DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Notes – Safeguarding the Marginalised

These DAV Class 8 SST Notes and DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Notes – Safeguarding the Marginalised hold significant importance as study material for students.

Safeguarding the Marginalised Class 8 DAV Notes

→ An overwhelming majority of people in India are still backward—socially, economically, educationally and politically. These victims of backwardness comprise the present scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes. They are marginalised and need our attention.

→ Social and economic equality is necessary to bring them in the mainstream. There are Constitutional provisions such as the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State policy to safeguard the interests of these marginalised groups.

→ The Fundamental Rights like Right to Equality, Right against exploitation and special provisions for Minorities guarantee that SC/ST/OBCs can live with dignity and be treated as equals.

DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Notes - Safeguarding the Marginalised

→ Untouchability, an inhuman product of the caste system, has been banned by the Constitution.

→ The Directive Principles of State Policy aim to minimise the inequalities in income and eliminate inequalities of status.

→ After independence, the establishment of a welfare state became the main objective of the Indian Government. Equality became a key word which means equal treatment to equals.

→ The Government of India has taken concrete steps to provide social justice to all and to end inequalities in our society. The reservation policy is one such measure.

→ Under the reservation policy, seats are reserved for SC/ST/OBCs in the legislatures, government services, schools, colleges, etc.

→ The Government of India has enacted the Prevention of Atrocities Act in 1989. This Act prevents offences of atrocities against the members of SC/ST. It provides for relief and rehabilitation to the victims.

→ The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Constitution of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act was passed in 1993 to safeguard the dignity of all sections of society. This law prohibits the employment of manual scavengers as well as the construction of dry latrines.

→ Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMs) was launched in January 2007 with the objective to rehabilitate the remaining manual scavengers and their development alternative occupations.

→ Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched in October 2014 to have a clean India by October 2019.

→ Below Poverty Line (BPL): It is an economic benchmark used by the government of India to identify economically disadvantaged individuals who need government assistance and aid.

→ enshrined: Preserved in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected.

DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Notes - Safeguarding the Marginalised

→ PPF: Public Provident Fund scheme is a popular long-term investment option backed by government of India.

→ Manual scavenging: It refers to the manual practice of removing human and animal waste or excreta with the help of brooms, tin plates and baskets from dry latrines and carrying it on the head to disposal grounds.

→ Begar: Forced Labour.

→ Offence: Any Act that is defined by the law as a crime.