## Tamilnadu State Board Class 10 English Grammar Finite, Non-finite Verbs

Finite, Non-Finite Verbs (Text Book Page No.: 176-177)

1. Finite verbs :

a. My brother goes to temple daily.

b. We have already finished the project.

The words printed in bold letters are finite verbs.

1. Finite verbs indicate the tense and time of actions.

2. Finite verbs undergo a change as and when the Subject (number or person) changes.

2. Non-Finite Verbs :

1. Non-finite verbs do not indicate the tense and time of actions.

2. Non-finite verbs do not change even when the Subject (number or person)changes.

There are three kinds of non-finite verbs.

1. An infinitive (to + verb)

2. A gerund (verb + ing)

3. A participle

Example:

a. My son likes to watch cricket matches. (Infinitive)

b. Playing chess is my hobby. (Gerund)

c. Driven out of the kingdom, the king hid himself in a forest. (Participle)

Exercises:

In the following sentences, state whether the underlined verb is finite or non-finite.

Question 1.

My little brother wants to be an actor.

Answer:

wants – finite; to be – non-finite

Question 2.

She worked hard to pass the test.

Answer:

worked – finite; to pass – non-finite

Question 3.

I couldn’t solve the problem.

Answer:

couldn’t solve – finite

Question 4.

To err is human.

Answer:

to err – non-finite; is – finite

Question 5.

Your duty is to cross the river without getting noticed.

Answer:

is – finite; to cross – non-finite; getting – non-finite

Question 6.

The doctor is attending to the injured people.

Answer:

is attending – finite

Question 7.

She opened the door.

Answer:

opened – finite

Question 8.

The students were asked to submit their assignments by Friday.

Answer:

were asked – finite; to submit – non-finite

Question 9.

The teacher encouraged the students to work hard.

Answer:

encouraged – finite; to work – non-finite

Question 10.

The dog wagged its tail to show its happiness.

Answer:

wagged – finite; to show – non-finite