Reported Speech Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers

Reported speech is when we express or say things that have already been said by somebody else.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 9 English Chapter wise.

Reported Speech Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers Pdf

When we say things that have been said, we use two ways of expressing it.
The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words.

Examples:
If you ask your friend Pradeep, ‘Did you take my book?’, the reply could be ‘Your book is with Jai.’
Now, we can report this statement in two ways:

  • Pradeep told me, ‘Your book is with Jai’.
  • Pradeep told me that my book is with Jai.

Rules For Reported Speech
While changing direct speech into reported speech or vice versa, the following change:

  1. the reporting verb
  2. the pronouns
  3. the tenses
  4. the situations
  5. report using present and future tenses
  6. modal verbs
  7. word order with who, which, and what

Changes in reporting verb:

  • Affirmative sentences: said, told (object), asserted, replied, assured, informed, responded, whispered, alleged, believed, assumed, though.
  • Interrogative sentences: asked, inquired, wanted to know, enquired When we report.
  • Imperative sentences: ordered, begged, pleaded, implored, advised, demanded.

Change of pronouns:

  • Direct speech: Surabhi said, “I am reading.”
  • Indirect speech: Surabhi said that she was reading.
  • A first-person and second-person generally change to a third person (depending upon the object to reporting verb).

Change of tenses:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Surabhi said, “I like to read.”
Surabhi said, “I am reading.”
Surabhi said, “I have read this book.” Surabhi said, “I have been reading this book.”
Surabhi said, “I read this book last week.”
Surabhi said, “I was reading this book when Mohan snatched it away.” Surabhi said, “I had read this book before I gave it to you.”
Surabhi said, “I will read this book.”
Surabhi said that she liked to read.
Surabhi said that she was reading.
Surabhi said that she had read that book.
Surabhi said that she had been reading that book.
Surabhi said that she had read that book the previous week.
Surabhi said that she had been/was reading that book when Mohan snatched it away.
Surabhi said that she had read that book before she gave it to me.
Surabhi said that she would read that book.

In general, the present tense becomes past tense; past and perfect tenses become the past perfect tense.

Change Of Situations:
Examples:

  • Surabhi said, “I read this book last week.” (direct speech)
  • Surabhi said that she had read that book the previous week, (indirect speech)
“this” becomes “that”
“last week” becomes “the previous week”
“here” becomes “there”
“now” becomes “then”
“today” becomes “that day”
“yesterday” becomes “the day before/the previous day”
“tomorrow” becomes “the next day/the coming day”
“last week” becomes “the week before/the previous week”
“next month” becomes “the next month/the coming month”
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
John said, “The sun rises from the east.”
Surabhi said, “I will read this book.”
John said that the sun rises from the east.
Surabhi said that she would read that book.

If the speaker talks about a universal truth, the tense is unchanged.

In case of questions and answers:
Examples:

  • Surabhi asked, “Have you read this book?” (Direct Speech)
  • Surabhi asked if/whether I had read that book. (Indirect Speech)
  • Surabhi asked, “Where is the book?” (Direct Speech)
  • Surabhi asked where the book was. (Indirect Speech)

(a) yes/no questions – use if/whether
(b) wh-questions – use the wh-word

Word Order:

  • Surabhi asked, “What’s the matter?”
  • Surabhi asked what the matter was. (what + the matter + was)
  • Surabhi asked what was the matter, (what + was + the matter)

Can Be Either:

  • who/which/what + complement + be or
  • who/which/what + be + complement

Reported speech using present and future tenses:
Examples:

  • Surabhi said, “The sun rises in the east.” (Direct Speech)
  • Surabhi said that the sun rises in the east. (Indirect Speech)
  • Surabhi said, “I will read this book.” (Direct Speech)
  • Surabhi said that she will read that book. (Indirect Speech)

If the original speaker’s present and future are still present and future, the tense remains unchanged.
In case of modal verbs:

can becomes could
will becomes would
shall becomes should
may becomes might

would, should, could, might, ought to, and must remain unchanged.
Example:

  • Surabhi said, “I can solve this sum.” (Direct Speech)
  • Surabhi said that she could solve that sum. (Indirect Speech)

In our daily lives, we use reported speech in many forms. We use reported speech to report statements, questions, requests or even commands. There are certain things we need to keep in mind when we report each of them.

  1. When we report statements, we have to make sure what changes need to be made in the pronoun, tense or temporal-spatial expression.
  2. When we transform questions into reported speech, we have to check whether or not to change the tense, pronoun as well as place and time expression.
  3. Upon changing, we have to ensure that the question is an indirect question.
  4. We also have to make use of words such as where, when, how, if, whether etc.
  5. In transforming requests and commands into reported speech, tenses are not relevant.
  6. We only have to ensure that there are changes in the pronoun and the place and time expression.

Reported Speech Exercises Solved Example for Class 9 CBSE

Diagnostic Test 18

Look at the comic strip and complete the passage given below.

The child called out to his mother to (a) ……………………… . The mother replied that (b) ……………………… . She asked her son if (c) ……………………… . Her son replied in the affirmative. He added that (d) ……………………… . The mother then wanted to know what (e) ……………………… . The child informed her (f) ……………………… .
Answer:
(a) come and look as the house across the road was on fire.
(b) she couldn’t go then as she was cooking.
(c) the Fire Brigade was there.
(d) they had just arrived and the men were jumping down from the engine.
(e) the people of the house were doing.
(f) that some of them were standing in the street holding an umbrella and others were throwing valuables down from the window into it.

Score: For each correct answer award yourself 1 mark.
5-6  – good
4 or less – You need to develop your grammar skills through adequate practice.