programmes is unique in itself. It gives an opportunity to students to collect information about the given theme with the help of their parents, teachers, the library and the internet.
- The students get inspired and put a lot of effort in preparing posters, stage properties, scripts and costumes for each presentation.
- By participating in such programmes, students enhance their capabilities. Their confidence level also raises.
How is Ganesh Chaturthi celebrated in Maharashtra?
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with great joy in Maharashtra. People buy idols of Ganpati and take them to home. They worship the idol with kumkum, kewra, lotus flower, fruits and sweets. They also perform arti. The celebration goes on for ten days. Then the images are taken out in a procession for immersion into a river or sea.
Mention any three important features of the Navratri celebration.
Three features of the Navratri celebration are:
- This festival is celebrated for nine nights and Goddess Durga is worshipped.
- The period is considered auspicious time to start new ventures.
- It is celebrated twice a year.
How do the people of Kerala celebrate the homecoming of their beloved king?
The people of Kerala celebrate the homecoming of their beloved king Mahabali with great pomp and show. They make floral rangoli called Pookalam and wear new clothes. They hold grand feast called Onasadya. It consists of various types of curries, kootu, pappadam, pradhaman, paisam, rice, mango pickle and coconut chutney. The people of Kerala also enjoy snake-boat races on this day.
“Id-ul-fitr is a day of joy and thankgiving.” Explain.
Id-ul-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims at the end of Ramadan, the ninth lunar month. On this day, Muslims, apart from offering prayers, and reciting\ Quran, also follow good behaviour and donate for the needy. It is also a day of forgiving and forgetting ill- feelings towards others. The family elders give ‘Idi’ i.e. presents or money to the youngsters as blessings. Thus, it is a day of joy and thankgiving.
How is Navroz celebrated in India?
- Navroz (Jamshed-e-Navroz) is a Parsi New Year. It is celebrated on the first day of the first month of Shehenshahi calendar which is followed by followers of Zoroastrian faith.
- The festival symbolises rejuvenation and rebirth. Parsis clean and decorate their homes with floral rangolies.
- They wish Sal-Mubarak to each other and exchange gifts.
- They enjoy special feast on Navroz which includes faluda, saffron pulao and ravo. Besides, fresh fruits, dried fruits and a variety of seeds are also served.
What is the significance of Dusshera?
Navratri and Durga Puja are celebrated as Dusshera in Northern India. The celebrations last for ten days. The festival symbolises the victory of good over evil.
Festivals are a time of fun, frolic and family get together. Each festival gives us a message. Write down the value that you learn from your favourite festival.
All festivals, apart from giving us fun and enjoyment, convey us a message of ‘live and let live’. They inspire us to live in harmony with our fellow citizens irrespective of their caste, states and religion. However, my favourite festival is Desshera. I like this festival because it continues for ten days. The festival environment attracts me very much. The value that I learn from this festival is to stand by goodness and discard all evils.
On a political map of India, locate, colour and label the following:
3. Tamil Nadu
6. Andhra Pradesh
Something To Do
1. Identify the festival:
(a) Beautiful Pookalams are made on the floor ……………
(b) Young girls are worshipped on ashtami ……………
(c) Effigies of Ravana, Meghnada and Kumbhakarana are burnt ………………
(d) Month long fasting during Ramadan ……………
(c) Effigies of Ravana, Meghnada and Kumbhakarana are burnt ……………
(d) Month long fasting during Ramadan …………….
Survey your neighbourhood and make a list of all the festivals that are celebrated. Find out the delicacies (special dishes) associated with each festival. Which is your favourite festival and special dish?
Solve the word puzzle with the help of the hints:
(a) This festival marks the victory of good over evil.
(b) He presides over the Nikah.
(c) It is considered as an auspicious time to start new ventures.
(d) Whose idols are worshipped during Ganesh Chaturthi?
(e) Id is celebrated during this month.
(f) What is a Muslim wedding known as?
(g) A ritual in Hindu weddings.
(h) Where does a Sikh wedding take place?
(a) DUSSHERA (b) QAZI
DAV Class 4 Social Studies Chapter 3 Question Answer – Celebrating Our Diversity
I. Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs)
Tick (✓) the correct option:
Tilak is applied on
(b) left cheek
(c) right cheek
Who gave the welcome speech?
(b) Head Girl
(c) Chief Guest
One of the following festivals is celebrated twice a year.
(a) Ganesh Chaturthi
King Mahabali was pushed deep into the earth by
(a) Lord Krishna
(b) Lord Vishnu
(c) Lord Ganesh
(b) Lord Vishnu
A major part of Parsi population lives in
II. Fill In The Blanks
1. Parsis go to the ……………… to offer their prayers.
2. The Sikh wedding ceremony is presided over by ……………, a priest.
3. Pulikkali Tiger Dance is a popular feature of …………….. celebration.
4. On the tenth day of Dusshera, the effigies of ………………, Kumbhakarana …………….. and are set afire.
5. Ganesh Chaturthi is mainly celebrated in Maharashtra and ……………..
4. Ravana, Meghnada
5. South India
1. King Mahabali’s rule was a period of golden age in Kerala.
2. Navratri and Durga Puja are celebrated as Dusshera in South India.
3. Lord Ganesh is the God of good beginning, knowledge, success, wisdom and remover of obstacles.
4. The snake-boat races are popular in Tamil Nadu.
IV. Match The Following:
|Column ‘A’||Column ‘B’|
|1. Bommai Kolu||(i) Moon|
|2. Lunar calendar||(ii) Divine beings|
|3. Ramadan worshipped by Parsis||(iii) South Indian States|
|4. Chingam Malyalam calendar||(iv) Ninth lunar month|
|5. Khorshed and meher||(v) The first month of Malyalam calendar|
|Column ‘A’||Column ‘B’|
|1. Bommai Kolu||(ii) Divine beings|
|2. Lunar calendar||(i) Moon|
|3. Ramadan worshipped by Parsis||(iv) Ninth lunar month|
|4. Chingam Malyalam calendar||(v) The first month of Malyalam calendar|
|5. Khorshed and meher||(ii) Divine beings|
V. Name The Following
1. The great freedom fighter, who made Ganesh Utsav, a public celebration …………….
2. The festival that is celebrated twice a year …………….
3. The Tiger Dance, a popular feature of Onam celebration …………….
4. The holy book of Parsis …………….
1. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak
VI. Jumbled Words
1. ffeigy …………….
3. ucltrue …………….
5. rganoil …………….
VII. Cross The Odd One
1. ghaghra; dhoti; saree; faluda
2. Parsis; Gurudwara; Christians; Muslims
3. Sikh; Quran; ZendAvesta; Guru Granth Sahib
4. Ravana; Meghnada; Vishnu; Kumbhakaran
5. mehndi; sangeet; baraat; couple
VIII. Short Answer Type Questions
What is Pullikkali Tiger Dance?
- Pullikkali Tiger Dance is a popular feature of Onam-the carnival of Kerala.
- Hundreds of men, dressed as tigers, perform this dance to the beat of drums.
- The best dancer and decorated lion man are awarded prizes.
What do you know about the Parsis?
Parsis form a small religious community in India. They arrived in Gujarat region from Iran. Presently a major portion of Parsi population lives in Mumbai. They are the followers of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster. Jamshed-e-Navroz is their New Year. On this day, Parsis offer their prayers in a synagogue.
IX. Long Answer Type Questions
Name the festivals that were presented by different houses. Or, Make a chart of different houses and the festivals presented by them.
|Name of Houses||Name of Festivals|
|1. Hansraj House||Ganesh Chaturthi|
|2. Dayanand House||Navratri|
|3. Vivekananda House||Id-ul-fitr|
|4. Gandhi House||Onam|
|5. Sarojini House||Navroz|
|6. Nehru House||Marriage celebrations|
How does a Christian wedding take place?
Mention various steps of a Christian wedding.
- Christian wedding takes place in a church and is conducted by a priest.
- The bride wears a beautiful white dress and a white veil and the groom is dressed in a suit.
- The couple exchange rings and accept each other as husband and wife in the presence of family members and friends.
- The wedding ceremony is followed by reception where the new couple cut the wedding cake.
DAV Class 4 SST Chapter 3 Notes – Celebrating Our Diversity
- India is a land of diversities. Each part of our country shows a different type of dress. There is great variety of food items available in different parts of India.
- We also celebrate different types of festivals in different parts of our country. Some of these festivals are—Ganesh Chaturthi, Navratri, Id-ul-fitr, Teej, etc.
- Ganesh or Vinayak Chaturthi is dedicated to the birth of Lord Ganesh. The festival is celebrated in the month of August or September. The celebration continues for ten days. Then the images of Ganesh are immersed into the river or sea.
- The Navratri celebration takes place in most parts of India. People worship Goddess Durga during Navratri. On the tenth day, the effigies of Ravana, Meghnada and Kumbhakama are set afire to celebrate victory of good over evil.
- Id-ul-fitr is a Muslim festival. It is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan, the ninth lunar month. It is a day of joy and thanksgiving.
- Onam is the harvest festival of Kerala. It marks the homecoming of the legendary king, Mahabali. It is celebrated in the beginning of the month of Chingam, the first month of Malayalam calendar.
- Jamshed-e-Navroz is a Parsi New Year. It celebrates rejuvenation and rebirth. On this day, the Parsis offer their prayers in a Synagogue, the fire temple.
- Different regions or communities of India celebrate wedding ceremonies in different ways. The wedding rituals start with a Garland Ceremony. The other rituals are Kanyadaan, Sindoor and Seven Pheras.
- Sikh weddings take place in Gurudwaras. Muslim wedding is known as Nikah. It is presided over by a Qazi. Christian weddings are conducted by a priest in a church.
- The essence of all weddings is the union of a couple and bonding of the two families.
- Rangoli: Making of different designs on floor with the help of gulal or colours.
- Effigy: A statue of a famous person, a saint or God.
- Immersion: The act of putting somebody/something into a liquid so that it is completely covered.
- Ramadan: The ninth month of the Muslim year, when Muslims do not eat or drink between dawn and sunset.
- Idi: Presents or money to the youngsters as blessings.
- Bhaiji: A priest in a Gurudwara.
- Synagogue: A place of worship for the Parsis.
- Zend Avesta: The holy book of the Parsis.