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Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Population
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Very Short Answers Type
What does the census of India provide us?
The census of India provides us with information regarding the population of our country.
What was India’s population on March 2001?
India’s population on March 2011 was 1,210 million.
Which is the most populous state of India, according to the 2001 census data?
According to the 2011 Census data Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India.
What is the population of Lakshadweep?
It is only 64,429 people.
Name five states where about half of India’s population lives in.
Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
Which is the biggest state in terms of area?
In terms of area Rajasthan is the biggest state.
Name two countries which have higher average population densities than India.
Bangladesh and Japan.
What was the population density of India in the year 2001?
It was 324 persons per sq. km.
Name two states with population densities below 250 persons per sq. km.
Odisha and Rajasthan
Name two states which have population density below 100 persons per sq. km.
Jammu and Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh.
Mention two factors responsible for sparse population in certain areas.
- Rugged terrain, and
- Unfavourable climatic conditions.
Name two states of the Northern Plains with high population densities.
Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
What does population growth refer to?
Population growth refers to the change in the number of inhabitants of a country/territory during a specific period of time, say during the last ten years.
The population of a nation is generally grouped into three broad categories. Mention them.
- Children generally below 15 years.
- Working age 15 to 59 years.
- Aged above 59 years.
What do you mean by sex ratio?
Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the population.
What is the sex ratio of Kerala?
Kerala has a sex ratio of 1084 females per 1000 males.
What is the sex ratio of Delhi?
Delhi has a sex ratio of only 866 females per 1000 males.
What is the literacy rate in India as per the census of 2001?
The literacy rate in India as per the census of 2011 is 74.04 per cent.
What is meant by occupational structure?
The distribution of the population according to different types of occupations is referred to as the occupational structure.
What is the share of adolescent population in India?
Adolescent population constitutes one-fifth of the total population of India.
What is meant by life expectancy?
Life expectancy refers to the average number of years one is expected to live.
What is external migration?
When migration takes places within the country from one state to another, it is referred to as internal migration.
What is the trend of migration in India?
In India, most migrations have been from rural to urban areas because of the ‘push’ factor in rural areas.
Which age group is considered economically productive in the study of population?
People generally between 15 to 59 years are considered economically productive.
When was the first Census held in India?
In India the first Census was held in the year 1872.
Why do people migrate from rural to urban areas?
They migrate in search of better employment opportunities.
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Short Answers Type
Mention three facts revealed by the 2011 census data.
Three facts revealed by the 2001 census data are:
- Uttar Pradesh with a population size of 199 million people is the most populous state of India.
Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 16 percent of the country’s population,
- On the other hand, the Himalayan state Sikkim has a population of just about 0.6 million and Lakshadweep has only 64,429 people.
- Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states—Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
Which regions a India have moderate population densities and which regions have high to very high population densities? Why?
- Assam and most of the peninsular states have moderate population densities. Hilly, deserted and rocky nature of the terrain, moderate to low rainfall, shallow and less fertile soils have influenced population densities in these areas.
- The northern plains and Kerala in the south have high to very high population densities because of the flat plains with fertile soils and abundant rainfall.
The substantial improvement in the health conditions of the Indian population is the result of many factors. What are these factors?
Health is an important component of population composition, which affects the process of development. Sustained efforts of government programmes have registered significant improvements in the health conditions of the Indian population. The factors responsible for this are given below:
- Improvement in public health.
- Prevention of infectious diseases.
- Application of modern medical practices in diagnosis and treatment of ailments.
Why is the health situation still in matter of major concern for India?
No doubt considerable achievements have been made in the health conditions of the Indian population, it is still a matter of major concern. The reasons are given below:
- The per capita calorie consumption is much below the recommended levels and malnutrition afflicts a large percentage of our population.
- Safe drinking water and basic sanitation amenities are available to only one-third of the rural population.
- There are many places in India which do not have adequate number of doctors and nurses. The hospitals too are in bad condition.
What did the National Population policy 2000 do for the adolescent population of India?
The National Population Policy 2000 identified adolescents as one of the major sections of the population that need greater attention:
- The policy gave much importance to nutritional requirements of the adolescents.
- The policy called for programmes that aim towards encouraging delayed marriage and child¬bearing, and education of adolescents about the risks of unprotected sex.
- It has made contraceptive services accessible and affordable.
- It has strengthened legal measures to prevent child marriage.
Look at the following table carefully. What does it indicate? What can be done to turn the sex ratio in favour of females? The Magnitude and Rate of India’s Population Growth
The above table shows that the sex ratio in India has always remained unfavourable to females. In 1951, the country had 946 females per 1000 males. The number steadily went down after every decade and in 2011 there were 940 females per 1000 males. This trend indicates the patriarchal mind-set of the people of India. In order to turn the sex ratio in favour of females, we need to spread education in each and every part of the country. Only education can do miracle.
Write a note on India’s population distribution by density.
Population density provides a better picture of the uneven distribution. Population density is calculated as the number of persons per unit area. India is one of the most densely populated countries of the world. The population density of India in the year 2011 was 382 persons per sq. km. Densities vary from 1,102 persons per sq. km in Bihar to only 17 persons per sq. km in Arunachal Pradesh.
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Long Answers Type
“Distribution of population is uneven in India”. Describe the factors responsible for it.
Uneven population distribution is characterised by massive difference in the density of population across various geographical locations. There is extremely high density of population at some places such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc. Whereas the state of Arunachal Pradesh has very low population density. Hence, there is uneven distribution of population in India. The factors responsible for it, are given below:
(i) Relief: Mountains have rugged surface and covered with thick forests along with harsh climate are not at all suitable for human habitation. However, the Northern plains provide suitable climate, level hand, fertile soil along with knit transport system. Hence, this region is densely populated.
(ii) Climate: The western part of Rajasthan is sparsely populated because of extreme climatic condition. The range of temperature is very high and rainfall is low here. So, it is not suitable for human habitation. Mountainous regions are also not suitable for human habitation because of too much cold climate.
(iii) Cities like Patna, Kanpur, New Delhi, Kolkata are densely populated because they are located at river banks. Needless to say that rivers provide with drinking water, water for irrigation, helping navigation and making land fertile by depositing silt.
(iv) Industries provide better economic support for the Indian masses. So, big towns like Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kanpur, Mumbai, etc. are hub of industries which attract people in great numbers. But cities devoid of industries are thinly populated.
(v) The regions which are well-connected by means of roadways, railways and waterways are densely populated. An efficient transport system has a remarkable impact upon population movement and distribution.
What are the processes of population change or growth? Describe them.
(i) There are three main processes of change of population – birth rates, death rates and migration. The natural increase in population is the difference between birth rates and death rates.
(ii) Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major component of growth because in India, birth rate have always been higher than death rates.
(iii) Death rates is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year. The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been the rapid decline in death rates.
(iv) Migration is an important component of population growth. It can be internal or international. Internal migration does not change the size of the population, but influences the distribution of population within the nation.
(v) Migration changes are not only the population size but also the population composition of urban and rural populations in terms of age and sex composition. In India, the rural urban migration has resulted in a steady increase in the percentage of population in cities and towns.
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions
What is the occupational structure? Mention three categories of occupations.
The distribution of the population according to different types of occupations is referred to as the occupational structure. A huge variety of occupations are found in any country. Occupations are generally classified as primary, secondary and tertiary.
- Primary activities include agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, fishing, mining and quarrying, etc.
- Secondary activities include manufacturing industry, building and construction work, etc.
- Tertiary activities include transport, communications, commerce, administration and other services.
The population of a nation is generally grouped into three broad categories. Describe them briefly.
The three board categories of the population are:
(i) Children (generally below 15 years):
They are economically unproductive and need to be provided with food, clothing, education and medical care.
(ii) Working age (15-59 years): People belonging to this are group age economically productive and biologically reproductive. They comprise the working population.
(iii) Aged (above 59 years): They can be economically productive though they may have retired. They may be working voluntarily but they are not available for employment through recruitment. The following figure presents the proportion of the three groups in India’s population.
What are the push-pull factors of migration? Explain briefly.
There are many economic, social and physical reasons why people emigrate and they can usually be classified into push and pull factors. Push factors are those associated with the area of origin.
Pull factors are those that are associated with the area of destination. Pull factors can be noticed in cities which provide more jobs, better jobs, higher wages and the promise of a better life.
Push factors tend to be the exact reversal of the pull factors, for example, over-population, few jobs, low wages, adverse conditions of poverty, etc. This lack of economic opportunity tends to push people to look for their future outside the area of their origin.
Explain the following:
(i) Absolute increase in population
(ii) Annual growth rate.
(i) Absolute increase in population: The absolute numbers added each year or decade is the magnitude of increase. It is obtained by simply subtracting the earlier population (e.g. that of 1991) from the later population (e.g. that of 2001). It is referred to as the absolute increase in population.
(ii) Annual growth rate: The rate or place of population increase is an important aspect. It is studied in percent per annum, e.g. a rate of increase of 2 percent per annum means that in a given year, there was an increase of two persons for every 100 persons in the base population. This is referred to as the annual growth rate of population.
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Value-based Questions (VBQs)
Why are human beings termed as a resource?
(i) Human beings are termed as a resource because they have developed other resources into useful resources. Coal is but a piece of rock, until people were able to invent technology to obtain it and make it a resource.
(ii) Resources are all meaningful only in relation to human beings. We can not imagine a world without human beings because it is they who utilise resources and create the social and cultural environment.
(iii) Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organisation, business sector, or economy.
Who according to the Census 2001, is a literate person? Why is it important to uplift the literacy rate?
According to the census of 2001, a person aged 7 years, and above who can read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate.
Literacy is a very important quality of a population. Obviously, only an informed and educated citizen can make intelligent choices and undertake research and development projects. An illiterate person is a burden on the society and the country. Low levels of literacy are a serious obstacle for economic improvement. Hence, it is very important to uplift the literacy rate.
Population Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Geography Chapter 6 Map-based Questions
On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the following:
(i) The state having highest density of population
(ii) The state having lowest density of population
(iii) The state having highest sex ratio
(iv) The state having lowest sex ratio
(v) Largest state according to area
(vi) Smallest state according to area