The DAV Maths Book Class 6 Solutions and DAV Class 6 Maths Chapter 12 Brain Teasers Solutions of Triangles offer comprehensive answers to textbook questions.
DAV Class 6 Maths Ch 12 Brain Teasers Solutions
A. Tick (✓) the correct answer.
(a) Which of the following can be angles of a triangle?
(i) 40°, 30°, 45°
(ii) 35°, 50°, 70°
(iii) 65°, 100°, 95°
(iv) 30°, 55°, 95°
(iv) 30°, 55°, 95°
Sum of three angles 30°, 55° and 95° is 180°.
(b) Two equal angles of a triangle are of measure 70° each. The measure of third angle is:
70° + 70° + x = 180°
140° + x = 180°
.-. x = 180° – 140° = 40°.
(c) The side opposite to the vertex X of ΔXYZ is ___________
Clearly, YZ is opposite to vertex X.
(d) A triangle can have ___________ exterior angles.
Exterior angle is formed on producing one of the sides forming the triangle.
(e) Two angles of a triangle are 35° and 50° what type of triangle is this?
(i) Right angled
(ii) Obtuse angled
(iii) Acute angled
(ii) Obtuse angled
The angle which is more than 90° is called obtuse angle.
B. Answer the following questions.
(a) Name the vertex opposite to side PQ of a ΔPQR.
Vertex is opposite to side PQ.
(b) How many triangles are there in the given figure?
There are five triangles in the given figure.
(c) All the three sides of a triangle are equal in length. What type of triangle is this?
An equilateral triangle has three equal sides.
(d) Is it possible to construct a triangle with the segments of length 5 cm, 7 cm, 12 cm? Why?
No, sum of two line segments of a triangle should greater than the third side.
(e) Name the exterior angle formed at the vertex B of the given triangle.
Angle CBY is the exterior angle of ΔABC on producing side AB to Y.
A, B, C, D are 4 points. Join them in pairs. How many triangles are formed?
Number of triangles formed by joining the given points A, B, C and D in pair is ΔABC, ΔBCD, ΔCDA, ΔADB = 4 triangles.
Look at the figure and fill in the blanks.
(a) 2 triangles having point X in the exterior are ___________ and ___________.
ΔQAR and ΔPTA
(b) 2 triangles which have O as one vertex are ___________ and ___________.
ΔAOT and ΔPOQ
(c) 2 triangles which have PT as one side are ___________ and ___________.
ΔPTA and ΔPTQ
(d) 2 triangles having point Y in their interior are ___________ and ___________.
ΔQSR and ΔQAR
(e) 2 triangles which have A as one vertex are ___________ and ___________
ΔPAQ and ΔQAS
Fill in the blanks:
(a) The three ___________ of a triangle are non-collinear.
(b) Side opposite to the vertex C of ΔABC is ___________
(c) Vertex opposite to the side XZ of ΔXYZ is ___________
(d) The other two angles of a right angled triangle are ___________
(e) Each angle of an equilateral triangle measures ___________
DAV Class 6 Maths Chapter 12 HOTS
In the given figure, find the sum of Answer:angles ∠A, ∠B, ∠C, ∠D, ∠E, ∠F.
∠A +∠B + ∠C = 180° …(i)
Again in ADEF,
∠D + ∠E + ∠F = 180° …(ii)
On adding (i) and (ii), we get ∠A + ∠B + ∠C + ∠D + ∠E + ∠F
= 180° + 180°
Find the values of x and y.
Here, x + 40° + 90° – 180°
x + 130° = 180°
∴ x = 180° – 130°
Again, y + 45° + 90° = 180°
⇒ y + 135° = 180°
∴ y = 180° – 135°
DAV Class 6 Maths Chapter 12 Enrichment Questions
Find the sum of angles of the given polygon by dividing it into triangles.
On dividing the polygon by joining its vertex it gives 5 triangles which makes a total of 5 × 180° = 900°.
Compute the value of x, in the following figure.
Linear pair of
120° = 180° – 120° = 60°
Now, 60° + x° = 112°
[∵ exterior angle = sum of opposite interior angles]
⇒ x° = 112° – 60° = 52°
Look at the figure and complete the statements:
(a) Number of all triangles are ___________.
(b) Sides opposite to vertex A are ___________ and ___________.
EF and BC
(c) Number of all the line segments is ___________.
(d) Triangles with common vertex B are ___________ and ___________.
ΔBFD and ΔBAC
(e) D is the vertex of triangle ___________, ___________ and ___________ .
ΔDEF, ΔBDF and ΔEDC
(f) A is the vertex of triangles ___________ and ___________.
ΔAEF and ΔABC
Observe the given figure and answer the following.
(a) Name all the exterior angles
(b) Interior opposite angles of ∠PRS
(c) Adjacent interior angle of ∠RQV
(d) Interior opposite angles of ∠TPR
(e) Name the exterior angle formed by QV and QS.
(a) ∠PRS, ∠TPR and ∠VQR
(b) ∠QPR and ∠PQR
(d) ∠PQR and ∠PRQ
In which of the following conditions, the construction of the triangle is possible?
(a) Three angles of triangle are 40°, 60°, 80°.
(b) Three angles of triangle are 30°, 80°, 100°.
(c) The lengths of the 3 sides of a triangle are 6 cm, 3 cm, 11 cm.
(d) The three vertices of a triangle are collinear.
(e) The lengths of the three sides of a triangle are 5 cm, 12 cm and 13 cm.
(f) The three vertices of a triangle are non-collinear.
(a) Sum of the three angles is = 40° + 60° + 80° = 180°
Hence the triangle is possible
(b) Sum of the three angles is = 30° + 80° + 100 = 210° > 180°
Hence the triangle is not possible.
(c) Sum of the two smaller sides of the triangle = 6 + 3 = 9 cm
But 9 cm <11 cm
As the sum of two sides is less than the third side.
∴ triangle is not possible.
(d) Triangle is not possible to construct as the three vertices lie on the same straight line.
(e) Sum of two smaller sides = 5 + 12 = 17 cm > 13 cm.
Hence triangle is possible.
(f) Here the three vertices are non collinear
∴ Triangle is possible.
Fill in the blanks:
(a) Sum of all the angles of a triangle is ___________.
(b) Sum of any two sides of a triangle is always ___________ than the third side.
(c) Three vertices of a triangle must be ___________.
(d) The other two angles of a ___________ triangle are acute.
(e) The sides of a scalene triangle are ___________ in length.
(f) Each angle of an equilateral triangle is ___________.
(g) In an ___________ triangle, any two sides are equal in length.
(h) Exterior angle of a triangle is always ___________ than its adjacent interior angle.