The Biography of Famous Personalities of India will tell you about the controversies, the dark sides of a person that you may have never heard of.
Chandra Bose Departure From Germany and Azad Hind Fauj
Departure From Germany
Subhashbabu went to Vietnam to meet his wife and daughter, Anita. Germany was surrounded by clouds of war. Roadways and airways were unsafe. Germany prepared to send Subhashbabu to Japan. So he handed over the charge of the Indian troops to trustworthy people and departed from Germany. Hitler had arranged for him to leave by submarine.
Subhashbabu arrived at Keel Harbour with his companion, Abid Hassan. On the 8th of February 1943, he departed from the Keel port by a German submarine, U-190, for Japan. In order to avoid the British ships, the German submarine crossed the Atlantic Ocean and stopped at a pre-decided spot off the coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. On the 28th of April, 1943, Subhashbabu and Abid Hassan were transferred from the German submarine to a Japanese submarine.
The submarine reached Sumatra, and from here, they went with the Japanese Colonel Pamamoto to Tokyo by flight on 13th June 1943.
The Azad Hind Fauj
At the meeting in Tokyo with Tojo, the prime minister of Japan, Subhashbabu was assured of Japanese military assistance against the British, as well as Japanese assistance in setting up an interim government in India. Both the leaders reached an amicable agreement regarding the working and status of the Azad Hind Fauj. Subhashbabu delivered a speech to the Japanese Parliament on 16th June 1943.
Subhashbabu reached Singapore on 2nd July 1943, where he was given a hearty welcome. Here, Rasbihari Bose declared Subhashbabu the president of the Indian Independence League and the chief of the Azad Hind Fauj at a meeting on 4th of July 1943 of the five thousand representatives of the thirty lakh Indians living in southern Asia. The Indians there gave him the title of Netaji. On Radio, Tokyo Subhashbabu declared his intention to oppose the British from the eastern border of India with armed forces. It was here that he gave his soldiers the slogan of ‘Chalo Delhi’. (Onwards, to Delhi !)
Subhashbabu re-structured the Azad Hind Fauj in July 1943. Mew soldiers were recruited in the Fauj. Different brigades were formed and their tasks assigned. A women’s brigade called Rani Laxmibai was formed under the leadership of Colonel Laxmi Swaminathan. The territories won by the Fauj were to be assigned to the Japanese military, according to the agreement.
On the 21st of October, 1943, in Singapore, an interim independent Indian government, the Arzi Hukumat- e-Azad Hind, was established amidst a crowd of thousands of Indians, with Subhashbabu as the Chief Prime Minister, Defence Minister of this government. This government was recognized by nine countries – Japan, Germany, Italy, the Republic of China, Siam, Burma, Philippines, Croatia and Manchuria.
The interim government declared Hindi as its language of communication, the Tricolour as its national flag, Jana Gana Mana as its national anthem and Jai Hind as its official greeting. The ministers of this interim government also declared war against Britain and America.
The Japanese military won control over the Andaman and Nicobar islands, and handed it over to the Arzi Hukumat- e-Azad Hind. Thus, the interim independent government of India won its first territory. These islands were named ‘Shahid’ and ‘Swarajya’. For purposes of convenience, the interim government declared Rangoon as its capital.
With the call to march towards Delhi, the Subhash brigade of the Azad Hind Fauj moved towards the Indian border. The first battalion fought a bloody and brutal war with the British and finally won control over the military troop at Motok on the Indian border.
The second and third battalions of Subhashbabu took over the control of Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, at the end of May 1944. The ‘Gandhi’ and ‘Azad’ battalions took over the control of Tamu, and of Palel near Imphal, which was an important military and air base.