Incorporating DAV Class 7 English Reader Book Solutions Pdf Chapter 6 Unity in Diversity into study routines can lead to better overall language proficiency.
My English Reader Class 7 DAV Solutions Unit 6 Unity in Diversity
DAV Class 7 English Reader Book Solutions Unit 6 Unity in Diversity
I. Read the following newspaper clipping.
II. Now in groups of four, discuss the motive behind forming a human chain.
The motive behind forming a chain was to make every one realize that they all were one big family. This chain was of brotherhood and to raise the feeling of oneness. We may be different in colour, language or region but we all belong to one family i.e; humanity. Human chain was a unique way to spread this awareness.
III. The chairman of the organisation ‘UNITY’ said, ‘However different we all may be, we still belong to one family called humanity.’ Do you agree with his statement? Discuss with reasons.
I certainly agree with the statement of the Chairman of the organization ‘Unity’. God has created human being. He is the father of the universe. So, all people, no matter whatever caste or creed they belong to, they all are members of the same family.
A.1. Look up a dictionary and find the meaning of the words ‘FOREIGN’ AND ‘FOREIGNER’.
The word ‘FOREIGN’ means belonging to another country. The word ‘FOREIGNER’ means a person who belongs to another country.
A.2. Make a list of a few foreign countries and their natives.
A.3. Discuss with your friends and find out some similarities and differences between the various natives that you’ve mentioned in A. 2.
|Breath the same air||Physical features|
|Sleep and rest||Eating habits|
|Suffer from diseases||Customs|
|Having dwelling places||Habits|
No Men are Foreign Summary
The poet James Kirkup says that no one is strange and no countries are foreign because all have the same body that breathe. We all like our brothers, walk on one land, i.e; the earth. They are familiar with the sun, air and water, fed by harvests, starved in winters, by long wars, all labour with their hands. They all have eyes that keep awake or sleep and strength which can be won by love. There is life in every land. The poet blames the humans for spoiling the earth and for outraging the innocence of the world. He, at last reminds us that we all are same and no one is foreign.
कवि जेम्स किरकप का कहना है कि कोई भी आदमी अजनबी और कोई भी देश विदेश नहीं है क्योंकि हम सभी लोगों के पास एक ही शरीर है जो साँस लेता है। हम सब अपने भाई बन्धुओं की तरह इस धरती पर विचरण करते हैं। सब लोग सूर्य, हवा और पानी से परिचित हैं। फसलों से पेट भरते हैं, सर्दी में, लम्बे युद्धों के बाद भूख का सामना करते हैं। सभी हाथों से मेहनत करते हैं। सबके पास आँखें हैं जो उन्हें जगाए रखती हैं या सुलाती हैं जिन्हें प्यार से जीता जा सकता है। हर धरती पर जिंदगी है। कवि मनुष्य पर इल्जाम लगाता है कि उसने धरती को भ्रष्ट कर दिया है और मासूमियत को मिटा रहा है। आखिर में कवि फिर याद दिलाता है कि हम सब एक हैं, कोई विदेशी नहीं है।
Harvest = crop – फसल;
Labour = hard work – परिश्रम;
Defile = to destroy the purity – मौलिकता को समाप्त करना;
Outrage = to annoy – क्रोधित करना;
Innocence = the fact of not being guilty of a crime – निर्दोष ।
A.5. On the basis of your reading of the above poem, complete the summary given below by filling each blank with one word only:
The poet feels that no man in this world is _______ and there is no country which is _______. All of us have the same _______ under varied _______. We all need the same _______ to walk upon and we all will be _______ in it after death. All of us share the same _______, _______ and _______ given to us by nature. We all grow well on the food of _______ and are adversely affected by long _______. Every person in this world has the same hands as we have and _______ in the same way as we do. They wake, sleep and see the world with the same _______ like us. The poet further says that every power or force in this world can be conquered by _______. Life in every _______is common. The poet also blames the humans for _______ the earth and for _______ the innocence of the world. In the end, he again reminds us that we all are same and no one is foreign.
The poet feels that no man in this world is strange and there is no country which is foreign. All of us have the same body under varied uniforms. We all need the same land to walk upon and we all will be buried in it after death. All of us share the same sun, air and water given to us by nature. We all grow well on the food of harvests and are adversely affected by long winter. Every person in this world has the same hands as we have and they labour in the same way as we do. They wake, sleep and see the world with the eyes like us. The poet further says that every power or force in this world can be conquered by love. Life in every land is common. The poet also blames humans for defiling the earth and for outraging the innocence of the world. In the end, he again reminds us that we all are same and no one is foreign.
A.6. On the basis of your reading, answer the following questions:
(a) ‘Remember they have eyes like ours that wake
Or sleep, and strength that can be won
By love. In every land is common life
That all can recognise and understand.’
(i) What does they ‘refer’ to?
They’ refers to soldiers belonging to enemy side.
(ii) Explain ‘strength that can be won by love’.
Even the strongest of person can be defeated by love.
(iii) What is the poet trying to convey through the above stanza?
The poet ‘James Kirkup’ is trying to say that all men are equal. Even those we call our enemies are human beings like us that feel pain and love.
(b) It is the human earth that we defile,
Our hells of fire and dust outrage the innocence
Of air that is everywhere our own.
(i) How doe we ‘defile’ the earth?
We defile or destroy the earth by creative war and throwing bombs.
(ii) What does ‘hells of fire and dust’ refer to?
It refers to heat and dust that is generated due to bombs and other weapons of destruction.
(iii) Why does the poet say ‘air that is everywhere our own’?
The poet means to say that the air we breathe is everywhere the same.
A.7. Explain the following.
(a) Beneath all uniforms a single body breathes
The soldier fighting in the war may be wearing uniform of enemy but he is also a human being like us.
(b) Are fed by peaceful harvests, by war’s long winter starv’d
The earth flourishes during peace time but it turns barren during war times. And it is the same earth on which we all live.
(c) Their hands are ours
Every person has been given same type of body by God – 2 eyes, 2 hands, 2 feet and so on.
Justify the title ‘No Men are Foreign’.
The poet feels that human beings all over the world are same. They have similar bodies and breathe the same air that we breathe. They have same kind of feelings and emotions as we have. They live on the same Earth. God never created boundaries. These were all created by human beings.
A.9. Warfare is expensive but peace is priceless.
In the wake of the above statement, suggest ways to promote peace.
Let’s Promote Peace!
- Let’s be tolerant.
- Government of different nations can sit together and find a solution.
- There should be an open platform where discussions between nations takes place.
- No nation should ever think of war.
A.10. Given below are some popular quotations by some famous people highlighting unity in diversity. With the help of these quotations and the poem that you’ve read, prepare a speech on the topic –
‘Varied People, Varied Cultures But One Humanity’
It is rightly said that varied people, varied cultures and different languages and religions, however, different we gill may be, we still belong to one family i.e. humanity. Plato has rightly said that all men are equal by nature, made of the same earth by the same creator. God has created all men. We are one big family and experience the warmth of brotherhood. It is written in the Bible also ‘Have we all not one father? Has not one God created us?’ Have we not the same hands, same eyes? Do we not all share the same sun, air and water? Do we all not walk on the same land, eat food, and do labour to fulfill our needs?
“All men whether they are black or white, young or old – have same emotions. Their laughter has the same ringing sound. They have same desires, same tastes and so are their meals. In success we all rejoice, in failure we all ciy, aren’t we all the same?” Everything in this world can be conquered by love. Mahatma Gandhi has rightly said, “All humanity is one undivided and indivisible family and each one of us is responsible for the deeds of others”. Mutual hatred and jealousy have paved the way for continuous wars which cause massive destruction. We have varied cultures, religions, languages, castes and creeds, but we all are the same. People are varied but at heart they are the same.
Sharing Our Homeland Summary
India has a continuous culture where people have been the same as thousands of years ago. Indians and India are the same-same nature, same season, same birds, fruits, flowers, colours and trees. There are special places here. Rivers make this land rich. It is the land of great men. Fairs and festivals are held here. They all share the common home, India. The ancient civilization of India drew the same pictures, ate same fruits, played toy carts, breathed Indianness like the young ones of India today.
An Indian is pictured as a shepherd in Kashmir, fisherman in Kerala, camel driver in Rajasthan, the peasant in Bengal, worker in Rourkela, engineer, teacher, shopkeeper, leader, research worker or an adivasi or many more. India has varied people, professions, costumes, climate and landscape but at heart they are Indians.
भारत की संस्कृति निरंतर एक जैसी है जहाँ लोग आज भी वैसे ही हैं जैसे कि हजारों वर्ष पहले थे। भारत और भारतीय आज भी वैसे ही हैं – वही प्रकृति, मौसम, पक्षी, फल, फूल, रंग और वृक्ष। यहाँ पर विशेष स्थान हैं। नदियाँ यहाँ की धरती को समृद्ध बनाती हैं। यह महान व्यक्तियों की भूमि है। यहाँ विभिन्न प्रकार के मेले और त्यौहार मनाये जाते हैं । यहाँ सभी एक ही घर में वास करते हैं, जिसका नाम है- भारत । भारत के प्राचीन काल के बच्चे वही तस्वीरें बनाते थे, वही फल खाते थे और उसी बैलगाड़ी के खिलौने से खेलते थे, उसी भारत की हवा में साँस लेते थे जो आज के बच्चे भी लेते हैं।
एक भारतीय की कल्पना कश्मीरी चरवाहे, केरल के मछुआरे, राजस्थान के ऊँटचालक, बंगाल के किसान, राउरकेला के मजदूर, इंजीनियर, अध्यापक, दुकानदार, नेता, अनुसंधानकर्ता के रूप में की जाती है। भारत के लोग भिन्न – भिन्न प्रकार के व्यवसायों, पोशाकों, भाषा, मौसम, धरती, जलवायु इत्यादि में भिन्न होते हुए भी दिल से केवल भारतीय हैं।
Word – Meanings:
Culture = the customs, ideas, beliefs etc. of a particular society, country – संस्कृति ;
Shepherd = a man who tends sheep – चरवाहा;
Peasant = countryman working on land – किसान;
Examine = to inspect – निरीक्षण करना;
Portrait = picture of person – तस्वीर;
Tremendous = immense – विशालकाय;
Landscape = natural inland scenery – प्राकृतिक दृश्य
B.2. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, complete the following:
(i) The author calls Indian culture continuous because _______.
we are the same people that we were thousands of years ago.
(ii) The author feels that despite many changes, we still remain the same because _______.
many of our ways of thinking and feeling and doing things have still remained the same.
(iii) India looks the same today as it looked thousands of years back because _______.
despite so many changes we have the same feeling and thinking which we have experienced for centuries.
(iv) According to the author, the people of India have been brought close together because of _______.
they have been sharing the same house for a long time.
(v) India is called a country of tremendous variety because _______.
we have many kinds of people, professions, costumes, languages, climate and landscape.
B.3. Complete the web chart given below by filling in the bubbles the similarities that the author highlights between the children of ancient India and the children of modern India.
Change is the law of nature, change is inevitable. With the passage of time,people have changed and so have Indians.
Draw a comparison between these people living In India three thousand years ago and people living in India today. Mention any five points.
|People Living in India|
|Three Thousand years ago||Today|
|1. Lived in mud houses.||Houses made of cement/bricks.|
|2. No phones, television.||Houses full of modern gadgets.|
|3. Cooked food on stone hearth.||Cooking gas in each home.|
|4. Carried water from rivers||Drinking water in each house.|
|5. No bathrooms||Can’t image a house without bathroom.|
In a diversified group, like your classroom, where there are students from different backgrounds, cultures, religions, etc., what kind of attitude should you demonstrate towards each other?
B.6. Unjumble the letters given in the bubbles to form correct words which have the following meanings:
The poet Rabindranath Tagore sends his salutation to God and praises him for creating humanity. People of all races have to act as one on the shores of Bharat, at whose call the poet doesn’t know, they have all merged into one body. The poet tells the people to purify their minds and hold their hands, leave behind their feelings of humiliation, but come together on the shores of Bharat where people of all races live.
कवि रवीन्द्रनाथ टैगोर ईश्वर का नमन करते हैं तथा मानवता के सृजन के लिए गुणगान करते हैं। सभी जाति के लोग भारत के तट पर एक हो गये हैं। कवि लोगों को अपने विचार शुद्ध करने के लिए कह रहा है, एवं एक दूसरे का हाथ आपस में मिलाने के लिए कह रहा है। वह कहता है कि लोग मान मर्दन का त्याग कर दें। वह सभी को आमंत्रित करता है कि सभी एक साथ भारत के तट पर मिल जाऐं जहाँ सभी जातियों के लोग रहते हैं ।
Word – Meanings:
Solemn = grave, serious – गम्भीर;
Praise = commendation – प्रशंसा;
Stream = a river, brook – नदी, धारा;
Merge = to absorb – समा जाना;
Purify = to make pure or clean – शुद्ध करना;
Vanish =to disappea – अदृश्य होना;
Humiliation = degradation – अपमानित करना;
Tarry not = do not delay – देर न करना;
Anoint = to make her queen, to place her on a very high level – मातृभूमि को सर्वोपरि रखना।
B.8. Imagine you are Geet. You have a pen pal, Disha, who resides in another city. She is planning to visit your city and wants to know more about it. Write a letter to her describing your city’s rich culture, lifestyle and people.
25, Lajpat Nagar
20 July, 20XX
My dear Sachi,
I received your letter last week. Many thanks to you for sending me some pictures of the famous places of your city, Tokyo. In the letter, you wanted to know about my city. Now I am describing the same.
Our country is one of the most populated countries of the world, but it indeed is very beautiful. Delhi is the heart of the country. It is surrounded by beautiful neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana and UP. Our city has some of the beautiful monuments built during Mughal era. The famous Mughal Gardens is also located here. The world famous Qutub Minar and India Gate are the main attractions of Delhi. The climate of the city is moderate, best visited during September and October, when it is neither too hot nor to cold. The markets of Delhi are so colourful and full of variety of items. You can pick and choose your stuff the way you like, people are warm and friendly and accept you the way you are. Food is the main attraction of Delhi. You get all kind of food items here.
Enough for today. I hope in your next vacations you will plan a visit to Delhi.
Pay my regards to your parents.
B.9. Project work.
In the passage ‘Sharing Our Homeland the author talks about various cultures and traditions in India that merge together to form a unity. Divide yourselves into groups of four and collect more information about various people of different states of India – their costumes, their food, their professions, their faiths, etc – and prepare a ‘Scrap Book’. Your scrap book should have visuals also and should be colourfully presented.
C.1. Read the newspaper article.
What would happen If the entire world practised one common religion of humanity as a way of life?
If the entire world practised one common religion of humanity as a way of life then sufferings will vanish, everybody would be happy around. No one will divide this world on the basis of religion. There will be a feeling of universal brotherhood spreading message of love.
C.3. ‘Artificial boundaries cannot divide the natural affinity among the people of the world. It is this love for humanity which unites us even in our diversity.’
Apart from love, mention any other four values essential to promote unity amongst the people of different nations, culture and religions? Discuss these values in groups of four.
(c) Love and respect for all religions.
(d) Freedom to follow one’s faith.
C.4. Find words from the article on ‘Unity in Diversity’ which means the same as:
(a) highly destructive or damaging. d_______
(b) a natural liking for and understanding of someone. a_______
(c) savagely violent b_______
(d) a range of different things, variety d_______
(e) to display, to show e_______
Listen to the audio CD titled Listen & Comprehend (Class-VIII). After listening, answer the questions asked in the audio CD verbally. Listen to the tape script once again and attempt the given question. The tape script is given on page no. 169.
C.5. Now listen to the tape script of a beautiful song ‘We are the World’. This song was compiled by 21 famous singers including the likes of Michael Jackson, Tina Turner, Lionel Richie, Paul Simons for helping the famine affected people of Africa. Complete the blanks as you listen to the song.
one, life, change, family, children, day, day, cares, free, helping hand, hope at all, we can fall.
C.6. Imagine yourself to be a native of Africa who received help from the famine relief fund donated by the organisations ‘Band-Aid’ and ‘U.S.A. for Africa’ from the profits of ’We are the World’. Write a letter of thanks to these organisations for rehabilitating a number of people in Africa and thus serving humanity.
20, ABC Road
20th April 2OXX
M/s. Band-AID/U.S.A for Africa.
I extend my vote of thanks to you for rehabilitating a number of people in Africa.
This organisation is really doing a commendable job by serving the humanity. I was also a victim of the famine in Africa. Your organisations have done a humble job by giving us food, clothing, shelter, medicines etc.
It is truly said that serving humanity is serving to God. I also thank you on behalf of my thousands of brothers and sisters whom you’ve helped and cannot communicate their feelings to you.
The world will surely be a better place to live in with your efforts.
Your truly XYZ
C.7. Given below is a pamphlet published by an organisation ‘People for People’ for promoting the feeling of unity, brotherhood and peace amongst all human beings. Read it carefully.
C.8. Your school is observing its ‘Silver Jubilee Year’. Prepare a pamphlet highlighting the achievements of the school to the NRIs in the USA and the UK. Keep in mind the main points given above while preparing the pamphlet.