DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 20 Notes – The Indian Religions

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The Indian Religions Class 6 DAV Notes

→ Hinduism, also known as Sanatan Dharm, is the oldest religion of the world. Hinduism believes in one Supreme God who is present in everything, i.e., humans, animals, plants, etc.

→ Hinduism believes in three ways to attain Moksha: Karma Yog, Gyan Yog and Bhakti Yog.

→ Shrishti (Creation) is governed by three gods- Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. Brahma is considered the Creator, Vishnu is considered as the Preserver and Mahesh is considered as the Destroyer.

DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 20 Notes - The Indian Religions

→ The other gods worhshipped by Hindus are: Rama, Krishna, Ganesh, Hanuman and godesses Lakshmi, Saraswati, Kali, Parvati and many others.

→ Hinduism lays emphasis on non-violence. It believes in the doctrine of Vasudhaiv Kutumbkam and Sarvadharma Sambhava.

→ There are many holy books on Hinduism, e.g. the four Vedas, the Puranas, the Gita, the Upanishads, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata etc.

→ Zoroastrianism is the ancient religion of Iran. It was founded by Zarathustra or Zoroaster, the prophet of (Persia) Iran. The followers of this religion are called Parsees.

→ Zoroastrianism believes in one God who is known as Ahur Mazda. He is the God of good forces, i.e., light and wisdom. Evil is represented by Ahriman.

→ Avesta is the holy book of this religion. It contains Gathas (sacred songs) in praise of Zoroaster.

→ Judaism is the religion followed by the Jews or the Hebrews. The Jews believed in one single God. i.e., Jehovah (Yah Weh). He loves his people and punishes the wrongdoers or the sinners.

→ The holy books of Judaism are old testament and the Aporypha. These scriptures contain the history of Jews, and the rules to be followed by every Jew.

→ Jainism believes in non-violence. It teaches not to tell a lie, not to steal anything and not to owe property. Vardhaman Mahavir was a great spiritual leader of this religion.

→ Mahavir suggested three ways to attain Moksha-

  • Right faith
  • Right action
  • Right- knowledge, Kalpasutra, in Sanskrit, is the famous work of Jainism.

→ Buddhism was founded by Gautam Buddha. At the age of 35, when he was sitting under a pipal tree in Gaya (Bihar), he got the enlightenment and realised the truth and became Buddha, i.e., the enlightened one. He expressed four ways to overcome desires.

→ The teachings of Gautam Buddha are compiled in Tripitakas. It contains rules for monks, sermons for the people and the Buddhist philosophy.

→ Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ. It is based on his life and teachings. He preached that there is only one God. He emphasised that God is the great healer and he loves his people as a father loves his children. His birth is celebrated on 25th December every year as Christmas.

DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 20 Notes - The Indian Religions

→ The holy book of Christians is the Bible which is in two parts- Old Testament and New Testament.

→ Bhakti Yog : devotion and surrender to the supreme God.

→ Gathas : Sacred songs contained in Avesta, the holy book of the followers of Zoroastrianism.

→ Brahmacharya : Not to marry.

→ Kaivalya : Supreme knowledge.

→ Biography : An account of someone’s life written by someone else.

→ Civilisation : The stage of human social development which is considered most advanced.

→ Enlightenment: Awareness that brings change in life.

→ Meditation : It is a practice in which an individual trains the mind.

→ Orthodox : Adhering to traditional and established faith.

→ Penance : Punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrong-doing.