Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English and Hindi Pdf. Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues is written by AR Williams.
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Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English AR Williams
Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Theme
The story deals with the mysteries and various theories regarding the life and death of the youngest ruler of ancient Egypt -Tutankhamun. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by the famous archaeologist Howard Carter and since then his mummy has been subjected to a X-ray and later a CT scan. These investigations have answered a lot of questions and offered new clues on his life and death.
Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues About the Characters
King Tut: The last heir of a powerful family that had ruled Egypt and its empire for centuries. His preserved body was the first to be scanned.
Howard Carter: The British archaeologist who in 1922 discovered King Tut’s tomb. His search caused great damage to the King’s preserved body.
Zahi Hawass: The Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities. He scanned King Tut’s mummy for an accurate forensic reconstruction.
Amenhotep III: King Tut’s father or grandfather, was’a powerful ruler who ruled for almost four decades.
Amenhotep IV: He promoted the worship of Aten and changed his name to Akhenaten. He outraged the country by attacking Amun, a major God, by smashing his images and closing his temples.
Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Summary in English
Death of King Tut
King Tut “was just a teenager when he died. He was the last heir of a powerful family that had ruled Egypt and its empire for centuries. He was buried and forgotten over the years. But after the discovery of his tomb in 1922, the modern world wondered about the cause of his untimely death. He was brought out of his tomb and recently a CT scan was done to ascertain the reason of his death.
The Mummy of King Tut
At 6 pm on 5th January, 2005, the world’s most famous mummy (preserved body) was taken out from its burial tomb. As the mummy of King Tut was being put into the scanner for performing a CT scan, angry winds stirred and dark clouds covered the stars. The weather had been overcast all day and the night sky was hidden by dark-bellied clouds. The CT scan was being done to unearth the remaining medical mysteries that surrounded the untimely death of this young King who died more than 3300 years ago. King Tut’s tomb lies 26 feet underground in the ancient Egyptian cemetery known as the Valley of the Kings. Tourists from around the world came to visit the tomb to pay their respects. They gazed at the murals on the walls of the burial chamber and looked at King Tut’s gilded face on the lid of his outer coffin. The visitors were curious and thoughtful. Some feared the pharaoh’s curse would befell those who disturbed him.
Howard Carter and his Findings
Howard Carter was a British archaeologist who in 1922 discovered King Tut’s tomb after years of futile searching. Its contents remain the richest royal collection ever found. There were dazzling works of art in gold that had caused a sensation then and continue to draw people’s attention even today. King Tut was also buried with everyday things such as board games, a bronze razor, cases of food, clothes, wine etc that he would need in the life after death. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, explained that the mummy was in a very bad condition because of what Howard Carter did to it. Howard Carter found King Tut’s body in three nested coffins. In the first coffin, he found a shroud decorated with garlands of willow and olive leaves, wild celery, lotus petals and cornflowers which indicated that the burial took place in March or April. When he finally reached the mummy, he ran into trouble. The ritual resins had hardened, cementing King Tut to the bottom of the solid gold coffin.
Howard Carter had to Chisel Out King Tut’s Mummy
Howard Carter tried to loosen the resins by putting the mummy outside in the sun that heated it to 149 degrees Fahrenheit. For several hours the mummy was set outside in blazing sunshine but nothing happened. He reported that the tough material had to be cut from under the limbs and trunk to free the King’s remains. The royals in King Tut’s time believed that they could take their fortune with them after death. Hence, King Tut was buried with all his expensive belongings. To separate King Tut from his ornaments, Howard Carter’s men removed the mummy’s head and cut off nearly every major joint; then they reassembled the remains of the body on a layer of sand in a wooden box with padding.
King Tut’s Mummy X-Rayed
Archaeology has changed since then, focusing less on treasures and more on the fascinating details of life and fascinating mysteries of death. It also uses more sophisticated tools. In 1968, more than 40 years after Howard Carter’s discovery, an anatomy professor X-rayed the mummy and revealed an astonishing fact that beneath the resin that caked King Tut’s chest, his breast bone and front ribs were missing. King Tut’s demise was a big event, even by royal standards, as he was the last ruler of his family. His funeral meant the end of a royal dynasty. But the facts of his death and its consequences are unclear.
King Tut and his Ancestors
King Tut’s father or grandfather, Amenhotep III, was a powerful King, who ruled for almost four decades. His son Amenhotep IV succeeded him. He was a very strange King. He promoted the worship of Aten, the sun disk, and changed his name to Akhenaten. He moved the religious capital from Thebes to Akhetaten, now known as Amarna. He shocked the country by attacking a major god ‘Amun’ by breaking his images and closing down his temples.
Ray Johnson, Director of the University of Chicago’s research centre in Luxor, called this King very odd. He said it must have been a terrible time for the people because the family that had ruled for centuries was coming to an end. After Akhenaten’s death, Smenkhkare, a mysterious ruler, ruled for a brief period and departed with hardly any sign. It was then that a very young King Tutankhaten took over the throne. The boy soon changed his name to Tutankhamun, known as King Tut today. He oversaw revival of the old ways. King Tut ruled for nine years and then died unexpectedly.
King Tut’s Mummy and its CT Scan
King Tut is one mummy among many in Egypt. No one knows how many mummies there are in Egypt. The Egyptian Mummy Project has recorded almost six hundred and is still counting. King Tut’s mummy was the first mummy to be CT scanned to ascertain the secret of his death by a portable scanner donated by National Geographic Society and Siemens. King Tut’s entire body was scanned. On the night of the scan, workmen carried him from the tomb and rose it on a hydraulic lift into a trailer that held the scanner.
However, initially the costly scanner could not function properly because of sand in the cooler fan. But soon all the hurdles were crossed and after the scan, the King was returned to his coffin to rest in peace.
The CT scan showed an astonishing image of King Tut and his entire body very clearly. It showed a grey head, neck vertebrae, a hand, several images of the rib cage and a section of the skull. Zahi Hawass was relieved that nothing had seriously gone wrong. As the-technicians left the trailer, they saw the star constellation which the ancient Egyptians knew as the soul of Osiris, the God of the afterlife. They felt as if the God was watching over the boy King.
Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Chapter Highlights
- Tutankhamun or King Tut died as a teenage pharaoh and was buried laden with gold. He was the last king of a powerful family that ruled Egypt for centuries.
- On 5th January, 2005 his mummy was brought out of his tomb and a CT scan was done to ascertain the reason of his death.
- Multitudes of tourists from around the world came to visit the tomb to pay their respects.
- Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, said that the mummy was in a very bad condition because of what Carter did to it.
- Howard Carter, the British archaeologist, discovered king Tut’s tomb in 1922 and investigated its contents.
- Carter faced difficulty in extracting the mummy out of the coffin. The ritual resins had hardened, resulting in cementing
- King Tut’s mummy to the bottom of his gold coffin.
- Howard Carter tried to loosen the resins using the sun, but in vain. His men thus removed the mummy’s head and cut off nearly every major joint before reassembling it.
- In 1968, an anatomy professor X-rayed the mummy and revealed a startling fact. He claimed that the breast bone and the front ribs of the mummy were missing.
- Amenhotep III — King Tut’s father or grandfather – was a powerful king. He was succeeded by Amenhotep IV, who promoted the worship of Aten, the sun disk, and changed his name to Akhenaten. He made some other changes.
- King Tut’s mummy was one of the first mummies to be scanned. The CT scan showed a grey head, neck vertebrae, a hand, several images of the rib cage and a section of the skull.
- Zahi Hawass was relieved to find that nothing had gone seriously wrong with the mummy.
After their observations, when they left, the wind had stopped and there was complete silence. Just above the entrance to
- King Tut’s tomb stood Orion, the constellation watching over the boy king.
Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues Word Meanings
Word – Meaning
saga – long story of a series of happenings
teenager – between 13 and 19 years of age
heir – legal successor
tomb. – a large grave built of stone above or below the ground
forensic – process of reconstruction of the face and
reconstruction – body based on the information in the CT scan
pharaoh – Egyptian king
cemetery – place where dead bodies are buried
mummy – a preserved dead body
murals – paintings on the wall
gilded – thinly covered with gold
coffin – box in which dead body is kept
antiquities – very old objects
archaeologist – a scientist who studies ancient objects dug up from the ground
legend – an old story handed down through generations
artefacts – objects of art made by hands
resurrection – rebirth
board games – games like chess
linen – a fabric cloth made from flax used to make high quality clothes
cases – boxes
treasures – collections of valuable objects
.nested – fitted one inside another.
shroud – cover of the dead body
willow – soft wood
wild celery – a wild plant
cornflowers – bluish-purple flowers of a wild plant
resins – a sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water
chiselled away – separated with a chisel
collars – necklaces
bracelets – ornaments of the wrist
amulets – ornaments worn round the neck or arm or waist (Taaveez) to keep away the evil
sheaths – coverings to keep the sword in
adornments – items used for decoration and make-up
archaeology – science of studying ancient sites / buildings
tomography – a technique for displaying a representation of a cross section using X-Rays or ultrasound
dynasty – family line
cross section – parts seen when an object is cut in the middle
pallbearers – those who carry coffins