## Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Geometric Constructions Practice Set 4.2

Question 1.

Construct a tangent to a circle with centre P and radius 3.2 cm at any point M on it.

Solution:

Analysis:

seg PM ⊥ line l ….[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg PM at point M will give the required tangent at M.

Question 2.

Draw a circle of radius 2.7 cm. Draw a tangent to the circle at any point on it.

Solution:

Analysis:

seg OM ⊥ line l …[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg OM at point M will give the required tangent at M.

Question 3.

Draw a circle of radius 3.6 cm. Draw a tangent to the circle at any point on it without using the centre.

Solution:

Analysis:

As shown in the figure, line lis a tangent to the circle at point K.

seg BK is a chord of the circle and LBAK is an inscribed angle.

By tangent secant angle theorem,

∠BAK = ∠BKR

By converse of tangent secant angle theorem,

If we draw ∠BKR such that ∠BKR = ∠BAK, then ray KR

i.e. (line l) is a tangent at point K.

Question 4.

Draw a circle of radius 3.3 cm. Draw a chord PQ of length 6.6 cm. Draw tangents to the circle at points P and Q. Write your observation about the tangents.

Solution:

Analysis:

seg OP ⊥ line l …[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

seg OQ ⊥ line m

The perpendicular to seg OP and seg OQ at points P and Q

respectively will give the required tangents at P and Q.

Radius = 3.3 cm

∴ Diameter = 2 × 3.3 = 6.6 cm

∴ Chord PQ is the diameter of the circle.

∴ The tangents through points P and Q (endpoints of diameter) are parallel to each other.

Question 5.

Draw a circle with radius 3.4 cm. Draw a chord MN of length 5.7 cm in it. Construct tangents at points M and N to the circle.

Solution:

Analysis:

seg ON ⊥ linel l

seg OM ⊥ Iine m …….[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg ON and seg 0M at points N and M respectively will give the required tangents at N and M.

Question 6.

Draw a circle with centre P and radius 3.4 cm. Take point Q at a distance 5.5 cm from the centre. Construct tangents to the circle from point Q.

Solution:

Analysis:

As shown in the figure, let Q be a point in the exterior of circle at a distance of 5.5 cm.

Let QR and QS be the tangents to the circle at points R and S respectively.

∴ seg PR ⊥ tangent QR …[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

∴ ∠PRQ = 90°

∴ point R is on the circle having PQ as diameter. …[Angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle]

Similarly, point S also lies on the circle having PQ as diameter.

∴ Points R and S lie on the circle with PQ as diameter.

On drawing a circle with PQ as diameter, the points where it intersects the circle with centre P, will be the positions of points R and S respectively.

Ray QR and QS are the required tangents to the circle from point Q.

Question 7.

Draw a circle with radius 4.1 cm. Construct tangents to the circle from a point at a distance 7.3 cm from the centre.

Solution:

Analysis:

As shown in the figure, let Q be a point in the exterior of circle at a distance of 5.5 cm.

Let QR and QS be the tangents to the circle at points R and S respectively.

∴ seg PR ⊥ tangent QR …[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

∴ ∠PRQ = 90°

∴ point R is on the circle having PQ as diameter. …[Angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle]

Similarly, point S also lies on the circle having PQ as diameter.

∴ Points R and S lie on the circle with PQ as diameter.

On drawing a circle with PQ as diameter, the points where it intersects the circle with centre P, will be the positions of points R and S respectively.

Ray QR and QS are the required tangents to the circle from point Q.