Incorporating DAV Class 3 English Reader Book Solutions Pdf Chapter 1 Animal World into study routines can lead to better overall language proficiency.
My English Reader Class 3 DAV Solutions Unit 1 Animal World
DAV Class 3 English Reader Book Solutions Unit 1 Animal World
1. Read and enjoy this poem.
I Speak, I Say, I Talk. [Textbook Page 1]
2. Work in Pairs. Rearrange the jumbled letters in the following words to find animal names.
(i) TCEOSYO __________
(ii) YOKMNSE __________
(iii) HEELPANT __________
(iv) SHOESR __________
(v) LICEDOROC __________
3. Match each baby animal with its parent.
|(i) calf||(d) cow|
|(ii) joey||(f) kangaroo|
|(iii) cub||(e) tiger|
|(iv) kitten||(g) cat|
|(v) puppy||(a) dog|
|(vi) duckling||(c) duck|
|(vii) kid||(b) goat|
|(viii) foal||(h) horse|
A.1. Let us do some word-search. In the grid below, there are hidden names of thirteen animals and birds. First work individually and circle seven names. Now form pairs of two and compare your list with your partner’s to find names which you have missed.
Name of birds and animals: Shark, Toad, Crane, Octopus, Swan, Crocodile, Prawn, Whale, Fish, Penguin, Crab, Seal.
A.2. There are many animals which are docile, peaceful and friendly. But we usually do not keep them as pets. Name a few such animals. Discuss with your partner how we can be good friends with such animals.
Rabbits, cats, goats, squirrels, etc. are few such animals. We can be good with such animals by showing love towards them. We can also do this by taking good care of them.
A.3. We generally confuse a dolphin with a fish. But dolphin is not a fish. Let us read the passage to find out more about this friendly creature.
[Textbook Pages 3 – 4]
Dolphins Summary of the Passage
Dolphins are friendly creature. Although they spend their whole life in water, they are not fish. Unlike, the fish they breathe through a hole on the top of their head. They eat fish and love to live in groups to scare away their enemies. When they are angry, they make a loud noise with their tails or jaws. Dolphins are often very helpful. They can save a drowning man.
Summary in Hindi
डॉल्फिन एक मित्रवत् जीव है। यद्यपि कि वे अपना पूरा जीवन पानी में बिताते हैं वे मछली नहीं हैं। मछलियाँ पानी में साँस ले सकती हैं लेकिन डॉल्फिन अपने मस्तक के ऊपरी सिरे पर बने एक छिद्र से साँस लेती है। वे मछलियाँ खाती है और अपने दुश्मनों को डराने के लिए समुह में रहती है। जब वे गुस्से में होती है, तब अपनी पूछों या जबड़ों से तेज आवाज निकालती है। डॉल्फिन बहुत मददगार भी होती हैं। वे डूबते व्यक्ति को बचा सकती है।
Word – Meanings:
Dolphin = a water animal – एक जलीय जीव,
Hole = a hollow space – छिद्र,
Shark = a type of fish – एक प्रकार की मछली,
Scare = frighten – डराना,
Gentle = meek – नम्र,
Shallow = not deep – छिछला।
A.4. Match the facts given below in Column A with evidence from the passage in Column B.
|Column A||Column B|
|(i) Dolphins are not fish.||(a) Dolphins scare away a killer whale.|
|(ii) Dolphins can protect themselves.||(b) Dolphins are friendly, gentle and helpful.|
|(iii) Dolphins cannot speak but they can express themselves.||(c) Dolphins cannot breathe in water.|
|(iv) People have always liked dolphins.||(d) When angry, dolphins make loud noises with their tails or jaws.|
|Column A||Column B|
|(i) Dolphins are not fish.||(c) Dolphins cannot breathe in water.|
|(ii) Dolphins can protect themselves.||(a) Dolphins scare away a killer whale.|
|(iii) Dolphins cannot speak but they can express themselves.||(d) When angry, dolphins make loud noises with their tails or jaws.|
|(iv) People have always liked dolphins.||(b) Dolphins are friendly, gentle and helpful.|
A.5. Say whether the following statements are ‘true’ or ‘false’. Write‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements.
(i) Dolphins do not like human beings.
(ii) They are water animals.
(iii) Dolphins catch fish with great difficulty.
(iv) Dolphins like to live all alone.
(v) Dolphins are not always gentle.
(vi) Dolphins can express their anger.
A.6. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) How do dolphins breathe?
Dolphins breathe through a hole on the top of their head.
(ii) What do dolphins eat?
Dolphins eat fish.
(iii) Why do dolphins live in groups?
Dolphins live in groups to protect themselves from killer water animals.
(iv) What do dolphins do when they are angry?
When dolphins are angry they make a loud noise with their tails or jaws.
A.7. Find words from the passage which are opposites of the words given below:
(i) dry __________
(ii) bottom __________
(iii) soft __________
(iv) sometimes __________
(v) rise __________
(vi) deep __________
A.8. Looks at the words given in the brackets in front of each statement. They have the same pronunciation but different meanings. Fill in the blanks with the words.
(i) As you __________, __________ shall you reap. (so, sow)
(ii) Children get marks for the __________ answers they __________. (right, write)
(iii) Madhur __________ the names of all the boys in the class. (knew, new)
(iv) It is not certain __________ the __________ will be pleasant, (whether, weather)
(v) __________ roads go __________ the market, (to, two)
A.9. Value Based Question
Some children had gone for a picnic on a beach. After eating their food, they threw the wrappers on the beach and in the sea. Were they right in doing so? Why? What would you do to restore the natural beauty and cleanliness of the beach?
No, they were not right in doing so. They should not throw wrappers on the beach and in the sea. By doing so, they showed not only their bad manners but also their insensitiveness towards their surroundings. Children should not forget that if they cannot add to the beauty of such places, they also cannot indulge in any such activities that destroy their beauty. I would collect all the wrappers in my bag to throw them in the dustbin after my return from the beach.
A.10. Imagine yourself to be the woman who was saved by the dolphin. Describe in a few sentences what happened to you.
Begin like this:
One day, I was on a boat on the sea. A wave pushed the boat and I fell into the water.
One day, I was on a boat on the sea. A wave pushed the boat and I fell into the water. No one saw my fall. Although I didn’t know swimming, I tried my best. But soon I got tired and began to drown. Luckily a dolphin came near to me to save my life. It gently pushed me towards shallow water and got disappeared. I quickly stood up and ran towards the shore. Thanks a lot to the silent creature which saved me from being drowned. Animals sometimes become our saviour.
How are dolphins not fish?
Dolphins are not fish because fish can breathe in water but dolphins breathe through a hole on top of their head,
What are dolphins good at?
Dolphins are good at catching fish.
What do dolphins do when a killer shark comes near them?
In such a situation dolphins circle around the shark and scare it away.
How did a dolphin save a woman from getting drowned?
When the dolphin saw the woman in helpless condition it came near her and gently pushed her towards shallow water. In this way the woman was saved.
A.11. Like the dolphins, dogs too, are very useful animals. They help us in many ways. Read this short passage on dogs. [Textbook Page 7]
Dogs Summary of the Passage
Dogs help us in many ways. They take care of the animals when they go for grazing. They help the police to catch thieves. They save people caught in mountain storms. They give company to those who are lonely.
There are about 150 kinds of dogs. Some of them are Shepherd, Doberman, Alsation, St. Bernard, etc.
Summary in Hindi
कुत्ते कई तरह से हमारी मदद करते हैं। ये चरते हुए जानवरों की देखभाल करते हैं। ये पुलिस को चोर पकड़ने में मदद करते हैं। ये पर्वतीय तुफानों में फँसे लोगों को बचाते हैं। ये उन लोगों को अपना साथ
देते हैं जो अकेला जीवन बिताते हैं।
150 प्रकार के कुत्ते होते हैं। इनमें से कुछ हैं-शेफर्ड, डोबरमेन, अल्शेसियन, सेंट बर्नाड, आदि।
Word – Meanings:
Faithful = loyal – भक्त,
Guide = to show the way – पथप्रदर्शक,
Poodle = a type of dog – एक प्रकार का कुत्ता,
Cute = beautiful – सुन्दर,
Perform = to do – करना,
Entertain = to amuse – मन बहलाना,
Company = being with somebody – किसी के साथ होना
Breed = species – प्रजाति ।
There are about 150 kinds of dogs.
Look at the illustrations of sonic different breeds of dogs and how they serve us. [Textbook Page 8]
Add information of at least two more breeds of dogs with their pictures.
|It has much that appeals to people, his gentle ways, intelligence and adaptability make him an ideal dog.||It adapt to the living environment. Suitable for living in the city or apartment. It is a family dog.|
Mention any two qualities of dogs.
Dogs are intelligent and faithful.
They have a strong smelling power.
How do dogs help us?
Dogs are of great help to mankind. They guide the people who cannot see clearly.
They save people caught in mountain storm. They help the police to catch thieves.
What do you know about poodles?
Poodles are small dogs and look very cute. They perform in circus show and entertain the audience. They also give company to lovely people.
B.1. Have you ever visited a zoo? What makes the visit to the zoo enjoyable? Discuss with your classmates.
B.2. Read this poem. “At the Zoo”. [Textbook Page 9]
Summary of the Poem
The poem tells the children to be careful about their behaviour towards the animals when they are at the zoo. The children should not make fun of the camel’s hump. They should not laugh at the chimpanzees or the penguins or any other animals at the zoo. They should treat the animals gently. They should keep it in mind that they have come to the zoo to observe the animals there and not to make fun of their appearances or anything else. In the last, the poet tells the children that if they behave decently with the animals, they will be always welcome at the zoo.
Summary in Hindi
इस कविता में बच्चों को यह बताया गया है कि चिड़ियाघर जाने पर उन्हें कुछ बातों का ध्यान रखना आवश्यक है। बच्चों को ऊँट की कूबड़ का मजाक नहीं उड़ाना चाहिए। उन्हें न तो वनमानुषों को देखकर हँसना चाहिए न ही पेंग्यूनों या किन्ही अन्य जानवरों को देखकर उन्हें चिड़ियाघर के सभी जानवरों से अच्छा बर्ताव करना चाहिए। उन्हें हमेशा इस बात का ध्यान रखना चाहिए कि वे चिड़ियाघर के जानवरों को देखने के लिए आए हैं न कि उनके रूप का मजाक उड़ाने आए हैं। अंत में कवि बच्चों को चेतावनी देता है कि यदि वे जानवरों के साथ अच्छा व्यवहार करते हैं तो चिड़ियाघर में उनका हमेशा स्वागत है।
Word – Meanings:
Visit = to go – जाना,
Fun = enjoyment – हँसी-मजाक,
Hump = rounded projecting part – कूबड़,
Noble = that deserve praise – प्रशंसनीय,
Bump = a swelling on the body – गूमट,
Strutting – moving about proudly – अकड़कर चलना,
Remarks = comments – टीका-टिप्पणी,
Treat = behave – व्यवहार करना।
B.3. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) What does the poet want us to be careful about?
The poet wants us to be careful about our behaviour towards the zoo animals. We should not make fun of the animals when we are at the zoo.
(ii) Why shouldn’t we make fun of the camel’s hump?
We shouldn’t make fun of the camel’s hump because he (camel) feels proud of having his noble hump.
(iii) What does the chimpanzee think of himself?
The chimpanzee thinks that he is as wise as the human beings.
(iv) What special quality, according to the poem, do penguins have?
Penguins can understand the remarks that we make.
(v) What will happen if we treat the animals well?
If we treat the animals well then we will always be welcome at the zoo.
B.4. The animals in the zoo prepare a poster to be put on the gate outside the zoo. But they have left some blanks in it. Write DO or DON’T in the blanks to give the correct message. Add two instructions of your own to the list.
B.5. Notice the rhyming words in each stanza. Fill in the blanks with appropriate rhyming words.
(i) do __________
(ii) hump __________
(iii) chimpanzee __________
(iv) lake __________
(v) __________ zoo
B.6. Suppose we add a few stanza to the poem. Read the lines and fill in the
Do not trouble
The relaxing __________
For he’s a peaceful animal
And hates a loud __________
B.7. Life Skills
(i) What would you do if you see some children teasing animals in the zoo?
I would try to convince them that it is not good to tease animals in the zoo. Animals in the zoo are meant to look at and enjoy.
(ii) What precautions should the visitors take while moving around the zoo?
While moving around the zoo, visitors should maintain silence. They should be curious to know about the animals but they should not talk loudly or shout out of curiosity. Their indecent behaviour may make some of the animals angry.
B.8. Value Based Questions
Discuss why we should be kind to all the birds and animals.
We should be kind to all the birds and animals because like us they are also the creations of God. We depend on them for various things, such as milk, hides, flesh, etc. They play an important role in the environment. And above all, they are inferior to us and it is not humane to be unkind to them. We should love to them and take good care of them.
Why does the poet want us to be careful about in the zoo?
It is because our silly action can annoy the zoo animals.
What is the camel proud of?
The came is proud of his hump.
Why does the poet ask us not to laugh at the chimpanzee?
The poet asks us not to laugh at the chimpanzee because he doesn’t think even a slight less than humans.
When do the animals at the zoo welcome the visitors?
The animals at the zoo welcome the visitors when they will treat them well.
C.1. Are you planning to keep a pet bird or animal? Work in pairs and discuss the following points.
(i) What kind of home do I prepare for the pet?
I will make a beautiful and a comfortable home for the pet.
(ii) Who will look after my pet when I go to school?
My mother will look after my pet when I go to school.
(iii) What kind of food will my pet need?
My pet will need bones and bread.
(iv) How much exercise will my pet need?
My pet will need to go outside in the morning.
(v) Who will train my pet?
My father will train my pet.
Now tell the class which pet you have decided to keep and why.
I have decided to keep a puppy because it can be easily trained.
C.2. Read the story ‘The Canary’. [Textbook Pages 13 – 14]
The Canary Summary of the Story
Somu got canary as a birthday gift from his father. Somu named her Molly. He loved Molly very much and took good care of her. Molly was happy in her cage. Somu’s friends would come to see Molly everyday.
But after some weeks Somu lost interest in Molly. One day he even forgot to feed her and give her water. This made Molly sad. She stopped singing because of thirst. Her friends felt sorry to see her in helpless condition. The little canary could do nothing in cage. She only prayed to God.
Next morning Somu’s mother did not hear the sweet voice of the little bird. She could not understand anything. She quickly went near Molly’s cage and became upset to see her lying there half dead. She took her out of the cage and gave her food and water. She scolded Somu for being so careless about the helpless bird. Somu realised his mistake and decided to look after the bird very well.
Summary in Hindi
सोमू को अपने पिताजी के द्वारा एक छोटी पीली चिड़िया जन्मदिन के उपहार के रूप में मिला। सोमू ने उस चिड़िया का नाम मोली रखा। वह मोली को बहुत प्यार करता था और उसकी देखभाल बहुत अच्छी तरह करता था। मोली अपने पिंजड़े में बहुत खुश थी। सोमू के मित्र उसे देखने के लिए प्रतिदिन आते थे।
कुछ सप्ताह बाद सोमू चिड़िया में रुचि लेना बंद कर दिया। एक दिन तो वह मोली को खाना और पानी देना भी भूल गया। मोली इस कारण उदास हो गई।
प्यास के कारण उसने गाना भी बंद कर दिया। मोली के मित्र उसे असहाय स्थिति में देख बहुत दुःखी होते थे। मोली पिंजड़े के अंदर कुछ भी नहीं कर सकती थी। वह केवल ईश्वर से प्रार्थना करने लगी ।
दूसरी सुबह को सोमू की माँ को मोली का गाना सुनाई नहीं दिया। वह कुछ समझ नहीं पाई। तेजी से मोली के पिंजड़े के पास आई और वहाँ उसे अधमरा देख दुःखी हो गई। उसने मोली को पिंजड़े से निकाला और उसे खाना-पानी दिया। उसने सोमू को उसकी लापरवाही के लिए डाँटा भी सोमू को अपनी गलती का अहसास हुआ और उसने मोली का हमेशा अच्छी तरह से देखभाल करने का निर्णय ले लिया।
Word – Meanings:
Canary = a little yellow bird – एक छोटी पीली चिड़िया,
Wonderful = unusual – असाधारण,
Jealous = feeling angry or unhappy – इर्ष्यालु,
Cage = a structure made of wire to keep birds – पिंजड़ा,
Feed = to give food – खाना देना,
Unhappy = sad – उदास,
Thirsty = wanting to drink – प्यासा,
Dish = a flat shallow container – तश्तरी,
Took = no notice didn’t pay attention – ध्यान नहीं दिया,
Drooped = bended – झुका लिया,
Prayed = spoke to God to ask for help- प्रार्थना किया,
Wake = to stop sleeping – जगाना,
Peered = looked – देखा,
Stroked = touched gently – थपथपाया,
Dreadful = very bad – बुरा
Creature = living thing – जीव प्राणी,
Ashamed = feeling shame – शर्मिंदा
C.3. Tick (✓) the correct option to complete the following sentences.
(i) A canary is—
(a) a water bird.
(b) a small yellow bird.
(c) a bird of prey.
(b) a small yellow bird.
(ii) Molly was very happy with Somu because he—
(a) took good care of her.
(b) had many friends.
(c) liked to hear her songs.
(a) took good care of her.
(iii) Somu lost interest in Molly because he—
(a) had got a new toy gun.
(b) found looking after her boring.
(c) had become careless.
(a) had got a new toy gun.
(iv) Molly was lying half dead because—
(a) she was sick and sleepy,
(b) she was sad and unhappy.
(c) she had not been fed with food and water.
(c) she had not been fed with food and water.
(v) ‘What a dreadful thing’ said Somu’s mother. The dreadful thing was that—
(a) Somu was ignoring Molly.
(b) Somu kept sleeping till late in the morning.
(c) Somu often left his room untidy.
(a) Somu was ignoring Molly.
C.4. Work in groups of four. The sentences below tell you the sequence of events in the story. Howver, they are in jumbled order. Number them correctly. One is done for you.
In the beginning, Somu regularly gave seeds and fresh water to Molly.
Molly’s friends were jealous of her.
Somu’s mother fed the little bird.
After some time, Somu lost interest in Molly.
Somu felt sorry and thereafter started taking good care of Molly.
Somu’s mother saw that Molly was lying half dead in the cage.
Molly could not sing because she was thirsty.
Somu’s mother scolded her son.
Somu’s father gave him a canary on his birthday.
The little bird cried and her friends felt sorry for her.
1 Somu’s father gave him a canary on his birthday.
2 In the beginning, Somu regularly gave seeds and fresh water to Molly.
3 Molly’s friends were jealous of her.
4 After some time, Somu lost interest in Molly.
5 Molly could not sing because she was thirsty.
6 The little bird cried and her friends felt sorry for her.
7 Somu’s mother saw that Molly was lying half dead in the cage.
8 Somu’s mother fed the little bird.
9 Somu’s mother scolded her son.
10 Somu felt sorry and thereafter started taking good care of Molly.
C.5. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) How did Somu look after the canary initially?
Somu cleaned the bird’s cage everyday. He gave her seeds and fresh water. At tea-time he gave her a lump of sugar. Thus, he took good care of the canary.
(ii) How do we know that Somu lost interest in Molly? Write three things.
(a) One day, he did not clean the bird’s cage.
(b) Another day, he did not feed her.
(c) Then, he forgot to give her water.
(iii) Why was Molly in tears?
Molly was in tears because Somu lost interest in her. He loved her no longer. The worst thing was that he was so busy playing with a new toy gun that he even stopped giving her food and water.
(iv) What did Somu’s mother do after she took Molly out of her cage?
After Somu’s mother took Molly out of her cage, she fed her with fresh seeds and water. She also scolded Somu for his carelessness.
C.6. Find words from the story which are opposite in meaning to the following:
(i) found __________
(ii) remembered __________
(iii) sad __________
(iv) stale __________
C.7. You are going on a long holiday. You decide to leave your pet dog with your friend. Tell your friend four things that he needs to do to take care of your dog.
I take care of my pet in the following ways:
- Clean the dog’s house every morning.
- Give him food and water on time.
- Take it outside in the morning as well as in the evening.
- Bathe it everyday with fresh water.
C.8. Value Based Question
Why do you think Somu started ignoring Molly? Was he right in behaving so? Explain with reasons.
Initially Somu took good care of Molly. He would clean her (Molly’s) cage, give her seeds and fresh water. But as days passed, he began to lose interest in the bird. This change in his behaviour may be because he had got bored. A small child like Somu wants to get new things almost everyday. He/she easily gets fed up with old things. But this is not an excuse. What Somu did with the bird was not right. The bird was in the cage and therefore it was totally dependent on Somu for everything like food, water, etc. Hence, Somu must take care of it. It was better for him to set the bird free if he lost interest in it.
What did Somu’s father give him on his birthday?
Somu’s father gave him a little yellow canary.
How can you say that Molly was happy in the beginning?
In the beginning Molly was happy in her cage. She would sing sweet songs for Somu’s friends when they would come to see her.
Why did Molly stop singing?
Molly stopped singing because she was not happy with Somu’s behaviour. Somu began to ignore her by not giving her food and water.
What made Molly so helpless?
Molly was kept in a cage. She couldn’t get out of it find food and water for herself.
Why was Somu’s mother surprised early next morning?
She was surprised early next morning because she didn’t hear the sweet song of the canary.
D.1. Animals and birds have occupied a central place in many of our fairy tales, folk tales and fables. Work with your partner and crack the following general knowledge quiz involving birds and animals. You may use the Help Box if needed.
(i) The thirsty bird that put pebbles in a pot to drink water.
_ R _ _
(ii) Avery small animal that shares its name with a computer part.
_ _ U _ _
(iii) A popular animal found in New Zealand that is also the name of a fruit.
_ _ _ I
(iv) A collection of Indian animal stories written by Pandit Vishnu Sharma.
P _ _ _ _ T _ _ _ _
(v) The mythological bird that fought with Ravana to rescue Sita.
J _ _ _ _ _
(vi) The popular character in films and children’s books who has the characteristics of a small insect.
S _ _ _ _ _ M _ _
D.2. You must have read the story ‘The Hare and the Tortoise’. Narrate it to the class. Tell the class the moral of the story.
A hare and a tortoise were fast friends. The hare was proud of his fast speed and used to laugh at the tortoise for his slowness. One day, he told his friend to have a race, the tortoise accepted the challenge.
The race began the next day. A winning post was fixed. The hare ran fast and soon he was out of sight. The tortoise was left far behind. In the meantime, the hare decided to have some rest. He lay down under a tree and soon fell fast asleep. The tortoise, on the other hand, did not stop even for a moment. He went on slowly but steadily and finally reached the winning post. At sunset the hare woke up and ran very fast. He became disappointed to see the tortoise already there. Thus, he lost the race.
Moral: Slow and steady wins the race.
Now read this story. [Textbook Pages 19 – 20]
The Ostrich and the Hedgehog Summary of the Story
One summer morning, a hedgehog met an ostrich in a barley field. The hedgehog was in a good mood and wanted to talk to the ostrich. But the ostrich showed no interest in the hedgehog. He called him stumpy-legged creature. In fact, he was proud of his fast speed. The hedgehog did not get depressed. He told the ostrich to have a race. The ostrich accepted the challenge. But before starting the race, the hedgehog wanted to have his breakfast at home. The ostrich gave him the permission.
The ostrich went home and slept. On the other hand, the hedgehog went home and brought his family members to the barley field. He made them take their position in such a way that there was a hedgehog at both the ends of each row of barley plants. The race began at mid-day. The ostrich began at the first row. He ran fast and soon reached the end of the row. He was suprised to see a hedgehog already there. He ran back along the next row. Again when he reached the end, he found a hedgehog already there. This happened several times but the ostrich could not understand the hedgehog’s trick. He got tired but the hedgehog was fresh and smiling.
Summary in Hindi
एक गर्मी की सुबह एक कांटा चूहा जौ के खेत में एक शुतुरमुर्ग से मिला। कांटा चूहा अच्छे मूड में था और शुतुरमुर्ग से बात करना चाहता था। लेकिन शुतुरमुर्ग ने चूहे में कोई दिलचस्पी नहीं दिखायी। उसने कांटा चूहो को छोटा-मोटा पैर वाला जीव कहा। वास्तव में उसे अपनी तेज गति पर बहुत घमंड था। चूहा जरा भी दुःखी नहीं हुआ। उसने शुतुरमुर्ग से दौड़ प्रतियोगिता के लिए कहा। शुतुरमुर्ग ने चुनौती स्वीकार कर ली। लेकिन प्रतियोगिता शुरु करने से पहले कांटा चूहा घर जाकर नाश्ता करना चाहा। शुतुरमुर्ग ने उसे इस बात की अनुमति दे दी। शुतुरमुर्ग घर गया और सो गया। दूसरी ओर चूहा घर जाकर अपने परिवार के सभी सदस्यों को जौ के खेत में ला खड़ा कर दिया। उसने उन्हें इस तरह से खड़ा किया कि जौ के पौधों के प्रत्येक कतार के दोनों छोर पर चूहा दिखता था।
दिन के दोपहर में दौड़ शुरु हुआ। शुतुरमुर्ग प्रथम पंक्ति से शुरु किया। वह खूब तेजी से दौड़ा और बहुत जल्दी पंक्ति के दूसरे छोर पर पहुँच गया। चूहे को वहाँ पहले मौजूद देखकर उसे आश्चर्य हुआ। वह दूसरी पंक्ति से होते हुए वापस आया। जब वह दूसरे छोर पर पहुँचा तो एक बार फिर कांटा चूहा को पहले से वहाँ मौजूद पाया ऐसा कई बार हुआ लेकिन शुतुरमुर्ग चूहे की चालाकी को समझ नहीं पाया। अंत में वह काफी थक गया लेकिन चूहा तरोताजा था और मुस्कुरा रहा था।
Word – Meanings:
Hedgehog = a small animal – कांटा चूहा,
Ostrich = a large swift –
footed bird = which cannot fly – शुतुरमुर्ग
Cheerful = happy – खुश,
Stumpy = short and thick – छोटा और मोटा,
Race = competition – दौड़ प्रतियागिता,
Row = queue – कतार,
Stride = one long step – एक बड़ा कदम,
Reply = answer जवाब देना,
Beaten = defeated – पराजित |किया जाना,
Sore = painful – दर्द से भरा,
Buried = put underground – गाड़ना।
D.3. On the basis of your reading the story, complete the following statements.
(i) One beautiful morning, a hedgehog met an __________
One beautiful morning, a hedgehog met an ostrich in a barley field.
(ii) The ostrich did not greet the hedgehog because he __________
The ostrich did not greet the hedgehog because he hated to talk to stumpy-legged creatures like him (hedgehog).
(iii) It was decided to run the race at mid-day because __________
It was decided to run the race at mid-day because they wanted to see who was the faster runner.
(iv) Every time the ostrich reached the end of the barley row, he found __________
Every time the ostrich reached the end of the barley row, he found a hedgehog sitting there.
(v) The hedghods at the end of the barley rows were actually the original hedgehog’s __________
The hedgehog at the end of the barley rows were actually the original hedgehog’s family members.
(vi) The last hedgehog was fresh and smiling because __________
The last hedgehog was fresh and smiling because he didn’t run the race.
(vi) On the other hand, the ostrich was tired and had sore feet because __________
On the other hand, the ostrich was tired and had sore feet because he ran the race several times.
D.4. The story brings out different characteristics of the ostrich and the hedgehog. Draw lines to match their qualities.
Write below the qualities along with sentences from the text that prove that the hedgehog and the ostrich possess these qualities.
|Proud – He looked down at the hedgehog.||Clever – Very cleverly he beat the ostrich.|
|Foolish – He could not know how he had been beaten by the hedgehog.||Cheerful – He wished ‘good morning’ to the ostrich in a cheerful voice.|
|Fast – He took long strides and soon reached the end of the row.|
|Sulky – He got tired and buried his head deep in the sand.|
D.5. Find words from the story which mean the same as the following:
(i) a cereal plant __________
(ii) border __________
(iii) short and thick __________
(iv) noon __________
(v) long steps __________
(vi) pain from injury __________
D.6. Use the above words to fill in the blanks.
(i) The baby sleeps from __________ to evening.
(ii) The boy was standing at the __________ of the mountain.
(iii) Ravi saw a __________ field in the village.
(iv) After the fight, the boxer had __________ muscles.
(v) The giant took long __________ to catch the naughty dwarf.
D.7. Imagine that you are the hedgehog. In a short paragraph describe how you fooled the ostrich.
The ostrich was very proud of his fast speed. He called me stumpy-legged creature. So, I decided to fool him in the race competition. I went home and brought all my family members to the barley field where the race was to be held. I made them take their position in such a way that there was a hedgehog at both the ends of each row of barley plants. At mid-day, the race started. The ostrich began at the first row.
He ran fast and soon reached the end of the row where he found me already there. He did the same thing several times. But every time when he reached the end of the last row, he found me sitting there. The ostrich was such a fool that he could not understand my trick. In the last he became so tired that he had to accept his defeat.
D.8. Value Based Question
What lesson do you learn from the story? Choose from the following:
- We should not look down upon others.
- We should make fool of others.
- It is important to be clever.
- We should love our family.
Give reasons for your choice.
We should not look down upon others: If we look down upon others, it will hurt their sentiment and they may decide to teach us a lesson in a very cruel manner. The same thing happened in the story. The ostrich looks down at the hedgehog and calls him stumpy-legged creature. The hedghog is hurt. He traps the ostrich in his tricks and fools him. So, we should not look down upon the others. Rather we should live in a friendly manner.
D.9. Find pictures of your favourite animals. Look in books, magazines and encyclopedias. Prepare the mask of an animal you like with the help of these pictures. You may use buttons, stiff card, yarn or other materials to make it.
D.10. Prepare a small speech to be given in the school assembly on WILDLIFE DAY on ‘Live and Let Live’. You can consider the given points:
- We share the same planet.
- We have no right to harm them.
The principle of Live and Let Live is the basic requirement of humanity. So, we must follow this principle. Animals whether they are wild or domestic are an important part of the planet earth. They perform various functions to maintain the ecological balance. They also provide us a variety of things such as milk, hides, flesh, etc. So, we should not think to harm them in any way. In fact, we have no right to harm them
because like us they are also valuable creations of God. We should live and let them live in their own way.
E.1. Write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements.
(i) Bats are mammals that can fly.
(ii) Bats eat food during the day.
(iii) Owls cannot see clearly at night.
(iv) The mother kangaroo feeds its babies with fish.
(v) Crocodiles eat birds called water dikkops.
E.2. Tick (✓) the correct option.
(i) The baby of a kangaroo is called __________
(ii) Dwarf goby is about __________ centimetre long.
(iii) The whale shark is the fish.
(iv) __________ eats insects that disturbs crocodiles.
(a) dwarf gobby
(b) whale shark
(c) water dikkop
Where did the hedgehog meet the ostrich?
The hedgehog met the ostrich at the edge of the barley field.
How can you say that the ostrich was a vain?
The ostrich was a vain because he looked down at the hedgehog for his stumpy-legs.
Why did the hedgehog go home?
The hedgehog went home to take his breakfast and to bring his family members to the barley field.
Who were there in the hedgehog’s family?
There were his parents, siblings, cousins, aunts and uncles in the hedgehog’s family.
Why did the hedgehog position his family members at a particular points?
He positioned his family members at particular points so that there was a hedgehog at both the ends of each row of barley plants.
What could the ostrich not understand till the last?
The ostrich could not understand how he had been beaten by the hedgehog.
Read it Yourself
Arjuna’s Friends of the Forest
For self reading [Textbook Pages 25 – 29]
Amazing Animals and Birds
For self reading [ Textbook Page 30]