Thermometric Property | Definition, Formulas, Properties – Thermometry and Calorimetry

Thermometric Property Definition:
The property of an object which changes with temperature is called a thermometric property. The devices used to measure temperature are called thermometers.

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Thermometric Property | Definition, Formulas, Properties – Thermometry and Calorimetry

Different thermometric properties and thermometers have been given below

  • Thermometric property of constant volume gas thermometer.
  • Electrical resistance Metals.
  • Mercury column in Capillary Tube.

(i) Pressure of a Gas at Constant Volume:

\(\frac{p_{1}}{T_{1}}=\frac{p_{2}}{T_{2}}\) and pt = p0 \(\left(1+\frac{t}{273}\right)\)
t = \(\left(\frac{p_{t}-p_{0}}{p_{100}-p_{0}} \times 100\right)^{\circ} \mathrm{C}\)

where, p0, p100 and pt are pressure of a gas at constant volume at 0°C, 100°C and t°C.
A constant-volume gas thermometer can measure temperature from – 200°C to 500°C.

(ii) Electrical Resistance of Metals:

Rt = R0 (1 + αt + βt²)

where, α and β are constants for a metal.
As β is too small therefore, we can take

Rt = R0 (1 + αt)

α = temperature coefficient of resistance and
R0 and Rt are electrical resistances at 0°C and t°C.

α = \(\frac{R_{2}-R_{1}}{R_{1} t_{2}-R_{2} t_{1}}\)

where, R1 and R2 are electrical resistances at temperatures t1 and t2.
t = \(\frac{R_{t}-R_{0}}{R_{100}-R_{0}}\) x 100°C

where, R100 is the resistance at 100°C.
Thermometric property of Platinum resistance thermometer can measure temperature from – 200°C to 1200°C.

(iii) Length of Mercury Column in a Capillary Tube:

lt = l0 (1 + αt)

α = coefficient of linear expansion and
l0, lt are lengths of mercury column at 0°C and t°C.

Thermometry and Calorimetry:
The thermometer is a device used to check the temperature of an object. This branch of measurement of the temperature of a substance is called thermometry. It is measured in degrees or Fahrenheit, usually.

Calorimetry also means the measurement of heat but in joules. It states the amount of heat lost by the body is the amount of heat gained by its surrounding.

Heat Energy Temperature and its Measurement
Thermometric Property Thermometers
Thermal Expansion Thermal Equilibrium
Triple Point of Water Specific Heat Capacity
Thermal Capacity Water Equivalent
Latent Heat Joule’s Law