Mars Orbiter Mission Essay: Termed as a third-world country, popular as being a nation of snake charmers, India leaves no chance to amaze the world. This time Indians have surprised the world yet again by showing its expertise in Science and Technology department. Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan (in Hindi) is India’s first Interplanetary Mission to planet Mars with an orbiter craft designed to orbit Mars. India has now become the first nation to reach Mars orbit in its first attempt and the first Asian nation to do so.
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Long and Short Essays on Mars Orbiter Mission for Kids and Students in English
Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Mars Orbiter Mission’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on the Mars Orbiter Mission of 400-500 words. This long essay about Mars Orbiter Mission is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Mars Orbiter Mission of 150 – 200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.
Long Essay on Mars Orbiter Mission 500 Words in English
Below we have given a long essay on Mars Orbiter Mission of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.
India not only became the country to reach the Mars in its first attempt, but also spent the least amount of money. The mission cost $74 million (450 crore), less than the cost of making the movie Gravity ($1 00 million). It had travelled 1 0 months, covering a distance of 420 million miles (661 million km).The remarkable thing about its success is that it was made entirely with home-grown technologies. One of the main objectives of the mission is to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission. The following statement is from NASA Administrator Charles Bolden about India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM): “It was an impressive engineering feat, and we welcome India to the family of nations studying another facet of the Red Planet. We look forward to MOM adding to the knowledge the international community is gathering with the other spacecraft at Mars.”
MOM was launched on 5 November, 201 3 with the objective to explore Mars’s surface, features, its atmosphere and to study various other aspects of space. After travelling a huge distance, the orbiter was inserted into Mars’s orbit on 24 September, 2014. Following this, the orbiter published its first global view of Mars. The image was captured by the specially installed camera.
After its successful reach and orbiting plan, it also included covering the movement of passing comet, which was not the part of the mission initially.The mission is expected to last between six to ten months. After the attainment of the mission, NASA has announced its collaboration with ISRO for future explorations and other activities.
The Mars mission, as planned by ISRO, was a sophisticated exercise. Compared to other Mars missions, ISRO had a smaller rocket and payload. MOM weighed 1350 kg when it left the Earth’s surface on 5 November, 2013, out of which 850 kg was fuel. MOM did not use an upper stage launcher. Instead, it used ISRO’s PSLV and performed a series of gradual exercises to raise itself to the Earth’s higher orbit by going around the Earth six times and propelling itself higher with each revolution.
Short Essay on Mars Orbiter Mission 200 Words in English
Below we have given a short essay on Mars Orbiter Mission is for Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.
One of the ways used by ISRO to hold down costs was to save on fuel by using a smaller rocket to put the spacecraft into the Earth’s orbit first to gain enough momentum to shoot it towards Mars. As it goes around Mars in an elliptical orbit, MOM employs five sets of equipment that collectively weigh 15 kg to do scientific studies.
These five equipment include: Lyman Alpha Photometer measures the relative abundance of deuterium and hydrogen in the upper Martian atmosphere to understand previous presence of water on the planet. A methane sensor is looking for sources of the gas. While the Mars colour camera clicks away, a thermal infrared spectrometer studies heat emission, minerals and soil on Mars. In addition to this, NASA’s recently launched MAVEN can last upto 2.5 years extendable to six more years. MOM’s expected lifespan is six months, and 300 days at the maximum. MAVEN is expected to function for total of 8.5 years while MOM is expected to function for ten months only.
The mission was a test of the expertise of Indian scientists. They were more than overjoyed with its success and along with them lakhs of scientists around the world appreciated the effort. Millions of common Indian too felt proud to be the citizen of the nation when Prime Mininster Narendra Modi came out to congratulate everyone.
The mission will boost the foreign interests and funds for our science projects. The mission will give the world a new parameter to judge the country. Also, the mission will create a spark in the minds of students to be part of follow-up missions. Though the Mangalyaan is primarily a demonstration vehicle, it is a great leap in space science, innovation and management.
12 Lines to Remember Mars Orbiter Mission Essay
- Interplanetary – being or occurring between the planets or between a planet and the sun
- Feat – deed, achievement, effort
- Facet – aspect, feature, side
- Comet – a celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a highly eccentric orbit, consisting of a central mass surrounded by an envelope of dust and gas that may form a tail that streams away from the sun.
- Collaboration – partnership, association
- Sophisticated – refined, developed
- Propelling – pushing, driving, forcing
- Revolution – The movement of an object in a circular course around another or about an axis
- Momentum – energy, motion
- Elliptical – oval, egg-shaped
- Parameter – factor, scale, criterion
- Leap – dive, jump, hike