ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 1.
Given that ∆s ABC and PQR are similar.
Find:
(i) The ratio of the area of ∆ABC to the area of ∆PQR if their corresponding sides are in the ratio 1 : 3.
(ii) the ratio of their corresponding sides if area of ∆ABC : area of ∆PQR = 25 : 36.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 2.
∆ABC ~ DEF. If area of ∆ABC = 9 sq. cm., area of ∆DEF =16 sq. cm and BC = 2.1 cm., find the length of EF.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 3.
∆ABC ~ ∆DEF. If BC = 3 cm, EF = 4 cm and area of ∆ABC = 54 sq. cm. Determine the area of ∆DEF.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 4.
The area of two similar triangles is 36 cm² and 25 cm². If an altitude of the first triangle is 2.4 cm, find the corresponding altitude of the other triangle.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 5.
(a) In the figure, (i) given below, PB and QA are perpendiculars to the line segment AB. If PO = 6 cm, QO = 9 cm and the area of ∆POB = 120 cm², find the area of ∆QOA. (2006)
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(b) In the figure (ii) given below, AB || DC. AO = 10 cm, OC = 5cm, AB = 6.5 cm and OD = 2.8 cm.
(i) Prove that ∆OAB ~ ∆OCD.
(ii) Find CD and OB.
(iii) Find the ratio of areas of ∆OAB and ∆OCD.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 6.
(a) In the figure (i) given below, DE || BC. If DE = 6 cm, BC = 9 cm and area of ∆ADE = 28 sq. cm, find the area of ∆ABC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(b) In the figure (iii) given below, DE || BC and AD : DB = 1 : 2, find the ratio of the areas of ∆ADE and trapezium DBCE.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 7.
In the given figure, DE || BC.
(i) Prove that ∆ADE and ∆ABC are similar.
(ii) Given that AD = \(\\ \frac { 1 }{ 2 } \) BD, calculate DE if BC = 4.5 cm.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(iii) If area of ∆ABC = 18 cm², find the area of trapezium DBCE
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 8.
In the given figure, AB and DE are perpendicular to BC.
(i) Prove that ∆ABC ~ ∆DEC
(ii) If AB = 6 cm: DE = 4 cm and AC = 15 cm, calculate CD.
(iii) Find the ratio of the area of ∆ABC : area of ∆DEC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 9.
In the adjoining figure, ABC is a triangle.
DE is parallel to BC and \(\frac { AD }{ DB } =\frac { 3 }{ 2 } \)
(i) Determine the ratios \(\frac { AD }{ AB }, \frac { DE }{ BC } \)
(ii) Prove that ∆DEF is similar to ∆CBF.
Hence, find \(\\ \frac { EF }{ FB } \).
(iii) What is the ratio of the areas of ∆DEF and ∆CBF ? (2007)
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 10.
In ∆ABC, AP : PB = 2 : 3. PO is parallel to BC and is extended to Q so that CQ is parallel to BA. Find:
(i) area ∆APO : area ∆ABC.
(ii) area ∆APO : area ∆CQO. (2008)
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 11.
(a) In the figure (i) given below, ABCD is a trapezium in which AB || DC and AB = 2 CD. Determine the ratio of the areas of ∆AOB and ∆COD.
(b) In the figure (ii) given below, ABCD is a parallelogram. AM ⊥ DC and AN ⊥ CB. If AM = 6 cm, AN = 10 cm and the area of parallelogram ABCD is 45 cm², find
(i) AB
(ii) BC
(iii) area of ∆ADM : area of ∆ANB.
(c) In the figure (iii) given below, ABCD is a parallelogram. E is a point on AB, CE intersects the diagonal BD at O and EF || BC. If AE : EB = 2 : 3, find
(i) EF : AD
(ii) area of ∆BEF : area of ∆ABD
(iii) area of ∆ABD : area of trap. AFED
(iv) area of ∆FEO : area of ∆OBC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 12.
In the adjoining figure, ABCD is a parallelogram. P is a point on BC such that BP : PC = 1 : 2 and DP produced meets AB produced at Q. If area of ∆CPQ = 20 cm², find
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(i) area of ∆BPQ.
(ii) area ∆CDP.
(iii) area of || gm ABCD.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 13.
(a) In the figure (i) given below, DE || BC and the ratio of the areas of ∆ADE and trapezium DBCE is 4 : 5. Find the ratio of DE : BC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(b) In the figure (ii) given below, AB || DC and AB = 2 DC. If AD = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm and AD, BC produced meet at E, find (i) ED (ii) BE (iii) area of ∆EDC : area of trapezium ABCD.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 14.
(a) In the figure given below, ABCD is a trapezium in which DC is parallel to AB. If AB = 9 cm, DC = 6 cm and BB = 12 cm., find
(i) BP
(ii) the ratio of areas of ∆APB and ∆DPC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
(b) In the figure given below, ∠ABC = ∠DAC and AB = 8 cm, AC = 4 cm, AD = 5 cm.
(i) Prove that ∆ACD is similar to ∆BCA
(ii) Find BC and CD
(iii) Find the area of ∆ACD : area of ∆ABC.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 15.
ABC is a right angled triangle with ∠ABC = 90°. D is any point on AB and DE is perpendicular to AC. Prove that:
(i) ∆ADE ~ ∆ACB.
(ii) If AC = 13 cm, BC = 5 cm and AE = 4 cm. Find DE and AD.
(iii) Find, area of ∆ADE : area of quadrilateral BCED.
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 16.
Two isosceles triangles have equal vertical angles and their areas are in the ratio 7 : 16. Find the ratio of their corresponding height.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 17.
On a map is drawn to a scale of 1 : 250000, a triangular plot of land has the following measurements :
AB = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm and ∠ABC = 90°. Calculate
(i) the actual length of AB in km.
(ii) the area of the plot in sq. km:
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 18.
On a map is drawn to a scale of 1 : 25000, a rectangular plot of land, ABCD has the following measurements AB = 12 cm and BG = 16 cm.
Calculate:
(i) the distance of a diagonal of the plot in km.
(ii) the area of the plot in sq. km.
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 19.
The model of a building is constructed with scale factor 1 : 30.
(i) If the height of the model is 80 cm, find the actual height of the building in metres.
(ii) If the actual volume of a tank at the top of the building is 27 m³, find the volume of the tank on the top of the model. (2009)
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

Question 20.
A model of a ship is made to a scale of 1 : 200.
(i) If the length of the model is 4 m, find the length of the ship.
(ii) If the area of the deck of the ship is 160000 m², find the area of the deck of the model.
(iii) If the volume of the model is 200 litres, find the volume of the ship in m³. (100 litres = m³)
Solution:
ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 13 Similarity Ex 13.3

ML Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions for ICSE Maths

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