The Biography of Famous Personalities of India will tell you about the controversies, the dark sides of a person that you may have never heard of.
The Formation of the Forward Bloc and Dangerous Revolutionary of Bose
The Formation of the Forward Bloc
On 3rd May 1939, Subhashbabu founded a party named Forward Bloc as a part of the Congress. Subhashbabu was removed from the presidency of the Bengal Regional Congress in 1939, and was prohibited from any official position in the Congress for the next three years. Hence, the Forward Bloc became an independent party. Subhashbabu started a newspaper called ‘Forward Bloc’ and thus publicised his party. He attempted to create public awareness in order to push the freedom struggle forward.
The Second World War began in September 1939 in Europe. Gandhiji was not ready to put the British in a difficult position during this time. Subhashbabu met Gandhiji in 1940 and requested him to begin the fight against the British. Gandhiji refused to do so.
In March, 1940, convention of the Forward Bloc and the Kisan Sabha was held at Ramgadh (Bihar), where a resolution was passed that India would not assist the British in the War. This resolution was approved at the Nagpur All India Forward Bloc meeting in June, 1940. The Forward Bloc demanded the formation of an immediate provisional (interim) government for India. During this time, Subhashbabu travelled all over the country, holding meetings, and delivering anti-war speeches. His popularity was at its peak at this time.
Subhashbabu believed that Britain was in a difficult position due to the Second World War. India should make the most of this, and use the opportunity to drive the British out. India should not assist Britain or any of the allied nations in this war. He thus made a strong attack against the British Empire.
A Dangerous Revolutionary
The British government considered Subhashbabu a very dangerous revolutionary. They arrested Subhashbabu and his companions on 27th July 1940 and imprisoned them. Not only this but they were also maltreated in prison. Subhashbabu was not ready to lose the opportunity to gain independence while the Second World War was going on. So he informed the government that if he was not released, he would begin a fast unto death.
He began his fast unto death on the 29th of November 1940. In a letter to the governor of Bengal, he wrote that a person should be ready to give up his life in order to keep his nation alive; so he was ready to bring an end to his life for the dignity and honour of his country.
With his health worsening, Subhashbabu was released from prison on 5th December 1940 and kept under surveillance at his Calcutta residence.
During the freedom struggle from 1912 to 1941, Subhashbabu was imprisoned eleven times.
Subhashbabu was of the opinion that India should play an active role against Britain in the world war in order to attain independence. For this, India should join the countries that were fighting against Britain. He thought that people ought to take the opportunity that was available at the international level and thus serve the country.
If he wished to go out of the country and help the country, then he could not adhere to the principles of Congress. One needed to forego the principles of violence and non-violence, religion and politics, and cling on to the idea of achieving independence for India.