These DAV Class 7 SST Notes and DAV Class 7 SST Chapter 12 Notes – Turkish Invasions in North India hold significant importance as study material for students.
Turkish Invasions in North India Class 7 DAV Notes
→ The political disunity in north India attracted the Turks. They worked as guards and professional soldiers for their caliphs in Baghdad.
→ Slowly and steadily these Turks became powerful and asserted their independence from the caliphs. Mahmud Ghazni was one of them who conquered Ghazni in Afghanistan and took control of it in 998 CE.
→ Mahmud Ghazni invaded India 17 times in 27 years and took away immense wealth from the temples of north India. His most destructive attack was directed against Somnath Temple in 1025 CE.
→ Mahmud’s destruction of valuable and artistic temples and idols was a great loss to Indian heritage.
→ Mahmud’s invasions exposed the weakness of the Indian rulers and paved the way for the establishment of Muslim rule in India.
→ After Mahmud Ghazni, it was the turn of Muhammad Ghori. He conquered Ghazni and decided to expand it by taking control over Indian provinces. He occupied Peshawar, Lahore and Sindh.
→ He also took over Delhi and Ajmer by defeating Prithviraj Chauhan. Now he turned his attention towards Kanauj. A fierce battle took place between the Muslims and the Rajputs.
→ The disunity among Indian rulers and the caste system were the main causes of the success of Ghori and the defeat of Indian rulers.
→ The power of Rajputs was crushed and Kanauj was occupied by Mohammad Ghori. Since, he was childless, he put his territories under the charge of his trusted slave and general, Qutubuddin Aibek.
→ Caliph : A leader of Islamic polity regarded as a successor of Muhammad.
→ Ghaznavis : The lineage of rulers started by Mahmud Ghazni.
→ Heritage : The art, building, traditions and beliefs that a society consider important to its history and culture, or the legacy transformed from one generation to another.
→ Historian : An expect in the study of past events.
→ Lineage : The line of descendants of a particular ancestor, family, race.
→ Recruitment: Appointment.