Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Vocabulary Affixes (Prefix & Suffix)
♦ Affixes (Prefix & Suffix) (Text Book Page No.: 101)
In the English language, new words can be formed by a process called affixation. Affixation means adding affixes to the root word to form a new word. Affixes can be classified into prefix and suffix. If an affix is attached to the beginning of a word, it is called a Prefix. If an affix is attached to the end of the word, it is called a Suffix.
Prefixes: illiterate, disqualify, supernatural, suburban, malnutrition.
Suffixes: childhood, ability, examination, establishment, slavish.
|bi||cycle, lingual, monthly|
|CO||workers, operators, authors|
|de||recognise, regulate, compose, valuation, train|
|ex||minister, principal, student, councillor|
|extra||ordinary, sensory, curricular|
|fore||front, runner, finger, word, tell, cast, arm, hand|
|im||balance, perfect, possible, material, measurable|
|in||door, active, side, valuable, efficient|
|inter||national, dependant, racial, religious, state|
|ir||recoverable, regular, rational, respective|
|mega||show, phone, star, event|
|mis||quote, understand, spell, manage, calculate|
|non||stop, toxic, existent, sense, violence|
|out||moded, smart, number, door, patient, house, let, post|
|over||coat, shadow, throw, come, bearing|
|post||graduate, pone, script, graduation|
|pre||university, natal, face, caution, fabricate|
|sub||sect, human, editor, title, way|
|super||man, human, editor, title, way|
|ultra||violet, modern, sound|
|un||happy, welcome, told, wept, sung, honoured|
|under||ground, pay, cut, sell, secretary, stand|
|vice||president, principal, chairman, admiral|
|Prefix||Root Word||New Word|
|arrange, manage, ship||ment|
|betray, dismiss, apprais||al|
|care, power, hair, rest, odour||less|
|child, man, woman, boy||hood|
|clock, penny, tax||wise|
|collabor, declare, explore||ation|
|count, profit, like, read, eat||able|
|expert, special, real, popular,||ise|
|kind, polite, forgive, sick ready, selfish, useful||ness|
|meddle, quarrel, awe, irk||some|
|mile, post, bag, home||age|
|music, critic, physique||cal|
|philosophy, sympathy, majesty, photograph||ic|
|politic, electric, mathematic, music||ian|
|responsible, public, simple||ity|
|scholar, friend, workman, craftsman||ship|
|sleep, fun, stick, choose, mess||y|
|conclude, inspire, admit||ion|
|sorrow, thought, cup, forget, colour||ful|
|Root Word||Suffix||New word|
Add a prefix to the word polite to complete the sentence.
The shopkeeper dismissed his assistant because he was __________ polite to his customers.
Add a suffix to the word associate to complete the sentence.
Sastha had close associate __________ with many learned persons.
(d ) or
Add a prefix to the word placed to complete the sentence.
Geetha _________ placed the book that she borrowed.
Attach a prefix to the word visible to complete the sentence.
The artistes are the ones who might be able to help us with our internal, __________ visible lives.
Add a suffix to the word kind to complete the sentence.
Even a small help is an act of kind __________
Add a prefix to the word legal to complete the sentence.
The act was proved __________ legal by the court.
Add a suffix to the word announce to complete the sentence.
The Headmaster made an announce __________
Add a suffix to the word danger to complete the sentence.
A snake is a very danger __________ reptile.
Add a prefix to the word obey to complete the sentence.
Children should not _________ obey their elders.
Attach a prefix to the word violet to complete the sentence.
Some times __________ violet rays are harmful.
Add a suffix to the word perform to complete the sentence.
The chief guest appreciated his perform __________.
Attach a prefix to the word legal to complete the sentence.
They fought __________ legal battle.
Add a suffix to the word beautiful to complete the sentence.
Guru plays the Piano beautiful __________.
Attach a suffix to the word exception to complete the sentence.
It is an exception __________ case.
Attach a prefix to the word national to complete the sentence.
Kumar started his career at a __________ national company.
Add a prefix to the word active to complete the sentence.
_________ children should be given more attention.
Add a suffix to the word dream to complete the sentence.
My friend is a day-dream __________.
Add a prefix to the word national to complete the sentence.
An __________ national conference is to be held next year.
Add a prefix to the word belief to complete the sentence.
She received the news with __________ belief.
Add a prefix to the word noble to complete the sentence.
Don’t be _________ noble.