These DAV Class 6 SST Notes and DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 15 Notes – North India after Mauryas and Sungas (First Century BCE to Third Century CE) hold significant importance as study material for students.
North India after Mauryas and Sungas (First Century BCE to Third Century CE) Class 6 DAV Notes
→ After the decline of Mauryan empire, the power came into hands of the Sungas in northern India.
→ Many invasions from Indo-Greeks, Sakas and Parthians took place in the north India after the fall of the Sungas.
→ Menander and Haliodorus were the famous Indo-Greek rulers. They contributed a lot in the field of natyashastra, coinage, sculptures, philosophy and trade.
→ The Sakas who originally belonged to Central Asia, entered India by defeating the Bactereans (Greeks). Their capital was Tanila (now in Pakistan).
→ Rudradaman (130-150 CE) was an important Saka ruler. He was a great lover of Sanskrit.
→ The Saka rule was followed by Parthians and then by the Kushans. Kushans belonged to the province of Kanes of western China.
→ Kanishka (78-101 CE) was the most famous Kushan ruler. The 4th Buddhist Council was held during his reign. He was a follower of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism.
→ Later on, the Kushans adopted Hinduism.
→ Greeks, Sakas, Parthians and Kushans left a deep impact on Indian art and architecture. Gandhar school of Art and Mathura school of Art were developed during this period.
→ The term ‘horoscope’ has been derived from the Greek term ‘horasastra’. Gold coins in India were made by the Kushans using Roman style.
→ We have adopted many words from Greeks, for example, hora, kalam, plague, surang, etc. The Greeks also adopted many Sanskrit words, e.g. karpas, sharkara, vaidurya, etc.
→ Yavanika : Curtain used on a stage.
→ Mahayana : One of the two branches of Buddhism. The followers of this branch believed that Buddha was incarnation of God and his images were worshipped.
→ Hinyana : The followers of this branch regarded Buddha only a guide and teacher and not God.
→ Astrology : The study of horoscopes, palms.
→ Astronomy : The study of the universe.
→ Evolution : The changes in biological and physical aspect over generations.
→ Historian : A person who is an expert in writing about the past.
→ Monastery : A place where monks live.