# Maharashtra Board Class 7 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Angles and Pairs of Angles Practice Set 16

## Maharashtra State Board Class 7 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Angles and Pairs of Angles Practice Set 16

Question 1.
The measures of some angles are given below. Write the measures of their complementary angles.
i. 40°
ii. 63°
iii. 45°
iv. 55°
v. 20°
vi. 90°
vii. x°
Solution:
i. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 40 + x = 90
∴ 40 + x – 40 = 90 – 40
….(Subtracting 40 from both sides)
∴ x = 50
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 40° is 50°.

ii. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 63 + x = 90
∴ 63+x-63 = 90-63
….(Subtracting 63 from both sides)
∴ x = 27
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 63° is 27°.

iii. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 45 + x = 90
∴ 45+x-45 = 90-45
….(Subtracting 45 from both sides)
∴ x = 45
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 45° is 45°.

iv. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 55 + x = 90
∴ 55 + x-55 = 90-55
….(Subtracting 55 from both sides)
∴ x = 35
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 55° is 35°.

v. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 20 + x = 90
∴ 20 + x – 20 = 90 – 20
….(Subtracting 20 from both sides)
∴ x = 70
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 20° is 70°.

vi. Let the measure of the complementary angle be x°.
∴ 90 + x = 90
∴ 90 + x – 90 = 90 – 90
….(Subtracting 90 from both sides)
∴ x = 0
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure 90° is 0°.

vii. Let the measure of the complementary angle be a°.
∴ x + a = 90
∴ x + a – x = 90 – x
….(Subtracting x from both sides)
∴ a = (90 – x)
∴ The measure of the complement of an angle of measure x° is (90 – x)°.

Question 2.
(y – 20)° and (y + 30)° are the measures of complementary angles. Find the measure of each angle.
Solution:
(y – 20)° and (y + 30)° are the measures of complementary angles.
∴ (y – 20) + (y + 30) = 90
∴ y + y + 30 – 20 = 90
∴ 2y+10 = 90
∴ 2y = 90 – 10
∴ 2y = 80
∴ $$y=\frac { 80 }{ 2 }$$
= 40
Measure of first angle = (y – 20)° = (40 – 20)° = 20°
Measure of second angle = (y + 30)° = (40 + 30)° = 70°
∴ The measure of the two angles is 20° and 70°.

Maharashtra Board Class 7 Maths Chapter 4 Angles and Pairs of Angles Practice Set 16 Intext Questions and Activities

Question 1.
Observe the angles in the figure and enter the proper number in the empty place. (Textbook pg. no. 26)

1. m∠ABC = ___°.
2. m∠PQR = ___°.
3. m∠ABC + m∠PQR = ___°.

Solution:

1. 40
2. 50
3. 90

Note: Here, the sum of the measures of ∠ABC and ∠PQR is 90 °. Therefore, they are complementary angles.