India’s Involvement in World Business: Foreign Trade in Goods & Services

The compilation of these International Business Notes makes students exam preparation simpler and organised.

India’s Involvement in World Business

India is the largest democracy in the world. It is also the most populated nation, second to only China. Having said that, India’s contribution to the world in education, discovery, and knowledge is enormous. But what about foreign trade? Let’s understand India’s contribution to the world in terms of World Business.

India’s Foreign Trade in Goods

India is currently the tenth biggest economy on the planet and the quickest developing economy next just to China. Be that as it may, India’s contribution to the global business isn’t that noteworthy. India’s share in world exchange 2003 was only 0.8% when contrasted with other developing nations like China (5.9%). Hong Kong (3.0%), Thailand (1.1%), Singapore (1.9%). India likewise falls behind in the sector of foreign investment in world business as well.

Indian export and imports showcase there is a major economic achievement need for the nation. India represents only 0.8% of world exports. Owing to the faster growth attained at the external front, the share of foreign trade in the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has significantly expanded from 14.6% in 1990-1991 to 24.1% in 2003-2004.

India’s Foreign Trade in Goods

In outright condition, India’s export and contribution to world business have expanded from 606 crores in 1950-51 to 293367 crores in 2003-2004. Its imports have expanded from 608 crores in 1950-51 to 359108 crores in 2003-2004. Composition-wise, textiles and garments, gems and jewelry, account for major economic activities for the country.

In many items like tea, pearls, precious and semi-precious stones, medicinal and pharmaceutical products, rice, spices, iron-ore and concentrates, leather and leather manufactures, textile yarns, fabrics garments, and tobacco India’s share is much higher and ranges between 3% to 13%.

India is the biggest exporter of basmati rice, tea, and ayurvedic items. Although India needs to import items like crude oil and oil-based goods, capital goods (e.g. hardware) electronic merchandise, pearl, valuable and semi-valuable stones, gold and silver and chemicals constitute the majority of items of India’s imports.

India’s Trade in Services

There is enormous development in India’s foreign trade. The export of services has ascended from 68 crores in 1960-61 to 35758 crores amid 2004-2005.

Import has likewise raised from 43 crores in 1960-61 to 28,486 crores in 2004-2005 (comprising of travel, transportation, and insurance). The astounding factor is the change in the synthesis of service exports. Software and different administrations (commercial activities, STEM, and business services) have risen as the fundamental classes of India’s export of services in world business.

India’s Trading Partners
India has eleven trade partners, which are, USA, UK, Belgium Germany, Japan, Switzerland, Hong Kong, UAE, China, Singapore, and Malaysia. the USA holds the first position with 11.6% of an offer in India’s total trade.

India’s Foreign Investment
It is apparent that there has been an excellent increment in foreign investment flow into and from India. While the internal foreign investment has developed in excess of 750 times from just Rs. 201 crores in 1990-91 to Rs.1,51,406 crores in 2003-04, India’s Investments in foreign nations have expanded considerably more exponentially – around 4,927 times – from Rs. 19 crores in 1990-91 to Rs. 8,3,616 crores in 2003-04.


India is the biggest exporter of which goods and services are most demanded from India in the global market?
India is the biggest exporter of basmati rice, tea, and ayurvedic items. Software and different administrations (commercial activities, STEM, and business services) are the services most in-demand from India in the global market.