The Biography of Famous Personalities of India will tell you about the controversies, the dark sides of a person that you may have never heard of.
Subhash Chandra Bose Marriage and Conventions
His Marriage with Emilie Schenkl
Subhashbabu returned to Vienna on 18th November 1937 for further treatment. He wrote the book ‘An Indian Pilgrim’ here at this time.
During his earlier visit to Vienna, he had developed an intimate relationship with Emilie Schenkl. They fell in love and Subhashbabu married Emilie according to Hindu rites.
On 8th January 1938, he went to England. Here he met various political leaders. In 1938, he was unanimously elected as the president of the Congress Convention even though he was absent.
On 25th January 1938, Subhashbabu returned to India. The Congress workers in Calcutta gave him a hearty welcome.
The Haripura Convention
The Indian National Congress held its 51st Convention at Haripura in Gujarat, in 1938. Subhashbabu presided over this convention and Sardar Patel was its convenor.
Since this was the 51st convention, Subhashbabu was welcomed in a carriage drawn by 51 bullocks. There were 51 decorated archways, and 51 flags unfurled. In the speech delivered here, Subhashbabu spoke about radical means to oppose the British government. He also spoke about the issues of poverty, language, increasing population, financial developmental planning, education and other matters of national importance.
The Tripura Convention
Subhashbabu wished to have the presidency of the Congress even in 1939. Gandhiji was of the opinion that Subhash was militarising the Congress. He thought that if the Congress remained under Subhash’s leadership for a longer time, the basic ideology of the Congress would change. So, Gandhiji did not wish for Subhash to become Congress President now.
Gandhiji wanted to nominate Abul Kalam Azad as candidate for this position against Subhash. However, Azad did not consent, and instead Pattabhi Sitaramaiya was nominated. An election was held after a long time for this position. Most of the workers believed that since Sitaramaiya was backed by Gandhiji, he would easily win the election. But to everyone’s surprise, Subhashbabu won the election by a margin of 203 votes and remained the Congress President for the second consecutive year.
Gandhiji considered Sitaramaiya’s loss as his own loss and did not co-operate with the formation of the working committee, it was not easy for Subhashbabu to work without Qandhiji’s support. Vallabhbhai Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad and Abul Kalam Azad – all handed in their resignations from the Congress working committee on 22 February 1939.
The annual Congress Convention was held at Tripura (Madhya Pradesh) in 1939. Gandhiji and his supporters boycotted this convention. Here, Subhashbabu proposed that, looking at the international situation of an impending Second World War, the Congress should give an ultimatum to the British demanding India’s independence. The Gandhians present here did not agree with this step.
Subhashbabu made many attempts to reach an accord of sorts with Gandhiji, but he was not successful. Without Gandhiji’s backing, it was not possible to continue working as Congress President. So, on 29th April 1939, Subhashbabu resigned from his position, and Rajendra Prasad was appointed President of Congress.
In the General Body meeting of the Congress in August, 1942, Gandhiji used the same ideas that Subhashbabu had used at the Tripura Convention, and started the Quit India Movement. The clarion call of the revolt of 1942 echoed Subhashbabu’s voice.