The compilation of these Rulers and Buildings Notes makes students exam preparation simpler and organised.
Rulers and Buildings of India
Have you ever visited the Taj Mahal? Stunning isn’t it? But did you know that the Taj Mahal is actually a mosque? In fact, a lot of the important national monuments that were built by rulers of ancient times are actually forts, palaces, etc. Let us take a look at the architecture of some important monuments built by rulers.
Various grand buildings and structures were built by the rulers. These are known as monuments. There were two types of structures that were built by rulers and their craftsmen that earned the status of monuments:
- Residences of Rulers like Forts, Palaces, Gardens were protected and secure.
- Public Structures like Temple, Mosques, Bazaar, Well, etc.,
Engineering Skills and Construction
During that era, there were immense skilled craftsmen which were required to build phenomenal architecture. They used such technologies which were out of their imagination and were successful to carve beautiful architecture on monuments.
Between the seventh and tenth centuries, craftsmen started building complex architectures which included more rooms, roofs, doors, and windows. However, between the eighth and the thirteenth centuries, various temples, mosques, tombs, and buildings attached to largely stepped wells, also known as baolis, were constructed out of the trabeate style which became quite famous around that time.
Building Temples, Mosques, and Tanks
Temples and Mosques were the places to worship. Temple was also used as a means to demonstrate power and wealth. Rulers used to build the huge temple which depicts the picture of the world they ruled. These temples also included deities of the subordinate.
Islam does not have the belief in incarnations of god but they built beautiful architecture known as mosques to offer their prayers to God. Rulers in the era of politics used religious architecture to gain fame. They build reservoirs and cultural centers. They got involved in building well which was there for common people and ultimately was known for their great deeds.
Why were Temples Destroyed?
As temples were a depiction of Ruler’s power and wealth so when other kingdoms used to attack another kingdom they use to destroy the Temple as they ultimately destroyed the Ruler’s power. For example, Pandyan king Shrimara Shrivallabha invaded Sri Lanka and defeated the Jewel Palace. He then proceeded to destroy monasteries and seize all the golden images from the palace.
Gardens, Tombs, and Forts
During the Mughal period, architecture took a drastic turn giving the world beautiful monuments and buildings which were built by famous emperors like Akbar, Shahjahan, Humayun, Babar, etc., and especially Shahjahan who built the Taj Mahal. He provided India with one of the 7 wonders of the world.
Babur was keen on building Gardens – one of which is Chahar Bagh, they were called so as they were symmetrically divided into four quarters. Similarly Jahangir, Akbar also built these gardens whereas Shahjahan built Tajmahal. They also built an audience hall to communicate the king’s justice. They started building their architecture on the riverfront to add to their beauty.
Region and Empire
During the eighth and eighteenth centuries, there was sharing of ideas of architecture among the religions and different empires. As Mughals adopted the Bengal Dome in their architecture. Akbar’s capital Fatehpur Sikhri show various architectural inspiration from Gujrat and Malwa.
What are the kinds of structures built by kings and their officers between the 8th and the 18th century?
There were different structures that were built by the kings as well as their officers in between the 8th and the 18th century. These mainly included-
- Various forts, palaces, garden residences, and tombs were specifically built as a symbol of safe, protected, and grandiose places of rest.
- Various temples, mosques, tanks, wells, bazaars, and caravanserais structures were built for public activity.