The compilation of these Entrepreneurship Development Notes makes students exam preparation simpler and organised.
Functions of Entrepreneurs in Economic Development
As we all know, entrepreneurs are their own bosses and work towards achieving profits by satisfying the need of the economy. An entrepreneur does a little more than that. You must have often wondered why the government keeps coming up with new policies and ideas to promote entrepreneurship in India (like the mudra yojana). What could the entrepreneur provide to the country that makes him qualified for this special treatment?
Well, you might be surprised to know that there are quite a few functions of the entrepreneurs in our economy that we will discuss in this article. A little clarification can be found by understanding what the economy actually means.
Functions of Entrepreneurs in the Economy
In layman’s terms, an economy can be defined as a general area of production, distribution, trade, and consumption. It follows a simple rule of demand and supply. Whatever the consumers need and demand is produced and supplied by the producers in the economy.
As soon as a need is recognized in society, an entrepreneur comes into action to efficiently and profitably satisfy these needs. Let us see some important functions an entrepreneur fulfills in the economy.
1. Contribution to the GDP
GDP refers to the monetary value of all final goods and services produced in an economy during a specified period of time- usually a year. These goods and services are provided by the entrepreneurs of that particular economy
In a fast-growing economy like India, entrepreneurs play a vital role in producing the optimum amount of products and services in response to the demand by the people. If there were no entrepreneurs, the country would be solely dependent on imports and multinational companies and the GDP would be adversely affected or collapse. Therefore, the economy is hugely dependent on entrepreneurs for its GDP generation.
2. Foreign Exchange Earnings
Industries like the handloom and many other industries produce goods not only to meet the domestic requirements but also to export these goods and earn valuable foreign exchange for the country. This adds to the economic growth of the country.
3. Generates Employment
Starting new ventures inevitably means the requirement of various resources including the very valuable human resource to get the work done. People are required to perform various functions in an organization. So one of the major functions of entrepreneurs is helping the economy by generating employment.
4. Tax Generation
More employment for the people also results in more taxable income for the government. This helps the government increase the tax revenues that they use for the development of the country and improve the standard of living of the people.
5. Eradicating Poverty
India is a labor-intensive economy because of the vast population in the country. And since entrepreneurs help in generating employment, they directly help the government in eradicating unemployment and poverty in the economy. More income means that people are able to afford more and better things.
6. Entrepreneurs Introduce New Technology
For a long time, entrepreneurs have been introducing new technologies in the economy. For example, Steve Jobs introduced the MAC software. Such technological advancements help to develop the economy as a whole. This is one of the reasons that the government supports and promotes the entrepreneurs
7. Entrepreneurs help other Industries in the Economy
A lot of industries use the products of other industries as a raw material for their finished products, thus generating even more goods and services as well as more revenue.
For example, while flour is a finished product for a person who owns a flour mill, it is a raw material for the factory producing biscuits. In this way, it goes on and on. One idea or product leads to the development of another or complimentary product or service.
8. Specific Tax Revenue
Entrepreneurs pay various direct and corporate taxes to the state governments without which they cannot function in the states. Therefore, the entrepreneurs help in additional tax revenue generated in the country.
9. Bringing in FDI
A lot of start-ups are funded by various companies in foreign countries. This helps the economy bring in more and more foreign investments. In fact, RBI helps these start-ups by relaxing policies on FDI.
In light of the above points, it is clear that an entrepreneur is a huge asset for a country and the functioning of an economy greatly depends on the existence of entrepreneurship.
What is the significance of entrepreneurs with concern to the GDP?
Entrepreneurs contribute a great deal to the GDP. Entrepreneurship is concerned with the production of goods and services in the economy. Thus, it directly affects employment, revenue generation, and foreign exchange. Therefore, it affects the whole economy in general.