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## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. At absolute zero, Si acts as a
(a) metal
(b) semiconductor
(c) insulator
(d) none of these

2. In good conducrors of electricity the type of bonding that exist is
(a) Van der Walls
(b) covalent
(c) ionic
(d) metallic

3. The manifestation of band structure in solids is due to
(a) Heisenberg uncertainty priniciple
(b) Pauli’s exclusion principle
(c) Bohr’s correspondence principle
(d) Boltzmann law

4. The probability of electrons to be found in the conduction band of an intrinsic semiconductor of finite temperature
(a) increases exponentially with increasing band gaP
(b) decreases exponentially with increasing band gap
(c) decreases with increasing temperature.
(d) is independent of the temperature and band gap

5. In an n-type silicon, which of the following statements is true.
(a) Electrons are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants’
(b) Electrons are minority carriers and pentava- lent atoms are the dopants.
(c) Holes are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants.
(d) Holes are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants.

6. If a small amount of antimony is added to germanium crystal
(a) its resistance is increased
(b) it becomes a p-type semiconductor
(c) there will be more free electrons than holes in the semiconductor,
(d) none of these.

7. The dominant mechanism for motion of charge carriers in forward and reverse biased silicon p-n junction are
(a) drift in forward bias, diffusion in reverse bias
(b) diffusion in forward bias, drift in reverse bias
(c) diffusion in both forward and reverse bias
(d) drift in both forward and reverse bias

8. In an unbiased p-n junction, holes diffuse from the p-region to n-region because
(a) free electrons in the n-region attract them
(b) they move across the junction by the potential difference
(c) hole concentration in p-region is more as compared to u-region.
(d) all of these

9. Region without free electrons and holes in a p-n junction is
(a) n-region
(b) p-region
(c) depletion region
(d) none of these

10. Which of the following statements is incorrect for the depletion region of a diode?
(a) There the mobile charges exist.
(b) Equal number of holes and electrons exist, making the region neutral.
(c) Recombination of holes and electrons has taken place.
(d) None of these

11. Potential barrier developed in a junction diode opposes the flow of
(a) minority carrier in both regions only
(b) majority carriers only
(c) electrons in p region
(d) holes in p region

12. The breakdown in a reverse biased p-n junction diode is more likely to occur due to
(a) large velocity of the minority charge carriers if the doping concentration is small
(b) large velocity of the minority charge carriers if the doping concentration is large
(c) strong electric field in a depletion region if the doping concentration is small
(d) none of these

13. What happens during regulation action of a Zener diode?
(a) The current through the series resistance (Rs) changes.
(b) The resistance offered by the Zener changes.
(c) The Zener resistance is constant.
(d) Both (a) and (b)

14. A zener diode is specified as having a breakdown voltage of 9.1 V, with a maximum power dissipation of 364 mW. What is the maximum current the diode can handle?
(a) 40 mA
(b) 60 mA
(c) 50 mA
(d) 45 mA

15. In a half wave rectifier circuit operating from 50 Hz mains frequency, the fundamental frequency in the ripple would be
(a) 25 Hz
(b) 50 Hz
(c) 70.7 Hz
(d) 100 Hz

16. In the circuit shown if current for the diode is 20 μA, the potential difference across the diode is (a) 2 V
(b) 4.5 V
(c) 4 V
(d) 2.5 V

17. Carbon, silicon and germanium have four valence electrons each. These are characterised by valence and conduction bands separated by energy band gap respectively equal to (E^)c, (Eg)Si and (Eg)Ge. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) (Eg)Si < (Eg)Ge < (Eg)C
(b) (Eg)C< (Eg)Ge < (Eg)Si
(c) (Eg)C < (Eg)Si < (Eg)Ge
(d) (Eg)C = (Eg)Si < (Eg)Ge

18. If the energy of a photon of sodium light (A = 589 nm) equals the band gap of semiconductor, the minimum energy required to create hole electron pair
(a) 1.1 eV
(b) 2.1 eV
(c) 3.2 eV
(d) 1.5 eV

19. If in a n-type semiconductor when all donor states are filled, then the net charge density in the donor states becomes
(a) 1
(b) > 1
(c) < 1, but not zero
(d) zero

20. The circuit has two oppositely connected ideal diodes in parallel. What is the current flowing in the circuit? (a) 2.0 A
(b) 1.33 A
(c) 1.73 A
(d) 2.31 A

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 13 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 13 Nuclei

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 13 Nuclei. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Nuclei MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Nuclei Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. The set which represent the isotope, isobar, and isotone respectively is 2. The mass number of iron nucleus is 56 the nuclear density is
(a) 2.29 × 1016 kg m-3
(b) 2.29 × 1017 kg m-3
(c) 2.29 × 1018 kg m-3
(d) 2.29 × 1015 kg m-3

3. Order of magnitude of density of uranium nucleus is
(a) 1020 kg m-3
(b) 1017 kg m-3
(c) 1014 kg m-3
(d) 1011 kg m-3

4. The radius of a spherical nucleus as measured by electron scattering is 3.6 fm. What is the mass number of the nucleus most likely to be?
(a) 27
(b) 40
(c) 56
(d) 120

5. The half life of a radioactive susbtance is 30 days. What is the time taken to disintegrate to 3/4th of its original mass?
(a) 30 days
(b) 15 days
(c) 60 days
(d) 90 days

6. The number of beta particles emitted by a radioactive substance is twice the number of alpha particles emitted by it. The resulting daughter is an
(a) isomer of parent
(b) isotone of parent
(c) isotope of parent
(d) isobar of parent

7. During negative β-decay, an antineutrino is also emitted along with the emitted electron. Then,
(a) only linear momentum will be conserved
(b) total linear momentum and total angular momentum but not total energy will be conserved
(c) total linear momentum, and total energy but not total angular momentum will conserved
(d) total linear momentum, total angular momentum and total energy will be conserved

8. Consider α and β particles and γ-rays each having an energy of 0.5 MeV. In the increasing order of penetrating power, the radiation are respectively
(a) α, β, γ
(b) α, γ, β
(c) β, γ, α
(d) γ β, α

9. An electron emitted in beta radiation originates from
(a) inner orbits of atom
(b) free electrons existing in the nuclei
(c) decay of a neutron in a nuclei
(d) photon escaping from the nucleus

10. Complete the series 6He → e + 6Li +
(a) neutrino
(b) antineutrino
(c) proton
(d) neutron

11. An element A decays into an element C by a two step process A → B+ 2He4 and B → C + 2e. Then,
(a) A and C are isotopes
(b) A and C are isobars
(c) B and C are isotopes
(d) A and B are isobars

12. The equation 41 1H+ → 24He2+ + 2e + 26 MeV
represents
(a) β-decay
(b) γ-decay
(c) fusion
(d) fission

13. Light energy emitted by star is due to
(a) breaking of nuclei
(b) joining of nuclei
(c) burning of nuclei
(d) reflection of solar light

14. In nuclear reaction, there is conservation of
(a) mass only
(b) energy only
(c) momentum only
(d) mass, energy and momentum

15. In nuclear reactors, the control rods are made of
(b) graphite
(c) krypton
(d) plutonium

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 13 Nuclei will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Nuclei MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 12 Atoms

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 12 Atoms. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Atoms MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Atoms Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. The first model of atom in 1898 was proposed by
(a) Ernst Rutherford
(b) Albert Einstein
(c) J.J. Thomson
(d) Niels Bohr

2. In Geiger-Marsden scattering experiment, the trajectory traced by an a-particle depends on
(a) number of collision
(b) number of scattered a-particles
(c) impact parameter
(d) none of these

3. In the Geiger-Marsden scattering experiment the number of scattered particles detected are maximum and minimum at the scattering angles respectively at
(a) 0° and 180°
(b) 180° and 0°
(c) 90° and 180°
(d) 45° and 90°

4. In the Geiger-Marsden scattering experiment, is case of head-on collision the impact parameter should be
(a) maximum
(b) minimum
(c) infinite
(d) zero

5. Rutherford’s experiments suggested that the size of the nucleus is about
(a) 10-14 m to 10-12 m
(b) 10-15 m to 10-13 m
(c) 10-15 m to 10-14 m
(d) 10-15 m to 10-12 m

6. Which of the following spectral series falls within the visible range of electromagnetic radiation?
(a) Lyman series
(b) Balmer series
(c) Paschen seriee
(d) Pfund series

7. The first spectral series was discovered by
(a) Balmer
(b) Lyman
(c) Paschen
(d) Pfund

8. Which of the following postulates of the Bohr model led to the quantization of energy of the hydrogen atom?
(a) The electron goes around the nucleus in circular orbits.
(b) The angular momentum of the electron can only be an integral multiple of h/2π.
(c) The magnitude of the linear momentum of the electron is quantized.
(d) Quantization of energy is itself a postulate of the Bohr model.

9. The Bohr model of atoms
(a) assumes that the angular momentum of elec-trons is quantized.
(b) uses Einstein’s photoelectric equation.
(c) predicts continuous emission spectra for at-oms.
(d) predicts the same emission spectra for all types of atoms.

10. If tt is the orbit number of the electron in a hydrogen atom, the correct statement among the following is
(a) electron energy increases as n increases.
(b) hydrogen emits infrared rays for the electron transition from n = to n = 1
(c) electron energy is zero for n = 1 (<0 electron energy varies as n2.

11. If the radius of inner most electronic orbit of a hydrogen atom is 5.3 * 10~n m, then the radii of n = 2 orbits is
(a) 1.12 Å
(b) 2.12 Å
(c) 3.22 Å
(d) 4.54 Å

12. The diagram shows the energy levels for an electron in a certain atom. Which transition shown represents the emission of a photon with the most energy? (a) I
(b) II
(c) III
(d) IV

13. In a hydrogen atom, the radius of nth Bohr orbit is rn. The graph between log(rn/r1) and log n will be We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 12 Atoms will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Atoms MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. Who established that electric charge is quantised?
(a) J.J. Thomson
(b) William Crookes
(c) R.A. Millikan
(d) Wilhelm Rontgen

2. Cathode rays were discovered by
(a) Maxwell Clerk James
(b) Heinrich Hertz
(c) William Crookes
(d) J.J. Thomson

3. The minimum energy required for the electron emission from the metal surface can be supplied to the free electrons by which of the following physical processes?
(a) Thermionic emission
(b) Field emission
(c) Photoelectric emission
(d) All of these

4. The phenomenon of photoelectric emission was discovered in 1887 by
(a) Albert Einstein
(b) Heinrich Hertz
(c) Wilhelm Hallwachs
(d) Philipp Lenard

5. A metal surface ejects electrons when hit by green light but nothing when hit by yellow light. The electrons will be ejected when the surface is hit by
(a) blue light
(b) heat rays
(c) infrared light
(d) red light

6. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the photoelectric experiment?
(a) The photocurrent increases with intensity of light.
(b) Stopping potential increases with increase in intensity of incident light.
(c) The photocurrent increases with increase in frequency.
(d) All of these

7. In photoelectric effect, the photocurrent
(a) depends both on intensity and frequency of the incident light.
(b) does not depend on the frequency of incident light but depends on the intensity of the inci-dent light.
(c) decreases with increase in frequency of inci-dent light.
(d) increases with increase in frequency of inci-dent light.

8. The maximum value of photoelectric current is called
(a) base current
(b) saturation current
(c) collector current
(d) emitter current

9. In photoelectric effect, the photoelectric current is independent of
(a) intensity of incident light
(b) potential difference applied between the two electrodes
(c) the nature of emitter material
(d) frequency of incident light

10. In photoelectric effect, stopping potential depends on
(a) frequency of incident light
(b) nature of the emitter material
(c) intensity of incident light
(d) both (a) and (b)

11. According to Einstein’s photoelectric equation, the graph of kinetic energy of the photoelectron emitted from the metal versus the frequency of the incident radiation gives a straight line graph, whose slope
(a) depends on the intensity of the incident radi-ation.
(b) depends on the nature of the metal and also on the intensity of incident radiation.
(c) is same for all metals and independent of the intensity of the incident radiation.
(d) depends on the nature of the metal.

12. The figure shows stopping V0A potential V0 and frequency o for two different metallic surfaces A and B. The work function of A, as compared to that of B is (a) less
(b) more
(c) equal
(d) nothing can be said

13. Which phenomenon best supports the theory that matter has a wave nature?
(a) Electron momentum
(b) Electron diffraction
(c) Photon momentum
(d) Photon diffraction

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 10 Wave Optics

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 10 Wave Optics. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Wave Optics MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Wave Optics Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. The idea of secondary wavelets for the. propagation of a wave was first given by
(a) Newton
(b) Huygens
(c) Maxwell
(d) Fresnel

2. Light propagates rectilinearly, due to
(a) wave nature
(b) wavelengths
(c) velocity
(d) frequency

3. Which of the following is correct for light diverging from a point source?
(a) The intensity decreases in proportion with the distance squared.
(b) The wavefront is parabolic.
(c) The intensity at the wavelength does not depend on the distance.
(d) None of these.

4. The refractive index of glass is 1.5 for light waves of X = 6000 A in vacuum. Its wavelength in glass is
(a) 2000 Å
(b) 4000 Å
(c) 1000 Å
(d) 3000 Å

5. The phenomena which is not explained by Huygen’s construction of wavefront
(a) reflection
(b) diffraction
(c) refraction
(d) origin of spectra

6. A laser beam is used for locating distant objects because
(a) it is monochromatic
(b) it is not chromatic
(c) it is not observed
(d) it has small angular spread.

7. Two slits in Young’s double slit experiment have widths in the ratio 81 :1. The ratio of the amplitudes of light waves is
(a) 3 :1
(b) 3 : 2
(c) 9 :1
(d) 6:1

8. When interference of light takes place
(a) energy is created in the region of maximum intensity
(b) energy is destroyed in the region of maximum intensity
(c) conservation of energy holds good and energy is redistributed
(d) conservation of energy does not hold good

9. In a double slit interference pattern, the first maxima for infrared light would be
(a) at the same place as the first maxima for green light
(b) closer to the centre than the first maxima for green light
(c) farther from the centre than the first maxima for green light
(d) infrared light does not produce an interference pattern

10. To observe diffraction, the size of the obstacle
(a) should beX/2, where X is the wavelength.
(b) should be of the order of wavelength.
(c) has no relation to wavelength.
(d) should be much larger than the wavelength.

11. The angular resolution of a 10 cm diameter telescope at a wavelength of 5000 A is of the order of

12. The velocity of light in air is 3 * 108 ms-1 and that in water is 2.2 * 108 ms” . The polarising angle of incidence is
(a) 45°
(b) 50°
(c) 53.74°
(d) 63

13. An optically active compound
(a) rotates the plane of polarised light
(b) changes the direction of polarised light
(c) does not allow plane polarised light to pass through
(d) none of these

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 10 Wave Optics will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Wave Optics MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Ray Optics and Optical Instruments MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Ray Optics and Optical Instruments Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. A rod of length 10 cm lies along the principal axis of a concave mirror of focal length 10 ’em in such a way that its end closer to the pole is 20 cm away from the mirror. The length of the image is
(a) 10 cm
(b) 15 cm
(c) 2.5 cm
(d) 5 cm

2. For a total internal reflection, which of the following is correct?
(a) Light travels from rarer to denser medium.
(b) Light travels from denser to rarer medium.
(c) Light travels in air only.
(d) Light travels in water only.

3. Critical angle of glass is θ2 and that of water is θ2. The critical angle for water and glass surface would be (μg = 3/2, μw = 4/3).
(a) less than θ2
(b) between θ1 and θ2
(c) greater than θ2
(d) less than θ1

4. Mirage is a phenomenon due to
(a) refraction of light
(b) reflection of light
(c) total internal reflection of light
(d) diffraction of light.

5. A convex lens is dipped in a liquid whose refractive index is equal to the refractive index of the lens. Then its focal length will
(a) become zero
(b) become infinite
(c) become small, but non-zero
(d) remain unchanged

6. Which of the following forms a virtual and erect image for all positions of the object?
(a) Concave lens
(b) Concave mirror
(d) Convex mirror
(d) Both (a) and (c)

7. Two lenses of focal lengths 20 cm and – 40 cm are held in contact. The image of an object at infinity will be formed by the combination at
(a) 10 cm
(b) 20 cm
(c) 40 cm
(d) infinity

8. Two beams of red and violet color are made to pass separately through a prism (angle of the prism is 60°). In the position of minimum deviation, the angle of refraction will be
(a) 30° for both the colors
(b) greater for the violet color
(c) greater for the red color
(d) equal but not 30° for both the colors

9. Which of the following colours of white light deviated most when passes through a prism?
(a) Red light
(b) Violet light
(c) Yellow light
(d) Both (a) and (b)

10. An under-water swimmer cannot see very clearly even in absolutely clear water because of
(a) absorption of light in water
(b) scattering of light in water
(c) reduction of speed of light in water
(d) change in the focal length of eye lens

11. An astronomical refractive telescope has an objective of focal length 20 m and an eyepiece of focal length 2 cm. Then
(a) the magnification is 1000
(b) the length of the telescope tube is 20.02 m
(c) the image formed of inverted
(d) all of these

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Ray Optics and Optical Instruments MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Electromagnetic Waves MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Electromagnetic Waves Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. Maxwell in his famous equations of electromagnetism introduced the concept of
(a) ac current
(b) displacement current
(c) impedance
(d) reactance

2. The conduction current is same as displacement current when source is
(a) ac only
(b) dc only
(c) either ac or dc
(d) neither dc nor ac

3. If a variable frequency ac source is connected to a capacitor then with decrease in frequency the displacement current will
(a) increase
(b) decrease
(c) remains constant
(d) first decrease then increase

4. An electromagnetic wave can be produced, when charge is
(a) moving with a constant velocity
(b) moving in a circular orbit
(c) falling in an electric field
(d) both (b) and (c)

5. Which of the following statement is false for the properties of electromagnetic waves?
(a) Both electric and magnetic field vectors attain the maxima and minima at the same place and same time.
(b) The energy in electromagnetic waves is divided equally between electric and magnetic field vectors.
(c) Both electric and magnetic field vectors are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of wave.
(d) These waves do not require any material medium for propagation.

6. Which of the following has/have zero average value in a plane electromagnetic wave?
(a) Both magnetic and electric fields
(b) Electric field only
(c) Magnetic field only
(d) None of these

7. A charged particle oscillates about its mean equilibrium position with a frequency of 109 Hz. The frequency of electromagnetic waves produced by the oscillator is
(a) 106 Hz
(b) 107 Hz
(c) 108 Hz
(d) 109 Hz

8. If E and B denote electric and magnetic fields respectively, which of the following is dimensionless? 9. The ultra high frequency band of radio waves in electromagnetic wave is used as in
(a) television waves
(b) cellular phone communication
(d) both (a) and (c)

10. The waves used by artificial satellites for communication is
(a) microwaves
(b) infrared waves
(d) X-rays

11. Which of the following electromagnetic waves is used in medicine to destroy cancer cells?
(a) IR-rays
(b) Visible rays
(c) Gamma rays
(d) Ultraviolet rays

We hope the given Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics Electromagnetic Waves MCQs Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 7 Alternating Current

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 7 Alternating Current. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Alternating Current MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Alternating Current Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. Alternating voltage (V) is represented by the equation
(a) V(t) = Vm eωt
(b) V(t) = Vm sin ωt
(c) V(t) = Vm cot ωt
(d) V(t) = Vm tan ωt

2. The rms value of potential difference V shown in the figure is 3. The phase relationship between current and voltage in a pure resistive circuit is best represented by  4. In the case of an inductor
(a) voltage lags the current by $$\frac{π}{2}$$
(b) voltage leads the current by $$\frac{π}{2}$$
(c) voltage leads the current by $$\frac{π}{3}$$
(d) voltage leads the current by $$\frac{π}{4}$$

5. Which of the following graphs represents the correct variation of inductive reactance XL with frequency u? 6. In a pure capacitive circuit if the frequency of ac source is doubled, then its capacitive reactance will be
(a) remains same
(b) doubled
(c) halved
(d) zero

7. Which of the following graphs represents the correct variation of capacitive reactance Xc with frequency v u? 8. In an alternating current circuit consisting of elements in series, the current increases on increasing the frequency of supply. Which of the following elements are likely to constitute the circuit?
(a) Only resistor
(b) Resistor and inductor
(c) Resistor and capacitor
(d) Only inductor

9. In which of the following circuits the maximum power dissipation is observed?
(a) Pure capacitive circuit
(b) Pure inductive circuit
(c) Pure resistive circuit
(d) None of these

10. In series LCR circuit, the phase angle between supply voltage and current is 11. In a series LCR circuit the voltage across an inductor, capacitor and resistor are 20 V, 20 V and 40 V respectively. The phase difference between the applied voltage and the current in the circuit is
(a) 30°
(b) 45°
(c) 60°
(d) 0°

12. At resonance frequency the impedance in series LCR circuit is
(a) maximum
(b) minimum
(c) zero
(d) infinity

13. At resonant frequency the current amplitude in series LCR circuit is
(a) maximum
(b) minimum
(c) zero
(d) infinity

14. Quality factor and power factor both have the dimensions of
(a) time
(b) frequency
(c) work
(d) angle

15. The natural frequency (ca0) of oscillations in LC circuit is given by 16. A transformer works on the principle of
(a) self induction
(b) electrical inertia
(c) mutual induction
(d) magnetic effect of the electrical current

17. For an ideal-step-down transformer, the quantity which is constant for both the coils is
(a) current in the coils
(b) voltage across the coils
(c) resistance of coils
(d) power in the coils

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## Physics MCQs for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction

Free PDF Download of CBSE Physics Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction. Physics MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 12 Physics Electromagnetic Induction MCQs Pdf with Answers to know their preparation level.

## Electromagnetic Induction Class 12 Physics MCQs Pdf

1. The north pole of a long bar magnet was pushed slowly into a short solenoid connected to a short galvanometer. The magnet was held stationary for a few seconds with the north pole in the middle of the solenoid and then withdrawn rapidly. The maximum deflection of the galvanometer was observed when the magnet was
(a) moving towards the solenoid
(b) moving into the solenoid
(c) at rest inside the solenoid
(d) moving out of the solenoid

2. The magnetic flux linked with a coil of N turns of area of cross section A held with its plane parallel to the field B is 3. Faraday’s laws are consequence of the conservation of
(a) charge
(b) energy
(c) magnetic field
(d) both (b) and (c)

4. Two identical coaxial coils P and Q carrying equal amount of current in the same direction are brought nearer. The current in
(a) P increases while in Q decreases
(b) Q increases while in P decreases
(c) both P and Q increases
(d) both P and Q decreases

5. Direction of current induced in a wire moving in a magnetic field is found using
(a) Fleming’s left hand rule
(b) Fleming’s right hand rule
(c) Ampere’s rule
(d) Right hand clasp rule

6. Lenz’s law is a consequence of the law of conservation of
(a) charge
(b) energy
(c) induced emf
(d) induced current

7. A solenoid is connected to a battery so that a steady current flows through it. If an iron core is inserted into the solenoid, the current will
(a) increase
(b) decrease
(c) remain same
(d) first increase then decrease

8. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) Whenever the amount of magnetic flux linked with a circuit changes, an emf is induced in circuit.
(b) The induced emf lasts so long as the change in magnetic flux continues.
(c) The direction of induced emf is given by Lenz’s law.
(d) Lenz’s law is a consequence of the law of conservation of momentum.

9. There is a uniform magnetic field directed perpendicular and into the plane of the paper. An irregular shaped conducting loop is slowly changing into a circular loop in the plane of the paper. Then
(a) current is induced in the loop in the anti-clockwise direction.
(b) current is induced in the loop in the clockwise direction.
(c) ac is induced in the loop.
(d) no current is induced in the loop.

10. In the given figure current from A to B in the straight wire is decreasing. The direction of induced current in the loop is A (a) clockwise
(b) anticlockwise
(c) changing
(d) nothing can be said

11. The north pole of a bar magnet is rapidly introduced into a solenoid at one end (say A). Which of the following statements correctly depicts the phenomenon taking place?
(a) No induced emf is developed.
(b) The end A of the solenoid behaves like a south pole.
(c) The end A of the solenoid behaves like north pole.
(d) The end A of the solenoid acquires positive potential.

12. A metal plate can be heated by
(a) passing either a direct or alternating current through the plate.
(b) placing in a time varying magnetic field.
(c) placing in a space varying magnetic field, but does not vary with time.
(d) both (a) and (b) are correct.

13. Identify the wrong statement.
(a) Eddy currents are produced in a steady magnetic field.
(b) Eddy currents can be minimized by using laminated core.
(c) Induction furnace uses eddy current to produce heat.
(d) Eddy current can be used to produce braking force in moving trains.

14. Which of the following does not use the application of eddy current?
(a) Electric power meters
(b) Induction furnace
(c) LED lights
(d) Magnetic brakes in trains

15. If number of turns in primary and secondary coils is increased to two times each, the mutual inductance
(a) becomes 4 times
(b) becomes 2 times
(c) becomes A times
(d) remains unchanged 4

16. When the rate of change oic current is unity, the induced emf is equal to
(a) thickness of coil
(b) number of turns in coil
(c) coefficient of self inductance
(d) total flux linked with coil

17. Two inductors of inductance .L each are connected in series with opposite? magnetic fluxes. The resultant inductance is
(Ignore mutual inductance)
(a) zero
(b) L
(c) 2L
(d) 3L