Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Sets Practice Set 1.2

Maharashtra State Board Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Sets Practice Set 1.2

Question 1.
Decide which of the following are equal sets and which are not ? Justify your answer.
A= {x | 3x – 1 = 2}
B = {x | x is a natural number but x is neither prime nor composite}
C = {x | x e N, x < 2}
Solution:
A= {x | 3x – 1 = 2}
Here, 3x – 1 = 2
∴ 3x = 3
∴ x = 1
∴ A = {1} …(i)

B = {x | x is a natural number but x is neither prime nor composite}
1 is the only number which is neither prime nor composite,
∴ x = 1
∴ B = {1} …(ii)

C = {x | x G N, x < 2}
1 is the only natural number less than 2.
∴ x = 1
∴ C = {1} …(iii)
∴ The element in sets A, B and C is identical. … [From (i), (ii) and (iii)]
∴ A, B and C are equal sets.

Question 2.
Decide whether set A and B are equal sets. Give reason for your answer.
A = Even prime numbers
B = {x | 7x – 1 = 13}
Solution:
A = Even prime numbers
Since 2 is the only even prime number,
∴ A = {2} …(i)
B= {x | 7x – 1 = 13}
Here, 7x – 1 = 13
∴ 7x = 14
∴ x = 2
∴ B = {2} …(ii)
∴ The element in set A and B is identical. … [From (i) and (ii)]
∴ A and B are equal sets.

Question 3.
Which of the following are empty sets? Why?
i. A = {a | a is a natural number smaller than zero}
ii. B = {x | x2 = 0}
iii. C = {x | 5x – 2 = 0, x ∈N}
Solution:
i. A = {a| a is a natural number smaller than zero}
Natural numbers begin from 1.
∴ A = { }
∴ A is an empty set.

ii. B = {x | x2 = 0}
Here, x2 = 0
∴ x = 0 … [Taking square root on both sides]
∴ B = {0}
∴B is not an empty set.

iii. C = {x | 5x – 2 = 0, x ∈ N}
Here, 5x – 2 = 0
∴ 5x = 2
∴ x = \(\frac { 2 }{ 5 }\)
Given, x ∈ N
But, x = \(\frac { 2 }{ 5 }\) is not a natural number.
∴ C = { }
∴ C is an empty set.

Question 4.
Write with reasons, which of the following sets are finite or infinite.
i. A = {x | x<10, xisa natural number}
ii. B = {y | y < -1, y is an integer}
iii. C = Set of students of class 9 from your school.
iv. Set of people from your village.
v. Set of apparatus in laboratory
vi. Set of whole numbers
vii. Set of rational number
Solution:
i. A={x| x < 10, x is a natural number}
∴ A = {1,2, 3,4, 5,6, 7, 8, 9}
The number of elements in A are limited and can be counted.
∴A is a finite set.

ii. B = (y | y < -1, y is an integer}
∴ B = { …,-4, -3, -2}
The number of elements in B are unlimited and uncountable.
∴ B is an infinite set.

iii. C = Set of students of class 9 from your school.
The number of students in a class is limited and can be counted.
∴ C is a finite set.

iv. Set of people from your village.
The number of people in a village is limited and can be counted.
∴ Given set is a finite set.

v. Set of apparatus in laboratory
The number of apparatus in the laboratory are limited and can be counted.
∴ Given set is a finite set.

vi. Set of whole numbers
The number of elements in the set of whole numbers are unlimited and uncountable.
∴ Given set is an infinite set.

vii. Set of rational number
The number of elements in the set of rational numbers are unlimited and uncountable.
∴ Given set is an infinite set.

Question 1.
If A = {1, 2, 3} and B = {1, 2, 3, 4}, then A ≠ B verify it. (Textbook pg. no. 6)
Answer:
Here, 4 ∈ B but 4 ∉ A
∴ A and B are not equal sets,
i.e. A ≠ B

Question 2.
A = {x | x is prime number and 10 < x < 20} and B = {11,13,17,19}. Here A = B. Verify. (Textbook pg. no. 6)
Answer:
A = {x | x is prime number and 10 < x < 20}
∴ A = {11, 13, 17, 19}
B = {11, 13, 17, 19}
∴ All the elements in set A and B are identical.
∴ A and B are equal sets, i.e. A = B

Maharashtra Board Class 9 Maths Solutions

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