Essay on Pollution | Pollution Essay for Students and Children in English

Essay on Pollution: Environment is the surrounding of an organism. This environment in which an organism lives is made up of various elements like air, water, land etc. These elements are found in fixed proportions to create a harmonious balance in the environment for the organism to live in. Any kind of undesirable and unwanted change in the proportions of these elements can be termed as pollution.

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Long and Short Essays on Pollution for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Pollution’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on Pollution of 400-500 words. This long essay about Pollution is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Pollution of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Pollution 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Pollution of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

With the rise of the industries and the migration of people from villages to towns in search of employment, there has been a regular increase in the problem of proper housing, and unhygienic conditions of living has led to rise in factors which increase pollution.

The mad rat race among countries of the world to compete against each other in the index of development has harmed the health of the people itself. Progress in agriculture and industry is taken as an indicator of development. This resulted in the exploitation of natural resources in a reckless manner. Thus, pollution has been an inevitable gift of industrialisation and urbanisation.

The growth of industries has given rise to the problem of proper disposal of waste material of the industries. Many a times, the waste products of these industries contain poisonous elements which if disposed without being properly treated, pollute the rivers and other water bodies. Thus, we face the problem of water pollution.

The poisonous water and waste product of the factories mingles with the water bodies and poisons them. Resultantly, the aquatic life gets affected. Fish die, disturbing the ecological balance. The water too is rendered useless which can neither be used for drinking or washing. This also results in the reduction of the area of water bodies. Such a situation arises when non-degradable products are dumped on fallow land or on the banks of rivers and sea shores.

Waste materials such as plastics, polythene, bottles etc cause land pollution and render soil infertile. Moreover, dumping of dead bodies of men and animals, washing of clothes and utensils too add to the problem. In recent surveys, Sabarmati river in Gujarat, Yamuna and Ganga rivers have been found to be excessively polluted. Yamuna has been described as an ‘Open Drain’.

Another major problem of pollution is the air that we breathe in being polluted by the smoke pouring out of chimneys and automobiles. No doubt, air pollution takes place even by volcanoes, cyclones, forest fires etc. But human activities are more responsible for causing air pollution. Gases like CO2, CO, SO2, are emitted which mix with air and cause great harm to the human body, flora and fauna.

The use of dry farm waste, dry grass, leaves and coal used as domestic fuels in our villages also produce harmful gases. Acid rain occurs due to excess of SO2 in the air. The most tragic incident of air pollution is the Bhopal Gas Tragedy when the dangerous Methyl Isocyanide was emitted from Union Carbide Fertiliser Factory in 1984 which killed thousands of men, women and children, and rendered thousands of others handicapped.

Fire crackers, nuclear explosions, air conditioners, refrigerators, organic solvents, pesticides etc also contribute significantly in polluting air. Air pollution not only causes various kinds of allergies, respiratory problems and other health problems but also affects the vegetation, animal life and the environment. The soot which contains high concentration of hydrocarbons proves very harmful for monuments like the Taj Mahal.

Another very subtle form of pollution is noise pollution. Technology has given us comfort along with a cacophony of harsh and unharmonious sounds. This problem is extremely severe in big towns and cities. The maddening horns, loud speakers, music systems etc cause metabolic, hearing and other kinds of disorders. Noise pollution may also lead to a nervous breakdown or madness. Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) recently revealed that even silence zones, such as hospitals, schools and residential areas are suffering from high decibels of sound.

Thus, we see that there are various kinds of pollutions which need to be checked in time. Problems like ozone depletion, global warming, greenhouse effect, change in climatic and weather conditions, melting of glaciers etc have arisen due to pollution. Strict and serious measures should be taken to control it. Industrial waste should be properly treated in special treatment plants before letting it flow into the water bodies or dumping it. The pollution department of Farrukhabad issued directives to close all textile dyeing units, polluting the Ganga river.

Use of organic manures should be encouraged instead of chemical fertilisers to prevent soil pollution. Planting of trees should be encouraged and cutting down of green trees should be strictly checked. Unleaded petrol should be used in vehicles. The directions of the Supreme Court to manufacture cars as per Euro I and Euro II norms should be strictly enforced.

Essay on Pollution

Short Essay on Pollution 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on Pollution is for Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.

Industries should have proper emission systems and should conform to the laws in order to ensure safety of the people living in residential areas around. Strict laws should be legislated and enforced regarding the keeping of our sea shores and river banks clean. For example, Himachal Pradesh was the first state to ban plastic and polythene bags, to save the fragile ecology of Himalayas. But the law exists only on paper.

The horns of automobiles should be checked as per the limits prescribed by law. Loud speakers music system etc should be strictly prohibited after ten at night and vehicles should not be allowed to play their stereos at high volume.

The Government, after launching online green clearance systems for industrial and infrastructure projects, now will monitor treatment of industrial effluents and emissions, in a similar manner, by using online systems. The purpose is to bring transparency and facilitate real-time analysis of waste discharge.

The Government should also try to educate people about various kinds of pollution and create public awareness. People should be involved in helping to reduce and control pollution. Moreover, punishments should be strictly given in case of violation of any environmental law so that such people learn a lesson. Until we all get serious and resolve to make our planet a better place to live in, humanity stands amidst grave danger of perishing and being destroyed due to the severe and increasing problem of pollution. Franklin D Roosevelt, former American President, said the same about pollution:

“A nation that destroys its soils, destroys itself.”

Pollution Essay Word Meanings for Simple Understanding

  • Reckless – utterly unconcerned about the consequences of some action, without caution, careless
  • Inevitable – unavoidable
  • Fallow – plowed and left unseeded for a season or more, uncultivated
  • Solvent – a substance that dissolve another to form a solution
  • Hydrocarbon – any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, ethylene, C2H4, C2H2 or an aromatic compound, benzene, C6H6
  • Subtle – insidious in operation
  • Decibe – a unit used to express the intensity of a sound wave, equal to 20 times the common logarithm of the ratio of the pressure produced by the sound wave to a reference pressure, usually 0.0002 microbar
  • Fragile – delicate
  • Perish – to suffer spiritual death