How Free is The Press Summary in English and Hindi by Dorothy L Sayers

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How Free is The Press Summary in English and Hindi by Dorothy Leigh Sayers

How Free is The Press Written by Dorothy L Sayers About The Author

Dorothy Leigh Sayers (1893-1975) is an essayist, Playwright, Poet and Writer of detective fiction was educated at Somerville College, Oxford in 1915. Sayers became one of the first women to graduate from Oxford University. Her published works include Clouds of Witness, Unnatural Death, Lord Peter, Views the Body, Nine Tailors, Gaudi Night. She had edited great short stories of detection and published a competent verse translation of inferno in the essay. In the essay How Free is the Press she writer with clarity of thought to make a strong case against mis-reporting by the press or against the misuse of the freedom of the press.

How Free is The Press

How Free is The Press Summary in English

That without a free press there can be no free people is a thing that all free people take for granted, we need not discuss it nor will we at this moment discuss the restrictions placed upon the press in time of war. At such times all liberties have to be restricted, free people must see to it that when peace comes full freedom is restored. In the meantime, it may be wholesome to consider what the freedom is, and how far it is truly destroyable. It may turn out to be no freedom at all, or even a more freedom to tyrannies, for tyramnny is fact, the uncontrolled freedom of one man, or one gang, to impose its will on the world.

When we speak of the freedom of the press, we usually means freedom in a very technical and restricted sense-namely, Freedom from direction or censorship by the government. In this respect, the British press is under ordinary conditions. It can attack the policy and political character of minister interfere in the delicate machinery of foreign diplomacy, conduct campaigns to subject the constitution incite citizens to discontent and rebellion, expose scandals and foment grievance, and generally harry and behaviour the servants of the state. With almost perfect liberty on occasion, it can become a weapon to coerce the government to conform to what it asserts to be the will of the people.

So far, this is all to the good. Occasionally, this freedom may produce disastrous hesitations and inconsistencies in public policy, or tend to hamper the suift execution of emergency measures, but generally speaking it works to secure and sustain that central doctrine of Democracy as we understand it that the state is not the master but the servant of the people.

The press as a whole and in a technical and restricted sense, is thus pretty free in a peaceful Britain. There is no shade of political opinion that does not some how to contrive to express itself. But if we go on the imagine that any particular organ of the press enjoys the larger liberty of being a forum of public opinion, we gravely were mistaken. Every Newspaper is shacked to its own set of overloads and in its turn, like the unmerciful servant, exercise a power full bondage upon its readers and on the public generally, we may say that the heaviest restriction upon the freedom of public opinion is not the official censorship of the press but the unofficial censorship by a press which exists not so much to express an opinion as to manufacture it.

How Free is The Press Summary

How Free is The Press Summary in Hindi

How Free is The Press essay में दरोथी एलसेयरस ने हमारा ध्यान प्रेस की स्वतन्त्रता के तरफ आकर्षित किया है । बतलाते हैं कि प्रेस के माध्यम से मानव को काफी लाभ हुआ है। प्रेस विज्ञान का एक अद्भुत चमत्कार है । इसके आविष्कार से पूरे विश्व को लाभ हुआ तथा कई भाषाओं का निर्माण हुआ । प्रेस का अर्थ होता है प्रतिदिन का कागजात तैयार करना जिस तरह से पिंजरे में बन्द कोई पक्षी कैद रहती है, उसी तरह पिंजरे के बाहर निकलने पर वह स्वतन्त्र हो जाती है प्रेस के बिना मानव का ज्ञान धीमी गति में बढ़ती थी।

लेकिन आधुनिक युग में जब प्रेस का आविष्कार हुआ तो विश्व में अनेकों भाषाओं में तरह-तरह के पुस्तक छपने लगे जिससे मानव के ज्ञान में वृद्धि होने लगी आज प्रेस के माध्यम से तरह-तरह की पुस्तकें कम समय में तैयार करके बिक्री कर दिए जाते हैं । प्रेस में देश-विदेश में होनेवाले घटनाओं के बारे में छापकर पूरे विश्व को संदेश देती है, इसलिए आज प्रेस के माध्यम से लोगों को शिक्षा में काफी विकास हो रहा है क्योंकि आधुनिक युग जागृति का युग है । आज लोग सही जीवन जीने के लिए सभी क्षेत्रों में प्रयत्न कर रहे हैं । प्रेस को हर्षपूर्ण बनाने के लिए शिक्षा अति आवश्यक है ।

इसलिए प्रेस एक ऐसी चीज है, जिसके उपयोग से मानव के सभ्यता में भी परिवर्तन हुआ है। समाज में भी लोगों के रहन-सहन में परिवर्तन हुआ है, लेखक हमें यह भी बतलाता है. कि प्रेस मानव की एक अनमोल सम्पत्ति है, जिस सम्पत्ति को पाकर आज सम्पूर्ण विश्व अपने समाज में रहनेवाले नागरिकों के जीवन में परिवर्तन ला रहा है तथा प्रेस के माध्यम से शिक्षा पर पुस्तकें छपकर एक देश से दूसरे देश में पहुंच रही है और मानव उन पुस्तकों के माध्यम से अच्छाइयों को अपनाकर अपने देश और समाज का विकास कर रहा है। प्रेस में छपे हुए समाचार-पत्र जो प्रत्येक दिन छापी जाती है तथा विश्व जो नई-नई खोजें की जाती है, उसकी भी जानकारी विश्व के समस्त मानव को प्राप्त हो रही है, लेखक का मुख्य उद्देश्य प्रेस ही है।