These DAV Class 6 SST Notes and DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 21 Notes – Our Community Life: Unity in Diversity hold significant importance as study material for students.
Our Community Life: Unity in Diversity Class 6 DAV Notes
→ Man is a social animal. He cannot live away from a society or a community.
→ Human needs have multiplied manifold. For the fulfilment of these needs, he depends on others. This dependence on one another compels them to live together. This gives birth to community life.
→ The community in which we live comprises our family, school and neighbourhood.
→ All of us live in a family. The family is the first and smallest unit of community. It meets our needs and helps us to adopt ourselves to our surroundings. Family is also called our first school.
→ School is another integral part of community life. School imparts education and trains us in the art of community living.
→ The families living close to one another, in a particular area, form a neighbourhood. A good neighbourhood helps to develop strong ties among the individuals.
→ Earlier, the village activities were limited to hunting, fishing, cattle-rearing and farming. With time, our needs increased which gave rise to occupations like masonry, carpentry, weaving, etc.
→ At first, people worked for one another in return of goods or services. Later on, money became the basis of all economic activities.
→ But the economic activities in urban areas were different in nature. They included construction of roads and buildings, trading, manufacturing of goods, etc.
→ India is a large country with a variety of climatic conditions, soils, traditions, cultural and religious background of its people. These symbolise diversity in various fields, food habits, clothes, beliefs, traditions, etc.
→ The diversity in India has provided us with a glorious past and a rich cultural heritage. This has paved the way for unity in diversity. India’s unity in diversity is a unique feature which has always been our source of strength.
→ But we have always noticed social and economic inequalities, both in rural and urban areas. Many social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Dayanand Saraswati and many more have done a lot to remove these inequalities.
→ Social evils like untouchability, gender bias, unemployment, illiteracy, etc. still exist in India which need to be uprooted.
→ India is mainly a land of villages. Most of the rural population depends upon agriculture as their means of livelihood.
→ After independence, India has made tremendous progress in the field of agriculture, industry, power generation and other resources.
→ Most of the villages are now linked to the cities by roads or railways. The use of electricity has revolutionised the rural life. Television, radio, telephone and different types of home appliances are common in rural areas.
→ The Green Revolution has changed the lifestyle of rural population.
→ Inspite of the continuous efforts of the last 65 years, many problems still persist. Many of our villages are still underdeveloped, unhygienic and even without the basic amenities of life.
→ Life in towns and cities is comparatively comfortable because of the availability of basic amenities like drinking water, hospitals, schools and colleges, etc. This has attracted the people from rural areas to come and settle in cities.
→ But the problems like overpopulation, scarcity of clean drinking water, lack of proper sanitation and drainage are making the city life difficult.
→ Community life : Human beings live together and extend mutual cooperation. This gives rise to community life.
→ Neighbourhood : The families living close to one another, in a particular area.
→ Sanskars : Civic and moral values that one learns in one’s family.
→ Diversity : Lack of uniformity and the sense of variety.
→ Inequality : The differences between two or more people that arise because of their abilities, resources and opportunities, their caste, etc.
→ Resources : Anything that can be of any use in any activity.
→ Basic Amenities : Simple facilities like drinking water, pollution free environment.
→ Bonded Labour : A practice in which employers give huge interest loans to workers whose entire family then labour at low wages to pay off the debt.
→ Industrilisation : The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
→ Interdependence : Depending on one another for fulfilment of one’s needs.
→ Untouchability : An evil practice of considering or treating some people in the society as untouchables or outcaste.